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GARDENING FOR THE WEEK, Issue 15662, 28 November 1914
GARDENING FOR THE WEEK
Out contributor, a •well-known gardener, will be glad to answer questions, which must be received not later than Tuesday of each week. —The Vegetable Garden. — The fine rain experienced on Saturday night baa been of immense value, not only to gardeners, but to fanners also, and the warm days following have been just .what w» require to put some growth on the various crops. Even grass has not grown to any great extent. However, we must be content and make the best of what we have, and take advantage of euch favorable changes as the last few days have given us to remedy any defects and to rephmt where failures have occurred. ‘ -Vs the planting season is advancing, no time should be lost. The last sowing of broad beans should be got in within the next week or two. The early-sown ones that have set a good crop of beans should have their points pinched ont. This assists the crop very considerably. Runner beans do well sown any time during November and December, and if the soil'is at all dry the drills should have a good soaking before 'the seeds are sown, and early-sown ones should be earthed up before they begin to run. Peas : Thoi tall-growing kinds should still he sown for another fortnight or three weeks, but late sowing—say, at Christmas —sould consist of the dwarf kinds. Stake and earth up earlier-sown crops as they become ready. Do not delay this too long. Hoe and thin out growing crops, such aa carrots, turnips, onions, and spinach. It is advisable to defer the thinning of spinach until the young plants are of service for kitchen use. Thin ont to bin apart. Plant out celery and leaks as previously advised. Take advantage of the moist condition of the soil to plant cabbage and cauliflower, also Brussels sprouts.
—The Rose Garden. — The enthusiastic grower of the rose, and more especially those who anticipate showing at the forthcoming rose show, which takes place at the Garrison Hall next month, will require to be up and doing if they expect to carry off the honors of war on that date. 1 sincerely hope 1 shall have the pleasure of judging a much more extensive and better lot than was ray , task last year, but the weather on that date was trying in the extreme. This season, weather permitting, I think wo should have a very fine show. Numerous lots of roses I have seen are looking exceedingly well, and seme very fine novelties may be looked for—such varieties as Queen Alary, Coronation, Mrs Forde, Airs Andrew Carnegie, and others (gold medal varieties). Then there are last season’s novelties, which, owing to the bad weather, were not able to be brought forward at the rose show, though magnificent specimens were brought out later on in the : season. It is from these I expect to see something above the ordinary. I had some very fine blooms, so can vouch for the quality ox them. .George Dickson, for instance is simply magnificent. Sunburst, British 'Queen, King George, and others I have seen .will, if well done, prove a great source of attraction. Now, having enumerated some of the leading kinds, which by no means exhausts the lists I expect to see there, I will touch briefly upon a few points of interest toexhibitors and growers. Firstly, see that all surplus buds are removed ns soon as they can bo pinched off, and keep an eye upon the plants for leaf grubs. These in seme seasons are a great source of annoy ancc. They curl themselves up in a loaf near the bud. and if not detected will very soon have the buds destroyed. Squeeze the grub with the thumb and finger. Tie up all drooping cr flexible kinds to small ■ stakes, and be sere to tic them pretty dose to the buds, in case of heavy winds blowing them about and spoiling them. Watering may be necessary in cases where the ground is very dry. Give good Bookings of water —something that will penetrate to their roots—or do not give any at all. Dribbles are worse than useless. Keep them going with liquid manure once ! nr twice a week just now, but not when the ground is dry. Hoe or rake the pound the next day after watering. This is important, is it breaks the crust on the surface and retains ihe moisture much longer, and also prevents the soil from clacking. Constant watchfulness will be necessary to provide some kind of protection or shade to forward buds and to retard others. No better covering c;9n be had than waterproof cap made fast to stakes. These ‘ can then be pushed into the ground to tuit each bloom, higher or lower us the case may be. Forward blooms (especially teas) should have some worsted tied lightlv round them to keep them back and in shape, until they are required. Strips