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TURN OF THE TIDE

ENEMY'S OFFENSIVE WAVERS IN FLANDERS AND FRANCE. MORE INDIAN REINFORCEMENTS. BELGIAN TROOPS RESTED. PRINCE OF WALES AT THE FRONT. BATTLE IN POLAND, GERMAN RETREAT STAYED. RUSSIANS REACH CRACOW. Press Association—By Telegraph—Copyright.

A BUOYANT NOTE. SOME PROGRESS IN FLANDERS. GERMAN TRENCHES FLOODED. FRENCH ASSUMING OFFENSIVE OX THIS AISNE A2s'D MEUSK. PARIS, November 17. (Received November 18, at 10.25 a.m.) A communique states : The Germans violently bombarded Nieuport, Dixmude, and Ypvcs. Our artillery prevented the Germane from completing works couth of Dixmude to prevent inunda'ion. The trenches were flooded, and the Germans evacuated them. German attacks south of Bixsohooto and Ypree failed, and we progressed between Bixschooto and tho Yser canal. The artillery contest on the line from Armentierea to La Bascco was particularly violent. Tho Germans endeavoring to cross tho Aisno near Vailly (east of Soissorw) were destroyed or repulsed. In the Argonne wo exploded a number of German trenches by means of minee, and advanced at several points. South of Verdun wo seized portion of Chauvoncourt, which is tho eole point d'appui held bv tho Germans on thfl left bank of the Meuso in this region. FRENCH REINFORCEMENTS REPLACE EXHAUSTED BELGIANS. NEWS FROM THTS RIGHT WING. PARIS, November 17. (R-r-ccivod November 18, at 9 a.m.) The Allies' counter-attack in the Dixmude district is pi oyressing. Fresh French troops have licen strengthening some of the weak points. Some Belgian troops, all of whom have been fighting heroically, liavo been sent to Paris, "and Freacfi tioops substituted. It is semi-officially etated that tho fighting'in the Argoniie has not appreciably varied during the past two months. Some of the trendies arc only 50 vards apart, and all the expedients of siege warfare are being practised. The Germans' losses greatlv exceed those of the French. The" French occupy the d:6trict around Verdun, and have gradually advanced between fivo and ton kilometres beyond the lino held a mon*h ago. FOR YTRES. GERMANS' AWFUL SACRIFICES. LONDON, November 17. (Received November 13, at 8.45 a.m.) Tho 'Daily Mail' correspondent states that tho Germans lost neatly 100..000 men in. four days around Ypxcp. ALLIES' ARTILLERY. GOOD GUNS WELL HANDLED. AIKMEN'S~KXFLOrr. NULLIFYING GERMAN CAPTURE. LONDON, November 17. (Roucived November 18, at 8.45 a.m.) " Eye-witneas," with tho British headquarters, mentions the splendid accuracy and destruetiveness of tho British howitzers and the terrific effect of the French British and French airmen blew up two 75mm guns. old forte at Lille used by tho Germans as magazines. MORE INDIAN TROOPS LAND AT "MARSEILLES. THE PRINCE OF WALES GONE TO THE FRONT. SIR DOUGLAS HAIG PROMOTED. LONDON, November 17. 'Received November 18, at 9 a.m.) Th* Prince of Wales has joined Sir John French's Staff, and went to France yesterday. An Anglo-Indian contingent oi considerable strength has arrived at Marseille*. Lieutenant-general Sir Douglas Haig has been promoted to the rank of general for distinguished eervice in the field. " FOR VALOR." VICTORIA CROSS AWARDS. A BRIGADIER-GENERAL KILLED. LONDON, November 17. (Received November 18, at 9 a.m.) Five officers and four non-commissioned, including two sergeants, in L Battery of artillery have been awarded the' Victoria Cross. " Two of tho officers to whom the V.C. was awarded have died of their wounds. ~,»,■,, Brkadier-general Charles Fitzclarence was killed at Ypres. [The deceased general gained the V.C. In South Africa in 1900, and commanded the Irish Guards. He was born in 1865, and was the eldest son of Captain the Hon.. George Fitzclarence, heir to th© earldom of Munster. He was married to a sister of tho present Duke of Marlborough, and has one son.] A NEW ZBALA.NDER FALLS. LONDON, November 17. (Received November 18, at 9 a.m.) Lieutenant Frederick Georgo Andrews, of the Fourth Liverpool Regiment, a New Zoalander, was killed in the N<tfth ol

