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Tho chief news of the day was received about half-past 11 this morning. It announced the sinking of the German cruisers Scharnhorst, Cneisenau, and Leipzig in the South Atlantic, with a total British casualty list of three men. The attacking squadron was under the command of RearAdmiral Sir Frederick C. D. Sturdee. The Dresden and Nurnburg are being pursued. There Is Increased activity by the enemy south of Ypres and in tho Argonne. vermeilles, recently captured by the French, has been the scene of determined fighting for two months.

' Russia reports a grave defeat of the German right wing south of Cracow. The enemy lost many guns and prisoners.

Servia announces a considerable success over the Austrians.

Austria is reported to be massing troops on the Italian frontier, and her relations with Italy are strained.



The Iligli Commissioner cabled under date London 9th December (5.5 p.m.): The Fwiwh aitillery in the Argonne secured appreciable pains, and progress was made all along the Arjjoniw front and tho heights of the .Meuse. To the south-east of Cracow a new battle developed, as tho result of an Austro-German attempt to outflank tho Russian left wing. It in reported unofficially thai tho Kaisor's condition is serious.


Fiction has again been outrivalled by sober fact in a romantic incident reported from Gloucester. That city received many of the refugees from Belgium, and among the first to arrive was one sad-faced woman whose case evoked universal sympathy. There was always a far-away look in her eyes, and a smilo eeldom lighted «p her face. For days she kept her burden of sorrow to herself; she would not speak of it, and all effort to make her happy was wasted. Then her story she gradually unfolded. When the German hordes commenced (heir devastating march through Belgium this woman hud fled, osing all her worldlv possessions, and leaving her husband behind, for he was in the army and was defending his country. How could she he happy under such circumstances? But now there arrived in Gloucester a number of invalided Belgian soldiers, and it was suggested that the woman might like to visit her fellowcountrymen, and mavbo obtain eome information to give her hope. Scarcely had she crossed the threshold ere, in "a far coiner of the room, she recognised her husband. A cry of joy escaped" her lips, and now the sad look has gone from her eyes, and she is one of the happiest (if the party.


Captain Smedvia, of ihe Norwegian steamer Modesta, who rescued 48 men and officers from the lost cruiser Hawke, declares that the German submarine which torpedoed the cruiser watched the rescue of the British' bluejackets only half a mile away, but made no attempt" to assist. The other day the Northampton (Eng.) Town Council called upon .Mr GottschaFk, a naturalised Gorman, who was their tramway manager, to resign, but paid him £SOO compensation. According to the manager of the British -School of Motoring, in London, there has been a big increase of non-professional pupils since the outbreak of the war. owing to the. scarcity of chauffeurs. They are mostly women anxious to drive their own cars, eince their husbands and brothers have gone to the front. And they make wonderfully adept pupils. It was never expected that they would acquire proficiency so easily and quickly. '• Manv of them are so keen that they go right, through the repaiiing course so well as°to bo able to take complete control of their cars. In this way lliey obtain a valuable general knowledge of the automobile, but very lew of them mean to do all their repair work. So far as the professional side is concerned, though many taxi-drivers have volunteered for seivice their pla-ces arc not being filled by women drivers, but women were coining forward in large numbers in order to be able to drive lor Red Cross work."

Great _ things uro expected by t!io Germans of their lSi,'m guns, which are claimed to have a range ol' 27 miles. The shells cost £24,000 each, and arc able to force their way more than 30ft into hard soil. The gun it&elf is 66ft lon-,', aud requires a perfect army of attendant. Onthe railway it k carried in three ejections, and rails have to he placed on the road for the howitzer to move along. It is iired by electricity from a point a quarter of a. mile away. Attached to the Naval Brigade operating at Antwerp at the time of its capture by the Germans was Surgeon Greig, the famous Rugby international, who captained Scotland soma years ago. Patterson, who was also with the detachment, said on Ids arrival at Cowe.s at the end of October that Greig was with his party, who wore tho last to leave Antwerp, 'l'hev were in tho refugees' train which was derailed sorne miles from Bruges, and they suddenly found themselves -surrounded by Hermans, but the heroie marines decided to cut their way through the enemy's lines at all costs. After a warm tussle with tho enemy they succeeded in getting through. Greig remained behind at the railway station to attend to a few wounded Germans, and nothing was afterwards teen of him.

A detachment of British cavalry, which had previously repulsed a German attack, was enjoying a. peaceful game of water polo in the Oiise, but as the enemy were jn tho vicinity the horses were left harnessed on the banks. Suddenly a patrol of Uhlans was signalled, and the Britishers had no time to dress, so they jumped on their horses naked, and charaed the enemy, who fled. This incident = (if true) recalls Kipling's famous story of the taking of Lungtungpen.. A Modern Huratius.—The storv is told during the progress of the fighting around Lille of a French dragoon who undertook single-handed to prevent the enemy from blowing up a swing bridge eight miles outside the town. The trooper, who is the crack shot of his regiment, picked off in quick succession 50 Germans who approached _ the bridge. The spectacle of these bodies all lying near one .spot acted as an effective deterrent upon their com'rados, 60 that the bridge was sived. Sergeant Fischer, of the Citv of London Police Force, who is a German, resigned after 15 vears' service. Keienlly ho had found feeling running w> high against him that ho was compelled to tender his resignation. Hie superiors spoke very highly of him. According to the French sporting paper 'Le Sporting,' A. F. Wilding, the world's tennis champion, has been promoted to a lieutenancy for gallantry on the battlefield.

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LATEST FROM EUROPE, Issue 15672, 10 December 1914

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LATEST FROM EUROPE Issue 15672, 10 December 1914

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