of paper folded carefully and lightly placed round them with a little touch of paste holds them in position even better. One that can manipulate a pair o! tweezers may improve the appearance of a roee very much, for the exhibition stand. A groat deal may ba done the day before the show, or even on the morning of the show, to improve matters aa regards preparing them for exhibition. Boxes and moss should be got in readiness a day or two before the show. Have some nice little labels for ■writing the. names upon. Take care to keep each class separate, so as not to have tea roses in where hybrid perpetuals are asked for, or hybrid teas or hybrid perpctuals in the tea class. Be careful to comply with the schedule, as it is painful for a judge to have to disqualify a good exhibit, when perhaps it. would nave been first had no mistake of this kind been made. Another point: Be up early and cut* your blooms whilst the dew is upon them. They last much longer fresh than if ctrt when the sun in shining hot. —Answers.—• “ Garden" had a considerable number of sweet peas which were planted in boxes in the autumn, and which he planted out in the spring. The foremost of these are ! about 2ft. high and are coming into flower. What is the correct thing to do?— The peas havo had some severe checks, probably through want of sufficient water or moisture, which has caused them to become stunted, thus causing premature flowering. The idea ot sowing the seeds in the autumn—which I presume is meant when “ Garden " says he sowed the sweet peas in boxes in the autumn and planted out in . tho spring—is a good one, and if they had had sufficient moisture or care they fbould now be fine and strong and not stunted, as stated. Tho best advice 1 can give is to remove the flower. Top the plants, and give abundance of moisture and some liquid manure, not too strong, to induce them to break into fresh growth. Until they can get some fresh growth on they will not be of much worth. A mulching of some ■well-rotted manure would assist them in the light, soils of the locality indicated. •‘6.T.T.” sends a sample of badly blighted variegated flax, and wishes to know if there is any chance of effecting a core. In the first place, I should say tho plant is either old and requires lifting, dividing, and replanting in suitable sou, .. or the plant is suffering from want of suffi- ■ . cient moisture to keep it growing. Stunted * .plants.through want of sufficient moisture would be very liable to attacks of scaly
been. Looses the soil around it, and it a few good soalangs of water. _ My correspondent says he sprayed it with Douglases aphis wash, to no-effect. Try kerosene emulsion, made as follows:—Boil 41b of soap in half a gallon of water, until the soap is thoroughly dissolved. Pour this into a vessel containing Igal of kerosene. Churn up briskly with a syringe tor 10 or 15 minutes until it is like cream, then add 10 parts of soft water and spray with that. Make in proportion to amount required. “ A.G.R.”—You have a Lord Roberts' pelargonium which has developed into rather like a freak. The first flowers had flesh-colored petals, with white to the base, with white backs, and not a particle of crimson. The second and third on the same bnnch had crimson petals. “ The Lord Roberts pelargonium was a seedling of my own raising. The first or centre flower often comes different to the rest; often all a flesh color, with a" white disc around the eve. Its proper color should show purple blotches on the back petals. Sports often occur. Had the whole of the flowers on that branch remained the color described it would most likely have been a sport, and if taken off and rooted would have been a new variety-. The plant was not raised by Mr Gleudining; but by mo, for which I received a first class certificate, and also several others I could name, which also secured first class certificates from the Dunddin Horticultural Society.” “ Rufus.”—You have been to a lot of trouble in preparing ground for outside tomatoes, and find yon cannot secure any in Dunedin. Can I advise? Sorry;'! am out, nor do I know where you could secure some. You should have had your order in before this, as most people will have sold out. You say you have had very bad results with flower seeds (annuals) this year. Not a single seed has come through. I cannot tell you the reason unless you give me details of how they were treated. You were right in sowing again, although you will not be able to flower petunias outside this season from seeds sown now. You may still plant potatoes, hut it is late to secure sets, (let the best you can secure. H.C.
GARDENING FOR THE WEEK, Issue 15662, 28 November 1914
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