FICHTINC IN POLAND. RUSSIANS' PURSUIT STAYED. GERMAN CAVALRY REINFORCEMENTS. TURNING MOVEMENT ATTEMPTED. PETROGRAD, November 17. (Received November 18, at 9.40 a.m.) Official : Tho retreating Germans destroyed railways and bridges wholesale, greatly delaying our pursuit as they neared their own territory. Thereafter the extensive network of railways facilitated the rapid transfer of German troops against the Russian left. This movement against onr left was covered by strong- detachments of German cavalry from tho western theatre, and partly reinforced by Austrian cavalry. The German offensive has led to battles which are now in progress on the Plock-Lenczyca-Uneioff front. [The line mentioned is west of Warsaw and about midway between that town and tho Ruaso-German frontier, its direction being roughly from Plock towards Kalisz.] NEARINC SILESIA. IN V ESTM ENT~OF CRACOW. FTRE AND* PANIC. ROME, November 17. (Received November 18, at 9.40 a.m.) Advices from Venice state that part of Cracow is invested and is ablaze. The inhabitants are fleeing. j SIEG-E OF PRZEMY3L. AUSTRIAN SORTIE FAILS. ROME, November 17. (Received November 18, at 9 a.m.) Tho, 'Giornale d'ltalia's' Petrograd correspondent says that the Russian artillery and cavalry repulsed a desperate sortie from Przemysl. Tho Austrian losses wcr<\ heavy. | ANOTHER GALICL\N" -SUCCESS. PETROGRAD, November 17. (Received November 18, at 9.40 a.m.) Official : The Russians captured 10 officers and 1,000 men southward of Lysko, in Galioia. TO BERLIN! REFUGEES SHOW THE WAY. LONDON, November 17. (Recoived November 18, at 8.45 a.m.) Swiss new.'ipapers state that nearly 100,000 refugees from East Prussia and Sile«ia have arrived in Berlin. AN OUTSPOKEN POLE S UM MABILY^SILENCED. (London 'Time*' and Sydney 'Sun' S«rriees.) LONDON, November 17. A German Pole ha« been shot in Berlin for declaring that the Germane oucht to withdraw from Belgium, seeing that the Germans are unable to prevent the devastation of their own provinces by the invader. Tho ' Vorwaerts' statea that 15,000 East Prussian refugees have arrived in LSerlin. THE HORRORS OF WAR. TOLD BY AN EYE-WITNESS. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Servioee.) LONDON, November 17. Tho hideous intensity of modern war is described by a correspondent in Galicia. He says that for eight days there was a varying struggle bofore the Austrians, broken and bleeding, retired from the field, which was strewn with dead and sown with deep relics of dofeat. At the very centre of this zone of misery two roads intorsect, the spot being marked with a huge wooden cross with a carved flcnire of the Saviour thereon. It has hung there for a, hundred years. The top of the wooden upright was shattered with bullet* and tho arm of the figure was destroyed with shrapnel. The patient face of the Saviour looks down on newly-made graves wherein lie the shattered remains of 124 men who died almost at the foot of the Cr u SS - JL A , httle further away is tho spot where the last stand was made. Russian howitzers have ploughed up the ground and holes rom five to ten feet acfo.« are so thick that it is possible, by stepping from one to another, to travel for hundreds of yards. The ground Is literally strewn with pieces of uniforms that are rent and torn to pieces. In every direction are hideous fragments of projectiles and thousands of bodies are morlderinjr iii unnamed graves. A battlefield is alwayi depressing, but this one causes a peculiar sadness, because, while prowling over the scene of devastation, rne hears the roar of tumult in the west telling that the same thing is recurring there. THE TURKS' CAMPAIGN. DARDANELLES BOMBARDMENT. THE EX-GERMAN CRUISERS RETURN TO SHELTER. ATHENS, November 17. (Received November 18, at 9 a.m.) The Turkish losses in the bombardment of the Dardanelles wore 250 men and two guns. >The Goeben and Breslau havarueiitered. .tho Bocpbono* *

