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ADVANCE IN FRANCE.

FURTHER PROGRESS BY THE ALLIES, ESPECIALLyTn FRANCE. PARIS, December S. (Received December 9, at 9.5 a.m.) A communique states: The enemy are more active on the Yser and around l pies. Our artillerv replied successfully. Our verv"brilliant attack which carried Vermelles* and the Rutoire position (between Lens and Bethune) marked ihe end of a determined two months' struggle, during which we sapped and mined ever since wo were expelled from Vcrmelles on October 25. Our heavy artillery dispersed several ot Ihe enemy's positions on the Aisne and in die Champagne district. We gained some ground in the Argonne. in Grurie VVohI, and also northwest of Pei.t-a-Mcusson (S.W. of Metz). IN UPPER ALSACE. FRENCH MAKING HEADWAY. .London ' Time*" and Sydney * Sun' Services.) LOXDOX, December 8. Berne reports state that_ there has been considerable cannonading in the last few rlavs along the German Swiss frontier near Basel. There have been several encounters between the French and Germans. All the Vosges passes are held by tho French. It IB reported that strong German reinforcements are being sent to this district. QUIXOTIC FRENCH GENERAL. SAVED HIS BRIGADE AND HIS HONOR. LONDON, December 8. (Received December 9, at 9.40 a.m.) The 'Daily Telegraph's' Paris corresponlent states that a French general received orders to advance a certain road swept by a murderous lire. He_ realised that obedience meant the annihilation of his brigade. He had a choice between blind obedience and wilful disobedience. He chose a middle course. Despite his Staff's pleading he insisted on advancing alone through the zone of fire, spying: "If I win through unscathed the brigade can follow; if not, they can remain where they are." The general fell riddled with bullets, and thus saved his honor and his brigade RHFJMS BOMBED FROM THE AIR. PARIS, December 8. (Received. December 9, at 9.55 a.m.) The Germans have resumed the bombardment of Rheims by means of aeroplanes. FRENCH AIRMEN. PEBTTNACITY REWARDED. AMSTERDAM, December 8. A French airman attempted to bomb ihe petroleum and ammunition stores at Feluy, in Hainanlt (Belgium). The Germans opened firo, compelling him to ascend. A German biplane followed him, hut the Frenchman escaped after bombing and exploding three cars of a German unmunition train. TWO OFFICERS KILLED. ! LONDON, December 8. (Received December 9, at 9.55 a.m.) The Germans at Oetend shot down and tilled instantaneously Annesley and Lieutenant Deovor. [The reference of this message is obscure.] IN POLAND. GERMANS OCCUPY LODZ. RUSSIA'S VIRTUAL ACKNOWLEDGMENT. PETROGRAD, December 8. (■Received December 9, at 8.55 a.m.) Official: During the latter half of Norember Lodz was of great military importmce, but its defence was not urgent after the failure of the German offensive. The Lodz-Lowicz line also gave our front an abnormal task in the control of embarrassing communications. It is probable that our line in the region of Lodz wiLl bo reformed. Some newspapers interpret tho above as m announcement that the Russians havo tvacuated Lodz. ITS MILITARY VALUE AS GERMAN BASE. (London 'Time** and Sydney 'Sun'Servioes.) LONDON, December 8. It is stated that 15 German army corps are engaged in the assault of Lodz, the objectbeme to get control of the region ia a central stronghold from which to exlend their whele battle_ line. A wounded German in. hospital told a Rupaian patient in the adjoining bed that the Liermans wore bringing up reinforcements (o Lodz. The Russian replied: " Let them come; we have got plenty of. room to bury them all." GERMAN TARGETS. MADHOUSES AND MONASTERIES. London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) LONDON, December 9. Petrograd advices 6tate that the German attack on the lunatic asylum near Lodz was the outcome of an unsuccessful idvance. In a fit of rase the Germans jpened fire with two batteries. The building was badly damajsed, and many perished In the flames. The Russian cavalry put the enemy to flight. . The Germane mistook the Angelus (evening bell) from the ancieijit monastery at Tuxh for an agreed signal on the part of the Russians. Thereupon they proceeded to shell the monastery, and in a quarter of an hour only ruins remained.. Masses ' of ancient relics perished. When a Catholic, priest protested an officer savagely ptcMk him in the breast with a rifle butt.

