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VISTULA-WARTA BATTLE.

PREMATURE OPTIMISM,. BUT CONFIRMATION PROBABLE. GERMAN POSITION PRECARIOUS. HINDENBURG ISOLATED. CROWN PRINCE ROUTED. THE PAUSE IN FLANDERS. ENEMY REMODEL PLANS. ■ - ii LOSS OF BRITISH BATTLESHIP AND OVER 750 MEN. Press Association—By Telegraph—Copyright.

THE POSITION IN POLAND. GERMAN OFFENSIVE RROKKX. HtXDEXBURG IX TROUBLE, RUT XOT ROUTED YET. PETROGRAD. .November 26. (Received November 27. at 9.40 a.m. I The military .authorities have, deprecated the publication of an incomplete, account of the Vistula-Warta fighting. It is believed in military circles that two German army corps broke through a section of the Russian defence, but a Russian counter-rush drove them southward, and they were practically surrounded on Monday" between Lodz and Lovetch (? Lowicz). There is now no doubt that the German offensive has been broken. The Russians are bringing up fresh troops to meet each German assault. When the Germans gave way the Russian cavalry did terrible execution, capturing several guns. General Hindenburg's position is weak. Ho is isolated from the Crown Prince, who is commanding further south towards Czenstochowa. The failure of the German turning movement in the direction of Wielun was due to the Russian Grenadiers, who made prisoners of 5,000 Germans, and captured stores and several machine guns. The trophies captured; at Czenstochowa include the Kaiser's carriage, with his blue cloak within it. [Wielun lies close to the frontier, between Kalisz and Czenstochowa.] FURTHER SOUTH. CROWN PRINCE ROUTED AT CZENSTOCHOWA. ROME, November 26. (Received November 27, at 9 a.m.) A Russian official report states that the Crown Prince's army is retreating in disorder, abandoning arms, ammunition, provisions, and horses with saddles bearing the Imperial monogram. IN GALICIA. AUSTRIAN'S "DEMORALISED. COUNTRY'S PITIFUL CONDITION. ROME, November 26. (Received November 27, at 8.45 a.m.) Eve-witnesses from Galicia describe the Austrians as being in an extraordinary state of confusion and disorder. Entire detachments go foodless for days. Then* is wholesale pillage, and residents are shot on the slightest pretext. One officer committed suicide alter writing to his wife: "I am going mad. I am unable to fulfil such orders, and would rather commit suicide than be a murderer." THE RUSSIAN SOLDIER BREAKS RECORDS MARCHING AND FIGHTING. PETROGRAD. November 26. (Received November 27, at 9.20 a.m.) As showing the Russian soldiers' remarkable powers of endurance, some corps have been continuously engaged for 50 davs. They stormed several fortified positions, iu'id marched I,OCO versts (660 miles) over bad roads. So inured are they to hardships that they are now of greater righting value than ever. ENEMY'S MOVE. SOME TROOPS TRANSFERRED FROM FLANDERS TO LILLE. PARIS, November 26. (Received November 27, at 9.20 a.m.) British aviators report that the Germans between Nieuport and Dixmude are onlv sufficiently' numerous to make it inadvisable for the Allies to take tho offensive over the frozen floods. The. bulk ot the Germans have been transferred to Lills. ALONG THE LINE. LEFT WIXG QUIET. SNOW IN NORTHEAST FRANCE. PARIS, November 26. (Received November 27, at 9 a.m.) A communique states: Tho cannonade in the north has diminished. A German attack at Missy, on the Aisne, completely railed, and there were serious German losses. We have progressed west of Souam. There is heavy snow in the Argonne, tho Woevre, Lorraine, and the Vosges. WHAT NEXT? THE LULL IN FLANDERS. A NOTE oT'cAUTION. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) LONDON, November 26. 'The Timea,' in a leader, eays :—"The Germans are beginning their new movement in Flanders under favorable conditions. We must expect another formidable battle immediately, perhaps accompanied by a fresh, and menacing activity in other directions. Tho feeling at the front remains - confident, coupled with a strong recognition that the new German' offensive- is mewo*"