IN ASIA MINOR AND ON THE BLACK SEA. PETROGRAD. November 17. (Received November 18, at 8.45 a.m.) A communique states that the Russians defeated tho Turks and Kurds at tho Klytchgaduk Pass and Khanuer. Turkish attacks on the main Russian posts in the Black Sea failed, owing to the flanking fire from the Russian warships. The Turks lost heavily. ALIENATED FROM TURKEY. MASTY ARABS AND KURDS. PETROGRAD, November 17. (Received November 18, at 9.40 a.m.) Several thousands of Arabs at Diabekir have taken the field against Turkey. It is reported that various frontier tribes opposite Urumia have declared on the side of Russia. [Urumia is in N.W. Persia, close to the boundary of Turkey in Asia, in the Kurdistan region.] GERMAN MINES FOR THE RED SEA. CAIRO, November 17. (Received November 18, at 8.45 a.m.) H.M.S. Minerva bombarded Akatia (?) after hearing that mines .had bf.cn sent there for laying in tho Red Sea. Pourparlers failed owing to German officers' opposition. IN THE PERSIAN GULF. ANOTHER TURKISH REVERSE. LONDON", November 17. (Received November 18, at 9 a.m.) The Press Bureau states that since the occupation oi Fao two sharp ant ions have occurred in tho vicinity. The enemy were defeated, with heavy iosses, and two of their machine guns werw. destroyed. The British casualties were uight killed and 53 wounded, the latter including two officers. [Fao is at the head of th<» Persian Gulf.] BALKAN INTRIGUE. BULGARIA'S NEUTRALITY. (London ' Times ' and Sydney ' Sun' Services.) LONDON, November 17. From Sofia comes dismal rumors of the exurtenco of an ent-ent-e between Bulgaria, and Turkey, circulated in tho endeavor to compromise. Bulgaria ir. the eyes of Britain ON THE HICH SEAS. H.M.S. GLASGOW PUTS INTO VALPARAISO. LONDON, November 17. (Received November 18, at 8.45 a.m.) The Central News's Rio Janeiro correspondent v :ays that the Glasgow has arrived at Valparaiso. [Tho Glasgow is one of the British cruisers that was engaged in the recent naval engagement off the coast of Chile.] MONMOUTH AND GOOD HOPE. FRUITLESS SKARCH FOR SURVIVORS. SANTIAGO, November 17. (Received November 18, at 9 a.m.) The search for tho survivors of Admiral Craddock's squadron proved fruitless, and ha.s been abandoned. TnE SYDNEY'S CAPTAIN ON HOW THE EM DEN FOUGHT. MELBOURNE, November 18. (Received November 18, at 10.40 a-.ni.) Captain Glossop, commander of H.M.A.S. Sydney, has ooninnuiiiated the following details of tho Emdeii fight: "The enemy hovo in sight at 9.25 a.m., and tho first shot was fired at 9.40. The Emdcn fired a shot at. 10,000 yards, and her shooting wajs excellent considering the distance, was outside hor rango. Her firing failed when the Sydney began hitting her. The Emden's ruddor was quickly disabled, and sho suffered great loss in speed owing to hor funnel, her foremast, and theii her second ard third funnels being shot away. She wan beoohed at 11.20 a.m., when I left her." 'PUNCH'S' TRIBUTE. LONDON, November 17. ißoceived November 18, at 10.35 a.m.) ' Punch' has published a cartoon entitled 'A Chip of the Old Block.' In it Australia is shown as a young lion carrying tho Emden, depicted as a fox, in his teeth to the old lion, who is looking on. NEUTRAL NORWAY INTERNS ARMED MERCHANTMAN. CHRISITANIA. November 17. (Received November 18, at 10.25 a.m.) Official : Norway is disarming tho German auxiliary cruiser Berlin, which arrived at Trondhjom on Monday. NATURALISATION AT THE ELEVENTH HOUR. TWO GERMAN BANKERS. LONDON, November 17. (Received November 18, at 8.45 a.m.) Replying to a question in tho House of Commons, the Homo Secretary (Mr M'Kenna) stated that Baron Bruno Schroder, a banker, was naturalised on August 7, and that Herr Julius Rittershaueen, a prominent member of Schroder's firm, was naturalised on September 28. Mr M'Kenna said he was satisfied that it was advantageous to the publio to grant them certifiait.es. Mr M'Kenna added that 145.000 aliens were interned in the concentration camps, but 28,000 are still at large.