ALLIES' MARKED PROGRESS. GERMANS IN POLAND, LODZ OCCUPIED. RUSSIANS BEFOEM BATTLE LINE. RUMANIAN RUMOR. WILL JOIN WITH ENTENTE, Preas Atsociation —By Telegraph—Copyright.

MAXIMS OX MOTORS. USED IN~POLAXD. } PKTROGRAD, Do.-ember 8. I (Received December 9, at 9.5 a.m.) | Several Russian motor cars participated i in the affair at Lask (south-west of Lodz) ion December 4. A large German force was advancing to occupy a, wood. • The | Russian machine, guns played terrible havoc with the column, which fled in panic. The Germans attempted a motor-car surprise near Cracow, but the Russian firo overturned one car and tho remainder fled. AX AMAZOX. (London ' Times' and Sydney ' Sun' Services.) LONDON", December 8. Amongst the recruits at Konitz, in West Prussia, a girl was discovered. She had undergone military training without anvone suspecting her sex until medical examination. She begged to be allowed to go to the front, and was sent as a. Red roKS nurse. ALLIES* SUBMARINES. CEASELESS 'ACTTYLTY. PARIS, December 8. (Received December 9, at 9.5 a.m.) M. Augagneur, Minister of Marine, interviewed on the naval operations of the war, remarked that the British and French submarines were daily performing raids with remarkable audacity. BALTIC MIXES. ANOTHER SWEDISH VICTIM. STOCKHOLM, December 8. (Received December 9, at 9.5 a.m.) The Swedish steamer Xorrasverige was 6unk by a mine off the coast of Finlaud. Her crew of 20 perished. BELGIAN REFUGEES GIVEN WORkTn EXGLAXD. (London "Tunes ' and Sydney 'Sun* Service*.) LONDON, December 8. It is estimated that there are 100,000 Belgian refugees in England, and 2,000 additional are being brought over every week. Work has been found for artisans and laborers with tho approval of the trades unions, the condition being that they are employed only in trades where there is a shortage of "British, labor, and are paid at the union rate of wages while the war lasts. BOTHA'S DRIVE. (London ' Times ' and Sydney ' Sun * Services.) LONDON, December 8. General Botha's drive resulted in the capture or surrender of 820 rebels. A CHANGED TONE. GERMANY AND SOUTH AFRICA. BLUFF ANITsOFT SOAP. BERLIN, Decembor 8. (Received December 9, at 8.45 a.m.) An official wireless message states that Germany does not intend to permanently occupy the South African Union. She desires hostilities there to cease if the Union forces evacuate German territory and abstain from further hostilities. The message adds: " South Africans mav establish neutral States, and Germany will recognise their political independence and territorial integrity." ARMY BOOTS. TRADE VERY BUSY. LOXDOX, December 8. (Received December 9, at 9.40 a.m.) The British trade is supplying the Government with 140,000 pairs of army boots weekly. The Government require 200,000 pairs weekly, costing 18s 6d pair. The French Government havo already secured a million pairs. [British shoe manufacturers (says the ' Economist' of October 24) have been called upon to make and deliver promptly huge quantities of boots for our own soldiers ; also orders for something like a million pairs were placed a week or two ago for the French army, whilst inquiries and big orders have been received, it is said, from the Russian, Servian, Belgian, and other Governments. The matter has, in fact, become so vastly important that the possibility of the formation of an international commission has been mooted, which will supervise the provision of boots for the allied armies in the field. It is satisfactory to know that, in spite of the advance in prices of all kinds of suitable sole and upper leather, the boots now being turned out in thousands for army wear are, perhaps, the best which can be produced. The system of inspection by tho authorities is rigid, in spite of the urgent demand; but, to do our manufacturers justice, without the inspection they would be as eager to make a boot which will give satisfaction under the conditions in which it will be worn. Some time ago several now and improved designs were submitted and accepted by the War Office, marking a very distinct advance on the old and cumbrous "ammunition boot" with which onr soldiers invariably were formerly supplied. Neither is there now any sign of false and cheesparing economy in connection with the supply of army boots. Many of them cost from 15s to 20s, or even more, per pair, and are considered well worth the money by experts. The boots now being made for the French army are not quite so heavy and expensive as thoso for tho British Army.] PARIS BOURSE REOPENED. HEALTHY MARKET TONE. PARIS, December 8. (Received December 9, at 9.40 a.m.) Brisk business was transacted on the reopening of the Bourse, which closed with markets generally exhibiting good tone.

