ON THE WATCH TOWER
[By Abul.] The Enukn—or. as Mr Mantalini, in ' Nicholas Niekleby,' might have called her. thi Dem*d'u»—has happily finished her meteoric cateer "We have all played ciicket. and arc otherwise sports, so we do not revile her memory ; for fhe played th-; ttlllre ill *nch style that "e'en the rank? of Tnscanv could "scarce forbear to cheer." .Vo doubt some part of her will be "brought ) iiwav and placed in the 'Naval "Museum of. th« young Commonwealth. Her guns will doubtless" adorn Australian parks for many a day, and be much inspected. In Germany her story is sure to become a classic, tho basis of poetiy and romance. If they can only put as little bitterness ink* it as wu do,'who were the sufferers, it will bo well. The literature of dash and enterprise on ihft part of single ships in war is a large one. The, history of tho corsairs of the .Vieiterraneian includes many deeds of daring, -which, if they were not disfigured by cruelty and fanaticism, would excite the wonder of all nations. Baibarossa was perhaps the greatest of the corsair chiefs. He Tvas a Ureek, but served the Turk and made himself king of Algiers. The buccaneer* of America, though for the most part outlaws, did manv deeds of u derringd<v that were worthv" of a better cause. Our own immortal Drake was the first and tne greatest of them. But everybody knows : about him, so I pass to the modems. ] Paul Jones was a Scot by birth, and his i real name was John Paul. In the War of j American Independence he hail the com- | mand of a email ship, and became the j terror of our trade in the West Indicc. j The Americans then sent him to France i with letters to Franklin, the agent in Pan--of the revolting colonies, directing him j to supply Jones with "a rine ship." Hi' 1 ; Ranger "was equipped for him. and he , boldly cruised on the British coast, doing | great" damage, and causing unspeakable. I alarm. He made a night, raid on Whit"- ! hs-ven and burnt the shipping there, lie I tho made a descent on St. Marv's Isle. I and sacked the home of the Earl of Selkirk | —a mansion that he had probably envied in his youth. He returned from his rir-=t J eruiseto France with 200 prisoners of war. The French then gave him further force. and he returned to the -northern coast ot Biilain. He entered the Firth of Forth. | and would have sacked IVith had not a j gale driven him out to sea. Off Flam- | borough Head he fought the British frigate Serapis for three hours and a-half. and ultimately took her captive. With his prize he returned to France, and was lionised in an astonishing the King giving him a sword of gold. The drawbacks to Jones's iam" were his fiery temper, j his piratical moral*, his inveterate boast - j iug and his utter want of patriotism, j The Americans honored and gold-med.dle.l I him. but he left America, and entered th" I •ewice of Russia! He w;is not a patriot! ; nywhere. but simply an egotist. !!-• , .- rved America. France, and llussia, bu: ; !•■■!ringed to none of tli-m. Ho delighted! to attack lus native land, and especially tho M-eues familiar to hint >n childhood. M» died as he deserved—forgotten, unemployed, and festering in sa\age discontent. His storv will be found in more rosy tints iu the old romances • Pi.ut Jones' and 'The Pilot.' * * * * * * :<• I
Tt is a relief to turn from these scmi.riininali to the v Autobiograhpy of a Senman.' in which Lord Cochrane, afterwardDundonald. recounts hi- early adtcnture-. In 1T99 he wa* the proud commander <■!' the brig Speedy, of 158 ton.-. With this small vessel he took about one prize per week for a year or two. Of tour-e. ninny of them were mere Spanish coaster-. t select a few item*:—May 10: Waconvoying 14 ships. At 9 a.m. observed a strange sail seize one of the ship?. 10.50 a.m.. took back the lost ship ancl captured the stranger, a French nrivitcer of six guns. June 22: Chased a ship that ran in under a Spanish battery. Made in and brought her away—a privateer of 10 guns. July 9: Chased two shipunder a fort, but saw another at anchor just within range of the guns. Out boats and cut her out. September 21 : Chased what looked like a big merchant ship. When too late found it to be an enemy's frigate! Did some very rapid painting. Hoisted Danish colors; appeared in Danish uniform and spoke the frigate with much a-surance. Tho men were mad because we did not fight her. February 24 : Examined a French ship off Tunis, in neutral waters. She was loaded with munitions for Bonaparte in Egypt. French captain very hot on question of neutral water-. Position very difficult. Cave orders that no one was to pay the slightest attention to the boats that lay around both ship'. Soon the French got into some of them and made off at full speed. Problem -olved. Took the prize away. March 18: Chased by a frigate which wa- overhauling us as the night set in. Put out all lights in brig, lowered a ballasted tub over the stern with lantern in it. Changed our course in the dark. Enemy captured tub with lantern. line morning the Speedy wa- smelling round the entrance to Barcelona, when she nearly ran into a frigate that was