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i Mi- John Philip Holland. t!ic inventor 01" the submarine, <-iiV<l at home in Xe\v [ ark. New .)cr~r-y, recently, in hi- 12ml I year, as the result nt an attack ol" pneumonia. Mr Holland v;a- born in Ireland, ami at. one time mn a school teacher. Jfiattcntion was director! to submarines bv the new-, of the fight between the Monitor and the Merriinar. wlii-h ri-volulioni: ed navv construction, an.l it -ct him to think iny'liow i' coiiJ«J ho revolutionised ajzaiu. The result was the conception of the >ul. marine, which he developed and pcrlecU-d onlv alter vein-:-, of study and experiment. Jn'th'j year Id in. :«f(c:r- 15 year-, of -t.-nou» work. Holland produced wiiat he believwd to he a practical ve--ci for under- water warfare, and submitted hi- designs to trv> United State, X.icy Department. The engineers who examined tin: plans are -aid to have reported that while the craft rpractical, still, its operation was -,o dan gerous that no one could he found to undertake tin: work, and the plans were :•■■ jected. Mr Holland was de-cribed Us .. quiet, retiring man, but po-M s-ed of gi.-at determination and tenacity of purpose, and this is demonstrated by the fact that not withstanding this rejection by the Govern merit, and the many satirical and un friendly comments by the public Press, he persisted in his enterprise, and at one.. bemu to study how to overcome the on jections of the Government experts, devot ing 18 years more to the tnsk. In 189." he submitted plans for an improved boat, which met with approval, and an appro priation was authorised for the construe tion of the new craft, but owing to diagreements with the naval engineers the plans were withdrawn, and Holland and his associates built an improved craft on their own account, which proved to *ucccssful that the Government bought ;l after a most satisfactory demonstration ri its ca»abilities-

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Bibliographic details

INVENTOR OF SUBMARINE, Issue 15672, 10 December 1914

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INVENTOR OF SUBMARINE Issue 15672, 10 December 1914

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