A TROUBLED WORLD.
AN OTAGO LADY ABROAD. An Otago lady, who returned from abroad last, week, and who was in Great Britain when war was declared, had an interesting story to tell a ‘Star’ reporter who called on tier to-day. She travelled from London to Sydney in the Orsova, of the Orient, Line, and was in Edinburgh wjirn war brpar out, and happened lo bo staying at a largo boarding-house in that city, in which there was a large number of American tourists. The British seeliou of the community heard the nows philosophically, but consternation prevailed amongst the citizens of the Stars and Stripes, who were naturally apprehensive as to their being able to return to tho United States. It was on Sunday. 2nd of August, immediately prior to Biila.u being involved in the struggle, that tho serenity of the Scottish baboath morning was disturbed by the loud voices of newsboys selling war editions of the daily newspapers. Ncwsp-iper* offered for sale in Edinburgh on Sunday! This was something unknown of in tho annals of r coltish history. It was then that the situation was grave. War editions of tho princinal papers were issued at intervals of an hour, and the newsboys made numerous sales. Business was temporarily paralysed in tho cints and provincial towns. All motor cars in the principal centres wero noted for registration, in caso they would be required for military purposes, motor waggons wore commandeered, as also were thousands of horses. Go where, one would after tho declaration of war, there was evidence of military preparations. At Grimsby there w<u> consternation amongst the fishermen, owing to some of the fishing fleet having been sunk by floating mines. Forth bridge was guarded by a strong garrison of soldiers; in fact, soldiers were in evidence everywhere. Hugo military camps would spring' up in some, well-known park in a few hours, and columns of men were moving front place to place, and were being drilled in all conceivable vacant places in the principal (owns and cities. Even cadets were being trained and drilled in large bodies. Every eltqri was being made to .stimulate recruiting. On almost every vehicle for hire, and on hoardings wherever one turned, there were huge placards displayed headed "Fall to Arm?,'' or such like phrase. What had assisted recruiting to a great extent was tho fact that, employers of labor, when they had occasion lo shorten hands, invariably gave preference to married men when retaining the services of the accessary proportion. London was a dreary city when she left. One would scarcely know tho principal thoroughfares. All the big lights in the streets had been put. out, and those which wore left to illuminate the ordinarily brilliantly-lit thoroughfares were painted round tho top half of the lamps, so that the rays of light should not extend skywards, and tints afford a guide to belligerent aircraft. Hugo airships hovered over the city night and day. The hotels, which used lo close at 12.30 a.m., wero shut at 11 p.m., and the all-night clubs had been entirely suppressed by the authorities. Electric sky signs had also been prohibited. Mass intercession mootings were held in all the principal churches, and one found it. difficult to find words with which to express the dignity and solemnity of the occasion. Tho war appeared to be a big factor in changing the ideas of life of a largo section of the community at Home. It has already had an amazing influence by bringing the people of all classes together. Most, amusements were abandoned, and women who used to indulge in bridge now devote their spare time to knitting and preparing clothing for the war waifs and to equip men going on active service. The interest taken in this class of work was most pleasing. Th<> spy question was attracting attention at Home. A German teacher wlto was on a visit to Britain, and who was staying at I tho same hotel as tho lady interviewed, was taken prisoner ns a spy, although she honestly believed he was not engaged in this class of work, neither did she think any evidence to that end was brought against him sdtc subsequently heard that he was stranded, owing to being out off from tho Fatherland, and was anxious to be taken care of by the British as a prisoner, about whose treatment of prisoneis of war he had previously made almost searching inquiries, and which inquiries probably led the authorities to suspect him. In a letter he expressed himself as being well treated by his captors. Asked ns to what is known as the atrocities committed upon Belgian refugee women and children now in England, the lady said she had no ocular demonstration of the maiming of children, as is alleged, but she was assured that the information was absolutely correct, anti she had no doubt in her own mind as tc< the accuracy of the statements with regard *n the German atrocities practised on defenceless women and chii dren. On the vovage out the Orsova was searched at Dover, examined by a French warship off Ushant, and tho vessel was policed by a cruiser in the Mediterranean. At