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LIBERAL LEADER

Sill JOSEPH WARD AT WINTON.

defence and financi:

Sir J. «. Ward, Leader of the Opposition, addressed a nweliirK of about 1,400 rwople i:i the Skatiiu; Rink at last night. .Sir Joseph ar;cl Lady Ward, jmys a r*iv*» Association message, were received with loud applaud on taking their beat* on tho platform. Xlif Mavw, -Mr «• Wilson, congratubs<l hoth "sides of the Hottse for the way in which they had bxmk ptvrty feelinff in the condition* arising out ot the war. Uuv Worsldp aiw> welcomed Lady YlfW vh<- nad jusi handed him a eheque for" £3OO for the Liverpool fund. (Loud applawe.l This wa.i what he called practical pidrioti.-oii. Sir .Kplaiwd that i-1k- Itow-rfi-■iHMit had iwt commenced the-small but ■ important lines of radway, iiica as the Winton-Holdon Buslr lino, whteJi vveiv authorised iwfow he Ml "ißoe. vet no less than iive new xaUwayo iiad l(, . I!| - meneed i.. four MmbkVs riwiovat**. meiudin- tin Prime JUtiwwr*. sii.a- tho j authorisation of the Wmteu-Beddon Bmn line wbifh hj • was sjrtisti«l wuuld i>ay ;u- i well, if not better, than any »t hwm. i Th-* oi.eakir commented on the at , h»t ekvtwn. V.ben the Slawv ,H..]!ed 108 872 votes 1«« thai, were poll-xl ; theni. . , , j Ah for the *ar. lheie womd !«• vs> .w« j ooinionu that the wrefiein niiparsheled wai , was * jwx •.!:-.• far :u Bntmn wns eon- ; eerned. Our Ivst ;md most etlective .vurse j w„s 10 Mip>...t wlioleiwartfdly :ht- , *.! d lirili.sb. Navy. l.Appli-.iwe.l I In; I>H; j fish Navv, hv the main puruou ot , tho Herman navv blocked vt|.. had cna-jlcd , New Zealand and Axatraba to sectne two valuable p..,i:-, w in the which, ~u-}i» n.-vcr I-- liave te?n m «!'* possession . ~£" the i:-:-r:nuii.s. (Applause.; \ l '; ..tetted thu: at the present tmw it *hou d j I- nweaan- for him to m«* U» the jillimrK>rtaut question of Naval Detence bu. ) ,l,e curttiou of aiiopthu th, .suited to our icnirenh-nw "a* forced tli .on wa: this juuttui-e. te had always stocd out r,,.. aad .still xioi.nl st.run.4lv lor ,ur ln.pcriii! »«:.* invincible Navy under) the control ~f t>.« ItritWi Admiralty, and , agisted br :,H ..arte of tho Knvnita (An-| el one ) Th-> i;.ver/;ment weie wedded to 1 the «tabli«hmri.! of a local navy, and the j i M >..p7.- mtin i.J'i** ' llit, tty ;w . ih..(.enerul !-:!--.-.i'.m. U ihe Liberal party w>re returned tboir policy would he to , ytrer-tben the -teat. Imperial Nays. (Ap- 1 na'w. and he I.:--' no limitation whatever : ;,, ;.. p .^ sa ;..r 1 : , strong conviction that. even' were 'it'' Ihj b*« the linawial ; burden would I • b*<>huelv riimotis to tins ; ,-ouuirv t\u V :, : The in.tiu! expun.';*.!.e"of •■ 10, a ! raw hiaed on Admiral H.r.de«otr. tito.':c, w.uld 1x,£23.2900C0 ~„<l w ,rrr '*■»», £2.0C0.C00- which , would result i." th- impobilk.n of enorinotls ; ■■ddi'ioiwl taxa'.f.n and letard the- jur*?- , ctiti-.n of nnolie wo 1 It* that were abso- [ l,. t elv esscn't'.i' U-. r-he drve'opme.nt of this ■ vour'u .ountrv. Speakin.L' in i-tereiiee to ; the niTOdnou-.h'. which he declared 'had j been Ufed a«li:.s' him in every electorate! ir New Zealand. Sir Joseph «."d that tlw ! i-Huflcatiou •■! ibe nift bad been borne; out hv the ptond pceiticn New Zealajid j .«-eii[)ied in havii.jj her -ift l4.uWbip in j th<> front fbic-lfiift In tb* North S'ea, | .Api.hni.-ie.) Kverywlwiw Ne» Zval.ind'» j battleship had ' -"en refwwd U> in terms \ of supreme «e:isuction-. It woe a. niaitoj* • of gn-at satl3faciii>ii to hbu. and to «'V«ry : ti/it-thinkinj pvr«on in New Zealand, that ; the Doininio:.'- to the. Mother Country : shvuld have t:tke-i part in the first naval i ftnsjairemciit .''L.-iiu?r the Oerman n.iry._; (Anplawe.) .._. Totirhitiff on e. in-eleieiitu.l tariff. Mr Joseph s;iid that the Liberal parly pointed , with pride- to the fact that they jjave a j to the Empire b' this vital uuesticvn by in- : Neto.«sity as well as patriotism bid them conserve' the wealth of the 'Empire in peace ; a* w«?!l .i.s t'n «:i' by a common measure of : uVenw* ajrains! absorption by the foreigner. ; 'l'liw must d.l '.id it insidious at- ' tiu-k in pt-ate. j In refe-encc to internal defence, b.-v 1 Jf*eph -aid that it was cool and colossal I impudeu'.e <ei the }Mrt of his opponents to attempt to deprive him of what Aya* his Jn*f due in .regard u> tuuver-siil training for tfiia country. ' With a meanness that would Ito tmwor'hv of the mo.st depraved mem|>er of societv thev were now .-ictually trying to take iiedit for the e.4id>lishment of the svsteiii. .Hear, hear.) He had prepared the whole scheme, a.:id had pleilged his Uoveniniviit and paorty to it. He ettab- i li/ned military training on a \htf,h lo cost ;

