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THE BULWARK.

FIRST BATTLESHIP GONE IN THREE MINUTES. FINE WIN ON THE YTARTACALL OF BELGIUM. MORE MEN & GUNS NEEDED[By A. SrcNCK.] Surh radiant news came from Poland this morning that one felt cheerful despite the raii;. At 11 a.m., however, the telegraph mc?scn b '<?r walked into the ofiko of the 'Evening Pi;;r' with what appeared to be just an ordinary Wakapuaka cableit l<okod ao ihin in its official envelope. Opened and read, it disclosed tho loss of the battleship Bulwark, which blew up for was blown v[)i off .Shceruess. At the time of writing (11.30 a.m.) ona can hardly say what has been at work. If a French battleship had gone up in flame, as the J una went in the Missiessy basin at Toulon, tho inference might have itecn drawn that the famous "B powder" had buit.t int..) revolt a-gain. What troubles one's perception in the cate of the Bulwark i.s thai, such spontaneous explosions are almost 'unknown in the British Navy, though common with tho French and the Japanese. It is the hist time since tho modern battle-hip came that a British battleship has been blown up by internal generation of forces in her magazines. Tho chip which has gone to the sea floor was the command o: Captain Guy L. Stlatei, who eommissionvd her on November 17 last year. She was ono <•! three sisters, of which one tli« Venerable was reported oil' the coast of Belgium about three weeks a_:o. Tho Bulwark and tho Venerable and the London would certainly act together, and perhat>s the product of the jk-vonport vards (12 years old, but no bad ship) was doing duty as port guardship at the mouth of the Med way when tho crat-h came. It is here that tho l'ilathoiu channel leads into Chatham and its 11 building slips and docks. The Mcdwav is the greatest destroyer base in Britain, ami, as indicated, the Bulwark was probably lying off the mouth. The position abuts on the Thames. As tho montages say, the_ loss of the Bulwark is no great matter in itself, hut tho loss of life (only 12 saved out of 780) supremely defeats the new Admiralty swimming collar. The ship -was rent asunder, and so suddenly that she wa3 passing out of sight beione the smoke of the explosion cleared. Three minutes Is the time given. Mr Winston Churchill, usually very straightforward in thess matters, has told the House of Commons that the consensus of admirals was that no column of water rose. In _ conjunction with this it may be mentioned that when the Cressy sank under submarine, attack the fountain of water rose as hk'h as her masts. The reality- is that the Admiralty is not sure vet .vh'ut lias happened, and Mr Winfcton Churchill has given the best message of reassurance to tho Commons that he can. SEA LOSSES TO DATE. Addimr on the loss of the Bulwark to the liiit cabled from London on November 16. tho list of sea losses on both sides seems to stand as follows now: Battleships.—Britain 1, Germany nil. Armored cruisers.—Britain 4, Germany 1. Litrht cruisers.—Britain 5, Germany 9. Cunboats. —Britain 2, Germany 8. Armed liners. —Britain 1, Germany 3. From accounts received it is difficultto r>ure out the names of the ships which w:ii fill th'? above bill, but it is the list as given to us from Homo. Britain has lost tlv Bulwark, Foguo, Aboukiir, Cressy, (i„ f ,| Hep-?. Monmouth, Hermes, Pathfinder, Amphion, Pegasus, Niger; and [i,; s ]Nt meets soma of the figures. Cermanv has at least lost the Yorck, Main/. 'Kolr.. Ariadne. Konigsberg, Em- ..;..„ fin tho Baltic), Kaiser Wjlhcim der Crosse, four destroyers, ]\..;iL'en l."i;:e, and several submarines. MORI-: MEN: MORE GUNS. Poland gives us tho premier news to-day, but a. -word on trims first, because the presence of the- 42-cenlimetrc gun was defitl'V.'iv reported by " Fye-witnc.ss" yestor-d->v.' Th J (ksiciirr of'these guns is Pr Khmnmcrgtr, r-hiti technical expert; at Fc-.-cii. l! will br> remembered that, this farH'lri'd r.'-v^iir.;-.'jf was permitted by the ■■ril'-ie-s, li(j:pita!i]« Briton to carry out a tour of im-peetion of arnyment wo'l;s !.<!». ori June 14 "and June 23 last. <liirii-_' "lii.h period h-? saw everything 11, : ,' w-:s to b- r'fn i't Birkenhead. Barrow-in-Furn- -; ■"ila.-gow, Newca-stle-on-Tyue, ;vid S':- lb I-!. Such firms as Lairds, Yj! be) s- Maxiei, mid Armstrongs were in--j.-e'ed. be.--'.he ]ii:it« from the naval and miiitarv :ieth";-iti[-s tint tho less this quickvii led 'te. hnieisl was permitted to see the bei:i.r. 7t is U-'.:•■> that the trap was cunniiiL'!'' laid. There was an unctuous letter fr-e'i ib'-r Krnpp Von Bohlrn und Halbach iba! !;e and his wife, '"The Cannon Queen," ir.i-nd'd n little pleasure jaunt in Britain, .-i"d. as the letter naively added, "they would like to M'i; over mich works as Kn;;;-- w<-ie inteiesfcd in." The British fi: in- <i:.' li.it fh"ii realise, as thev realise

