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IN FRANCE. ENEMY RETREATING YARD BY YARD. PARTS, December 10. (Received December 11, at 9 a.m.) A communique states: We progressed in the region of Quesnoy and Andechy from 2CO metres to 600 metres. Our artillery again mastered the Germans on the Aisne and in the Champagne district. The Gormans near Rhoims have been forced to evacuate several trenches. Wo carried other trendies in the Argonne, repulsing six counter-attacks. We captured more trenches at Lo Pretre, on the heights of the Meuse. GERMANY’S MUNITIONS. SHORTAGE OF RIFLES. (London * Times ’ and Sydney ‘ Sun ’ Services.) LONDON, December 10. Berne suggests that the weakening of the German offensive in Flanders is due to the great scarcity of guns. The German factories are working at the highest pressure, and yet are unable to arm the reservists. AIR EXPLOITS. A BELGL\N’s”.JOY RIDE. PARIS, December 10. (Received December 11, at 9.50 a.m.) A Belgian aviator bombed a German transport column at Ostend, destroying throe motor lorries and throwing the column into confusion. Thence he went to Bruges, where he bombed a detachment of cavalry, and did much damage. The Germans fired (i. bin and severed his control wires, hut the aviator volplaned, landed in the Hoods at Ramscapelle, waded ashore, and escaped. A German aeroplane bombed Hazebrouck, killing six civilians and seven soldiers, and wounding a dozen others. English aeroplanes pursued and brought down a Taube at Ypres, the officer and pilot being riddled with bullets. AFTER THE PETROL. GERMANS MUCH WORRIED. AMSTERDAM, December 10. (Received December 11, at 9.50 a.m.) The Hermans at Bruges shot a Frenchman accused of furnishing tho Allies with the location of petrol depots. Tho Allies’ aviators have recently developed amazing skill in bombing these depots. The Gormans have shifted them hither and thither, but they are never safe from aeroplane attack. JOFFRE’S HEADQUARTERS. A village" SCHOOL. (London ‘ Times * and Sydney ' Sim ’ Services.) LONDON, December 10. General Joffre’s headquarters’ in France are well concealed in a village schoolhouse 70 miles behind the lines. Each French general is linked with him by telegraph, and he has also direct communication with the British and Belgians, also with Bordeaux and Paris. A single sentinel does duty at the schoolhotise, and, except for a few forest guards, there are no soldiers in the village. V.C. HEROES. DARING DRUMMER ROY. LONDON, December 10. (Received December 11, at 9.30 a.m.) Drummer Bent, of the Fast T.ancashires, has been awarded tfte Victoria Cross for gallantry at Leghcer on the night of Novemoor 1. When all the officers, including tho platoon sergeant and the section commander, had been killed. Bent took command. With great presence of mind he succeeded in holding the position. Bent had previously brought up ammunition supplies under heavy shell and rifle fire, and later rescued 'several wounded lying in an exposed position. Lance-corporal Hobson, of the Goldstream Guards, won the Victoria Cross by twice rescuing wounded under a heavy fire on tho Aisne front. WHOLESALE CREMATION FOR GERMAN DEAD. AMSTERDAM, December 10. (Received December 11, at 9.15 a.m.) Trainloads of corpses continue to be despatched from Belgium eastwards for cremation. Some arc being taken to German glass furnaces. •‘REJECTED ADDRESSES.” A WAR "SOUVENIR. PARIS, December 10. (Received December 11. at 9.30 a.m.) While tho Kaiser was visiting the hospital at Getz ho presented a French private with a red rose, saying: “ Take this as a souvenir.” The soldier refused tho rose. Throwing back the bedcover, he revealed an amputated leg, and said ; “ This is war souvenir enough for me.” RUSSIAN REINFORCEMENTS POURING INTO POLAND. REFUGEES "iN WARSAW. COPENHAoiN, December 10. (Received December 11, at 9.15 a.m.) Endless lines of trains are passing through Warsaw, going westwards, containing fresh Russian troops, mostly Siberians and Cossacks. Warsaw is sheltering 70,000 refugees. There has been feartul devastation in Poland. HINDENBURO'S AIM. TO SEPARATE RUSSIAN ARMIES. (London ‘ Times ’ and Sydney ’ Sun ’ Services.) LONDON, December 10. • Tho military correspondent of the ‘ Berliner Tageblatt ’ writes : “ The victory of Lodz was dearly bought, but decisive.