si bout £400.C00 a year, and Ids fiovMiuiiei". 'mvHcd Lord Kitchener tt» visit. New Zealand iMid report. Tie aaked Loul Kitdien- r mi hi* lelurn Ur London to recommend n eiit~V.it' man to titke ehavgo of the scheme. Tlie iittiii ieioinmeiided couH not come, und finaUv he Appointed Csneral Godley. who did .sphndhi work. Hi* (Sir .Joseph's) detractors «cit- so narrow that they 1 no! ■ ady </?,vs» him no credit for what was don*, liu'Jwcree.vMetsin;; their evil genius to try t«: disco'iiit what, he had. been solely re-t)(«.v-tl.!rf for. (Applause.) He not only ohtahlisht"! the system, hut provided the rijiaiic'ii! basis upon which the whole structure was i-meted, and he had the written MaU-ment —sent unf-olieiu-d this year—from flen-.'.jl Godley thai but lor what he (Sir J-'-eph) had don» and the as-si*ta:ioe he hud L'iw«\ him they could not have enrried out the work, of sending and eijuipnamed men, a* they luul dom. tit this rn'tieal juucturft in th«-" Vlmpiiv's affairs. (Apphaise.) At the (Jeneral Kleetion he Wiis -ift.-veiled sill over the IJonunion hy liii' o]>por.eats. including many of those in h'« own, dectcrate, for having established Iht- 9visf»-iii. and wtifiiur th.- Reform eaudidatuts" throughout Xew Zealand there were only two who had said i. word in fa.Voi of jt. On- of the present Miiiisiere wrote i . the ' D«-)imnion' newspaper in .1909 and decleared that the cost of universal ir.iinini; vonld probably rejich £750.000 per annum, iind £235,000 a war for ten years for the Picadnoujht. The (.'luirtchiuth : Weekly I'll:?*' iornr.dafed n sciieuir.' which was Kt'tiiv; to cost £1.000.000 per an num. The Sliriister raid it »as tou ju'epusteroiir. for words. As a matter of fact, he had pn>

viJe.l ;i scheme lor military trr.inin- to cast. * a vmt, and tie hu the "Drctidno-ught lih h.'ul arranged u> pay it completely off >mludiii;f :tit<-ie-t. ;u £140.000 a year tt.r a then juried or vear*. The total for the two \x-ai> was £5-10 000 :i y«*i\ and not £!?Bs.<a'o. a-

<.ne of the pieseut Minister* predicted. He va* strongly in favor of internal'miliwiry training, and what it.- said was that to ersmre the continuance of the *y>teni they had to guai-d against lotting it run away

with them financially, and do all in their

]k vver to prevent e, military caste from entering into the daily life of lhe people. This had prov&l to be the curse- of, and ' would bo the ultimate ruin of. Orm.-my, ns it would V of any other eonnliy that let the military .sy.neui become its iniu-tei ; (Applause.) The Mini»t«r of Finance iiad adopted ; tin- nil© of blaming his predecessor.* for ; all kinds of troubles in connection with the. finance* of the country, and declared that he had effected great reforms. .If ho had, he certainly had done himself gre.it injustice by not having disclosed IhtsJiJ in his prosm-clu* for Ui» las>l louu in London. Th* Ilou. M.v All*iv* general practice of running down his predece.ii<or» instead of proviug his own action* and capabilities was a regrettable trait in Uia finnnclal chariicter. He (Sir Joaeph) left the largest eurplua of auv Fiuanca ilinioter who had ever h«ld office in this country—viz., £807.0C0. He left £4,750.CC0 nf loan authoritivs, against which advances, pending the flotation of loans, eouhl b# arranged without tlw l«a*t difficulty. a matter of fact, h-e had arranged in v.-riting for a clear £1,000,000 of advance for his auccesFor, not one shilling of which w»u» pledged. The Liberal Government floated loams to the extent- of About £46,000,000 during their time of offlcp. and t-hoy were, done mainly on the basis of 3£ per i«nfc. interest. The value of this was confiraiad by the present Government, who made the atatement in thoir l*»t Year Book:—"The total amount of interest payable to bondholders on to* full wnotmi of the. Public Dobt (£90,060,763) Is £5,325,552. which gives mt a>irerag» of £3 J3» lOd per £IOO <>u the total Pniblio Debt outatanding. On to*

