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The Evening Star. THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1914.

To the present Radical Chancellor of the Exchequer (.Mr Lloyd George) has fallen the rluty and honor of submitting to Paiiianumt tht: most famous Budgets in British history. That of 1009, inaugurating a new system A land taxation una a revaluation of the laud it-self, was thrown out by the Hous''; of Lord?, and, as a consequence, became the cause and reason for tho Parliament Art of 1912. That of tho early part of the present year called for an annual expenditure, of 209/. millions, a anni never previously asked for by ;i Chancellor cl thH Exchequer in time of peace; and today Mr George hj;» crowned this record demand by one which makes it dwindle into relative insignificance.

The Cost of War,

The Chancellor estimates that the year's expenditure will be £535..CC0,C00, of which 328.} millions are for war. This is that other burcten which the crime of Germany has forced upon the people of the. Mother Land. Like that which is represented by the casualty lists, those matter-of-fact statements of killed, wounded, and mis; ing, the mere figures themselves do not and cannot make plain that immeasurable toll of human heartbreak and sacrifice that lies beneath them. At the back oi tho one thero are the tears of the women, the vacant homes, the- dissipated hopes., tho ever-present sense of loss that not ail tho years, however long, can wholly hope to drive away. And behind the Chancellor's taxes, which must be paid, aro the disappointed dreams of those, Mr George included, who had looked eagerly and impatiently forward for yet greater parliamentary and social reforms, and the knowledge that in thousands of homes the already small income will bo made yet smaller, and that thosa pitifully few ad clitions to domestic comfort on which manyhad counted must be abandoned. But the new burden will bo borne as becomes Uie heirs of a great inheritance. If tho Prussian War Party and their War Lord imagined that when England, on behalf of Belgium and France, flung' down the cago of battle she had not counted the probable cost in blood and treasure, they

were woefully mistaken. And if they thought that the war they had wickedly and designedly provoked would cense until England had seen it through, then they did nut know her nor her history. This, ai Germany will learn, has 'been her own supremo and fatal blunder. Not oner nor twit* in her rough island story has the Mother Laud been brought to bay, and never yet has she let fall her hands until victory was hers. What England was and k ran be sketched in brief from a glance at that National Debt to which, with a stroke oi' the pen, the present Chancellor is adding more millions than nv.y one of his illustrious predecessors contemplated in their highest flights. The coming of William 111. and the bloodless revolution of 16SS left the nation with a debt of £16.000,0Qj —the cost oi eight modern battleship;-;. The Duko of Marlborough's campaigns, mainly fought to thwart the European. domination dreams of Lou's XIV., adds;! £38,000,000. and th- war.-, of George D. a further £87,000,000. There, were Little Englandors then, as now, and from then: [were heard predictions ot national bank ruptcy. They were not Imperialists, else might they have seen in Plas&ey the he ginnings of our Indian Empire, and in Quebec the foundation stone of that Canadian Dominion which to-dav ha.sent 30,000 trained men across the Atlantic to die, if need bo, for those homes whence their fathers came. The blundering incapacity of Georgo 111. cost England the American colonies, and added £121,000.000 to the National Debt, the grand total of which (£250,000,000) wa.lesu than Mr George has announced will bo spent in one year. It was the. Napoleonic wars that tested the people an 1 taxed the resource.- ot the Empire. For 25 years wo were at grips with Franc--. Our statesmen of that day approved ami did things that could hardly he repeated to-day. But they made no mistake when they took the measure of Napoleon. The Corsican adventurer, as our great-grand father* delighted to call him, had need hit marvellous military genius, not for the freedom, but the enslavement of mankind. Europe was to be vassal to lr.iii• as it is now to be, if all gOs;s well, to William 11. of Germany. Old England rose in her might and wealth and crushed him beyond hope, of rehabilitation. Th-.' cost in blood it is not possible accurately to estimate, but that in treasure was an. addition of millions to the National Debt. Nor was the England of 1315 and for many years later the England tiiat we know. -Mr George reminded the Houte of Commons that the British revenue iu Napoleonic dayb was only £20,000,000. ".Relatively," said tlie Chancellor, "v.o ought to b* raising £700,000,000." It I; a true statement. The social condition.; of tho vast army of landless and workl-crs pvopie of the United Kingdom for a generation and mora after Waterloo were a, national scandal. Yet it was that England—badly governed, badly educated, and badly treated as she was—that emerged triumphant from a generation of continuous war.

