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THE ELECTIONS

MEETINGS TfflS-EVENING.. . Mr T. H. Dalton (Dunedin South), Town Hall, South Dunedin. Mr C. E. Statham. (Dunedin Central), Presbyterian Sunday School Hall, Moruir:gton. Mr W. Downie Stewart (Dunedin West), Drill Hall, Wakari. Mr G. M. Thomson (Dunedin North). Howe Street Hall. Mr G. S. Thomson (Chalmers), Town Hall, Port Chalmers. Mr W. E. J. Maguire (Dunedin West), Washer's Hall, Roslyn. Mr W. D. Maseru (Chalmers), Foresters' Hali. Port Chalmers Mr C. R. Smith (Bruce). Town Hall. Lawrence. , Mr J. M. Dickson (Chalmers), Prcsbyterian Church Hall, Mosgiel. Liberal and Labor Rally, Princess Theatre. WHAT IS THE ISSUE? .MANIFESTO ByUbERAL LEADER. Sir Joseph Ward. Leader of the Liberal party, has issued the following manifesto to tho electors : " The duty devolves upon me as Leader of the Liberal party to state tho reasons whv it is desirable in the general interests of the country that a change of Govcnin.ent should take place. In the first place tho Government do tnot represent a major.ty of the ©lectors. They admittedly attained office on a minority vote. They proclaimed themselves Reformers, nnsious only for the welfare of the Dominion and its people, but the mask they adopted by making ] ledges and promises on a number of great, issues was too transparent to deceive the mass of the electors. 'Hie majority ft those pledges have not been carried out. At the polls the Reform party secured .•rarcelv three-eighths of the vote* cast. The will of a large majority of the electors was shown to be emphatically against the Reformers, amd yet for over two and a-h.ilf yiare in this democratic country a. party thai was decisively rejected by the people has held tho reins of office. Tt is needless to recall tho political intrigue by which this amazing injustice to the expressed will of the democracy was effected. " Mr Massey promised that the cost of living was to be reduced by the beneficent legislation of Reform. It has increased during the past three years more than ever before. * Taxation was to be sub-.-tantially reduced. It has not been reduced by a single peony ejeoept in the case ,>f a small section oi people who were well enough off to pay Income-tax. Mr Massey piomised a scheme of insurance against -itkness and vnemployrr.ent, but since he took office he does not appear to have given i ho -rcheme a second thought. He promised a reform of the economic system in :hf direction of promoting industrial peace, but instead of observing this promise he has imposed upon tho workers conditions that have provoked only industrial unrest. H.' promised 'a square deal all round,' e.-.i.-ecially to Labor. What Labor legislation worthy of the name has he placed on the t*tatuta Book during the last three years? The only progressive measure Making to benefit the workers was introduced by a private member, not by the ticvernment, and was ruthlessly killed by Mr Massey'* nominees in the Legislative I'ouiudL "His professions of solicitude for U-bor can no 'onger deceive anyone. The Reform Government promised the promotion of closer settlement by providing and for willing, capable men without ileans in respect to both Crowm and Native landaj but the legislation and administration have unjustly favored the wealthier to the disadvantage of the poorer settler. Reform promised tha extirpation of political patronage, which it charged against my colleagues and myself, but never before have political patronage and nepotism been so flagrant and persistant as they are at the present time. These are matters of common knowledge, and need no recital here. The 'square deal' has been a wretched pretence for the strong, self-reliant administration which the country was promised. There have been substituted vacillation and inaction on great issues vitally affecting the masses. This young country can afford to be progressive. It has inexhaustible natural resources and a virile, intelligent, industrious people, eager for the promotion of the welfare of all. The spirit of the people calls for progress, courage, initiative, and scrupulous fairness, without which bo real social progress is possible. •'I askt yon to review the record of the Liberal party in legislation and administration during their 21 years of office, and to compare it with the record of the. last two and a-half years, and then recall who in the past have been the obstinate opponents of progression in this country. The Conservative party opposed and voted against important measures which were designed to help the ajied. the landless, the farmers, .and the workers. Amongst measures which they opposed were the old ngo pensions scheme, Land for Settlements Act, Advances to Settlers Act. Conciliation and Arbitration Act, the compulsory acquisition of landed estates, and State the insurance ; indeed, practically al! the advanced measures they are now administering were strongly opposed and condemned by them, while in manv instances failure was predicted for them. " Their attitude on tho Naval Question, .