chargft was £4 10s 3d per £IOO. During the period 1890 1891 to 191213, therefore, the average rate is found to have declined by 16* 6d"per £100." Remember that wan not his .statement ; it was tho present Government'* own record of the position. It covered the whole period of the Liberal Government'* term of ohVo. Any Sixth Standard .«-.iioolboy could calculate the paving per annum in interest aloito effected by the Liberal party. It represented a saving annually to the taxpayers of £738.000. This'over a period of 40 year*. I tin' currency of a, long dated loan, meant i a saving to the people in interest alone of £29,520.003 at simple interest. 'Flint | was something that any party could he \ proud tu boast of. In addition to raising the amount of loan.-* he mimed they carried on eonvcrtMottt- and renewals, and no one had ever hoard him proclaiming from the house-top* that he could not do it. or of his blaming Ids predecessor for hta inability to do m>. His answer wits tint in- did it during tlieir term of oilien. 'l'liev a Ist; lent settlers, worker**, and local autlioiitie* nearly £16,000.000, and yet loo!; at the nbliae he had received over the £S.<XX>OOO loan thai, he floated in London. It included a hrge portion for the <nst of the Dreadnought. He floated ','. Nt 4 per cent., with the r'-iht of <on-vrr-don in five vears to 3.', per cent. t-tock. Oi tlie loiul about £l*Boo,ooo to {"•rti.dly ecu verted into 5A rjer cent, .stock. \V't<-u 'the Hot). Mr Alien came into "Mice '<:■:■ irmiiediutclv .started flouting longdated lo.in.s in London at 4 per cent., and any lope of converting New Zealand loans into ">i per tent, stock immediately 'L'«.-»ed. The ••nly cbieet he (.Sir Joseplt) hiid in n'iiv," foi- a short-dated loan was to .secure a .11, per cent, rate, and t lint iie did in 1 li<' ireneial interest of the taxluytr.s. The late the prasent Minister had paid—-one-ha If per cent, increa.se -•■ represented "a loan of £3.000.000 in in-i.-'vst on loans amount in:; to £15.000.000 in 40 vents. .Mr Aden declared that his svstent of loi't;-daU'd loan* was right, lie '.>ir dosephi held a contrary opinion when th- market was hi'jh. (Applause.! The financial position brought about by the present tioverument called for the ino-t serious consideration of the people. When he left uttire the balance at the credit of the Consolidated Revenue was £807.376--the largest amount at the credit of the revenue ever left in tho history of the Dominion—and the amount that had been paid out of revenue by the Libera! party 'luriri'.; t!uh- occupancy of the Treasury benches to the Public' Works. Fund \m'» £9.280.000. In the loan prospectus issued in London in datinary hist the following statements were made:

Out of the surplus revenue the sum of £9.280.000 has been transfened to the Public Works Fund since 1891. ami used for the purpose of opening ur> and improving the public estate. Much of this nioney is earning over 4 per cent., and constitutes clear piotit. There is a -.inking fund for all exi-ting loans., and every future loan a sinking fund provided under the Public Debt Extinction Act. 1910. If similar arrangements weie made for repaying tlte British Debt, it is estimated that the whole of the hitter could be repaid hi 50 years. A similar statenn id was made when the Massey tiovernment ids Sited a. prospectus for the raisins of £3.000.000 in London in February, 1913. Mr Allen was in London at that time, and he .said in the House that the particulars contained in that prospectus |,,id come under his notice. But that mint be contrasted with thu statement the lion, gentleman made in Blenheim in J line hut. Here is what he i< reported Jo have said :

A circular van prepared in London by the High Commissioner, and compiled by 1 lie figures of the surpluses! usually given. We could have proved that- these figure.- Mere inaccurate, but by doing so would he not have been cutting his own throat.

."speaking in I'arliameni 011 the 17th of September of this year \' Hansard.' No. 22. page 50". the Hon. .Mr Alien *aid : Jf a- departmental ollicer is to be attacked liy a member of the House, and that ollicer cannot be hero to answer that attack, it is obviously, to my mind, unfair, and a gross .injustice may be done