IN THE VOSGES DISTRICT. EPLXAL'S BRAVF. GARRISON. PARIS, November 26. (Received November 27, at 9.20 a.m.) The valor of the .garrison prevented Germans petting within 15 miles of Epinal, though the garrison were, often outnumbered tenfold. The Germans still orcupy 80.000 acres in the Vosgcs Department. AROUND YPRES. THE GUARDS BRIGADE SAVED THE DAY. LONDON. November 26. (Received .November 27. at 9.20 a.m.) During the recent defence of Ypres, \yhen a British division held an eight-mile lino of trenches for 19 days against a forro of 7.500 picked Germans, Major Christie's battery, after three British trims had been disabled, was ordered to retire, but tho men returned and recovered their guns. At. a critical starve of the Tight a charge by the Coldstream. Grenadier, and Scots Guards saved the .situation by recovering their trenches. They suffered fearfid losses, but drove out the Germans. Then they hung on for 36 hours, and their resistance v.-on the day. BATTERY'S FINE WORK AT POINT-BlXnk RANGE. LONDON, November 26. (Received November 27, at 9.20 a.m.J During recent- fighting at Ypres the German guns found tho range of a British trench, and the British were ordered to quit it. It then developed on a British battery to check the advance of several hundred Gorman infantry. The gunners prepared for a hand-to-hand fight." The Germans charged in close order, but within 25 yards the final rounds from the guns practically annihilated the Germans. The battery then decimated the German reserves. FRENCH COMPANY SURROUNDED. MERCILESSLY SHOT DOWN. PARIS. November 26. (Received November 27, at 9.20 a.m.) Alany incidents of minor importance nj-e reported. Once :t party of British troops stumbled on ilie Gorman trendies. They ran the gauntlet of the German rifle fire, and the majority escaped. In another case the German*! surrounded a French company near Ypres. A German ofiicer herded the prisoners in the corner of a wood and (onmuitided his men to fire. Ah killed. The British in the jieighboring trenches witnessed the massacre, but were unable to prevent it. GERMAN SENTRIES STALKED BY INDIANS. LONDON, November 26. (Received November 27, at 9.20 a.m.). Renter's Paris correspondent states that a Britbh officer bet a French officer thit hio Indians would capture 50 sentinels gt arding a wood in FlancLuT. A fearful din was heard in the dead of night. Then came silence. Later the Indians returned in couples, each bearing a man gagged and bound. THE BRITISH RAID ON ZEITELIN HANGARS. DETAILS OF THE FLIGHT. PARIS, November 26. (Received November 27, at 8.45 a.m.) Details of the recent night, attack or. the Zeppelin hangars at Friedrichshafem by Commander Brings, Flight-commander Babinirton," and Lieutenant Sippe show that Briggs led tho flitrht c.t a height of 1,400 metres on SutuicTay along the Rhine to SchnufThausen, where, misled by fog, he bore to the left. Sippe and Babington, without feeing each other, followed the Rhine. Sippo crossed over the town of Constance just above the houses, and flew across the lake only two metres above the surface, being invisible in the mist. When Sippe reached Friedrichsbnfen he lighted Briggs above him attacking the Zeppelin stronghold. Shrapnel iVas bursting round both airmen. Sippo then bombed the sheds and workshops. He saw tho workmen fleeing in panic Sippe alighted at his starting point after three hours' absence. Babington alighted nearby. Meanwhi.'o Briggs, though wounded, us-ed his revolver, but was taken prisoner. LONDON, November 26. ' (Received November 27, at noon.) Mr Winston Churchill, replying to a question in Parliament, said that the naval aviators were instructed to attack tho aircraft factory at Friedrichshafen, and to avoid crossing neutral territory. THE HORRORS OF WAR. LETTERS FROM THE FRONT. GERMAN" ARTILLERY FIRE. HOW SPIES CO-OPERATE. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) LONDON, November 26. The driver of a motor ambulance in tho war zone gives tho following> details of hie exciting experiences:—" We have to dash past blazing buildings, then make_ a sudden halt or a rapid retreat to avoid falling buildings, or to avoid tho shells of tho 'Jack Johnsons,' as a certain typo of German big guns is called. This is our hourly routine, relieved by dodging a shower of