•nbrocating a local navy as against an Empire navy, is one to which. I feel sure, tho bulk oi the people of Uh> Dominion are opposed. The Dreadnought was a frei> ■Hid unconditional gift to the British Government, . yet tho Reform patty deliberately state that it was a condition that the gift battleship waa to remain in the Pacific. This is absolutely contrary to fact. They profess to give as a reason for their advocacy of a local navy tho fact that H.M.S. New Zealand was sent to the North Sea, where she lias already done magnificent service for the Empire. The First Lord of the Admiralty publicly de>olared in the House of Commons for one Empire navy, aiid against a local navy, yet the Reform Government-, with fatuous indiffereroe. persist in supporting a local navy, with the enormeua burden of extra taxation which it must necessarily impose on the taxpayers of this young country. It is surely akin to madness, remembering the public works, running into many millions, which are still nfecesary for the reacwablo rfqurrernents of the Domimon. "The financial position, as disclosed by th« Government, is alarming. The. ordinary expenditure in two years has increased by nearly two millions per annum. In the same period the surplus has fallen from J8300.000 to £326.000. There i* an inflated public buildings vote of £1,400,C00 in two years, and to provide for this unparalleled and unnecessary sum tho financial requirements both for railway construction and roads and bridges have been woefully restricted. Advances to settliCTs, workers, and local bodies havo also been curtailed, and great inconvenience caused all over tho country by the erratic and reduced payments made by this department. Land settlement has "been reduced, and_ so also has native lands settlement, while land syndicalists, who have purchased considerable areas of native lands for speculative purposes, aro in active and aggressive evidence. "Two systems have been applied to the Public Service, one large section remaining under Government control and another large section entirely under the dominance of the Public Service Commissioners and beyond the control of either the people or Parliament. Both systems cannot be right. I affirm my strong belief in State control of all the great publio services.. " There are many important administrative acts on the part of tho Government that one could, on strong grounds, adversely conimeni -upois- I must, to-wevear. avoid details. 1 make no remark upon anything connected with the war administration of the Government. The time for this will come after the war is over. In the meantime the Liberals have sunk all party differences oa this great question, upon which all parties should bo united in action and assistance until the Empire has, with, her Allies, won and is on.top. The Liberal*, who established universal military training, gave a Dreadnought, appointed General Godley, fctablished preferential trade with Great Britain, and brought Lord Kitchener to New Zealand to give the Government and the people the benefit of bis ripe experience and knowJmkgt, mag be. relied upon to maintain Jhat

marked and unswerving loyalty, patriotism, and assistance to the proud old flafj that fortunately all sections of the community are united in doing. "As showing the weakness of his position, Mr Massey'a last cry is 'Red Fed.,' yet unquestionably he publicly supported them in the last election. His purpose is to create a feeling of insecurity. On tho one hand we have the extreme Conservative—the «lement that dominates the Reform party —seeking, to set the rest of tho community against Labor on the plea that giving Labor a • voice in politics means anarchy. On the other hand, we havo militant Labor seeking to create the- impression that the. employer and the capitalist axe the enemies of Labor. Liberalism, on the contrary, seeks the common good of all classes in the community. It realises that the first essential to progress is the maintenance of law and order, and that the more advanced our state of civilisation is, the more desirable it becomes that we should maintain tho laws which enable that civilisation to be upheld. On the one hand it is not to be bought by tho gold of the conservative reactionary, and on tho other it i 6 not going to be dictated to by any lawless section of the community. The extieme sections seek to embitter class against class. The liberals trek to reconcile all class*.*, realising that it is by all pulling together, if the rules are fair, that tho best return can bo secured for each individual. In brief, the Liberals stand for justice, law, order, and progress. Remember that the opponents of the Liberal party are now in office, with hearts unchanged whatever their profos t-ions may be. "' It is for tha electors to decide whether the Keformors 6hall remain in jwwer to rotard and stranglo tho progress of this young country or whether the Liberals shall again have, charge of the Dominion's affairs to promote the economic, social, and humanitarian measures they have laid before you during this election I have little doubt of your decision, and this last word is merely to remind you all of the great issues at 6take. Three years ago tho Liberal partv fought a fair fight with clean hands, and" again they have fought a fair fight with clean hands. They have nothing to hide, and nothing to disguise.