He contended linn tho attack should be dhected against tli..< Minister who was responsible' tor the proper carrving out of llit- w..rk ..I' tin- department under his .(intiiil. aril nut against any individual nllher i'l' a department. In that respect Mr Aitt-it v. as perfectly 'Oitett, and he i.iuKl not in any way divest himself of the n'sponsibility of the Government, for til.' statement contained in the two t-sicn-ii4i> hi London villi regard to the £4,500.000 and the £5,000,000 loans. the tiuit' that thf Liovermuent had been in otr.Lf tlif ordinary expenditure ota ni' the Consolidated lteveiiiie had increased liv inuilv £2.000.000, and the surplus had fallen t" Midi an oxtfiir Lhat the Minister ..I Kiuanie in his hint Budget proviilr.l i"i a transfer out "i" revenue this vcar to tin.' Public AVorks Fund u"t only £3n0.000, so that while his I'xpcnilituii' ' hud inerea-ed h\ nearly £2.000.000, UU ability t.. tranter from revenue to the Public Works Fund hail decreased enormously, vheivas under various heads ni taxation the amount that the people provided had gone up by leap- and bound-. It' that whs -o. a, Mi Allen had declared, that la-t loan . mild have been tloated five time* over, and if the statement wu- correct, whv wa« tin- £5.200.000 n.it provided for at thai juncture 7 Money in London was admittedly in plentiful Hipply. \i-l the £0.200,000 i emaiiicd unprovided .'or, and they were told again mid again that the High Commissioner had found it iinpos-übli' in do anything with the loan. Hut what had happened -inee? The I'riiiie Minister. .-peaking at I'apaknra niily a tew days ago nt tli:> very outset nt' lii- Ccnera! Kleetion campaign, .-tated that the £3.200.000 had been provided I'ui-. How singular it wa- that when niniii'\ v..i- i heap and a loan for the country was suii.ei'ibi'd live limes over they were mid that untiling could lie done to rai-e JDo.200.000: but when money was dear and tliev were in the tlu*ofsof a great Kmpiie war. the I'rime Minister announced that lln- uiiiiifx bad been found. Sir Jo-eph i!e.\'t <|iiotVd nfiieial statistic: slmwim; the marked hcrea-i* in intore-t laleiiii iMi'iit^;:^'- under tin- (ioverunii'iit as compared with thine existing wilier ibe regime of the Ward I Jovcrmuout. 'L'he rinanciil position wa~ far from :u •atist'.HlOn a* it to h.-. Tin: •:::'

phis revenue it'll last \ car trom £307.000 in 1412 to £426.000. le-- ' £50,000 l.v nonpayment >.l' naval -üb. ; .-id\. which i;;ivc the iiml surplti- as ; That i\a> a drop of £4:..1.000 ; in two ii'ar-. The expenditure nut of the ! Ordinary Kevenue Account inerca-ed by : £1.535.000. and la-t vent's expenditure. ' included in that-.mii. inci-pa-ed £744,000. a<i»tfiritt an inrrea.'-o of revenue lor the .same , period of only £494.000. That vwi- to ■ -,IV. the increased expenditure for the vea> was £250.000 greater tliau the increased revenue, and the licit six months nf this verts' aggravated 11i unsatisfactory po-i----tlon -till further. The expenditure in created over the same six month- of the previous year by £461.936, and the increase in the revenue lor the stun? period was only £229.353. The position uf the railway tinrtnee was equally disconcerting, as for the tirst six month-, of the present, year the revenue had im-rea-ed by £73,000, hut the expenditure had gone up £185,000. Ati increase in expenditure of £113.000 over tltfi increase of revenue. The iiuiPu-e ot tfie ordinary consolidated cxpnnditiire would at the end ot this year have increased by :tt loa.st £200,000. and in all probability more than it wa» when ho i:>ir Josephi left office. It the position was nut calculated to make anyone concerned in the welfare of the Dominion uneasy, then he did not know what would do .so. lie thought that it was necessary to keep hd an active and progressive policy of expenditure on necessary public works, but here again the unexpended votes for the last two years amounted to £1,579.365, whilo the building votp oxla*t year amounted to £611,041, and the amount provided for building* thin vear ieaehed the huge sum of £710,755. or ;■• total fur two year* fir building of £1,321,794, and tho liabilities und<»r this head w«r» £235,149. When lie told them that the total amount expended on railway construction last year w:is only £606.148. it would give them some idea of the Government's huge expenditure and provi*iou for building* at

| quiring railway*, Toads, and bridges to | provide for their veiy existence. He wa* i dimply amazed at lite policy heincr putI .«u«d,which was in direct variance with ! then repented public professions. ; Tilt 1 Libeial patty had been charged with rock lea* linaiice. All sorts of ex- ' iruvagant piomise*. v.ere made, by tho j party now in oltic*' to reduce boirowiiij.'. \ in 1910 .Mr Massey culled attention to ! the need of tapering off borrowing. The ! pace, he feitid, cotiUl not be maintained, : but during tin; htet two and u-half jeara ; borrowing liad been carried on to an e.\i tent uur-tecedcnled in ibe history of New i Zealand'. On March 31. 1912, 'when Mr i Aiu&scv r.uue into office, the net National j IX-dit was £82.193,000. At- the end of his I first ve;t" of office it was £87,457.000, and

