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OFF THE THAMES. [ SKETCH OF MINE FIELDS. j ‘ . ■* 1 SNOW & TRENCHES. WINTER’S EFFECT ON WAR. ißy A. .Spesck.] i Zcebrugge. the'. Btibmaiiue base in Uel- | gitna which is to threaten England, .has ■bee;! sheiled by the British fleet. It must i.< difficult. ,",n:! dangerous navigation for the Venerable anil the monitors j operating- oft the Low Countries, and the I [dan of the minefields given to-day lias ; a topical interest'. I The jna|> is a replica <.f that given by Ithe London ‘Times’ of October 5. By f lhat- date the German mines bad conic ins i.loso to (he neighborhood of Harwich |as the sketch shows. The British Ad- , jnii tilty had also established a rectangular block of mines, leaving a. swept channel ’ near Dover on the one hand and touching Osicml on the other. The .shaded blocks do not mean that the seas were full of mines in those areas. All that the Seci rotary of the Admiralty .stated on October l2 was that these were danger rones for j merchantmen. The Gorman danger /one near Harwich can be swept up any way J the Admiralty chooses, and perhaps it I has been swept out of existence long ago. t tin (he other hand, the British will no 'doubt keep (heir own minefield as it i ■ mis. it is a very fair shield for further Miombardinerils of German points in Bel-ij-ium. There will be dear tracks Tbroiigli lit lie re and there, known only to Hie Adimiralty. Through these secret passage.* Bnlisli warships will move to |wiint? demanding attention. The danger areas, as ;th cv vtit on October 5. leave a white * . track off tlie inonHi of tin* Thalm's Ufca<i'|ing to Holland. and a swept c.hannol near ' Hover. Th rough this passage the world’s . ccivitnc-rci’. coining up the ('humid, may ..K through t-> Loudon, f _

1 ships haw w>v hep» assiftinr 1 on the coast of Belgium for about 44 clays. Thcv \v<n* particularly busy on IrafaJgar j Day. when I hey were in. action for 12 horns. On November 19 they shelled a | German led gment tail .>1 M idd iekerke. ami | on November lb they bombarded a milltarv fimtorv tin- canal between '/.<■•■ 1 *l,,m and' line: ■ . This week tliey arc (iff Zenlirngge again, The stviaU'VX have •a 1.v.) lit hi busy in tlm same region. '1 Jwy Jiomhcd ilm (.‘I! tank? at Bruges le«< than a fort nichl ago. STBAIGIITFGBWABD. Tiierc is a fine slra igbl Imavd 'ton o! the a cl ion between the F.mden and tbe Sydney When the An-lralian -liip got iicr eno on the morning of November :i “ -he wen I oil ■<< fast that we eonld not -ce her for the fiiiTow cut in the wafer.' l-'nr Captain Glnoop and In- men it win the eulell of a lifetime, and fli.-y knew it. The pritieijial intere-t in tin- .uvoimt !- tbe gunnery. "The tr: jeelor; o| the Fmden’s guiis." '.ays the eyev.itne.s-. "was more prononneed than our-. slu* -eemeo to drop her shot- on board nt n-. v. 1 1 i 1 • ■ onr went far straigliler. it a i iniple ipioslion in dynamics a question o| the kinetic energy of the gnus. Filch gun on the Kmden would beieh a 4,rib - !;o! with a muzzle velocity ol 2.?.