Port. Said they saw the Indian troops on route for the front. There were about 33 troopships altogether. It was said that they were disembarked at Port Said, taken overland to Cairo, and there marched through the streets, in order to impress tho Egyptians, about whom (hero was some uneasiness felt, owing to Germany's intrigue with Turkey. All along the banks of the Suez Canal were to be seen encampments of the British Came! Corps. At Port .Said was also to be seen 14 prize ships taken from the Germans. They were also informed whilst there that the Red Sea had been mined by the enemy, but fortunately the mines wero discovered in time, and all danger to shipping was averted. Tito vessel was instructed by the Admiralty to call at Aden for orders. Upon leaving this port the. Orsova was diverted front the usual course. Instead of making for Colombo direct, she steamed up to the Indian coast, and. hugging tho land, arrived at Colombo on the morning of Saturday. October 17. It was well that the Admiralty’s instructions wore obeyed, as the passengers on tho Orsova subsequently learned that between October 15 and 19 the notorious German cruiser Emden had sunk half a dozen British vessels, nil in a narrow radius off the south of India- A Blue Funnel liner which left Colombo six hours after the Orsova became a victim to the Ivmdcn’s vigilanceVery little war ' news was received on board, and the vessel steamed with blanketed lights practically all the way, SPIES EVERYWHERE. A sergeant-major of a regiment of Lancers writes to his wife at Kingston: “Their spies always seem to turn up, and at tim«s on© is apt to get suspicious of one’s best chum, for you never tiro surprised at tha disguises they get into. Tho other day on© chap, disguised as a monk, produced a revolver from under his cloak and fired right into the face of the French officer who was examining his passport and holding it up to the light, to defect forgery. The men standing by simply dropped tho sham monk in his tracks without another question. Another was caught one day selling oats to tho French transport officers. Ho gave himself awnv nicelv. He had an argument with the officer about the price, and in his excitement rapped out some German words that could onlv have been used eo well by a native, so the officeV became suspicious and had him watched. An hour later he w as arrested in the act of passing a paper to an apparent stranger in th© marketplace. Papers found on both of them wero enough to hang a whole regiment of subjected
"SPY CENTRE" REVELATIONS. “BEWARE OF WOMEN.” More was heard at tho Bow Street Police Court the other day of the “my exchange ” business, when Karl Gustav Ernst” (42), a hairdresser, of Islington (London), was charged with having communicated to one Steinbauer, in Germany, information calculated to bo useful to the country’s enemies'. It was pointed out by Mr Bodkin, who prosecuted, that Steinbauer had 'figured practically in every spy case investigated m England for tho last three or foul’ years. Ernst's shop had been watched by tho police, and it was found that he had received letters from Germany, some of which ho forwarded to other people throughout England. A postal clerk testified that during 1912 be. opened a number of letters addressed to “G. Ernst" at Caledonian road, Holloway, and also letters addressed to J. Walter, care of G. Ernst. these bore the postmark either of Ostend of Potsdam. On two occasions he took a tracing of the handwriting, which was in German. In a letter to the last named, dated February, 1912. three £5 Bank oi England notes were enclosed. Rome of the letters were signed “M.T.,” and one, containing the postmark “ Berlin, 6/1/12,” contained a letter addressed lo "Mr Seymour,” .Sheerness, (this, explained counsel, was the address of a man named Parrott, who was convicted, of espionage in the autumn of 1912.) On February 12 this " ii.'iV wrote to Ernst : Please post the enclosed letter at once, and send me., if you please, 60 envelojnis, as sample winch you sent. Then write me a letter in good English in which a customer ask* lor letters to be addressed to be forwarded to him on the Continent, addressed to Poste Restaurant, etc. A letter bearing date " Potsdam, 2/23/1912,” addressed to “,1. Walters,'' care G. Ernst, ran : According to information from a newej taper. a liieman has been arrested on tho English cruiser Foxhound at Cluristiania, Norway, if that is Kr's nephew, then it is certain that he has dropped into it through tho stupidity ami carelessness of lu. Perhaps you can get into communication with Kr, but above all things be cautious, as if my suspicion is correct (and i believe it is) then also Kr will be Hatched, and perhaps without lus knowing it. Now, above ail, caution, because one must consider that there is someone in this business. Should you have an opportunity to speak with him, then ask him at the same time respecting a certain Schmidt, whom ho | once mentioned to mo and recommended. He (Kr) must be cautious, and especially show