'on March 31. 191s', it was £91,689,000, i l.eim,' an increaeo in two years of j >J9.a96 000. As a, portion of that wa« for j renewals, he would deal with i<-m'.wals. ' liailwav.i impiovenieni aiitborifcatiou (Mr i WileyV loan). £5,200,000; public wcvk« ; loan', £3.000,009; war loan (from the. Ihii tish (k.u-rnmeut), £2,000.000; .State a<li vances to «ettk*rs>. £1.600,000; iState ad- ! vamw to uorker.s, £750,000; -State adi vanee* to local authorities. £1,000,000: 'laud for set'lomem*. £500,000; aid to : wa'cr in-wer. £285,000; iiri^ation. ' £6h.OOo;' Wailtou. £50.000; Kangitaike. : £50,000; llanriki. £25,000. Total, £12,425,000. l'ho i'rinm Mir.iVtcr bad said ut the end of his (Sir Joseph"*) cix yearn of oilico as Prime .Minister, when the I loans for that |>eriod had approached ; .-ometiiiiii.' like three .million* )»er annum : j "Jf tho electors of the Dominion do not ; feel inclined to put the brake on, it will ! be a goo<l tl.aii; for th'o country a.- a whole if the money-ieiider:! do." The : Hon. Mr Allen also «aid that it \va« hi.s ', plain duty to warn Jion. luembers ar.<l the j people of "New Zealand that tho continued •' bovrowini; of !rtrj.»e stmi* of tuouey wa* not ; a safe method of finance. They should I either raise more money by taxation, or 1 to decit'.ise expendituro out of the Con- ' >o!idate<l 'fund in ordor to have more i ordinary icvenuo available for public ! works, or increase the amount of Una-owed : money, or. lastly, bring within reasonable : limits th" expenditure, of borrowed money. In connection with advance*, to esttlcw, : workers, and local bodies, a return laid j upon the table this year showed that ! £19.310.000 had bexm advai:<rd since the ! inception, of ibis department--a depart t i,i:-nt established bv the speaker. Dtmng i the Liberals' term of ottice this departi ment- lent nearlv £16,000,000. and in his ! Let two vears'of office \v«^ i i.dvanced to rvtth-r«, «-.:• comjiarcd with : £1.915.830 advanced during .Mr Ma*==ey'.-. ! two veans. his (Sir Josejilfs) hft ■ two vear= £951.600 was advanced to worki crs 'and in Mr two years the total w:-s £722.120. Duviin; tlw <,peakoi » : last two wars £1,195.680 was udvanced : to local auf-hcritie?. and dtnimj Mr Ma?- ! -evV tw-> ve-iii" onlv wa* lent i to' imbli'j bodie.*. This /nowed that dur- ! i'i- his lait two vears £5,587.085 wa? adi M.T.ced. and in 'Mr Ma-iaey - * term tlte was only £3,529,395. To-day I the Prim*.- .Minipter and his friends were i protWmg the jrreatent- for the 1 \dvauces U> Settle.;, inul Local Authori- ! ties Act. and thev claimed that thoy were i resptmsible for the Advances to Workers j Act- being phced on the Statute Book. j This mis6tat.elr.2nt was disproved by the I records. In regard to advances to s*ttiers. I lie would demonstrate how bitterly opI po«d the preiont Conservative party, who ! were now professing to systcmati- ! callv adminieter the Act, opposed it when it 'was intK-duced. Mr Maasey voted 34 times the Bill, 7 limes for it, and 6 tinw did not vote. Mr .Allen voted 33 time* against the Bill, 7 times for il. and 7 time.--, did not vote, while Sir Walter ! Btidiiuutu voted 29 times against the men- ! sr.i«, 5 times for it, and 10 times. <|id not ! vote. The Hon. W. Morris* voted asaitiet j th-3 Bill 14 times, and on no occasion did 'he record "«is vote in favor of !♦. in tb,!> 1 face of the*e lecord?. how could people ! hopa for a prope:- aduiinistration of Pitch j a meaauro? The \dvances to Sc-tth-rA Department, was )>!a'.ed on (he j Statute Bool: by the Liberal (,'oventmemj ao-ainot uimecessary hostility, and had the j oifect of breakinz down the clo-e corporatioa that had been fightinsr hard to keep up liijih .rate.? of interest, ft bad wived the people f.mctbini,' in the vicinity of ! £12.2-50.000 in interest. pa\ merit alone. I fApplautse.i If returned to power lie pro--1 posed to :till further extend the system, ! at. a votmg. develupiiiff country could not # > on jirosjierini; without theaji money. j He purposed to establish .Yu agricultural bank, which would deal more effectively with advances to settlers, worker*, and local bodies throughout 111 .-* Dominion. 'Phei.. hi repaid to advance.-- 10 local authorities : l"pon coming into ]/>\yer the Mas.*ev Ooveiumen'. ri.-pea.Wl portion? oi the Act. and nu'de it iin)X>.«sible for any j tbint; approachin.i; the stmie .-..--.ristinice to ! !..e ivHal authorities as was preI v:t»,ii|v the c:cifc.