coming ■ »ut. As he was exposed to her broadside, Cochrane hoisted American colors till he got on tho other tack, then he ran in under her lee. interlocking the yards. >;>.. could not hit him. for he was below her guns, but ho blazed away upward through her decks. Twice the enemy were called on tn board the Speedy, but each time she '•.as pushed off just enough to prevent it. It became clear to Cochrane that ho must take or be taken. He knew that the enemy must be at least 6 to 1. so he determined to distract them by boarding fore mid aft at once. He had just 51 men all told. He sent tho doctor to take the wheel, and divided all the rest into two parties of 25. one of which parties were to black their face-. When they leapt aboard the frigate they caused great consternation among the Spaniards, who had not previously noticed any black men among their foes. The Spaniards were swiftlv beset before and behind, r.nd as tli<\\ were huddled together amidships they heard Cochrane bellow to the brig " Send up 50 more men." Thev did not wait for the other 50, but struck at once. The prize mounted 56 guns, and had a crew of 320 men. These were herded below and gun- kept pointed at ttiem. A prize crew of 30 had to be put into tho frigate, leaving only 21 to man i he Speedy. Of these three had been killed in action and eight wounded, leaving 10 effectives to take the terror of tin.! -eas into port. ****** * In 1804 Cochiain- was j-tiu in cruise • ■if the Azores in the frigate Pa.11.-us. of 52 guns. Chi February 6 he took a largo and rich ship from Cuba, on tht- 15th another richer still, and on the- 15th a third richer tlum either of the .-ither two. Those thins bad mpch aold ajid silver and many dollar*, besides their other rich cargo. On the next day he alio tonic a, privates with a good store of dollars on board. lie transferred the most valuable spoil from hj» prize* to the< Pallas, and sailed for Plymouth. On tho way thither he was chased by three French «hips of the line. The weather was rough and the Pallas rickety. T»ii of the pursu«s gained, on him steadily. He bent- '.:; c ropes to support the masts, and spread owry inch of sail. She wallowed fo'e'sl;vi:der. and the enemy were coming u;.;. Presently they wei-e abreast of him. oiw on either side, a mile away. He often washed he had left the dollars in tho prises, which were saf« over the horizon ; hut one trick remained hi his bag, and it came off. '■ S>tand by to clew up and haul down every sail at the same instant!" " Ay. ay, air!" "' All ready—ready—nTtr!" The Pallas etopped as it by magic, while the enemy shot ahead, and before they could follow he was miles away on another tack. At night he again put over a, lautern in a tub for the enemy to captuw. He entered Plymouth with huge goldan candlesticks, sft high, at his masth«ad- ******* Cochrane was one of the breeziest of our citHora, and. should have had a. much, higher command. Compared with his oawer, that of Semnies, of the Alabama, and that of tihe, captain, of the linden are.
dull readins;. Very few men havo done n* much with svxh slander means; but we must not value a painter for tho siao of his brush. Though he did not attain high command Cochrane was at leas* rewarded with riches. His three Cuba ships were, worth about £500,000, not to mention his numerous other prize;'. One-fourth of tho prizemoney fell to the commander, so that Cochrane would receive well over £IOO.OOO out of this cruise. He does not mention anything about tho division of the epoil. , But a few years later there- was, another great stroke of hick—a revenue cruiser faking the smuggler Fox with a cargo valued at £85,791. In that cm? tho admiral of the. station got one-eighth (£10.721). the captain a-quarter (£21,441), tho tirst officer one-eighth, the purser £4,251, the gunner, the boatswain, and the carpenter £2,251 each, and the crew £ll3 per man. It was a saying among the sailors that prizemoney was sifted through a ladder, and the officers got what went through. The old system of prize-money is now very properly abolished. The spoil should have been pooled for the benefit of all tho service. As it was-, ihe vast majoritv who were engaged in the great fleets made no mizes at all, while lucky and enterprising ciniseis got a -leaf deal. However, that is not the point, but this is it : If anvone. German or other, should ask vou to match the exploits of th.- skipper of the F.mden from British annals, jn.-t mention those of I/ord Cochrane. * * ■■■(■ * * # # Turkish Moslems have been taught lo shout -Lout: live- Hadji .Mohammad Willi+'lrti :* •" So says the cable, and though the I'lnks hav a sense of humor they are not given to joking with or about 'their religion. They take that in earnest, and n.-e it as a powerful political weapon. '•Hadji - ' is equivalent to our ■'saint,'' and i- the title allowed to one who has done the great pilgrimage, matched -even times lomul the Iva iba. juii between certain mountains, prayed on another mountain, thrown .seven stores to ccarc tho Devil, slain the sacrifice, shaved his head. etc. •Sir Ilichard Bui ton w.i 6 formerly counted the only Frank who had over visited the holy placis of Ul.nn and lived. 