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Contributions and questions jor answering should be addressed to "Minorca,” Poultry Editor, ‘ Star ’ Office, and received not later than Tuesday of each week. "Minorca” wilt only answer communications through this column. Mr Hall, of Musselburgh, showed me during the week eggs laid by a Silver Wyandotte pullet only four and a-half months old, and aUo eggs laid bv a moss of White Leghorn and Silver Wyandotte the same ago. Of course, it is not an advantage to Jay so early, but it speaks well fox the strain, and also for the attention given to the birds. Camphorated o ; l is one of the beat things that can bo need to rub on the back of a chicken’s head for head lice, but one breeder applied it too freely, with disastrous results. The chicks were in a brooder, and just before- they went to rest for the night the breeder applied the camphorated oil. The consequence was that the warmth in the brooder caused the volatile camphor fumes to come off quickly, and this killed about 30 chickens. Where a number of chicks are kept together it is advisable to apply tho oil when the birds are in the open air. A breeder informs me that Tie bad a hen which sat for five weeks, and then batched a good percentage of the eggs. I should say the hen did not sit down properly at first, but latex on settled down and finished her appointed task, although rather late. Tho breeder must be given credit for patience. Most breeders would have turned tho hen loose a week sooner. Breeders will have to be careful with their wheat supply, ns prices are rising rapidly. Oats should be given at noon, and a little wheat at night. In this way the birds, being hungry, will eat up the oats, but if oats and wheat arc given together the birds will oat the wheat and often leave tho oats Don’t change suddenly Fiom wheat to oats, or the birds will most likely go off laying. Separate tlm Pex?s.—lt is now time,the older cockerels and pullTs wore separated. They shonld bo placed in batches of 10 to 20. according In the size oi the pen. Tho pick of tho cockerels should he kept for next, year’s breeding, the remainder being fattened for sale. Cockerels go into their chicken moult when about four months old, and should lie sold before this, or el'o they are not fit for sale until after the moult, as they will not fatten when thev .are moulting. With food so high! in price, it would pay best to sell them j before the moult. _ _ | Bags axe expected to be very high in price next .season, and in consequence people are- putting down -a barge number | of eggs in waterglass. There has been a j bigger sale for this than in any other i season.

Brooders and Incubators. —Most breeders are now finished with their incubators and brooders. These should not be tossed in a corner, but should bo thoroughly cleaned and disinfected, and put away* carefully for next season. The incubator's egg chamber should bo sponged out with a solution of permanganate of potash'in warm water to get rid of any germs which are about. The failure to do this often causes trouble. The nest year breeders wonder why the chicks are ailing. The Bantam Club arc holding a show and judging competition on Thursday, December 10. in the club room. All breeders of these pets should roll up. as Mr Day will give some interesting information about the different breeds. Mr Day has been a breeder for so many years that his address should be very instructive to young breeders. Mr J. Cummings, of Christchurch, is importing another Minorca cockerel from Mr W. Bradley, of England. This gentleman is evidently anxious to have the best money can buy. Eggs are gradually rising in price, Is 3d being asked for new laids and Is 2d for shop eggs. Owing to the Crystal Palace being taken by the Admiralty for training purposes, it is stated that there will be no show held this year. This will be a disappointment to breeders, but it might be worse. Chicks Dead in the Shell in the Incubator.—Quite a number of breeders complain about chicks being dead in the shell. There are various reasons for this. Going right back to the breeding pen, where the birds are found to be too fat, but quite a number of chicks die because they cannot break the eggshell: this’is due to want of proper airing. The eggshells become dry and brittle through being heated, and then allowed to cool day after day while the egg is under the hen or in the incubator. If you fail to air the eggs properly the shell and inner skin remain hard and tough, and the chick cannot release itself. Utility breeders all seem anxious that classes for these breeds should be put in the schedule at the next Dunedin Fanciers’ Club show. I think at least a trial in a few breeds should be given, say White Leghorns, Black Orpingtons, and Silver Wyandottes. These are the chief breeds kept for utility. Much scientific attention has been given in the United States to the question of “ type ” in the selection of layers, and i at the Kansas Government Experimental Station particularly. The following extract from a bulletin recently issued by this station is interesting if only that it explains what the “V-shapo” so much talked about really signifies:—•“ The development of the egg* to a large extent takes place -in the region of the body below the broad part of the back, and that part of the body should bo broader than the fore part. This gives to the body a V-shaped appearance as viewed from the top, the small part of the V lying towards the front. _ When a hen is in heavy laying condition, her abdomen is lower than her breast-line, and this gives the body the appearance of being V-shaped as viewed from the side ’along the top and bottom lines, with the small part of the V towards the front. This enlargement of the body in the abdominal region makes the back appear somewhat narrower, giving the body yet another V-shaped appearance from the back downwards on the sides as viewed from the rear. Thus a body V-shaped in three directions indicates large productive powers.” The Now Zealand Utility Poultry Club’s tenth egg-laying competition—April 8, 1914, to March 31, 1915; six hens to a pen—completed its thirty-second week on November 17 as follows —Light Breeds. — 1. A. W. Adams,(Sheffield), W.L. ...“ 913 2. Heretaunga P.C. (Silverstream) W.L. ...' 910 3. Colder Bros. (Oamaru). W.L. ... 902 4. B. P. L. Clayson (Ekeiahuna) ... 891 5. J. W. Green (St. Albans), W.L. ... 889 5. D. Y. Gibsoi (Herbert), W.L. ... |B7

—Heavy Breeds.— 1. Miss Rita Nixon, 8.0. ... 925 2. R. Mnnger (Hutt), 8.0 822 3. W. E. Green (St. Albans), S.W. ... 790 —lndian Runner Ducks. — 1. Hcretaunga P.C. (Silverstroam)... 878 2. Glencoe Ranch (Knrori) 865 The 42 pons in the light breeds (252 birds) have laid in the 30 weeks a total of 33,817 eggs j the 13 pone of heavy birds (.108 birds) nave laid 12,613 eggs; and tho Indian Runners (six pens,' 36 birds) have laid 4,691 eggs.

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POULTRY NOTES, Issue 15662, 28 November 1914

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POULTRY NOTES Issue 15662, 28 November 1914

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