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IN POLAND.

CERMAN SUCCESS OVERRATED. LODZ. NOT*TAKEN, - AND CRACOW NOT EASED. PETROGRAD, December 9. The first stage of the battle has ended. The Germans have been thrown back from Loyricz and Lask, and ara now threatening Lodz and Parakow, hoping to save East Prussia and hamper Russian operations at Cracow by pouring in reinforce- « ments, which may oblige tho Grand Duke Nicholas to concentrate greater forces between the Vistula and the Warta. The latest German attack from Kalisz has spent itself. Thus far the Grand Duke Nicholas has not been obliged to relax bia attack upon Cracow, though a new Austro-German counter-attack is developing southwards towards Cracow. VON MACKENSEN'S GAMBLE. TWO ARMY CORPS LOST. CUT OFF AND CUT UP. AWFUL CARNAGE. LONDON, December 9. The ' Daily Chronicle's' Petrograd correspondent, under date December 4, gives details of the disaster to two of General Von Mackensen's army corps. When the 25th and 3rd Guards were cut otf south of Lodz General Mackensen's other troops were bombarding Lodz from the west. The two army corps, unable to retire, attempted to cut their way out via Breziny. The road lay through hollow, wooded country. Hard pressed in the rear, the two army corps fought desperately for four days, though short of ammunition. On the fifth day they made a final attempt via ' Breziny, where the troops which held Ivangorod in October were stationed. The Russian commander, after shelling Breziny for nine hours until only half the town was standing, ordered a general assault. By nightfall only the scattered remnants of 80,000 German troops remained. Twenty thousand surrendered, and 80 per cent, of the remainder were killed or wounded, the rest being fugitives in the woods. The horrors of the fight were accentuated by the confined area of the carnago. The dead lay in great heaps in Breziny, while occasional heaps of dead dotted the countryside for miles.

ANOTHER ACCOUNT.

EXACT CORROBORATION.

PETROGRAD, December 8. The 'Novoe Vremya ' says that when Von Mackensen's two army_ corps wero surrounded they marched in 'every direction seeking an outlet, but always came up against a wall of Russian bayonets. Then they buried their guns and ammunition, abandoned their transports, left the high roads, and marched through the fields to avoid the Russian firo. Finally they took refuge in the houses at Breziny. but thes>? proved death-traps, and they were relentlessly exterminated with the bayonet. THE ATTACK ON LODZ. ' UTTER GERMAN FAILURE. MISLED BY SPIES. CHANGED RUSSIAN PLANS. EVACUATION ORDER CANCELLED. LONDON, December 9. The 'Daily Chronicle's' Petrograd correspondent, under date December .4. reports that the fighting of December 1, 2, and 3 was the climax of the Gorman attempt to capture Lodz, whore the Russian defenders were almost surrounded. The Germans reached Rokier. within four miles of the south end of the seven miles of street which makes up Lodz. Their heavy guns meanwhile shelled the north end of the city from Zs»ierz, and killed several hundreds of civilians. The Russian artillery was unable to locate them until an aeroplane on December 5 reported the approximate position. A colonel of artillery and a few assistants dragged a field telephone that night within half a mile of the guns, and, despite tho searchlights, the colonel lay on the.ground and directed the Russian fire until the battery was silenced. He then'returned uninjured. During the night of the 3rd inst. there were 700 guns in action at Lodz, and the sound was faintly heard at Warsaw, 60 miles distant, the German assault followed. Masses of men dashed into the srlare of searchlights, regardless of an inferno of bullets. The Siberians allowed the_ Germans to come within 50ft before their fired their rifles and machine guns. The assault was an utter failure.

The Russians had relatively light casualties ; the Germans lost over 100,000 killed in the Lodz district. It is impossible to estimate the wounded, of whom scores of trains continued to pass to Kalisz. There are many German spies in the district. On December 1 a council of war decided to evacuate Lodz, but cancelled the order the following day. When the convoys commenced to move, the Germans, knowing that the order to evacuate had been given, and ignorant of its cancellation, thought that only a rearguard was protecting Lodz, and swooped down on the citv, but were promptly driven back, losing 4,000. THE GERMAN ACCOUNT. LATER NEWS~OR FALSE? AMSTERDAM, December 9. An official messags from Berlin states: " The Germans east and southeast of Lodz are pursuing the rapidly retreating Russians. The'latter lost 5,000 prisoners, 16 guns, and ammunition waggons." "WHAT WE HAVE WE'LL HOLD." BERLIN, December 9. The capture of-Lodz was celebrated by a universal display of flags and demonstrations in the streets. Herr Basserman, addressing the National Liberals in the Reichstag, said : "We shall hold fast for all time the countries fertilised with German blood by a bloody war. 'To splendid victory'; that is our motto at this great time." A LOSS TO GERMANY. AMMUNITION TRAINS COLLIDE. PETROGRAD, December 9. A.terrible collision between two German trains' loaded with pyroxilin and shells occurred at Kielce (in S.W. Poland). Both were utterly destroyed, and no one survived. Tho sound of the explosion was heard at a distance of 30 miles. ■ THE DUAL MONARCHY. ■: AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN FRICTION. (London 'Times* and Sydney 'Sun'Servijes.) LONDON, December 8. Tho Aufitrians. displeased at tho preponderating role of the Germans, jealously resent Hungary taking a leading part in tho affairs of Stato.