shrapnel or of aeroplane bombs. The German bi«c guns play 'hell' with 'Tommy.' They seem to have endless ammunition." " The German,ciiy system is perfect. We are baffied to know by what mysterious and rapid means they so quickly transmit their news. Tho arrival of an ammunition column or of reinforcoments is received with immediate volleys of sheila, which immediately cea*e on their departure." GERMAN TESTIMONY TO ALLIES' GUNNERY. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) LONDON, November 26. A Bavarian non-com. writes:—"Tho villages in ruins look like slaughter-houses. Bead horses, bodies of men torn to pieces, and pools of blood form a picture of horror. The enemy's shell-fire is hellish. Through it all the cries of tho wounded penetrate. Even the bravest tremble. Men tell their rosaries continually. Only the One above can help us." A German soldior's diary, referring to the effects of shell-lire, says that, " when shells are dropping in front, behind, to the right, and to tho loft, to remain in expectation of death or injury without being able to make any resistance, and to hear the screams of the wounded, who cannot receive attention in the narrow trenchos, is a sensation appreciable only by those who have experienced it." Another soldier, who retreated under a terrible shell and rifle fire, says : " 1 could imagine that Hell was opened and pouring out fire from a thousand craters." BOOTY FOR GERMAN GOVERNMENT. AMSTERDAM, November 26. (Received November 27, at 8.45 a.m.) All luggage belonging to subjects of hostile States deposited in the German Customs and military depots havo been seized by the German authorities. BLACK SEA GATE. TURKISH MINE-LAYER SUNK. ATHENS, November 26. (Received November 27, at 9.20 a.m.) It is reported that a Turkish mine-layer was mined and sunk in the Bosphorus. SYDNEY BUILDERS PIIESENT MOTOR AMBULANCE. LONDON, November 26. (Received November 27, at noon.) The Australian voluntary hospital fund has received £I,OOO from tho master builders, brickmakers, and allied trades in Sydney for the piuohase, of a motor ambulance. SPY SENTENCED. LONDON, November 26. (Received November 27, at noon.) Yon der. Gollz /.') was sentenced to six months' imprisonment for failing to register. [A cablegram on November 15 stated that Horst Von der Gotto alias Bridgemann Taylor, claiming to be an officer in the Mexican army, had been arrested for failing to register, and it was stated that the Foreign Office and the Admiralty suspected him of being a spy.] IN WEST AFRICA. ANGLO-FRENCH OPERATIONS. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) LONDON. November 26. The Press Bureau states that the process of driving back the enemy in Nigeria and tho Oameroons is being successfully' continued. A French force, under Colonel Meyer, is acting in conjunction with the Brit Mi naval and military force. GENERAL BHIDWOOD TO COMMAND AUSTRALIANS. LONDON, November 26. (Received November 27, at 9.20 a.m.) General William Birdwood has been specially selected to command the Australian forces at the front. LOSS OF BRITISH BATTLESHIP. DESTROYED BY EXPLOSION OFF THE MOUTH OF THE THAMES. 768 LIVES LOST. LONDON. November 26. (Received November 27, at 8.45 a.m.) Official: 11.M.5. Bulwaik was blown up in ?hc»ri!ws Harbor .it G o'clock this movnuig. The canee i& believed to be owing to an explosion in tho magazine. i Only 12 men were saved out of 780. [The Bulwark battleship was launched in ' 1899. and completed in 1902. She was of 15,000 tons displacement, 15,000 designed h.p.. 18 knots speed, and carried four I2in, twelw 6ilr"i q.f., eixtten Sin q.f., two light q.f., and twi. machine guns.] MR CHURCHILL'S STATEMENT. DUE TO AN INTERNAL EXPLOSION. LONDON. November 26. (Received November 27, at 9 a.m.) In the House of Commons Mr Churchill announced the disaster. He said that the Admirals were all convinced that an internal magazine exploded and rent the ship asunder. There was no upheaval of water. The Bulwark had entirely disappeared when the smoke cleared. Tho loss of the ship has not sensibly affected the military position, but the loss in life in very severe. SANK IN THREE MINUTES, WITH ALL HER MEN ABOARD. LONDON, November 26. (Received November 27, at 12.10 p.m.) The Bulwark disappeared in three minutes. The explosion shook every building in tho vicinity, p.nd eomo of the debris was thrown a distance of six miles. The concussion was felt at Southend, and dense clouds of «moko arose across the estuary <>f the Thames. ' BRITISH NAVAL LOSSES. GRAND TOTAL, 7,544. LONDON. November 26. The Press Bureau supplies the following total of naval casualties since the commencement of the war: Officers: Killed, 220; wounded, 7w : prisoners,- 5 ; interned, 46. Men: Killed, 4,107; wounded, 437; missing, 968; interned, 1,524. AUSTRALIAN ITEMS. BANKS AND VOLUNTEERING. EXPLANATION~IN PARLIAMESTMELBOURNE, November 27. (Received November 27, at 10.40 a.m ) In the Federal House of Representatives the Attorney General (Mr Hughes) stated, in connection with the recent raids, that stem wore being taken to prosecute in one case for illegal trading with Germany. He states that the Metropolitan Board of Works had decided to dismiee all their German employees, numbering eight. Regarding the report that a bank had refused to allow its employees to volunteer, Mr Fisher etates that the superintendent of the Bank of Australasia saw him, and pointed out that the bank had already allowed a very large number of its officers to go to the war (rom all the States and New Zealand, and- the bank's work could not be carried on efficiently if more went. A circular had been 6ent out to this effect some time ago, and it also stated that officers must apply for leave before volunteering. In the case referred to by the Press, an officer who had applied was refused leave, and took the law into his own hands and resigned. In other matters the bank had ehown its patriotism by subscribing liberally to the patriotic funds in Australia and New, Zealand. In cases where bank officers had obtained permission to go to the front the bank allowed tbem fnll pay in addition to thefr «sffifc«y» jtq*

