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SOUTH AFRICA., Issue 15663, 30 November 1914
DK WET IMITATES THE GERMANS. JOHANNESBURG, November 28. During the fighting in Mussroon Valley a uniformed rode up to Commander Brand and pointed to General Botha’s commando, declaring that they were a band of rebels. One of Brand’s men recognised the stranger as Van lekierk, a rebel leader, whereupon the loyalists shot him dead. When at Winburg De Wet was in a furious temper. He knocked shop assistants about because they had no petrol. A brother rebel prevented him from burning tiie store. De Wet desperately assaulted the Mayor, accusing him of killing his son Daniel. CAPE TOWN, November 29. General Botha attacked a rebel force tinder Hcndcrick Brewer near Naauaport. •Six of them were killed and 50 made prisoners. General Botha's loss was slight. TURKEY AND THE WAR, GERMANY’S LATEST BLUNDER. LONDON. November 27. A correspondent, writing from Copenhagen, learns from Berlin that the defeat of tho Turks in Mesopotamia and the occupation of Btisrah have had a discouraging effect in German commercial circles. They consider that the involving of Turkov in tho war was an unpardonable error, only benefiting the Allies. Germany has already paid Turkey £10,000.000, and will soon repeat that amount. This will bo sacrificing altogether tho investments of the country, wliile Germany will bo made responsible to the civilised world for causing a holy war, thus antagonising neutrals. lu the course of a few months Mesopotamia, Armenia, Palestine, parts of Syria and Anatolia, and, finally, Constantinople will bo in the hands of tho Allies, who will not only have something to divide amongst themselves, hut to give to the new members of the alliance. THE MONROE DOCTRINE. MR TAFT STATEsTvHAT IT IS AND WHAT IT IS NOT. NEW YORK, November 27. Speaking at Mont Clair (New Jersey), ex-Prcsidont Taft endorsed tho Monroe Doctrine. He said that the interference of tiie United States in Mexican and South American affairs was entirely outside tho doctrine. The landing of troops in Canada by any of tho enemies would not constitute- a breach of the doctrine, but any attempt to establish a new system ot government would be resisted if Canada wore conquered. Argentina, Chile, and Brazil would be able to protect themselves; therefor© there was little likelihood of the doctrine being pressed.
There was. said-Mr Taft, nothing which required the United States to establish peace in Mexico. He criticised the occupation of Vera Cruz, which had accomplished nothing. Instead, the present anarchy was charged as being entirely duo to the" United States. Monroeism, had made peace 90 years ego ; why should it not make peace in a hundred years to come? Generally, the United States should not interfere as long as one country did not seek to inflict its government upon a- conquered people, to annex territory, or to resort to unjust and oppressive measures.
Canada was already furnishing military aid to Great Britain. Under what theory, Mr Taft asked, could the United States object to Germany trying measures and exacting an indemnity if desirable? At the aanin time, the United States would net allow t’he annexation of Canada by Germany. Monroeism prevented war-. If the United Stater, abandoned it, European Powers would sooner or inter engage in controversies with tho smaller American peoples, with the result that the United States would be forced to enter into the dispute. Argentina, Brazil, and Chile fully understood that the United States was hot exercising authority over them, nor was it desirable to ask them for the maintenance of the doctrine, as it would be likely to cause jealousy among the smtiller powers of Central and South America. The work of the United States in. Hayti and San Domingo was merely that of a friendly neighbor trying to keep peace in the community. NEUTRAL ZONES. WASHINGTON. November 27. The Peruvian Minister lias laid a scheme before Mr Bryan outlining the areas in South American waters of both oceans for establishing neutral zones, in which merchantmen of all nationalities may he free from molestation. Thu proposal briefly comprises an extension of territorial waters seaward for a distance to lie later determined. The Brazilian Minister asked for the United States’s co-operation, with the object of restoring crippled trade. Mr Bryan relused a decision until the President had consulted tho Cabinet. A FREE BOHEMIA. NEW YORK, .November 27. Bohemians in tho United States have started a movement to free Bohemia from the Dual Monarchy. They propose to ask for representation at the Peace Conference, in older to place their claims before tho Powers. MORE BRITISH LENIENCY. MELBOURNE, November 29. Tho Minister of Defence (Senator Pearce) is dissatisfied with the terms of the surrender granted tho Germans in New Guinea, particularly the provision for paying tho surrenderee! officials three months’ salaries, lie Juts communicated with tho Imperial authorities on the subject. GERMANY’S “ UNPARALLELED INSOLENCE.” MR HALF QUITS - REF EREN CE EXPLAINED. PETROGRAD, November 28. The newspaper ’ Recht ’ explains that Japan’s dramatic answer to Germany’s “ imparelleled insolence,'' referred to by Mr Balfour in bis Guildhall speech on November 9, was made on the evo of the fall of Tsing-tao. The Kaiser offered tho Mikado peace at any price on condition that Japan attacked Russia. The Mikado replied that the day when the last base of German culture in tho Far Eaet fell would b<} one of tho most glorious in Japanese history. Ho also reminded the Kaiser that Japan was incapable of treachery like that ot the Gormans respecting Belgium, and then handed tho Kaiser’s message to the British Ambassador. TIIE KAISER'S LATEST. PARIS, November 28. A French captain, now in hospital at Metz, writing to the newspaper ‘La Patrio,’ says that the Kaiser visited tho French wounded there, apd that he said : “I give imperial homage to your valor. Notwithstanding the cruel circumstances of the present lime, I do not despair of one day seeing Germany and Franco united in tics o: sincere .friendship.” AMERICANS’ PASSPORTS STOLEN. LONDON, November 28. It is stated that 200 American passports sent to the Berlin Foreign Office tor registration have disappeared under similar circumstances to those connected with that which Locly (who was shot in tho Tower of London) used. PARIS BOURSE TO REOPEN. PARIS, November 28. Tho Bourse will reopen on December 7 for cash transactions. THE CHANCELLOR’S FINANCE. LONDON, November 28. Financial papers, commenting on Mr Lloyd George’s statement that the Bank of England had discounted £120,000,000 worth" of bills under tho Government special agreement, think that the amount is not over large considering that £500,020,000 were outstanding.
PEACE MEDDLERS. (London ‘ Times ’ and Sydney ‘ Sun ’ Services.) LONDON, November 27. The Paris ‘ Figaro,’ referring to rumore concerning tho intentions of neutrals to intervene and promote peace, says : “ How much truth there is in these rumors we do not know. All offers of mediation, all attempts to conclude hostilities, are vain and useless until tho Allies have tho German Empire at their mercy. Neither France, not-Great Britain, nor Russia can consent at any price to conclude a precarious peace which might allow Germanmilitarism to raise its head again.”
SOUTH AFRICA., Issue 15663, 30 November 1914
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