[The message evidently refers to Count TiVza's recent appeal to the Kaiser to pro; vide for the defenes of Hungary.] POLES IN CRACOW. PRO-RUSSIAN SYMPATHY. ROME, December 9. The Austrians have withdrawn all Polish regiments from Cracow and expelled the Polish inhabitants owing to the discovery j of a plot to surrender the city to the I Russians. ——————- ON THE BLACK SEA. RUSSIAN REINFORCEMENTS LAND. FOR TEANSCAUSLVN FIGHTING. PETROGRAD, December 8. Official: Turks from Trebizond attempted to prevent the landing of Russian forces at Batum. The transports' guns supported the infantry', and tho frontier guards routed the enemy with heavy loss. The debarkation was then carried out. TURK AND GERMAN. MORE FRICTION. (London ' Times' and Sydney ' Sun' Services.) LONDON. December 8. Turkish prisoners are complaining that Germany is not sufficiently assisting Turkey. Tho Kaiser before the war promised illimitable supplies, and since the start had not given eithe'r ammunition or guns. It is believed that the munition factories in Germany were unable to produce sufficient quantities of material ordered from Bulgaria, but Bulgaria not taking risks, did not deliver. LOYAL EGYPT. ROME, December 8. Ahmed-el-Sheriff, chief of the Senussi, is meeting his adherents in Egypt for tho purpose of affirming his loyalty to Britain. SERVIA'S SPURT. KING NOW LEADS ARMY. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Semees.) LONDON, December 8. A Nish official report states that the Servian offensive was victorious upon the entiro front. They captured on the Ist inst. 520, on the 3rd 2,500, and on the 4th 2,500 prisoners, also complete batteries of artillery. The King of Servia has placed himself at the head of the army and is commanding the first line. NISH, December 9. It is stated, that the Servian casualties are already 100,000. ITALY'S FLEET. MANOEUVRES NOW ON. (London 'Times.' and Sydney -Sun' Serrioea.) LONDON, December 8. A hundred and tweriEy vessels of the Italian fleet are manamvrihg in the roadstead at Taranto. BRITISH LOYALTY AND GERMAN CULTURE. (London' Times *• and Sydney ' Sun' Services.) LONDON, December 9. 'The Times' directs editorially Berlin's attention to the declaration _ot loyalty from the island of Nieu, as it will tell

them something of the nature of {he Empire which they are so confidently hoping to supersede. This, too, is only one offer out of maiyr from simple people who may know nothing about German culture, but who do know something about British rule. ' SOUTH AMERICAN REPUBLICS. WASHINGTON, December 8. Representatives of the Republic 6 of Central and South America ' met under Mr Bryan's presidency. They agreed that the activities of belligerents in South American waters had already created considerable friction. It was decided to appoint a commission consisting of diplomats to formulate practical steps with a vie-n to a more vigorous assertion of neutral nations' responsibilities. The conference agreed that the form in which the operations of the belligerents were developing rebounded to the injury of neutrals, because the respective rights of belligerents and neutrals were not clearly defined. It is proposed that the_ diplomatic commission shall report their findings to the governing board of a Pan-American Union. GERMANY AND AMERICA. (London ' Times' and Sydney ' Sun' Services.) LONDON, December 8. At the opening of a rifle range, Earl Grey said that if Germany defeated Great Britain the Monroo Doctrine would not bo worth 30 cents. Any American trader sending supplies to Germany helped to prolong the war and offended the highest interests of both America and Britain. AN IGNOBLE END. PRETORIA, December 9. Official: It is believed that Beyers was drowned while crossing the Vaal River. OVERSEAS CLUB. The Duncdin Branch of the Overseas Club acknowledge the following additional donations to vhe> Otago school children's Christinas fund for tho Belgian children: —Pupils of Windsor School 15s 6d, Hillend pupils 3s. North Oama.ru School pupils £6, Sandymount pupils 13a, and Waipani pupils 12ts. The committee are anxious to close this fund and wish all donations to bo sent in as soon as possible. z

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Bibliographic details

IN POLAND., Evening Star, Issue 15672, 10 December 1914

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1,559

IN POLAND. Evening Star, Issue 15672, 10 December 1914

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