DOCK STRIKE. SYDNEY, November 27. Over 400 men have been rendered idle by tho dock strike. Some of tho unions arc prepared to work an extra ehift at the same rates as for an ordinary one, but other unions demand double pay for the extra shift. Considerable outcry against the latter unions' want of loyalty has been made. AUSTRALIAN WOOL FOR BRITAIN ONLY. SYDNEY, November 27. (Received November 27, at 10.40 a.m.) The exportation of wool from Australia, except to tho United Kingdom and in the Allies' ships, is prohibited. PRICE OF WHEAT. BOLD NEW SOUTH WALES PROPOSAL. GOVERNMENT TO ACQUIRE CROP AT FIVE SHILLINGS A BUSHEL. BTLL BEFORE PARLIAMENT. SYDNEY, November 27. {Received November 27. at 10.65 a.m.) It; the New South Wales legislative Assemblv Mr Hall, Attorney-General, moved the introduction of a Bill empowering the Government to compulsorily acquire tho whole of the wheat crop of the State for its sale and distribution, and to provide for varying certain contracts. He then moved the suspension of the Standing Orders in crrler to pt»h the Bill through. Mt Wade, I/eader of the Opposition, and others objected to rushing through such an important measure, and after some lively scoi es the closure was applied, and the 'motion was carried by 38 votes to 31. Mr Hall, in a lengthy explanation, which was punctuated by many interruptions, detailed the Government's intentions. He hoped they would not have to impott wneat. If Parliament adopted the Bill they would not have to, but if Parliament did mot pass- the Bill it would bo noeessary to import He claimed that it was unlikely that the price of wheat would rise until it became clear that importation would bo necessary. Ho proposed to fix tho purchasing price at 5a per bushel at country railway stations. At this price farmers would be getting considerably more than in previous years. A higher rate would bo allowed for seed wheat. In cases where it was proved that farmers had entered into a contract to sell their wheat before September 1, provision was made to vary the contracts. Tho Government proposed to limit an increase in the price of bread to a halfpenny per loaf. The Bill would bo administered by a board. Mr Wade moved an amendment for the insertion of words providing for the paym«nt of fair market value as compensation for tho wheat acquired, but this was nega tived by 37 votes to 27. The Bill was then introduced and carried to its t-ceond reading stage. Further consideration was adjourned till Tuesday. OFF TO THE WAR. Captain David White, of the local Coast Defence Corps, went north this morning with other officers, bound for Trent ham. City business men mustered in strong force on the station, and accorded Captain White an enthusiastic send-off. As the ! train drew out of the station the farewelling group sang the chorus of ' Bluebell,' which it teems is the captain's favorite song. As factory manager for Messrs Kempthorne, Prosscr, and Co., Captain White leaves —at any rate temporarily—a good position, and his action in responding to the Empire's call should be an incentive to others to do likewise. Another officer who proceeded to Trentham thi.s morning wan Lieutenant T. R. Sargood. the only fion of Mr P. R. Sargood, of Sargood, Son, and Ewen, whieli house was strongly represented on the railway station to" bid farewell to the young officer. KILLED IN ACTION. WELLINGTON, November 27_. Cablo advice has been received by Viscountess Kelburn that the Hon. James Bovle. a capta'.u in the Royal Scots Fusiliers, was killed in action on tho _ 18th October. He was tho third son of the Earl of Glasgow, and a brother of Viscount Kelburn, captain of 11.M.5. Pyra- [ mm. PORT CHALMERS WOMEN'S 1 PATRIOTIC ASSOCIATION. Keen interest still prevails, so much so that the women do not with to stop meeting weeklv evo-i for the holidays. Money 1 received : 'Mrs 1. Stevou-on (St. Leonaids) I T,l (Qneen Maw fund) ; A Friend (Sawyers Bav). 5s (Belgian relief| ; and J/tii Hui (Aramoana), lOs (Belgian relief). Goods aie acknowledged liom various donors. FORMER CONSUL ARRESTED. Mr E. Focke, late German Consul in ! Wellington, has been arrested by the military authorities lor communicating with the enemy's country, and will be detained as a prisoner of war. Mr Focke, who is a naturalised British subject, is a wellknown Wellington citizen, and wa, lormerlv a member of the linn of Castendyk and 'Focke. He has a son in the mam Expeditionary Force now on its way to the front. THE HAMPDEN CAMP. The camp which was established at Hampden on Saturday, 14th hist., broke up on Tuesday, 24th inst. It was held on Mr Kellar's property, which was eminently suited for the purpose. The camp was really a camp of instruction, held tor the purpose of training officers and noncoms, connected with the Territorials, and officers and non-coms, of the South Island section of the Railway Engineers. The camp was under the direction oi l.icutcn-ant-eolonej Macandrew, of the Railway Engineers (Dunedin), and Captain Ennis was" captain's adjutant. The Territorial section were instructed in squad drill, musketry, company attack, and the Railway Engineers in squad and company drill, musketry, and engineering. Major S. A. Grant (Dunedin) and Lieutenant Meikle, engineer instructor (Auckland) were the instructors. Tho Engineers did a deal of practical work, including the building of a bridge over tho river. The whole body were instructed in field fire practice, with hall ammunition. It was assumed for the purpose of instruction that a trench was maimed by the enemy, small figure targets being placed on the parapet. The tiring line consisted of 120 of all ranks, and these had tho assistance of machine guns from the 10th Infantry Regiment iNorth Otagoi, the whole of tho operations being under the supervision of Major Grant, j Colonel Hiloy, Director of Military Ti amport, inspected the camp, and remained for i a few days. Ho expressed himself as highly pleased with the excellent arrangements, and congratulated the ranks on their discipline and keenness. HOCUE-ABOUKIR INCIDENTS. On board the Hoguo at the time of hor being mined wero four brothers— James, Henry, Thomas, and George Muirfield, of Whitby. Being naval reservists, they left homo to take part in the naval .manoeuvres at Portsmouth at the end of July. At tho time that. | the Hoguo was struck by a torpedo they wore each at separate posts, and too busy to ooncern .himself with the welfare of the others. When the cruiser finally sank they were still apart, and knew nothing of each, others fat© until, on arrival at Harwich, they camo together again. Among a small party of tduejackets and marines rescued from the sunken cruisers and landed _at Chatham from Holland was a marines' drummer-boy belonging to the Aboukir. He was Cecil Kneller (IS), son of a railway porter at Chatham. He was in the ■ water for four hours, and supported himself with an empty rum cask. As his name did not appear in the first list of survivors his parents mourned for i him as dead. He went to barracks on • arrival, and nest day was provided with a new uniform to go to his homo. He was most anxious to return to dutjy.