no address—l mean that lie does not speak German with you in tho presence of others. A part of that letter could be explained, said Mr Bodkin, by anyone who knew that the fireman on the Foxhound was a nephew of Kruger, the person referred to as “ Kr." A subsequent letter, also addressed to “J. Walters,’’ contained the following : Kr has excited himself over nothing. The youth is free. I will toll you the story next time. Another of the opened jotters, addressed to accused as "J. Walters,” at Caledonian road, and signed "15.’1.,” stated that the salary would be la.ised Irom £1 to £1 10s per month, and added : You don't want to live in fear, because no one will gel, to know your addi>ss. I would like to say' that all let UTS to go to naval officers must bo sent enre- of the G.l’.U. Then, you must not, lielieve the youngster was in anyway engaged or solicited. That is all nonsense. Inside of the letters addressed to Ernst were letters addressed to .Mrs Parrott at t'hcemess. Another letter, dated April 9, 1913, was addressed to ” Ur Graves, Esq.,” Central Hotel. Glasgow. Still another of tho letters addressed to Ernst from Germany <1 tiring 1912 contained these passages : You can imagine lor yourself that wc need in all directions only good, trustworthy people, who must be free- from j surprises on the part of tho women . . . Will you not take another name instead of Wallers'.' One letter, addressed to “Mr* Tony Refiners ” in Germany, began with a complaint that Sieinbauev's agent, Had not the slightest consideration for the gentleman who further despatches tho letters Nothing fmther can be exjiected from a man who has already done 10 years’ penal servitude. E’urther. 1 beg of you, when you givo anyone, my address tu future, to always give another name; for instance, W. Weller. Another suggestion: The word “private,'’ which is a password for us, must in future ho dropped. One can never know what, sort of a trap one- can get into by tho use of such a word as “ private." —W. Weller (G.E.). HE FELL IN. The Geneva paper " l.a Suisse.* which is generally well 'iilornied, published a telegram from Basle that the Kaiser was ill wit It inflammation of the lungs, brought about by his having fallen into a trench full of water towards the end of September. Tho ' Yorkshire t tbsei vor ’ and the ' Daily Chronicle’ correspondent, telegraphing tioin Bordeaux. st;ucd that tho report that the Kaiser fell into a trench recently was confirmed from another source. He was uninjured, however, except, for one or two bruises. KAISER BILL'S SALK OF DAMAGED GOODS. [By Oik and Ok.j Owing to the fact that Kaiser Bill will shortly be' giving tip, business in the butchery line, Joint Bull and Go. will sell by auction all the property and Krupp killing implements oi the German Em - peror, including tho bottled fleet, more or Ices damaged by the air of vanity, prior to the process of bottling, together with the following:—Tho Ka.se.r's place in the sun, which has become too hot for him and his mailed list, which was addressed to Paris, but, miscarried. Said fist is somewhat, dented and worn because of its use in knocking at the doois of unuucupied towns. An incomplete killing machine, rather worn by stress of use, but which, in its considered perfect condition, cost untold millions of fives. A fleet of Zeppelin airships. It was at first intended that these snips should not bo for sale, oa the Kaiser desired them for an attack on the Promised Land—lris admission otherwise- being more than doubtful—and with which n© could hack his way through; but his spiritual adviser having pointed out that a “hack” would not carry him through, and that a war- j horse would also fail, ho accepted the advice to bribe the back-door sentry. His scrip in K.upp’s (corrupt) works, the “maxim” in connection with which is huge dividends. One mine left over from the great, number scattered broadcast over various trade routes. The effectiveness of these mines may lie judged by the fact, that they materially assisted in preventing food supplies reaching Germany; but m fairness to intending buyers, J. B. and Co. point out there is come doubt regarding the efficiency of the one for sale, otherwise, it would have gone the way of the others. A number of special 24in guns, all .absolutely new and unfired, made in Germany, and guaranteed to rang© from Calais to Dover—if allowed. Iron Crosses. More were made than the number of persons permitted to live to wear them. Powerful searchlight, used (unsuccessfully) to find justification in the Kaiser’s cause. Works of art, including the masterpiece ’Louvain.’ A plucked Turkey intended to appease the appetite of Austria-" Hungary,” sundry “ tools,” etc. In consequence of sundry mementoes and trophies expected from Paris and Loudon not having arrived, they ax© not included. For further particulars apply to Allies, Berlin, or Job” Bnll and Co., who hold- bill of oak* ,
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A TROUBLED WORLD., Evening Star, Issue 15657, 23 November 1914