1 hav? not heard wht-i: th'.' Kai.-er did the trip, but it is possible to do it by deputy, ami abo to compound for tilings yon have no mind t:> for tub-iantiai considerations—possibly gun-; ;-.iui ammunition. I iccnll two other cacts of noble characters that had a leaning towards islam. One was Colonel Kirke. who. after serving the Moors of AiTua. commanded a baud of ruffianUhlaii.s. kuiuvii ;ts ■• Kiike'sLambs," for King James 11. He rounded up the victims for Judge Jeffiics in the Rloody Asei/.e. and gained much favor with the Kir.g, nii'i on his return to London desired him to qiiiilify for further favor by "verting. But Kiike declared thaf he was already bespoken. "If ever he did spestat'?e he was bound by a solemn piomise to the J-hnperor of Motocc. lo turn .Mussulman.'' *•::••: :••*>* * Th.e oth-r worthy v;!ii, loved Islam was the many-sided Xapdeon. " People of l'-uyp* l ." said he, in Lis pioclamation on binding in ti'iat country—" people of El'ypt. my c!:eni:ct> will tell you that 1 have come to destroy your religion. Believe th-ern not. I am conn- to restore your rights, punish your usurpers, and restore the true worship of Mohammed. . . . Cadis. Sheiks. Imauni.-, tell th<: peoplo tii.it v,e too are tine Mussulman-. Aie we riot, the men who hav,- destroyed the Pope, who prearhfd eternal war against the Mussulmans? Are we not those v.-ho have destroyed (he chevnlk-rs ot Malta, because thes:- madmen believed unit they should constantly make war on your faith-'? Are we not tho.-e who have lven in every age the friend = of the Most tlich and the enemies of His enemies'.'" Aaain and throughout his career. ns" it suited him. he professed great love for the Turk? and their religion. To please him they went to war against Russia : yet after his victory at Fricdland he plotted the division of' Turkey with the "sar. He was to take all the sea coast front Italy to the fuither bounds oiGreei-e. Austria was to be appeased with Servia. and Piiissia was to have the rest. lie ijuiekly repented having promised Russia so much, arid tliih led "lo friction, which in pait caused the war of 1312. In that year the Tutks were still at war with Kussia. but when they wore informed of the secret treaties they immediately made i-ieaee and liberated lite Paifrsian forces on the Danube in time for 'hem to intercept Napoleon's return from Moscow. Thus perfidv met its due rewaid in the end. It seems to me thai exactlv the seme is beiiie; plaved now. the Hadji Mohammed Wilbchu ta'kint: th- part formerly pla\ed In- Sultar. Kebii (Sultan of Fire. Napoleon). -z- ##***# In one other respect Wilhehn is copying Napoleon. He is allowing his hatred of his- mother's country to supersede calm judgment as to the method ~f prosecuting the war. Napoleon's spleen against- the nation of shopkeepers led him to inflict the intolerable burden of his Continental svstem on the. wh.de of Kurope. Russia. (iermany. Austria, Italy. Turkey. Spain. Portugal. Switzerland.' llenmark. and Sweden were all called up.' n to boycott British 'red", which meant the closing ot their ports aeainst our traders. Several years of this was. of course. enough to make the iron of slavery enter the very Minis of all the nations, and to league them all against him. Had he been content, to be the master of the Continent, he might have reigned till his dying day. But- lie indulged his hate, aiid "paid the penalty. I have little doubt that -ViUielni wUl_ be able to inflict injuries on Fnglaud which we shall all lament. lint in the end hwill simply give the necessary spur ;o British patriotism and arm the needed millions "for his overthrow. Apart from that, however, his assumption of direct command and his purhing his hut-headed son into the chief place iu th" east are both fraught with the -jravost danger u» his cause. We know him as one who smattera in all tilings, and thinks he is an authority 'H them all. lie has lectured and "advised th.e most profound .scholars on the subjects to which thfy have given their life. These gentlemen have bowed respectfully, but have smiled at the back of their head. Is there any evidence that- he or bis son either is a military genius? None that 1 know of: but T will wait and see. ******* Hear eld •' Robs": h-t me drop a tear on his pail! Having fought hi the Mutiny 57 years ago. having' wen Kandahar :< <_-encration later, having won our ( hi...t" vi'-torv in South Africa nearly ■.'■•• o'her I'.-iieration 'later -til!, and iia <•;::■■ spent his laf.l I'2 years in crying aloud to Britain of her desperate dan-er. he : s fairly entitled f. rest. IP.it I would that a less gloomy sunset had been granted to the old hero-prophet. 1 would that he had seen less justification for the alarm he sounded, or that he had lived to sec, us survive the consequences of our jolly. As it is. T can but trust that- his patriotic soul will yet be appeased by wreaths of victory piled upon, his tomb.
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ON THE WATCH TOWER, Evening Star, Issue 15653, 18 November 1914