The Russian centre has been broken, and her war plans have failed. If the Germans are strong enough to separate the northern and southern Russian armies which is probable. Von Hindenburg’s plans will be crowned with success.” VIENNA NO LONGER GAY. A VAST HOSPITAL. ROME, December 10. (Received December 11, at 9.15 a.m.) Ihe Austrian official headquarters admit that there are 60,000 wounded in the Vienna hospitals, while another 120,000 are recovering elsewhere from their wounds. A 1 public resorts in Vienna close at 10 p.m. TURKEY TRAPPED INTO ENTERING THE WAR. MORE GERMAN DIPLOiUCY, PETROGRAD. December 10. (Received December 11, at 9.15 a.m.) The ‘Bourse Girette’ states that Turkey, being unable to pay her State officials, sent Fethi Bey to Berlin to interview the German Chancellor, Herr Bethmann Von Hcllweg, Later Fethi Boy saw the Kaiser, who offered Turkey £150,-000 out of his privy pmeo on condition that Turkey entered the war immediately. Fethi Bey did not make any promise, but the Germans forthwith cabled to the German warships that had taken refuge in Turkish ports, ordering them to bora bard the Russian coast. The Turkish Ministry only learnt of this action from the newspapers. They were highly perturbed, and went to the Goman Ambassador at Constantinople, who replied that Fethi Bey had given a promise to the Kaiser, wlrich must be kept. IN THE BLACK SEA. THE TIMID BRESLAU. SEBASTOPOL, December 10. (Received December 11, at 9.15 a-m.) The Breslau attacked some Russian transports on Wednesday, but did no damage. She was driven off by Russian aviators. THE YOUNG TURKS. (London ‘ Times ’ and Sydney ' Sun ’ Services.) LONDON, December 10. A mass of Arabic and Turkish correspondence has been intercepted at Cairo. It shows that the Young Turks are filled with dreams of regaining the Crimea. Batoum, Turkestan, Rumelia, and especially Salomon. of driving the British from Egypt, and of colonising India. Some Ottoman statesmen preferred attacking Greece, but Germany insisted on war with Russia in order to harass Britain. INDIA’S LOYALTY. PRESENTS FOR TROOPS. GENERAL BIRDWOOD SAILS FOR EGYPT. DELHI, December 10. (Received December 11, at 9.15 a.m.) Brigadier-general Birdwood sails on Saturday to assume command of the Australasian troops in Egypt. Tho Moslems continue to display their loyaltv. The Rajah of Sirmur has given 2,5001b of tea, the Nawab of Lohre (? Lahore) 200 camels, and the Prime Minister of Nepal many blankets for the Gurkhas at the front. These gifts are typical of scores of other*. SOUTH AFRICA. THE REBELLION OVER. BOTHA’S NEXT TASK. PRETORIA, December 10. (Received December 11, at 9.30 a.m.) General Botha has announced that the rebellion is ended, and that he is now going to proceed against German Southwest Africa. Twelve hundred Free State rebels surrendered on Tuesday. The surrender was the direct outcome of General Botha’s operations in the Reitz district, which culminated on December 4 in the capture of 700 rebels, while another 200 rebels surrendered. General Botha announces that only small bands of rebels remain in the Free State, and the police will suffice to deal with them. The people’s patriotic sacrifices, he says, converted a grave danger into a means of consolidating the Union. Just punishment would be meted out to the rebels, but the appeal to forbearance and forgiveness would not be overlooked. Botha’s announcement adds: “ Marita and Kemp will seek to invade the Union, Our next duty is to deal with that danger and make it impossible for Gorman South-west Africa to be used as a base against tho Union in future." IMPERIAL UNITY. “THE WHOLE GREAT FAMILY," (London ‘Times* and Sydney ‘Sun’ Services.) LONDON, December 10. A White Paper has been published Riving further lists of gifts from the colonies and Overseas Dominions. ‘Tire Times.’ in a leader commenting on these, says i “A singularly moving 'etter has come from the chiefs in Niue (Tonga). A small child stands up to help the kingdom ; the whole great family is standing up. We prize them for ourselves, but we prize them most as symbols of Imperial unity, in which our foes disbelieved to their undoing.” A PROBLEM OF THE FUTURE CANADA ANDTHB HINDUS. LONDON, December 10. (Received December 11, at 9.5 a.m.) The ‘ Daily Telegraph’s ’ Montreal correspondent, commenting on the Colonial Secretary’s (Mr Haroourt) despatch ia-.

J spooling Australia’e embargo on Hindus, says the announcement has aroused considerable discussion- in British Columbia, where the anti-Hindu feeling is as strong as ever. It is pointed out that the industries wherein Hindus are engaged have been greatly curtailed, and that many of them are returning to India because of unemployment THE CHRISTMAS TRUCE. (London ‘Times' and Sydney ‘Sun’ Services.) LONDON, December 10. The ‘Echo de Paris’ declares that tho Pope has nob proposed tho conclusion of an armistice during Christmas. INTERNED SHIPS. GERMANY WONT SELL. AMSTERDAM, December 10. The Hamburg-Amerika Shipping Company state that they do not intend selling their ships which are interned in America. [President Wilson recently suggested to Congress that the United States should be empowered to buy merchant ships now interned in her ports to enable American trade routes to be reopened.] AMERICAN DEFENCE. EXPENDITURE ON ARMAMENTS. (London ‘ Times ’ and Sydney ‘ Sun ’ Services.) LONDON, December 10. A Bill has been introduced at Washington advocating the purchase, of five dirigibles, 50 armored antomolflles, 50 fieldpieces, 20 siege guns, 50 hydroplanes, and 10 submarinesABHORRED SPINSTERHOOD. (London ‘ Times ’ and Sydney * (3un ’ Service*.) LONDON, December 10. Some lady teachers in the Isle of Wight wished to many men departing to the front. Tho local authorities questioned their wisdom, but Lady Bosse vanquished them by saying: “It is better to be married for a minute Ilian to die an old maid.” Permission to marry was given. PRINCE ALBERT STILL INVALIDED. (London ‘ Times ’ and Sydney ‘ Sun ’ Services.) LONDON, December 10. The Naval Board have examined Prince Albert, and do not consider that his health is such that he should return to his ship. [Prince Albert was invalided from the North .Sea fleet with appendicitis.] A LEGISLATIVE CRANK. Press Association —By Telegraph—Copyright, WASHINGTON. December 10. Senator Works has introduced a Bill in tho Senate prohibiting the export of food, clothing. ammunition, and horses or other commodities that are likely to prolong tho European War. It is not likely that tho measure will pass owing to insufficient support. MISCELLANEOUS. Tho corporation employees at Sullivan’s dam have sect us £4 3s 3d for the relief of local distress. We have received from “ 124 ” notes to the value of 12a 6d for the Belgian relief fund. We have 14s from the Roslyn Woollen Mill workers for the local relief fund.

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FOOT BY FOOT., Issue 15673, 11 December 1914

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FOOT BY FOOT. Issue 15673, 11 December 1914

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