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RUMANIA.

COMPROMISED BY TURKEY. NEW YORK, November 19. The ' New York Tribune' has received n cable from Petrograd stating that three Turkish cruisers are reported to have entered the Sulina, an arm of the Danube delta. As a result, Rumania has had the question put straight to her whether she takes sides with Germany or maintains her rights and supports the law of Europe. In the latter ease the warships must be disarmed and interned. SYMPATHIES NOT GERMAX. AMSTERDAM, November 19. A Dutch newspaper agency says that the late King of Rumania wrote* to King Albert iu July advising Belgium to devote herself to defence, as the miracle of 1870 would not he repeated. HIGH COMMISSIONER'S CABLE. BRITISH OPERATIONS IX PERSIAN GULF. THE FIGHTING AT FAO. The High Commissioner reported under date London, 19th (4 p.m.) : The general commanding the force operating on the river Shat-el-Arab, in the Persian Gulf, reports that an advance was made on 17th November nine miles up the right bank of tho river. Our troops encountered 4,500 of the enemy in a strong entrenched position with 12 guns. After overcoming a determined resistance and turning the enemy's left flank, we carried the entrenchments, and the enemy retired, losing two guns, many prisoners, "their animal transport, and reserve ammunition. Our casualties were:—Killed: Officers, 3: men. ?>5. Wounded: Officers. 15; men, 300. The German hold on the Yscr is weakening. THE SMYRNA INCIDENT. AMERICA MOST PACIFIC. WASHINGTON, November 19. President Wilson has conferred with Mr J Daniels, Secretary for the Navy, regarding the firing upon the Tennessee. No reply has yet been received from Turkey, and President "Wilson has decided to ask Great Britain for the courtesy of using the British wireless with a view to obtaining a statement regarding the Turkish attitude. The President expresses his belief that the firing was merely of a cautionary I nature. * HELPING GERMAN CRUISERS. ! COLOMBIA INCULPATED. WASHINGTON, November 19. It is officially announced that the incident with Colombia connected with an alleged wireless breach of neutrality is ended. The State Department refuses to announce the nature of the settlement with Britain and France. It is unofficially stated that Colombia has informed Britain and France that no infractions of neutrality have occurred or shall occur. [Out of respect for the Monroe Doctrine the Allies made their protest in this matter to the United States.] BETTER EFFECT ALREADY. CHILE INTERNS STEAMER, SANTIAGO, November 19. The German steamer Karnak, an auxiliary transport, has been interned at Antofagasta. SPIES. LONDON, November 20. A sentry at a small arms factory at Fleetwood was wounded by an unknown man, who escaped in the fog. COPENHAGEN, November 19. A German spy was arrested trying to open a gun breech in a fortflcation at Copenhagen. MINES. ROME, November 20. The Austrian steamer Josephine Assad (? Josephine) was mined and sunk in the Adriatic Six of the crew were saved. AMSTERDAM, November 20. A Dutch torpedo-boat captured a trawler flying the German flag in Dutch waters, lite trawler is suspected of mine laying. TRADE. LONDON, November 20. An English firm has secured contracts to replace many railway bridges destroyed by military operations in France. CAIRO, November 20. The Government have appointed an English controller of the Deutscher Orient Bank. THE OCEANIC. LONDON, November 19. Lieutenant David Blair, navigating officer of the Oceanic, found guilty of negligently stranding the Oceanic, was reprimanded. The trial of Commander Henry Smith on a similar charge has begun. DE WET AND THEFLAG. CAPE TOWN, November 20. When De Wet removed the flag from the courthouse at Winburg and trampled it in the dnst Mrs Pienaar picked it up and declared that she would carrv it until decent people, returned, and then rchoisted the flag. It was rehoisted when I General Botha roocoupied the tciro. [

THE WAR LOAN. OP INTERE&FtO GERMANY. £TOO f OOO,o6o~OFFERED.' LONDON, November 20. It is estimated that between £500,000,000 and £700,000,000 has already been tendered for the war, loan of £360,000,000. The insurance offices are heavy applicants. The House of Common* adopted reaolutiona embodying Mr Lloyd George's proposals for financing tho war. The Chairman of the Labor party (Mr Arthur Henderson, M.P.) suggested that indirect taxation should be swept away and replaced by a direct tax on wages collected from employers. Experience in working the Insurance Act showed that the difficulties in the way of collection were not insuperable. DIRECT TAX ON WAGES. LONDON, November 20 (Received November 21, at 8.35 a.m.) Mr Lloyd George said ho approved of Mr Henderson".* proposal for a direc-t tax on wages, but it would necessitate uigantie maehi'iory. He had himself formulated euch a scheme, which ho had put aside owing to its complexity. If, however, it was favorable to the general sentiment of the Haute, he might possibly carry the reform. A MELANCHOLY ANNIVERSARY. (London ' Times' and Sydney • Sun' Services.) LONDON, November 19. Great preparations are being made in Vienna lor celebrating the anniversary of the Emperor's accession (December 2). The occasion is being utilised to raise money to equip troops. Women of ail ranks are giving their jewellery. NATIONALISTS READ Y. 'HIE BEST ANSWER. LONDON, November 20. A thousand Belfast Nationalists, when joining the Irish Brigade, sent an assurance to Mr Afquith mid to Mr J. E. Redmond' that now Home Rule had been granted the Nationalists will unite to the last man in defence of their common rights and liberties. BRITISH PEERS (?). LONDON. November 20. Replying to Mr Swift M'Neill in the House of Commons, Mr Asqtiith said that the question of the British peerages of the Dukes of Albany and Cumberland would be reserved for confideration after the war. [The Duke of Cumberland is also Duke of Brunswick, and father of the Kaiser's son-in-law. The Duke of Albany is the reigning Duke of Saxe-Goburg and Gotha, and is cousin to King George V.]