i.c.v, t!i it ]lr came with the plcjiMiT'.' party—n Mlenf, alert, danperons in;-1). 'i> wb'im. hmvevcr, no hr-xl was paid ar the time. The trip]>TS went, back to rir-M-.iany. i"po:("il to ihe. Kaiser, and put :«. -,!'-i;!< i»n ;i ft::prise series of pun. We had to make up tho leewav xnne- ].--,.-. ,-,!i-l !t seems tlvit British makers are <\<>\:rj it. We hav> heard som«--f-hin i of the-sil.-nchitr of <;<:,' man batteries lately, and !!.i-uti -1-. ii<\nlv always reliable, repeats tl'.-t 1 crh'i-d iM-'liip'-nre' tn-day, even poinp - i fai- a-, to :nr]!"-.-i<e +li:it the Germans are .omm-riciii.' ~, f:,]] !,-,,); on drupes. Of ' in|i:T". if the German artillery rnn he met evei-V Jiii: ' el'-' can he ovj-come in «lli« r-i.i:i\-e. Franl.-ly, iiot!ever, one ran only j |M. : n(. ()i:| tlie ;i.-]r arra-.- <-f cable messages i v, 1-ich at-" i'l'-t "\Z. Mire,- 4 .- i--i.il (.oinmunicatidii with I jM'!ia--i'! iiit'-rrupt'-d. indicating heavy j pa. s.-rje of German trocps to the n.-t. ir.--A snot.' ('■ -:m-"n forco has left (')<<.. ]•'.- iliit the German marine farce; at AntwMp start for Ostend. I 0.-f. 26.—Two 1?-c -onrimetre German gnns I ar.il ten P8 centimetre puns reach tho ! i.no fif battle, Nidi port to Bottlers. | 0.-f. 27.—Dutch papers describe- a 66ft j German r/im with a ranpe. of 27 j miles.- each round to co.-t £2.400. > ! Unbelievable m'-vsape.] Oct. 27.—Baron Von Darenne states that ivl-.-'i) the Germans reach Calais 17in howit/.ers will be used. Oef. 27—German land artillery romnel Brit Mi warships to keep eight miles off shore-. Oct. 27.—British Vpir. to vf<i 12in puns in j naval bnmbardn-cnts. I Oct. 31—GuriR from Antwerp foils nsod j . nj.iinst British warships. ■ Xov. 7.—Arrival of 150,0C0 'fresh German j troops at Colo true. 1 Xov. 7.—Fortv heavy puns passed through I Ais-la-Chnpellc, believed to be bound { fi-r Arras. | Xov. 9.—First mention of our armored j trains and 9.2 in eims in the field. [ Xov. 12.—First mention of the "minrerfwa," new German trench mortar. Xcv. 15.—Officers declare that tho Kaiser j will mount 24in puns at Calais pra- j liroinarv to invasion of England. j Xov. 19.—Seven thouspnd German engia- j eers pas? Liepe with bridging jnatorial for the flooded areas. Xov. 19.—1-ondon 'Times' points out that! it is " important to fsmember that i our artillery was originally inferior, but -our heavy puns are now doing fjreat execution."' Xov. 21.—Superiority of our artillery accentuated.