AMEEICA'S AWAKENING. THE PRESIDENTAND DEFENCE. NEW YORK, December 8. (Received December 9, at 9.40 a.m.) Eighty-four leading Americans have inaugurated a non-party security leaguo tc impress upon the President and Congress the immediate necessity ior investigating the country's defences. President Wilson announces that a national defence association .would be likely to create an unfavorable international impression. ANGLO-AUSTRALIANS. INTEREST IN THE COLONIALS. LONDON, December 8. (Received December 9, at 9.55 a.m.) The Australian War Contingent Association arc sending to the soldiers boxes of chocolates with New Year's greetings. Hospital accommodation at a convalescent home in England has been placed at the association's disposal. IN HOME WATERS. FIRTH OF FORTH CLOSED BY BRITIShTdMIRALTY. LONDON, December 8. (Received December 9, at 10.10 a.m.) The Admiralty has notified the fishing fleet in the Firth of Fortli to stop operations. Probably the firth will be closed till the end of tho war. RUMANIA. RUMORED WAR DECISION TO ASSIST SERYIA. LONDON, December 8. (Received December 9, at 10.10 a.m.) A Gorman journal has published a Bucharest despatch stating that Rumania has definitely decided to join in the war on the side of the Triple Entente. This decision is said to be in accord with the wL-h of the entiro countrv, including the King and the Ministry," with the exception of the Minister of Finance. The question of wh»n Rumania will be making an entry into the war has been discussed, one section desiring to avoid a winter campaign, while, on the other hand, the military fear that Servia will be defeated before the spring arrives. AUSTRALIAN MEAT. ARMY AXD NAVY SATISFIED. LONDON, December 8. (Received December 9, at 10.10 a.m.) Sir Thomas Robinson, Agent-General for Queensland, lias returned from a week's visit to France. Tho Government otlicials informed him th;it they were greatly pleased with the Australian meat, of which the army ai!<! navv are consuming large quantities. He states that this is likely to lead to a considerable trade when the war is over. Sir Thomas Robinson inspected the Australian hospital, and is highly gratrSed with the efficiency and tho" excellent organisation displayed. KAISKR INDISPOSED. SK-YEivirCOLD. i AMSTERDAM. December 3. | (Received December 9, at 10.10 a.m.) An official Berlin message states that the Kaiser is suffering from feverish bronchial catarrh. Ho has been obliged to postpone for some days his return to the front, though ho was able yesterday and to-day to receive direct reports from tho front. HICH COMMISSIONER'S CABLE. THE DOUBT ABOUT LODZ. MARKED ADVANCE IN FRANCE. The High Commissioner reports under date London, December S:— Tho Russian official messages neither confirm nor contradict tho German capture of Lod;c. They state that the defence of I/odz is no longer an urgent military necessity, as holding it lias embarrassed the Russians, who have withdrawn to revise their offensive. Great activity was shown by tho Allies and the enemy in France yesterday, tho Allies making a marked advance-. Verollc (? Yennelles), tho scone, of despcrato fighting during the last two months, has boon taken by the French after .a brilliant assault. DUNEDIN WOMEN'S ASSOCIATION. Workers are needed each day this week from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. The ladies wish it to be known that a largo number of holdalls and housewives are required, and suggest that secretaries of clubs or church organisations might arrange for their members to assist in the making of these. The articles mentioned (which are not required before the end of January) must be made to the regulation pattern, samples of which are available at the Early Settlers' Hall. A total of 266 large cases of goods for the British and Belgian relief have loft tho Early Settlers' Hall to date, and are on the way to England. This must bo looked upon as nothing short of a wonderful result of the efforts of the women of Otago, and the executive of IPfe association desire to express their heartfelt thanks to all those who have helped, both in town and country. More money is needed for cardigan jackets. Seven hundred of these have been ordered for the reinforcements, and have yet to be paid for. The following monetary donations have to bo acknowledged : l.ady Liverpool fund—Proceeds of salo of tomato plants, 6s. Cardigan jacket funl—Mrs Haggitt 7s, "R." £2 10s, Mrs P. MacGregor 10s, Mrs Oldham 10s. REINFORCEMENTS. Notices have been despatched to the, men selected for service with the third Expeditionary Force to mobilise, preparatory to proceeding to Trentham for training. The Invercargill, South Otago, and North Otago men will leave on Saturday, and tho Dtmedin men on Monday. The following order has been issued to the men of the Dunedin section: —" You are hereby notified to parade at the Garrison Hall,"Dunedin, at 6.45 a.m. on Monday, December 14, to proceed to Trentham with tho reinforcements, New Zealand Expeditionary Force. No equipments will bo taken, as each man will receive uniform, equipment, and full kit at the camp. Men already serving in the Territorials will return rifle, equipment©, etc., to the company commander prior to leaving for camp. Railway warrants will bo drawn only for those on above parade. No liquor to be allowed to bo carried. Breaches of this instruction will entail prosecution." It is understood that Captain R. Eraser, N.Z.S.C., will accompany the Dunedin section of the Otago quota to Lyttelton. It is presumed that some 500 men will comprise Otago's quota. The original number required from this province was 700. Intending applicants for enrolment are reminded that Friday night will be the last night set apart for the examination of recruits. THE MAORI CONTINGENT. Captain W. 0. Ennis, of the local railway office, has been appointed adjutant to the Maori contingent, now in camp at Avor.dale, and which it is underteood is destined for garrison duty in Egypt. Prior to the Boer War Captain Ennis was a Member of the Southland Mounted Rifles, and went Home as a member of the Jubilee Contingent in 1897. Captain Ennis holds an adjutant's commission in the Smith Upland BatUUou of the N.Z.R. Battalion. BELGIAN CARNIVAL. The Belgian carnival is going to make a gala day at Port Chalmers to-morrow afternoon and evening. The recreation ground at Mussel Bay has been specially prepared for tho carnival. In the centre of the ground a largo platform has been erected and surrounded by eeats, Ou&rid^

