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CAN FAMINE HIT GERMANY? THE FRUGAL WAY NOW. TRENCH LIFE & SOLDIERS' FOOD. [By A. S'pekce.] I have said so much about the Press news, the people's news, the Censor, and the military junkers that the subject grows tiresome. But then it is t=o vital. Soijw believe that we are really receiving all tho news winch ia safe. One correspondent (J. A. M'Kinnon), who rose with battle in his eyes some time ago about the?e notes, said in effect that we would get. .-ill the news which the allied commanders doomed good for us. The news we get may be good enough for that correspondent, but it was not good enough for the late Earl Roberts, and it- Li not gocd enough for the London ' Times.' The hero of Kandahar had pone to tho Continent to see .Sir .lohri French about it. Sir Joint is doubtless so busy that he. neither reads the papers nor regard:- what the Censor is rising with the blue pencil, but one word from, him would steady the rait of this modern Tiberius. Sir John himself is not the people's enemy, lie pave, the nation one. very clear despatch regarding Mon«. J?inro then J hardly a word, although he must have ] written many despatches. One. wonders j l '. hat has happened. Has the exclusive, i aristocratic War Office—abhorred of Sir j William lint lor. abhorred of Kitchener—j been at work a.:;a;u : The effee; of the suppression, as Karl Bobcris. saw ii. v.v.s *m r"cnirtiiig. It r.v,ots apathy. I; elso leg,-;* fear, for J some deui.i!c:-s do not desire lo fool away then- i.'.vs in a gamble v. it!i death in | which they cannot e\cii dimly sre the j chances. From tb.o i-itizi-ns' point, of view | there is even a i.raver thing. While the I junker is at work with hns blue pencil j some other junkers, trade junkers— trusts. ! rii.v:s. and what not—ore receiving private j news of their own of n:i authentic kind, land thereby acii-v; ing a lerlain amount of j " rutming." And all this in a j jK-- | ■: ■'- war—a war by jie jple who will j pay for it ! When the submarines Knocked out the battleships at recent English naval manoeuvres, lhe news was reserved "as a s./ciM for the experts." What experts'.' X< ne other than the armami'iii liusl.-: ami rings, win. wanted 1 Dreadnoughts to be the vo^iio—£2.sooXoo i apii'-'i- J (readiioii.ght:. —and nothing but i l)re.idnou.:hts. | Thvie is one. other espee; equally im-I'-rlsiii. perhaps more impoilain lhanany. it- is not what- tin- miiitarv inn!-.- r cms •■Hi -f lb.", le 'is. but wha! "hf |> ; y:. -s. Tn.-re av the (iiiinia's. ioi- ;11.--1:11.- i-. i';ib*s« i!ii: party w:-;,---- t.. <-n: <-;>d'-r an eternal ra.uor ln-1 v. . <-,- the p»op|e ~f Fn.dand and the p.,.pie ai Germany, lie .should not pass one " outrage" v. ]>:idi he • f e- >i.i'. know to I c ant hemic. IN— IDF (-VMM ANY— WHAT? A distiix. nished neutral man e.'\ 's the < pi'ii-..:i ilia; Genua...y i.s n-rv a-e ;il ..- 1.. (he fad that she is .. o i"i i ;]•■ I. ; .1! iy i-iiin.-o. Tii..; i- \\ Jiicli r-a<ho.d it's /•■iiiiji in .liiiy, is icing sapped by the war. N :■: in-all v lb" < -«■!')):■ biani" F::_'land lor ■:■,■ •■ •!!••! -f tic grand plan "..f o:tmpa -lo 'i he duhioin feature of the mes;.'i<- ion.- ,_'o. T)i.-. su-ess v . as apparent to i)ie li.-rai.-m people an soon as Kjipiand de-c'ar-d ■■■irand the distinguished neutral business man is behind with the news. Last advices of a. reliable kind from inside Germany w<;ro received in London ahout the end of Angus:. Ivvm then Germain was looking to ; iie ohancccf famine, a I'd a number of measures had begun when ihe Land.-Lurm were called. About .Au_'u.-.i io, for instance, the. Benin 1 ramways system, with a staff of 8.000, found itself rediic".! l'> LOT'. Women at once took up duly as conduct",rs. In the factories 'here v.