Why, then, to-day ehould the men and women of this immeasurably greater, wealthier, happier stronger Empire to which to are troud to cf!?r loyal service doubt for an ir.sUmt the ultimate issue ? There is treason in the very thought—treason to our»s*lve3, to our history, to those pioneers of Empire who blazed tho track so that wo might follow in security ; treason to every coin that has so willingly been given, and to every life that has been so cheerfully laid down in order that wo (not they) may enter £he promised land, to, posgesa &

Tiie Prime -Minister will not losa his faith in tha genuine Freedom Of Speeoh. fairness of the Duncdin public as an intelligent community exceptionally well served with educational facilities because ;m ill-mannered section of a political audience- at South Duncdin Town Hall last night offered him :i regrettable- insult in a form which is expected from Billingsgate bruisers at a poor vaudeville show—-"l-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9, out." Mr Massey know.-? that in every community thoro is a small proportion of men who have somehow failed to accept the benefit of compulsory free education, and cannot understand their less. It is a pity, but thoro it is, and all that can bo dene to combat it is to employ these methods which are felt by men who are unable, to appreciate argument. Let it be clearly understood that electors have a perfect right to oppose a political party or its representatives, and are justified in previa-- their opposition in ft legitimate manner to the utmost limit of effectiveness, but rudeness is intolerable and unpardonable. And if a " hooligan " section of the political opponents of Reform representatives and candidates 1 persist in rudely expressing their opposi- '. tion, extreme repressive measures will | have to be exercised in order to maintain ! the freedom of speech which is tecogI nised as one of the cardinal rights in ! British cemmunitieo. Any man who skulks jab lh-.' rear of a, hall and vulgarly j "omits out" the foivrnost political re- ! preventative, of the country—the- fortunes juf political warfare have undoubtedly ! o! :ced Mr Mascoy in that position, and { mcy k--v-p him in it tor f.omo time it' opponeris report to reprehe-isible tactics i —is a poitroon, sv.d slundd bo treated j acc./rrdi'-j-; io t!:e measure of his under-

' : : .r.c:.d Domocr.iin and thoos extreme I Liecr :.iJ who are wilti-V.' to join hands, ! not in a bond ■•: political friendj ship to advance tho cans? of Labor, which ! La a :.<yjd c::u:;-: in principle., but for one j pui'jv-.-o only—!•> ;;:u::>'.i the power of tho .' M.i":.•.•:■}■ n.iriy— shot;! J ?i;:riy carefully the ! phih.vphv ot the piwcut Prime Minister j of D: gland, a lofty Liberal, who in 1910 i su-ld in the iicv.-<.' of C:!iiii:o::s : '• lino "cau.-*. which eamiot v. in its way to : ' pub'.ic ac-jeplaucj by povsui'.sion, argu- " merit, organisation, and by the peiux- " I'iil liicti:';'.'.-. of i<) a cause i :l v.hioh !:;:;* a heady in advance pro■'pounced upon its own fenLeiieo of i"d'iath." l'!!i.;'.'!.'i-r.:.cly, the Liberal j par'.y in. Noe,- Zt..!.;,:'J are without an A«jqi:i:h ; ; .;d his civ.::::: .s of vi...:on. There lis litib one hj ■,'!':':;":' ".:>y of "counting joilt" a political cMui.c.-.'.e. aed it will be I open to elector? ou Decen.ooi- 10 to exercise it at the balio!- be:c. Thore is no disI Raising the fact th.l the 11-cform Govcrn- | mi;u* u have alieuiii-ad th-- selves from ti: j sympathies of Lab-u-—tiv.y could not c:;- ! pact the sympathy cf Liberals—but a | withdrawal of support, even if it be jusj Unable and necessary in the interests of j those who lean too heavily on political j crutches to m;i!;-i progress in life, should j not involve a withdrawal of the right of i freedom of speech and the abandomnent lof good manners. All political candidates should be given a complete opportunity (most of them require a generous and helpful opportunity) to expound tho political faith that,is in them; but tho Prime Minister. altogether apart from his politics and his political associations, is entitled more than any ether parliamentarian to a gentlemanly welcome as the- Leader of the Government and of tho dominant | party in the Mate. That he may have bluiubivd ou occasions, and failed to do all that v.a. ; i expected of him by an insistent section of the. community, who have been politically overhumored in the past, dot's not affect his right to bo accorded a full measure of fair play. We hope, th;.t the Plight Hon. Mr Massey, I before he leaves _ Otago, will consent to I do'livor a policy speech in Dunedin. Then and there lie will learn, as he must know, that tho majority of our citizens aro by nature courteous and fair: and that the hoodlum*, happily, are a very insignificant minority.

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The Evening Star. THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1914., Issue 15654, 19 November 1914

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The Evening Star. THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1914. Issue 15654, 19 November 1914

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