'l'he lam! V-i'latum of tile pu-tt-nf (.!i>vei::mei!t ha.t'piovcd itself a rank failuie. l'n 1912 Mr .vla.ssey intvcditced »- Bil! and pu.-:ed it into law. providing for Ituve lamlowners pjaciity thei' states in the hftiuis of. the (iovei'imicnt betore Biibd'.viriirijr. but not one nct-M-i'i- ha<l been pk-.;vd on the land imilei' ihut Act. which anionother thingK pro|v*ed to substitute juiblie leiuler for'ihe land hallo!. Tliis n UV ft the poor man or the man of slender means little or no chance to .vrnpet.' against mora wcalthv opponents. In 1&15 another Bill was in'trofiue.ed and passed into law. providim: for the compulsory pui-ehase of estates, but Jieiv again no settlenieut lu.<l n-sulled. and it «a--s a. ..triki-uc; com-tnentas-v upon all past, .-riucibiu "f tho Liberal parl.v'-- land Jaws that the only scttleniem effected by Mr Mossey and h'.a pavtv had bee.:t the settlemeiit made possible* under the Act* pas«-d by the Libeial (Joveniinent. AgfeTegation of landed et-tates had gone uu in various pun*, of the Dominion, and this required U> be effectivelv checked. Th- iucieiue of tiie l.iiaduated Laud Tax iinposwl by Mr Mashey was only a tieiLbite. For instance, upon an estate of the unimproved valiu- of £24.000 the inerea*.* •.! the (.imdimted Land Taj: amouiued to 12* rxl, aiul upon a property oi £40,000 unimproved value, the jnnreare amounted to £l2 'ls tVL (Laughter.) The e.mriffiiien.o was tho-t. the alkaed increase of t!:o l-rv.iduated Laud Tas had pracli-i.-.iuv no effect in producing Mibdivi*iou of •i*nCuss. ft inn thewfore absolutely noces-,-jiv •!:! tii*'* iutoiests of the country that

t ."rj-e-nt- fonvavd movement in-connection ■a!-'*li the bursting up of estate !«

-if.'.-ted. If the liberal party were n.tr.visud io power tiio liradustled Tax as outlined bv! him, together with a, special llicwiuated Ta* tor bursting tip largvs estates, would be imposed in order to further iucieiwe the. prosperity mid developiii.-ui of this country.

ifir Joseph went on to k;w that lit- wa-s roimdlv Accuse".! at tho la-t election by Mr Mauser and his friends th'roughotit the bomititou of not p*-ovidi.tsg M.thYi*?w-t/ land fcr but file auovvov lo that :i-.,:»a!.io'.t v.-t* that, he (Mr Maweyl had settled .i lvw area, oj land |«-r nniv.im rnd placed :\ i*°v of setticr* on th»» lui.'d ;hau ''(ii* tii« cr.s« in 9J>y one year ot the Libevhl C.ivt-r- nien.t's lji'm of ihniui: ti'.e vetn* 1905-1!. Mr Ma,see v:as reported in hi? speech .it I'iipaitiii-i* tsi have said that the people hhil to choojo between his party anil ii .-ot

, f jtieii who. if they secured a majority, would have to pi}iu*to the t.uie playetl (.. t!)Klii »>v mx or »cves\ lied v'ecU. That, of course, \->a> intended to e.ppea! to the •.-rejudieei of the peojile. but he. took tho oppurtiuiity of telling thvin that at the pioiont electioui they liad more working farmers .standing us candidates in the Liberal interests than Mr Massey had. The number of farmer* standing in the interests of progress was 25. The Dominion had hint upward* of 20 year* of Liberali«ni, ond during that time the administration had been carried out in the interests of the great mass of the people. The suggestion that they were going to he controlled by the Bed Feds, coming from Mr Massev, wai exceedingly comical, ns nt the. iaht General Election he not only appealed to them to support him, but Mr Massey a,lso appealed to his supporters in various districts to vote for the Red Feds' candidates. Mr Massey's attitude- now wa« intensely amusing. He was merely raising a bogy *for electioneering purposes, and he knew'it. (Applause.) The Liberal party would not allow themselves to pipe to tho tune of any section of the community. 1 f returned ,th<ty would •itljei' govern eg

constitutional lines and for the benefit < f the people as a whole, -laiulinij by n publicly pledged policy, or they v.otild not govern at all. They would not hand over the responsibilities of government to a committee, or shirk, the respunfibilitie; rightly atfacbin;,' to the high and honorable office of Ministers of the Crown.

Spuakinjj on precept and practice hi finance, S.ir Joseph put a practical question to the business men—the farmers as well as tiio professional men and traders of this country. Had (hey examined the taxation return- sent to them by tho Taxation Department this month 1" Could they contradict him when he said that taxation had been enormously increased by the Government? They could not. Since Mr .Massey made hi.s declaration in 1911 that taxation should be reduced it had. tip to the end of 1914. greatly increased, and he was of opinion that when thoy got this vear's figures they would llnd that taxation had gone up by over half a million, sterling, the great bulk of which was payable by tho workers and their families. He pointed out that upon no less than two occasions tho Liberal party reduced Customs taxation and gave rcmivious that amounted at the present time to upwards of £6.500.000 to the people. Sir Joseph went on to remind tho.-e present of some of tho savings to the people by proposals effected by the Liberal party when in olliee—namely. State /ire insurance. £1.500,000: Customs reductions. £6.500.000; railwav reductions in fares and freights. £2,000,000; post and tel«graph reductions. £450.000; reduction in interest charges due to competition bv the State Advances Department. £12.C00".U00-.. annual saving in interest on loans, £758.000: a total saving to the people of £23.183,000. in connection with railways, he quoted figures showing concessions granted up to the lime tho Liberal Government, went out of ottice totalling £2,735.000—viz.. £1.000,000 concessions in rates and charge*. £885.000 additional train services. £870,000 increases in railway pay. Taking the figures from th» General' Manager's late,t report, the total benefits to user- and employees a< the result of Liberal legislation and regulations totalled £3.695'.000. Applause.'! In connection with old age pensions Mr Matoey, out of 100 divisions taken, had voted "against the scheme 87 times, 9 times for it. anil 4 times he did not vole. The Hon. J. Allen had voted 79 times ajjaiiut. it. 8 times for it. ami lo limes lie did not vote. The Hon. W. Worries had voted 85 times against the Bill. 10 times for if. and 7 times be did not vote. No progressive measure ever received such hostility. (Applanse.l