>01t per -eennrl. tiring M*ven or eight to (be minute. Tin* Sydney’s min- would each throw a 10011, shot with an initial velocity (.1 'd.fkMff per second, tbe rate ol discharge being about n a minute. I be ball).* began at 10,000yd-. ami it k no wonder lli;* 1. the Ftmlen'.- trajectory wa high and curved, while that of the Sydney was comparatively lint. Otherwise the account merely confirm-. pie*,ion-, me-sagi*'. i In; (iermaii ginmery w.-is good until the Syrl m v's heavy delivery of fire began to Irij. Tlte Australian sj,ip , Hinge tinder was -truck at lii’st a matter which would I*; graver lor her than it would have hern f.-r tie- Knnl.-e. lien 1 :>>■■ Oei-man to-e-d's foremast and lil'*" and fmmcls went l.v ih.* o.naid in mi - cession. and t be I .ill *■! I lie l' ; ,; liels- wonid tain- the Mil t d Mil of h'*r be mlen'erin;; with the draught ol the hi na <vs. NOT SO S I lI A It I I IFFt H’.W A KD. Such /.!rr.'ghl fnvwa rd a ••••omits might ; ;• given even day. and ivetnd g.vec, a u i would be ' den’i.u-ded if I In- tmedn. at. i liMss-i's Pi !:'t' t.llii-' i* i • * ni ' :i- if ; n) abject attitude of Kow-tow t-> tic i.iin--1 a iy. Mr Bona r I,aw i:a- entered a :o ng prof eel in the lfoi>— < i < r.gatn--t the i 'aim of Si; Stauiey I’er -na.-1 in n-iW chief dire, ter o! Pie-s raws; l tin* pt.w-rrs of the lltnecii include On* ;-1 on page of critic Mii w h<’n it N ..i a eiiar.tet».;r to dr.*troy p'ltdte * ailtdrme in the (iovCTiimeni. Mr M'Kenna adni’t tv! ! hj; i) | he nower wa? "cat aide (.1 serifem aiuise." AM ]sarly t>'d ; ! i 1; • ol c '.us-.; ; i ut Mr Itomir Daw is vmminc tie* right way. No " ; t ii'< i.-m " is wanted at present; only a statement of *e*'h facts r.a will not pi ■- jedhe the military Minat ion. Tin , Is,!, 'if inviiMmF would ■ ' y*l a did- the na. tarn's ;.*( ling low,-ods I terinaiiy *.iid t*l- - aids the win b- qii'-.-tii n of VIMtI S L'N'DFB SNOW, . V) i-w appeJia to l e y dug-out. no m eliding tlm nuin n-- ititrv* of (bant, and J.e.* at i’ciei-iii.rg in IR6.T when gabions cad rev'-tivi.-nts and holes m tin; gtonmi spread m -’r the ■•oinilry. 'I he London 'Times' 11. iis cs Mint these ImF-r- are lot nrCi'-’Hit dv itniMinfort/jl-lt*. Iml Mr* entd walk'd a'panm-ms ;oc possibly warmer than hygienists would appioye. Thai looks like* a vm\ fair riotti-;. A vc. v good me-s-ag*' :d-o is me- t-vllmg vs licit the irort, and silo tv ale going to slow down ilia operations it little, since a f.( i.eii soil is always mightier than ’h>! pick, c.nd the opening oi new parallels nuts;, let* very dirticuH. Beyond that- wo have the heave (ienuan tirliilevy eoncent"alion non i ioning. Th;.-- concentration , a(iprin?■ to h;; v * ojiened tho lliittl pha?“ of tin* lialllo of Vpves. his; Bumlyy. Anyuuo w ho liar tried the effect of (.-lean while linen against Ilu* whiteness of snow will nt.d. I !stand how readily a lin •• of trenches may cow b;* picked iiji by the artillery. "WHV um YOU NOT TKACH US I HAT. SAIII.B?" to the days when the war was young we iceeived a legend that. Britirh, Uelginn.v and French were working an relays to keep tin- (iennaiis mil of sleep at nights. | poinlvd otH at the Lime that both sides