- Arrayed against them are all the weapons and even." influence that wealth and social position can command. It ie on your scn66 of fair play m less than oa your sense of right and justice that I rely for a verdict on Thursday, that will make for sane and progressive legislation, prudent, and vigorous administration, and for the permanent welfare of New Zealand and the happiness and prosperity of every section o e its people." PRIME MINSISTER IN AUCKLAND. AX ENTHUSIASTIC MEETING. The Hon. W. F. Massey addressed a meeting in the Alhambra Theatre, Auckland, last night. The place was crowded to the doors, and many hundreds were unable to gain admiseion. The meeting was no doubt the most enthusiastio of his campaign, in spite of the fact that "Red Feds" and Oppositionists were present, though in less numbers than previously. The rowdy section was for the most part outside the hall. The Prime Minister delivered a very powerful fighting speech, and was frequently cheered to the echo. " I want to protest." he said, " against the hoodlumism that has disgraced the fair city of Auckland during the last few weeks. (Loud cheers.) To-day I received a pile of telegrams from all* parts of the Dominion expressing disgust at last night's proceedings, and"" svmpatby with Mr and Miss Bradney. (Cheers.) Those occurrences are likely to do far more injury than benefit to those politically opposed to its. I have contested a good many elections, but I want to say in regard to this rampaign that it has been the dirtiest election I have ever experienced. The weapons of our opponents seem to be slander, calumny, and misrepresentation, rather than anything in connection with the politics of this country." (Cheers.) ' j At the conclusion of the address a vote of thanks and confidence was carried with only three dissentients ont of over I.OCO and amidst enthusiasm. Ther<* was sow hooting from the " Red Feds" when Mi Massey left the hall. LIBERAL LEADER IN SOUTHLAND.'. Sir Joseph Ward addressed a packed I gathering at Otantau last night. There were over 800 people present, and he received a most enthusiastic reception, being continually cheered. The meeting terminated with a vote of thanks to Sir .1. G. Ward, confidence'in tho Liberal party, and hope that after the election Sir .Toseph would again be Leader of the Government of "the Dominion. The motion was carried with loud cheers and a few " Noes." Sir Joseph Ward spoke at Half-moon Bay, Stewart Island, and will address another meeting at Gore to-night. THE ATTORNEY-GENERAL. The Hon. A. L. Herdman addressed the largest and most enthusiastic political meetinsr ever held in the Wairarapa in the Drill Hall at Masterton last night. Hundreds could not gain admission. The Minister received an immense ovation oa he entered the building, and throughout his address he was continuously applauded. There, was somo interruption at tha back of the hall, but this was smothered by cheering. At the close of the meeting a motion of thanks and confidence in the Government was proposed. This w.ij» followed by an amendment of no-confidence, proposed by a rSocial Democrat. The amendment was easily lost, and the motion was carried amidst a scene of unparalleled enthusiasm, men waving their hats, women their handkerchiefs, and all cheering the Minister to the echo. The demonstration for several minutes, after which Mr Herdman returned thanks for the " magnificent reception " accorded him. A Press Association message from Wellington says : —lt appears that tho motion of confidence in Mr Herdman at the Town Hall on Monday night was carried. The Chairman made an announcement to that effect, but there was so much noise, going on at the time that apparently the declaration was not properly heard. [The Association messa.ge published yesterday stated that the motion of thanks to the Minister and confidence in tho Government wa« " defeated by a substantial majority."] CITY CAMPAIGN. Mr G. M. Thomson, Government nomi-. nee for Dunedin North, addressed about 60 electors at Sullivan's Brtm Last evening. Mr WoodrofTo oenpied the chair. Tho candidate, who had a most cnfhn«iastic meeting, was accorded a unanimous vote of thanks, on the motion of Mr Davidson, seconded by Mr Scott. Mr .T. T. Johnson, Liberal candidate for Dunedin West, delivered his final address in Washer's Hall last evening, before about 150 electors. In replv to questions. Mr Johnson said that while in favor of the principle of the Referendum, he was not m favor of it so far as tho Bible inschools question was concerned. Ho thoucht that an absolutely secular system of education should be maintained. (Ap- | plause.) At the close of tho meeting Mr Johnson intimated that Tie would not ask i for a resolution, but he would invite the electors to express their confidence in him at the ballot box. Mr Johnson subsequently addressed a large meeting of friends and supporters in hi 3 central rooms in Stuart street. The meeting was very I enthusiastic, and final arrancements wore made for assisting the candidate on polling day. Mr J. W. Munro. who is contesting Dunedin Central in the Labor interest, addressed a. good number of electors ab tho Triangle yesterday afternoon. In the evening something in tha nature of a L*bor " rally " was held in the Presbyterian Church Hall, Mornington, addresses being delivered by Messra J. T. Paul, H. D. Bedford, and Mr Munro. The hall was crowded, arid the candidate received a most flattering reception and a favorable hearing. Each speaker dealt principally with tha alleged failures of the present Government in their relation to the interests of the people. A vote of thanks and confidence in the candidate was met by an amendment of thank* only, but the former Was 'Carried practically unanimously. The meeting concluded with I hearty cheers for Mr Munro. ,