-«.fe mia\oidao]o dismissals uf voin"ii in large, number l *- una-.o;dalde 1;,.'aur-. the men trained to- control lhe machinery, overseers. i ireine::. . i-.-ks. and managers were ahi.e be-ri",.; am-. Moak'.u h<-n< sprang up ai! <.\cr i'-eriin, the :m.-1 faiimi, of lies.. oi- : .ams;-.i s bein^ ii'-- " l.:na .\i-ir.-< ■]-[' in." >a;i>.fyii!;r meals bewail lo he /■>-., v,' J.d ar ;uc;v djble place- f.e,- •■ ! I i.-- tlil-c..:: ~,< , ' -,-.-, rk -■- t'rOlll V;,] ai h.-.vesi u. 4d at i-.i-be,-.!. 'jh,- ehean 1.t) : ;I„ s -:-..,u... k-p.-s. and th.os- wiv> b't i'.. an-, w-. r . of i• • ■ i!-r• -_. stranded, but -pe. i..i {':<■'/■ trams wen- running th-'iu out i • ca:;inin_- -pot.s in the count rv. The p. euhar erele-;. w.-ie. -lib.-.-. ■,■<] i.--, J.eep their .I '- .-pen, bin there w.-re restrict h,us ~n and !e,urs. .and no ra-rtime .ou!d lie nl.iv'-d. l-.'vr rv v. here TioWiil was sorn-rlv .-•'•tiitir its holism in «.rder acainst. hi. hj a i- >:itiugen<-y as is hinted at in l lie cable: to-day. It was < alculaf <-d lliai. iiic a\a; ,-ii.e cist of maintenance had bren rrdneed •o 15s ;jer month--as 9d per v.-ee]< ; Kha- j ;eiT were also taken to ;_.,.t. ];, th»i .harvest, and Ihe i one- I-i.-k k after l!:n ., r uiy vacation, were m-ir-diailed and trainer! f., r that work, j With Holland arid Italy 0r,,.,,, th" process j oi' s'arvir.,' (icriiiiny n:i:st.*int le- i-ounted j enough t'p cast over rnusieal oiitimlv and ' th" tint, r-tamrei. the cafe chan-nut'. and i tiie eati.aret. .i.nd live .a, ~.s Od per -.-.eek. | will lake long to starve. I TIT fa WOCNDFIt .-\XI> 'IKTANTS'. ! Tofancs. (iti fe'-re-. accounts for *.!">. de-itbi c.' ,-... imrntvr of th'- tvocui'.*-d. j To-day Koltfvda.m ..dvi-e; rtate thai t!i. : | (ierman medical y -rvi'-e ciiniioi cojie with j tho traiiis of man?)'*] ai.d .'cin_'. j Vp.-torday i her-e ,o« «,»rd that th.: H™,; ; , tienebes villi pi,-,c- •■ f .iiife uniform imrin the votind "r driven inio it. The same tl'in:: i.:"; hanpeiied in the T-Jri-lidi I'iivs About October ] T)r Delorme. M'-dhal Inspector of Tiriu'sh Fot<es in th<; f'i<-id. uto: inie) vir-'viv! bv n la pi-.-en+ativo ,f ib.j London -Times' vith vrcpect. to the m inltT of deailis of vreuid.vl men from! etfinus. ]);• Pelonne replje,) that the pre- j l-o-.'ldei.-mef- „•- tetanus- v. as due partly to | Ihe exiaisure of the wfinnded men be- ' foi-e they vere ] i< kc'd ti|) on th? battleII•'■!.• I. and nartlv t< the nnmber of ; ivrended by shrapie-1. |j r De'oime add-d ha* a ?-] i:v of anti-tetanus serum ii ano Frencli was .-orninj- io hand. , • od. up ;il! i!-,e date rnentio'icd. 160,000; loses had been prepared, by J)r Rouy, <if ; he V'astc-u;- Instill te. ' HOW "TOMMY" TS FED. ; sunn- is falling; iti Belgium now, and [ he trenches must be half full of mud. I t is pleasant to turn from sucb n. subject [ T- tr(an-l= to the i!.i«e!i™ of foori 'Tommy's'' foo/L The First Army 1b an irruv of 160.C00 precious men and more. : uecious officers. The British direction is j iwako to one thine: these men may meet j leath by bullet or bayonet, but they must lot starve. [ Bright and eavlv the camp cooks are at vork at their kitchens, and no ordinary titchens either. They travel on motors, md tho cooks work" while they travel. Ks soon as a suitable pause in battle j •omes the meal in ready. The camp j dtchenn advance into the shooting line. '. ["ho welcome bowl of £oup, the cooked ; neat and vegetables Are there. fc Tommy" ! las only to put down his rifle on the side , of the road and take hold of a plate or I bowl or tin mufr. _ j The cooks command the following scale of rations per man per day:—Bre.a/1 ljlb, frozen meat lilb or tinned meat lib, jam i!b. bacon jib. cheese ooz, sugar 3oz, tea i |oz, and so on. including vegetables. In the Innds of the Aldershot cooks this I allowance will do wonders. Thero is aJ»o | h«lf a sill of rum ner da.y and tobacco 2ea .