i The 'pio'-tion of l!i" responsibility in j ci imoaion with th» i>gioU;i'i!s Utintly ! fli«i.->tar required yet to Ix 3 -fJoiiiiit«.*.ly deterI mined. He oniy pointed "«!■ thin if the j recommendation" of ill* Royul t'ommLsskin I «■!. up >iy the Wa".'. (lovermuont in 1911 j had been carried into law the accident ' v.ci:ld not have occuned. In his opinion j it mu.-t l>e tlie jiviiji!.- themselves, when the ' lull Luis were made known, to i-ay on whom 1 he lay. .He regretted i tint nil effort liad been mudi' to blame the j ciik; oltieer. Mr lk-ed. Mhi> gi.ve seven;! i Of lli« danger below the. ace! j dent occur."..'d. ;Apiikuifio.) ltfj.-'i'ding t!u; Liberal ]i.my's reeord. ho -nicl mi L-oinury in tli o v>orhl could t-how so n:nnv proiMK-sive im.-iisuve-i as e.tood to New Zealand's crooii, and tor -which the, Liberal p.-u-ty Mere wholly responsible. Having dl-alt'uith Native bind matter;. Sii .Joseph Ward .-aid the Cost of Living question was bound to become more- at live. 'i'h* onorniou,- arising- from the war tvi.nUl result in a serious reduction in the standard of living in. Furopcan countries, and we in Xt-w Zealand -houJd avoid this j re.-mlt he:-?. On the other hand, the EuroI pean demand mL'ht subitantifdly raiso the ! price to the. consumer in Now Zealand i.i the. foodstuffs we p iodine. It Mas noi ! lwcisfiiry thai- the increased ioro.ipi do--1 mau.i should raise ilic price- to tin- con-sim.T-r in New Zealand, and it. v,as cssoutia! than Mops ,-hould b>' taken to pievent this. Id whs purely i question »i organisation, and euu'.d be dono without, injury to any class and wb.hmit depriving fanners of h-itimate prom- from an inereafied foreign demand. Dealing at leniiih " ith the kekon promites of illO Ma«.:v lioveuinnni. th-.. speaker installed failure to reduce the •.-"■•'- o; iiviiii.'. "ii the contrary, taxation nuci b..vn inoru-.-..-d, Li/oor 1 epilation had brer. ignored, and a. ?uht!titute had not btvn pro-viek-d for thp .Second Ballot. After donmiiicthe nominee -vstem '.hoy hadimade- 19 appointments out of a total ot 08 in the UpVe-rHoi-.se : they had Iver.uu.xvmpathotio in icard to the Advances to Hettkn* Act, and had reduc-.-d the yrautin;; of loans ; tlwv bad curtailed, instead oi nEasting local bodies' Hrcmoe: had sij-nally tailed Uf .-•conomi-o the coh of adrmmsiration or curuii l oxjifjuiiluiv. had not aHoti'd '.no Lvstcm of paihai.H'iitiiiv ::rfnti; had not ! legislated lor compuliory lnsuiunce, again-; i wckuMs and tineniployiiK-.it: bad niado .t I liardoi- than over i<-v men of .-nuul nu-.;n f ! i,, -n on the land; had riawd taxaii..-. ! br 15» I<l \»r head sime. 1911. instead «•! ! r.-ducin- it. and had. i:ieieas.?d bono-.vm--. I bad d<-.lai:i'od unexpended vol<'>. i vi'f alter two rears their liucxp.'nded l'voi*6 totalled £1.579,366; had "iuM*n ~xpcnditmv on pnblie- bmkbncs. ! n-sr insinceiitv was only too ohvimi* Sir Joseph ont'li.ied tlw policy ot the libera) partv—an .ICmpiiv Navy with vf-s----#els placed bv tiio Admually upon th« I'tvwl of Xow Zealand, to be available in anv .Miiorgencv th.'.t ma.r ariw, }ys\ug niiwlo t'oi New Zealandcrs to serve ui»n tb-> sbip*,; l'ronortional llcprosenvaj tiou for tlie of lvoprfeonfative.?, with Ismail -loops of t-lecUn-.it'Js. r-o as to cn.3ur« pi-fMovvatioi! <•! th? country quova; ' iui-rea's" of the I liadtir.twl Land 'l'a-x. conij iiirmlnn at osiaie; of an unimproved value I of £20.000. and the imposition of a- spewa-l ' flr.'.duntixi !of oiitaU's; pivvcniiur. of land i in small areas, to as Ui ai=.-irt-i liven v.'ith faniiiios and with limited .apiI lu.l to iiHvk*. Jioinos for tKwnAoivoj ; acquisition of laud near towns to bo cut up I into .was of l.'oni one to nv<- acres, upon ! v.-hu'h >v<irk<'rs-' homos will lie wr.-o.twl. tins 1 v.-orkfci- l*iusr uiv-'-u >ho J 'igh.t of inircliasc j of both lioine ai.d lu.\hl ; furl her extension of i be cbcap money w'lt'me for settlers, I work".rs. and local b-dio* by I ho i&fablisll- ' nieut of :mi ajfriculliiUvl bank; l'urtliei ox- ! torsion of Mate functions to t-oinbai ivi<mu>i polius. especially uhero the I.Axi of the. ! people j.'. concerned ; more elbciem. and j pvm- milk .iiipply for the cil-ios an<l u>\vw, ! v.-ithont adversely int.prferin.ir -.vith ilkisp i o.ngr.goil in t.)u-« iiu.=ine.*s : abolition of ail i dutiv.sup-ni ihe necffcarios of b»- : removal of anoniaJtes in rctjawd to trade nii:<>r,s : reI poal of section 20 of ihe Fact.oi-ios Act U> ensure a 45-luuu- week i«v women in ! woollen factories : a.?*-lst*«ce to i-ripplos. invalids, ami oilier defcervim,' oa.nC.s by I ii.ti-odnction of an Invalidity Bill_; fre<« • ituix-3 for bat-i;blocks fiei-vlars ; | to fruit, jrnm. and tinitwr industiies ; children to bo carried frr-e on tbe railways tip j tolr.-t • years r.f atre. and at half jai.e.s up lo