Mr 0. "E. Statham, who seeks re-election for Dunedin Central, addressed a large meeting of electors in the Green Island Public Hall last evening. He combated the statements made by Sir Joseph Ward with regard to taxation and the Public Debt. Mr Statham received a hearty vote of thanks. Mr E. J. Reeve (Mayor of Green Island) presided. Mr A. Walker, Labor candidate for Dunedin North, delivered an address in the Union Street School Gymnasium Hall last evening. Mr J. Loudon presided. A vote of thanks to the candidate for the able address he had given and of confidence in him to represent the electorate in Parliament was carried without a dissentient voice. Mr W. Downie Stewart, Government candidate for Dunedin West, spoko last evening in the Albany Street Gymnasium Hall. All the Seating accommodation was taken up, and the proceedings were of a I hearty and enthusiastic nature. A small | section at the back was evidently opposed I to the speaker's views, but the interrupt I tion was of a good-natured description. A vote of thanks and confidence was pro- [ posed by Mr Battersby, seconded by Mr H. K. Wilkinson, and declared carried by the chairman (Mr J. H. Wilkinson). The meeting ended in cheers, with" some hooting by a small section, evidently disappointed at not being allowed to record by show of hands- their disagreement with thn concluding motion. Mr T. K. Sidey, who again contests his old electorate, gave his final political address in the South Dunedin Hall last evening. Mr J. J. Marlow occupied the chair, and there was a very large audience. iVir J. Henderson moved and Mr P. O. Triggs seconded—'' That a hearty vote of thanks tnd,,confidenco be accorded Mr Sidey icr his able and fluent address," which, on biing put, was carried without a dissei.tient voice and with three chers for the candidate. | The Independent Labor candidate for Dunedin West, Mr W. E. J. Maguire, a<ldrsssed an overflow meeting of his supporters at his central committee rooms in Sweetings last night. Mr A. Watt, president ot the Dunedin Drivers' L T nion, presided. Mr Maguire said tho immediate prospect of building up a dig-ified. independent Labor party in Otig"> was certainly not encouraging. Notlr'ng was more deplorable than the suspicious and sudden patronage of tho Liheril party to Labor. The new note in iho situation—the mere defeat of Mr -Alajsoy— was the old shibboleth of the outs and tho ins. The genuine Labor movement covered something wider than the mere defeat nt Mr Massey, and tho substitution of a party which was incompatible with the growth of the Labor movement. The Labor movement must be the manifestation of the social unrest, which was fitly designated the struggle for existence. This conflict w.i 6 between the wage-earners and their masters. The Labor policy was a movement of sound economic doctrine, and free from any political alliance merely for vote-catching purposes. It was unanimously decided that Mr Maguire's committee form a deputation, or make representation to the proper authority, to have ail Labor votes polled by tbo New Zealand Expeditionary Force for Dunedin West allocated to Mr Maguire, inasmuch as he was nominated by a registered tradt union (the Cordial Workers' Union), and the nomination was supplemented at a social function of the Dunedin Drivers' Union. CHALMERS. Mr W D. Mason, Opposition candidate addressed a meeting of 150 people, mainl composed of ladies, in the Druids' Hall Ravensbourne, last night. Mr W. Blacki occupied the chair. The candidate, wh had an excellent hearing, was unanimous!, tendered an expression of confidence. Mr Dickson, tho Government nominee addressed a meeting in North-east Harbo. Schoolhouso on Monday night. Mr Hei! yer presided. On the motion of Mr Rayn bird a voto of thanks to the candidatand confidence in the Government wa carried unanimously. Mr Dickson's com mittees in Port Chalmers, Sawyers Bay Broad Bay, Anderson Bay, Mosgie"; Brighton; and Otokia have all held thci. final meetings, and in even- instance en couraging reports were handed in. A each of the above places Mr Dickson con veyed his thanks for the valuable assistance rendered, and the committees were formally disbanded.

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THE ELECTIONS, Issue 15671, 9 December 1914

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THE ELECTIONS Issue 15671, 9 December 1914

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