th« seating .area a track for the races is roped off, and beyond that again is tho grand parade fronting the stalls and tea rooms. The programme is a comprehensive one, and in tho evening the grounds will bo brilliantly lighted by powerful electric lamps. The proceedings open at 1 p.m. with a procession through the streets, in which the candidates for the proud distinction of queen of the carnival will participate. The interesting ceremony of the proclamation and crowning of the queen will take place at 2.30 p.m. When tho procession reaches tho grounds brief speeches will bo made, and the carnival declared open by the Belgian Consul (Mr Denniston). The programme then includes physical drill by boys and girls, races, tug-of-war, hnkas and poi dances by Otakou Maoris in native costume, bayonet exercises, rifle exercises, dances, etc. A feature of the programme- is a grand march by 70 young ladies in fancy costume, and this in itself should attract a large attendance. Tho election results will be shown on the grounds. Should the weather prove unfavorable the carnival will ho carried out in tho large railway goods shed, which will be specially prepared. Tho carnival merits unqualified success. MISCELLANEOUS. " Syui :it:d-vr " forwards us 10s on behalf i-i' t!i.' Belgian relief fund.

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ADVANCE IN FRANCE., Evening Star, Issue 15671, 9 December 1914

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ADVANCE IN FRANCE. Evening Star, Issue 15671, 9 December 1914

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