PATRIOTIC CONCERT. Last evening, in tho Wakari Drill Hall, a patriotic concert ; n aid of the Belgian and British relief fund was held under the auspices oi the combined choir and band* of the Kaikorai district. Enthusiasm ran high, and the hall was packed to the doors. The efforts of the committee (Messrs Clyde, Simpson, Dixon, Patorson, Sunderland. Moir, and Matheson) were not in vain, a lirst-class programme, which was highly appreciated, being given. The evening began with the singing of the National Anthem, then folowed selections by the Kaikorai Band, solos by Mr E. Drake, Miss Yiolet Paterson. Mr A. Raw-liru-or., Mr J. M'Grath, ami Mis 3 Daisy Hall, a recitation by Miss Alice Austin, and selections by the choir. During the evening Mr A. S. Adams delivered a short patriotic address. He pointed out that tho Germans had been preparing for the present war for years past. The Mother | Country was calling for volunteers, and lie hoped Kaikorai would bo well represented it: the reinforcements. Mr Adams also referred in sympathetic terms to the death of Lord Roberts ; ho asked tho audience to honor his memoiy In- standing tip. During the interval a canary in its cage was sold, and realised £6 2s 6d. A collection was also taken up. This, with the proceeds of the concert, will be a substantial addition to the relief funds.

PATRIOTIC MEETING. The fourth of the series of meetings in the country arranged by the Otago Patriotic and General Welfare Association took place at tho Coronation Hall, Milton, on Thursday evening, the Mayor (Mr King) presiding. The meeting, like its predecessors at Mosgiol, Clinton, and Balelutha. was a great success. Notwithstanding that these meetings were arranged for tho convenience of the fanning community, tho surprising fact, as far as the four meetings that have already taken place are concerned, is that not many of the loading farmers in the respective districts have atended them. The Rev. R. S. Gray, of Dunedin, explained what had led up to_ the European war, and outlined what might be expected in tho event of tnc enemy defeating the allied forces. . The meeting, notwithstanding the absence of prominent members of the farming community, was a great success, the Coronation Hall being crowded to the street. The collection realised the splendid total of £304 8s 6d, including no )<*s than 176 written promises in sums Tanging from 5s to £25. This is the finest response in promises thit has yet beau mad", and it is hoped that others may yet crowd in from) settlers amTolhers "\vlio were unable to attend Thursday's demonstration. The moneys promised, as well as any further donations, should be handed over to the manager of the National Bank at Milton. The piogramme submitted by the party from Dunedin was a very fine" one. and was most enthusiastically received bv the audience. The items were rendered bv Miss Helen Oard'iier, .Miss Elsie M'Peakc, Mr Cblin Gray, Mr F. Thomas (accompanist), and an orchestra from Dunedin.

The chairman of the Public Appeal Committee represented the Patriotic Association at the meeting. OTAGO PATRIOTIC AND GENERAL WELFARE ASSOCIATION. < The hon. treasurers of Ot.-.go Patriotic and General Welfare Association a-e----knowledgo the receipt, of the following donations to the fund. Previously acknowledged ...£15.685 15 10 Dunedin City Council, re-

£15,793 8 4 a Denotes Groat Britain and Ireland Fond, b Denotes Belgian Fund, c Denotes Local Relief Fund. r> Denotes unconditional, rc Denotes Red Cross Fund. MISCELLANEOVB. Received on behalf oi the Belgian Relief Fund £4 from the Oawiiufamily (A. H. Oswin £l, Mrs Oswin £l, Miss A. Oawin 10s, A. Oswin, jun., 10s, Dorothy Oswin 10», and Marjory Oswin 10s). We have received £5 16s 9d, -being the sixth fortnightly contribution by a majority of the employees of Reid and Gray, Ltd.. for tho relief of local distress.

sexves department Andrew MTntosh n2 0 0 15 1 0 0 Balclutha Dance a 2 14 9 Balclutha dance n2 14 9 James A. Stewart a1 11 6 James A Stewart Hi 11 6 Wanaka Debating Club Wanaka Debating Club aO 10 1)0 10 0 0 Amounts receivod on Trafalgar Day and previously acknowledged AO 0 0 Amounts received on Trafalgar Day ami previously acknowledged Duncdin Stock Exchange ro 0 0 Proprietary, Ltd ... .... Dunedia Stock Exchange b25 0 0 Proprietary, Ltd. ... .... John Lethbridgo (•25 0 n 10 0 0 0 John Lothbridyo John Lcthbridgo nc 10 0 a5 0 0 0 "H..M." i> 10 0 0

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Bibliographic details

RUMANIA., Evening Star, Issue 15656, 21 November 1914

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RUMANIA. Evening Star, Issue 15656, 21 November 1914

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