ITALY'S ATTITUDE. KING SUMMONS ENVOYS REPRESENTING GREAT POWERS. LONDON. November 17. (Received November 18, at 9 a.m.) An "Exchange-" telegram states that tho Ambassadors to Italy from Britain, Austria, and other leading Powers have, been summoned to Rome for a personal consultation with King Victor of Italy. WAR TAXATION. DOUBLE INCOME TAX. OPERATION POSTPONED. LONDON, November 17. (Received November 18, at- 10.25 a.m.) The Chancellor of the Exchequer (Mr Llovd George) has announced that h'.s Budget, proposals include a double Income Tax, but. this year he -will collect only on ono-third of the. amount. DE WET IN AN UNENVIABLE STATE. LONDON, November 17. (Received November 18, at 8.45 a.m.) Renter's Pretoria correspondent elates that De Wot is wounded in the neck, that lie is losing his with his followers, and that hie co'rnmajido is short of ammunition. AUSTRALIAN ITEMS. MELBOURNE, November 18. (Received November 18, at 9.50 a.m.) Judge Murray, Lieutenant-Governor of Papua, has been appointed Administrator of German New Guinea and tho adjacent islands. Mr Pethebiidge, Secretary of the Defence Department, has been appointed Administrator of the. Marshall Islands, Caroline Islands', and other islands. _ Edwards, or Eichengruen, managing director of tlw Continental Caoutchouc and Guttapercha Company, has been arrested ami interned by the'military authorities. 'The. prohibition of the export of newspapers has been removed. The annual interstate eight-oar and sculling championships have been postponed till 1916 on account of tho war. H. Goldman, trading ae Bernard and Co., has issued a writ claiming £3,000 against tho ' Herald' for alleged libel contained in a. report of the military raids. The Minister of Defence (Senator Pearce) announces that four members of the Aus-tiulia-n Imperial Force died at sea—Privates Kendall, Low, Crmrtonay, and Power. SYDNEY, November 18. (Received Novembsr 18, at 10.40 a.m.) The newspapers aro now permitted to publish references to and photographs of the departure of tho Expeditionary Forces. The ' Herald' pays that not until the ships carrying the New Zealand contingent arrivo can it be said that the loiiij fine of transports have linaliy sailed on their historic voyage. THE REINFORCEMENTS. 700 MORI-; MEN WANTED FROM Oi'AGO DIMEDIATELY. Tho Defence authorities aro still doubtful as to the (.kivernmont't* intentions with regard to despatching .another Expeditionary Forcej but, as was generally _ anticipated, the reinforcements, of tho main body are to be substantially augmented. Jt is understood that tiio percentage xo-quii-ed from each of the military districts in the Dominion for the reinforcements, which will leave New Zealand in about eight weeks after iho departure- of the force now in camp, will bo considerably increased ; in fact, it is believed that in some arms a. percentage, ua liigh as from 20 to 50 of the main body will be required. This will necessitate) a force approximately 3.0C0, having the Dominion as hte. third reinforcement-. This may be accepted as beyond doubt. What concerns I his provin-co mrvst is how many aro required front tho Otago military di.<strict. It is safe to assume that 200 mounted men will bo wanted and 350 for tho infantry branch, and other arms of i tho service "will 1» making a total from the. Otago military district of approximately 700 men. The question exercising the minds of the authorities is doubles*: Will tho appeal be- responded to? There is lil.tlo doubt but what the men arc available, but there does not exist amongst- tho.so qualifkd for service a. desire, to take up arms. It has not yet boon brought homo to our young men "that every avilablo man is required to speedily crush the enemy. It is a noteworthy fact that iho bi:ik of tho applications for enrolment aro being' received from married men, many of whom are, in steady employment. This may reasonably lio accepted as an evidence of tho maturer minds of tho community having realised the gravity of tho situation. In the early stage* of the war sufficient offers woro received from officers to have completed tho establishment for 30 months ahead, but during the past, few t'Mb one after another of the applicants have expressed a wish to withdraw, and it is understood that there are barely ptimeipnt- j left to complete tho roll for tho next, reinforcements. This docs not say much for the enthusiasm of the men who hold commissions in tho Territorials, and to whom the rank and file look for a load, BELCIAN WEEK. [Per Unnt.d Pkkss Association.] i AUCKLAND, November 18. ! It is expected that as a result of clothing dav in "Belgian Week" 500 oases of clothing, v.-.lued at- £20,000, will be shipped from Auckland. Free insurance up to £IO,OOO is given by local companies. Up to dat-o we have, remitted the sum of £55 to tho HHi Commissioner for New Zealand for distribution to the poor of Belgium, according to his discretion. We have received 30s, being the seventh contribution from tho railways locomotive repair staff in aid of tho local relief fund.

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TURN OF THE TIDE, Evening Star, Issue 15653, 18 November 1914

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2,714

TURN OF THE TIDE Evening Star, Issue 15653, 18 November 1914

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