might play this double-edged game, and ft seems that the Germans are playing tho premier hand at present. There are. it seems, a. certain number of bogus alarms, and then a very’real attack. A British officer, in to-day’s cables, describes the German noise-—cheering, iia relights. and sn on; ■■"lt? ail very frightening at first." he sayis, and,gees on to stale that, it shook tip the morale of the Indians, v. ho asked: "Sahib, why did you not teach iw these things?” : There is a belter trick. It has boon told from time io time in mimi-ious small ca.'n!-es, and tho British have been pursuing it with success. A blank in the advanced trendies is lon at night wlierevci the generals; can discern that the next blow will fall. Into tins blank swarm the Germans, tho projectors light up. and the intruders an l enfiladed on belli flanks. hj struck me, when it vena first mentioned, as a very simple but very deadly device in tactics. LLNGTH OF TIIK WAIL The depreciation of the German currency, reported tv.o or three times lately, ear nee its own story, ami (his depreciation will continue: bin that does not alhgather imply eslunii-dion. The process of exhaustion of Germany nil! be even slower than it was with the t'ontedt-racy in the American Givi! War. which went on lor over four years. The London •Times’ says that it is hardly posisible to starve Germany out. She is short of wheal, but there in abundance cf other food. The war is -unpopular with tho people ms a. whole, but they mean to go on. _• [ Well, war has never ijtva popular with ! the German people a,---a u hdr. I hey saw the ambulances coming bad; through their towns in 1870-7], and they have never ■ named to see that sight again. If it had been left to a a plebiscite of Die German demoenn v there would i roiiahiy have been, no war to-duy. As for tim wiieut supplies in Germany, let the London ' I imes oi .August- 29 speak for itmif • "Toronto officials win; have knowledge of the grain , r.liipmeiits fiom G'amvda ;oc convinced that (Sennanv has been preparing for the war for 12 months. 'I !tey point out that probably two-Gib-ds cl Hie wheat cent from Montreal during last season went to Bmi terdain and Amweip Dr ‘(ansil to ic.'ima iiy.’’ ; Till-i I’KID.-sIAN GUAIUL The snugsfiinc- of ’lie I’riissuiK Guard at ■ Hcllcfirko on “ November 11 forms the ! theme ctf two or three ,-ibh-s. 1 hje_ tUHSsacc nsMH'ialed with tnc iMtne el Sir Douglas Hai.g is that 15 baltaiions of the Guard ’were 'sen! in. This is not matem- ! ally different from the first estimate which mentioned the Ist and 4th Brigades Sir I louglas indicates sufUeu-mly the fibre

lof onr First A**my *. * rji = wlun be states j that, prior to bis at mad sit V j.*r«s fa.bent the haginiiiiiw -f Det< lte-j. ip-y had sue-' eessivelv deficiK'd tie* 2V*i. bo!Is, and d.ith .Reserve Corps, and lie- loth Corps >•! lijel. liupris, comprising tie. bfli: ami 27tii dr.F jsions of tiie lim*. cod (irLinally canV 1 inanded by Duke .tlbr-ici ot \iurl.-tn- ■ berg, who has latterly assumed tbe chi-T j etuilrt*! in Belgium. I do nut believe that : tie Cnani he..- h-*i -m;>-!h d. tor tin* h*-i- ---: gmiis atid hat bilious spe; Fied arc only ■< 1 fraction ef its -Ur ;:gtb. Bui it i« jih-asaiu-•to lead Sir Douglas 11 a i T<- slat; inenl. Ha ; says that " is d-mbi fill whether -h*. cimals ol the Ibh icli rny contain lias.r•;*ai!