' Nov. 22.—German ttrttfleiy iirtwrrnplt Allies' communications between Ypre* and the coast. Nov. 23.—Large fcroes of German cavalry and artillery leave Thielt for Ypres. More troops from Poland reach Ghent. Nov. 23.—" Eve-witness *' reports the presence of the 42cm gun ; also a silent firer. Nov. 24.—Germans estimate their loss as 200,000 on the Yser. Conscription anticipated by calling tip the 1915 recruits. Nov. 24.—12 in guns used by German* at Blank enberg. Nov. 25.—Germain sailors with, planks and small boats jxiss Louvainj 120,000 troops and 200 guns pass forward to West Flanders. Nov. 25.—Heavy German attack renewed along whole front from Ypres to LaBassee. Renter may lie right, but the general indication of messages eietnding over 40 days looks like the beginning of a. new phase of the German offensive rather than a retreat. Lord Kitchener indicates that the time has come for more extensive call for men. JUAtf FERNANDEZ. It has been weird of late to notice such names as Damascus, Gaza, Jaffa, and Bagdad coming into the war, but it is a world's war, and every whom the mist is being stripped from places which were reverenced because they had been written of by some gold-tipped pen—idealised, and continued to stand, removed by their renwwneta from the trade tracks, secure from vulgar touch and gaze. Joan Fernandez is the last sanctuary of memoriei which has been jostled by the touch of war. It seems that Count Spee has been using it as a naval base for the Schaxnliorst and other ships. There is a German colony in the plaoe, and no doubt when he entered Criiiberlaiid Harbor—the only anchorage of any account—lie felt somewhat in the vein of William Cowper's lines relating to Alexander Selkirk—"l am monarch of all 1 survey," as indeed he was at the time. It. remains to be seen whether Chile will do her duty as a neutral whose territory has been violated. The Chilian striking force at sea is strong, but the German sympathies in Santiago de Chile are alao strong, as they are all through the Bepublics of S<>uth America. We can only await the upth'ot. Juan Fernandez, or Mns-a-Tierra (" More to Land "), ne the Spanish charts dub it, is principally memorable to us from Defoe's groat effort, ' Uobineon Crusoe,' treating of that famously-marooned man Alexander Selkirk. Alexander Selkirk was relieved fiom his exile in 1709 by the ship Duke, and in 1863 the- officers of H.M.S. Topaze erected a tablet on the island bearing the following inscription .- In memory of Alexander Selkirk, mariner, a native of Largo, in the county of Fife, Scotland, who was on this island m complete 6olitud« for four years and four months. He was landed from the Cinque Port galley, 96 tons, 16 guns, 1704 a.d., and taken off in the Duke privateer, February 12, 1709. He died lieutenant of the Weymouth, 1723 jk.n. ; aged 47 vears. Thia tablet is erected near Selkirk's lookout by Commander Powell and officers of H.M.S. Topaz©, 1868 ad. The times change, and we must change with them, of coarse, and Juan Fernandez shifts among the colored bits of glass in the kaleidoscope. In the eighteenth century our ships of -war cruised undisputed round tin's block of trap-tuffs, basalts, and greenstones. Now (for the moment, at least) it is the foe. THE WIN ON TH-E WARTA. The win by the Russian armies between the Vistula and the Warta is a very good win indeed. In surveying this battle it is at once noticeable that much of the news is coining from the 'Daily Mail,' whose correspondent at Petrograd h* B. W. Morregaard, and from the ' Daily Telegraph.' There is an absence of news from the London ' Times.' The ' Telegraph' says that 48 trains have been despatched from Petrograd for the conveyance of prisoners. This indicates the surrender of a full army corps. The message is to eome extent confirmed by the ' Daily Mail/ which indicates the surrender ot one division, with another division in extremis. Two divisions make a corps. These forces may either bo part of the army of Hindenburg, ivho is left wing commander, or of the Crown Prince, who commands in chief, and naturally retains the centre army and reserves under his immediatii control. He seems to have sent some portion of his troops into 'battle, for the official report from Petrograd states that the central block of Germans is retreating in disorder. The foot slog of two of the main Itussian armies, -which -would !><> necessary to bring about this decision in the mud, was commented on in notes yesterday. To-day the cable 6ays that some corps" had been engaged for 50 days, and marched thousands of versts over very bad roads.

j The battle of Lodz came into the no\v« about November 15, and is therefore about a fortnight old. 1 assumed that the- Petrograd and Moscow armies would meet tho blow between the neighborhood of Lodz and Lowicz, and to-day the "Grenadiers " (meaning the Grenadier Corps) are mentioned. This body constitutes tho elite of General Plava's Army of Moscow. It is said that the failure of the turning movement from Wiehui (which would bo part of the Crown Prince's oentral army, but impossible to explain without a specinl map) v.\a,« duo to tho initiative in battle of the Grenadier Corps. The news goes on to indicate that Von Hindenburg has now boon separated from the Crown Princo, which absurdity may bo dismissed with the mention. With the chain of lateral railways behind them, thera commanders will never be separated. The win of the Warta probably <y>nv>9 hack to one thing, and that is furnished by message from Pctrograd, reading thus i The military authorities deprecate tha publication of incomplete accounts of the Vistula-Warta battle. It i» believed in military circles that two German army corps broke, through a section of the Russian defence. . . . There is no doubt that the German offensive is broken, tho Russians bringing up fresh troops to each German assault. It is not possible to go past this, and there is yot no general decision. Thera has been a German offensive movement, and it has been countered bv rapid marching. Two divisions which entered th-s v.e'd-e have been caught there, and 43 trains are thundering south to tako them back to the drainage works in Turkestan, on which prisoners are employed. If it is ail true, it look* rather like another difference between Hindenburg and th« Crown Prince. Hindenburg—a man both bold and cautiou*. a matured man, in f.-.ci—would never have had troops caught like that. In relation to the Warta-Vistula battle there i* a rerport that a Zeppelin wai brought down. I feel sceptical about that.

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https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/ESD19141127.2.54

Bibliographic details

THE BULWARK., Issue 15661, 27 November 1914

Word Count
2,313

THE BULWARK. Issue 15661, 27 November 1914

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