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AN INDIRECT ANSWER TO GERMANY. WAR WAS FORGED ON AUSTRIA. LONDON'. December 5. Renter's Agency at ' Rome states that documents exist showing that early in July, when, after the Sarajevo assassinations, Austro-Servian relations were strained, the late Marquis San <li Giulinno urged Austria for moderation, in order to avoid Russian intervention in Scrvia's favor. Austria replied that she did not believe that Russia was sufficiently prepared after the Japanese War to undertake military action on behalf of Servia, and cited Russia's attitude throughout tho London Conference after the Balkan War, when she was not able to make her supremacy in the Balkans felt. The Marquis San <li Giuliano answered that, according to his information, the situation was changed, and that Russia would not tolerate any attempt to limit Servia's independence or sovereignty, or any diminution of her territory. Austria retorted that, in tho event of Russia's intervention it would be answered bv Germany's participation in the war. The Marquis then pointed out tho enormous gravity of the plan, aa Germany's action would inevitably mean Great Britain's intervention. Both Vienna and Berlin replied that they were convinced that at tho last moment Britain would not assume the risk of uudertaking a European war. The Marquis rejoined that snch a view was erroneous, as ho had sufficient foundation for an opinion that the exact opposite would occur. His warning, however, was in vain, and events were precipitated by Austria's ultimatum being sent to Servia without Italy being consulted or notified.


ROME, December 5.

The appointment of Count Von Bulow as German Ambassador to Italy has caused a sensation.

The new Ambassador being a famous cxImperial Chancellor, who was practicallv dismissed from oflice bv the autocratic Kaiser, it is obviously tlio intention that he shall endeavor to inJlueiiio Italy's policy.


DELHI, December 5.

All tho great native States have- now expressed regret to the Viceroy that Turkey has joined Germany in tenting England, under whoso benign rule tho Moslems have enjoyed perfect religious freedom.

All tho ruling Princes continue to tako I the keenest interest in the war. They have now subscribed about £IGO.OCO to the Prince of Wales's fund, £BOO,OOO to the expenses of tho war, including £402,000 from tho Nizam of Hyderabad and £333,000 from the Maharajah of Mysore. A further sum of nearly £30,000 has been given by tho chiefs to provide motor cycles, binoculars, and telescopes. £24,000 of this has ben given by the Maharajah of Scindia and Gwalior, who has also presented motor ambulances consisting of 41 cars for the use of the troops in Europe, and is arranging for the establishment of a convalescent home in East Africa. Besides these gifts, many of the chiefs have presented a large number of horses, mules, camels, and even motor j cars. The hospital ship Loyalty, which left I Bombay recently, is splendidly equipped, and is another of tho gifts of the chiefs, "WE MUST MAKE NO MISTAKE." (London 'Times' audSydney ' Sun'Services.) LONDON, December 4. In the course of a 3pecch Lord Selborne said:. "We must noti mistake the nature of the summons of the Powers to unity against Germany, which is at present holding its own against tho combined jpower of Russia, France, and England." t

ABMY And navy contracts

LONDON, December 5.

A committee consisting of three members of the Committee of Imperial Defence, with Lord Esher as chairman, has been appointed to co-operate with the heads ot the various Treasury 'Departments in sanctioning the expenditure upon all army and navy contracts arising out of the war. This is the first result of the recent demand in the House of Commons for a full and freo inquiry into the allegations that are prevalent with respect to contract scandals. DOBS WAR VOID A CONTRACT? LONDON, December 5. In the Chancery Division tho Zinc Corporation sought a decision whether a contract to sell their whole output to the German firm of Aaron Hirsch. and Son until 1919 was mudu void by the. war or merely suspended. Mr Justice Sargant held that tho case was covered by the clause suspending a contract during tho continuance of events beyond the control of the vendors or buyers which prevented or delayed the carrying out of an agreement. Ho granted an injunction restraining the directors from acting on the assumption that the contract was terminated, and added that undoubtedly the case was going to the highest tribunal. PROHIBITED EXPORTS. LONDON, December 5. The Government have prohibited the export of tinned meats and tin plates to Sweden, Denmark, and the Netherlands, also tanning extracts for all destinations. RUSSIAN TREASURY BELLS. LONDON, December 5. In consideration of the receipt of £8,000,000 of Russian gold the Bank of Eticlaud is discounting, under Government .guarantee, further £12,C00,0C0 Russian Treasury bills, making a total of £20,000,000. THE KING IN FRANCE. LONDON, December 6. The King continues to review, the troops in the French towns, the streets of which are decorateil with flags and thronged with cheering people. Assisted by the Prince of Wales, His Majesty decorated many of tho officers j and men'at the front with distinguished conduct medals, and also with the French medal for valor. Later His Majesty visited Albert and inspected the French and Belgian units. THE GERMAN SPY BUSINESS. LONDON, December 5. The English, French, and Russian police have discovered that one factor in Gorman espionage is tfs use of seals and printing plates for a wholesale system of forged passports by the German agents. . MELBOURNE, December 6. The Metropolitan Board of Works have dismissed two German employees for seditions utterances. I Sixty-one Germans, two Poles, and | three Austrians have been naturalised in the Commonwealth during November. A naturalised German has been arrested owing to a quantity of ammunition being found in his residence. IRELAND'S ENEMIES. LONDON. December 5. Copies of tho ' Irish Worker' at Dublin have been seized by the police, who have also seized the printing plant and all documents on the premises. THE HOME NEW ZEALAND CONTINGENT. LONDON, December 5. Tho newspapers are publishing interesting accounts of the remarkable fitness of the detachment of New Zealandors on the Salisbury Plains. The army authorities arc highly gratified, and the men are satisfied with tho treatment and surroundings.

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ITALY AND AUSTRIA., Issue 15669, 7 December 1914

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ITALY AND AUSTRIA. Issue 15669, 7 December 1914

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