■ i! sof the Tfemv of th realm.'’ i 1 saying tilts He* Aid* rsJi.M eoimiianT r i >•** ms ! ; li ■ J JI! 11J: fiii* ease illodlfal'D ! eiiougji. J'h*.* i" igitrd cei-omn.s pav* the l.i nr*! * to th" art an! th** "forty 'i'w;.-.' hut it m v re*. Mi? tinit a great nation d blend was ciig.ig.-d ■■ Ir:»ii Cnurds, l.ivi-r----pool Biles. Norinamp* u Br,-:;, Oxford ami Bile!-;? Idght;y. l.ocd.a Seottiru. and i mdsi:i! I:in, i'di* i; c-rs. is a certain sph-ndid oijf! Vr'v i;isti;;e: j welcoming tlr- rvrsumil enrounl-. at '!i c kid ' v h"ii t!;-• Una; ! appet* !. B'jMl'i N'id h'Bil-.DIIIi li -UAFiiN. .Mr \\ tnsti*-! ‘.'mitt riji in ;-i tluu c-iu si.ieiabi-.- daiua;'.- >V. s d'-i:.* iu toe rl; u-' ami v.o’ks i-’i.! .- ia: ,i. w i.a: c ti, • /<■ ppeli.i-- ar ■ !•• >iy h'dii. Oiiv o: m s.*emi£ to b ■ ib i-'.ii:- -in.:■ i_ ;ixi:v.-aii,.i In* ii ol; pc ■' ;a Mr ■■ .uo ~w p <ai tn • Biill-e aerodrome 1 w .:••!. ‘ mv.. ,p wc.-r,eii ing I! - *l,!. War. Mo mtr g ■ war don,*, tile avcl"!' :: il-f c.i' \ in-, a ij li , ior tio 111!-.' o! •Fg;.* a d-l I)• -s 11 r N 0-0 s Aloimtain.- V Cg’. le-- I Ml I i J o-.imitiand ;.* .!■ ■ j .luls im; -y appruaett 1 hue anlllCs t-. \ nipia ii ri i. -. * 1■ ■: a*, j of battle. F. .ill it ia!<* u on- of |>: olialay jilVi il i|***r>*. ii ii.e tllllU V.Clo i; me,' n. I!. • Ia 1 1 >asia la a j .;a rjil -; • ■till w. at!; ’j . and lli • .f. ■ . - must lu'.< a■ < ;; w ■ hj aw a; 1 u f 1 it" .■ ■ is , a - inis ; t ;r, lities whr !■ would await ,i in l!i ;o> they i.-caj • d. Fake ( oin lance. C)N '! Hi: 1 UUF FIB ’"NT. dii the i*. lid..* gi. ai (hj c.; i.;n* l bt pro ■ a edmg on lie.* b a cam" U. inmi siege gun-' 'ven appir;,n-t!i. . ii. ...cti o’ 23 oh*. ■ ;.g*;. ... eat bar. tc Hot ill'll.*. IMS be.'ll 10, I 11-; Mil. I *-, ! ilcu.' e. I.i.w*'f r, a 1., my which mar.- the Om-m and his sidy '■iioji... • n . "It Ls a liiatt-u; ol r<*:t( ini| *»it..*i e - i (*.i i! sj.oed, m. " lliat tlm pi'op!*’ of Kngbutd i liocld r.-id: the splend'd v.doc of tn Ft -m [i iuiiiy at Toni and Ntuu v. It.umau . muring ir J-.,-b.riumg io.s ,a I i.. . e tii- ibaF-h mni tiro lhe Fi‘- neb at ■ la t d-*..ig tied,* si.ui.a" What <‘l“e niigin im -exp *ct€d - i If lil*‘ .B’.il'idi Udlfoi goes *.i! in til, old lillltt:-;. *vay, and ih- fh* .r 1: I'm.-- s ni!irs ria shut iii; in wild lim Fomhn ■ !' in*.-' 0.seiibed a- a •• (i-*af and dumb institute.'’ tiiv tying jc ie jlti;n..f i‘ liound v.» wag h* i i onguc. (’■ :hll s 1 t:i- my- * ii-n:.-b lin inner nn ani-ig ot nii it th * J.or.d'ii, ■ fitm-s' mean:, win n ;< m.i* -d ;i Brii ; s h Govern,iictit and tio- g.-niicinau •\itll til-* bill" lltlle'i til- lu'Ofc l*i iiiaim;. When a uiiliiaiy m,.n . mhtnks **e Pros wink. ■*:■ the i / 'ns*.i-iilp of I’;*wnrk. any out'-age oo pib.ii- on a;, I .-.•jj-il/iUti- s A *> l ji- i.,.

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DANGEROUS SEAS., Issue 15659, 25 November 1914

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DANGEROUS SEAS. Issue 15659, 25 November 1914

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