14 years of a.ge ; expenditure of £SCO,GOO per'tinnuin for exten.'-iona and additions to open lines ; completion of all main hunk railway lines in four years by an annual expenditure, of £2,000,000; expenditure of £300,000 per annum on district railway.;: limitation of publi.i bo>rowing for railway cmititnictien and public works to £3.C00..C00 per annum : .>peci:d assistance to backbloek road--; (asl State ferry service batwoim Wellinirion and Pie ton on completion o-t the main tt link iinfls : devolopnient of trade and commerce, prpferentbtl treatment to !k> applie<l to the British Isle*. Canada. Australia, and Snath Africa, and rceognitioii •>!" America ; a.p point mentof a Trade Commissioner- for Canada, and one fo.- the. United States ; lvxhtct ion of public build in r; vote;; by at- leitf-t one-half; int carnal defenc-? of th-e country to be maintained at. a cr*= I- ,-,;' alxmt £<?5O,00O annually ; Lake W.-.ikarenjoaua water pov.-cr scbeino to hi- carried out : public, service to bo replaced under p.iiiiamentary control; to encourage thrift, £5 to be deposited in tho savin;-;.! banl;. .:nd placed to the. credit of every child born in the lioininioii, tiio money to receive 3 per cut. compound, and not to b«> withdrawn for ]-1 years ; preservation of the piescut .s-ys.te.tu of free, secular, and comp.iUoiy education, with adc<iuate piovir=ion for free ocotws to universities or technical i-chools ; teachers to \v x graded and paid salaries accordingly ; e.\tct">iou cud )ieri>ction of the primary M-stcm of education; •.-ucoura.gcment of • by pioviding money to enable prospecting to Ik carried out ; relieving mining taxation ; e.M-t'.wion of aqnViilfural education, with up-to-<late agricultural colleges in both islaudr ; aifotestation to l»r carried out .liroughout tin: ilominion in fc-tlected areas.

In conclusion. Si' Joseph raid no fair minded prison couid t-.ay Unit the i-nifot settlers, the tiadespcoplc. tit? wagcearnei.s, and the great bulk oj' t.hc people had ltei.-T.ted by the cin.uge of Government, and tlu Conservative party coming into office. He felt .ertain that the government of the country would I*' a; this General Election plated in the hands of the. Liberal party, whose legislative, record and traditions had jrroved that 1-bey had tin- coinage, initiative, and «onstructivo ability to funic and effectively cany out a i'ol'ward national policy of development and .-uited lo the requirements and aspi'rationti of th-- people. He was appealing now ?.r. header of a party that, had the. greatest recti!d for humanitarian and proirtes-Ptve legislation of any country in the worid. Wis dei.iic was to lift the public life of the. Dominion, to place its polities hevond the realm of intrigue, to do the greatest good to the gieatest 11 urnlv»r. and to extend justice, and fair play to even- section of the community. He had promisee! nothing ho would not peiforin. '••Progrosc more progress, and fttll more progress " wis the motto be placed on the Libeiab banner, and under which, with the people's good-will and assistance, they won!.' march on to a morions vie tore. At tin- conclusion of the aodret-s there was ;i striking ovation, and a resolution of thank:- amlVnewcd confidence, coupled with a wish 10 t-.ee Six- Josvph returned as the head of the new Government, was carried unanimously A most cordud and enthusiastic meeting concluded with round,- of cheers for Sir Joseph and Lady Ward.

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LIBERAL LEADER, Evening Star, Issue 15652, 17 November 1914

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6,085

LIBERAL LEADER Evening Star, Issue 15652, 17 November 1914

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