HOW CAPTAIN STEWABT DIED. The following is an extract from a letter written by an officer to Mr Chas. Stewart, in Argyllshire, concerning the death of the latter 1 s so;:, Captain Bertrand Stewart, the London solicitor who, three years ago, was souicueed us a spy in Germany, and pardoned by the Kaiser when his daughter married the Duko of Brunswick : I am writing to let you know the facts of the death of your son Bertrand. Ab yon doubtless know, he was employed on the Intelligence branch of the cavalry division at headquarters. The advanced guard had got into a few of the outlying houses of Braisne, and your son was with them when tho Germans made a flank attack out of a wood, and your hoy was shot through the heart while assisting the officer heading the advance party to rally his men. lie was an exceedingly brave man,- and an eye-witness told mo that lie showed the greatest gallantry. His death was quite instantaneous. Another account of the occurrence says: On that particular morning Captain Stewart wont by motor car' into the firing line to ascertain what the enomv were up to. lie came upon an advanced guard hard at it, and. seizing a rifle, Vic left the car ;ir.<i ran down into the thick of it. He was brought down by a bullet in the lung. I was at that moment out on horseback reconnoitring on a road parallel to that taken by Captain Stewart, but little did I think that tho shots I heard would deprive our little forco of one- of its best officers. We have received from tho employees of the milling department at the. Kodyn Woollen .Mills 14s for the British relief fund. With regard to the complaints recently made that Ihe whereabouts of the recruiting offices were unknown, the Defence Department wishes it known that enrolments may ho made with the iint-ieiijoi' at any of the Defence oiiiep.s. This includes group officers, area o/lieers, and sub-area offices.

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VISTULA-WARTA BATTLE., Evening Star, Issue 15661, 27 November 1914

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VISTULA-WARTA BATTLE. Evening Star, Issue 15661, 27 November 1914

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