per week- So "Tommy," now making history at Ypres, has at least womefhlng in his favor.

Compare this -with a, sketch of German prisoners at Bordeaux. A correspondent of the London ' Times,' writing on September 24, said i " I was appalled by the man I saw. I had known him previously to be a man of education and & certain social standing. The grey being I now saw looked more like a convict. From hia sunken cheeks his nose stood cot with hideous prominence. His chin jutted out from his starved face, giving a rat-like air to his whole appearance." He was starving, of course, but the case need not be taken as typical oi the German srmy in general. What -nore concerns us is that there must be few cases of this kind in the British Army. One of the soldier's letters, published at Home, states: "In the retreat from Mons the Army Service Corps averaged 22 hours out of every 24. and there was only one . day wo were out of anything. That was the jam. - ' RUSSIA'S FIDELITY. It is reassuring to have the word of . Count Witte that Russia intends to ring true to the last, though the word of a diplomat, is not much of a reed to lean ' upon. The Tsar himself seems , solid support, for among all the Russian aristocracy, the " Little Father " at least has clean' hands. Only perhaps he pines a little for Constantinople, when the sands of the steppes blow into Europe in » new wav. As to Count Witte it will be remembered, no doubt, that he was .it thr head of the negotiations for his country when the Russian and Japanese plenipotentiaries met at Portsmouth, I"-lited States, in 1905. to arrange terms of pe.v;c. UNTRIED FORTRESSES. Cracow is wid to be nearing siege time, and tin Austrians prefer eurrender to bom-ba-'dment of that venerable city. This nnvs can he hrushed aside. The Germans will see to it that the place is defended, whatever the Au?tria.n feeling may be. Meantime ih.> great ring of East Prussian fffitrwsos not. bce-.t looked at yet, though, t" Iv 1 fiißo, the cables told us that Koniu*-''"'"? had been hemmed in 56 dajs njK Alt that has happened is that the slow Rermenkcmpf is trying to get. a footing on the frozen Prussian lakes. Perhaps he "ill skate aaoss now—indeed, the cables wild that he would. It looks risky. howev.T. (hi- haulage of 60 or 70Kili 'sip;'' i;ii:is i:vcr ." layer of ice. Konigs-h-.rz i* far ctV, .uitl 'J horn tempts. It is said that b.iKi'j men are perfecting its defences, mil tin- the. place mounts I,oooguns, tj-i \>'v v-T.). <-.| which ere long range. Who achieved that uondertul piece, of informs.icn'.' the 'Daily Mai!.' I o-day the • Daily Mat!' says that it his !(,!;_' for. -shadowed* the importance of tho j i'o;:iii,l,il;le liius «.-i < traversing Cracow. Oppcln. and Hreslau. Well, who has' Uppeln itnd Rreslcu ere not fortiesst>. le.n the whole countryside, will now he rising iii rvi-ies .'.tier series of trenches, white prisoner.-, peasants, and schoolboys \. .eld tiie piek. As inr as can be seen at i, m ,.;i!. the (.ennui strategic line is from Thorn l<>- < 'ra.-ow. The Russians :>re 'int. yet throi-ph the .salient. or nearly through 'it. j Tli! "DEI \<CUK REICH" POSTS. I I'. .r the d.:"MK-" <>f iutist, Prussia and .' the i.'- ■)•.nan.-, it is said, have issued | a pirn lamati-.n that anyone can fight in 'mufti if hj ■ ihn■"•(■:-■ All methods of dc- : 7i-i;it are pei miss/ibl? if tlit- enemy crosses |lji". front i r. When the Russian van.s | four llii-'.iijh th- lit--- • f whit--' "'■'•S'S bc-r----\\vz the dis<-., r.aikvd " Deutt-ches Reich," ! t.iier,-- wi!! 1 ■ f-t.-in i!''VMiics of deierww. Ilmt the in; niv -*i-:;t ■. with the illicit gun ! j:i Hi lrnprl. d •*". ■ ■ ' hc-k :i> COllvillcillZ : .is :'••■ '-allies paint him. j s .'•< -juiicirn x bureau. ■ Sii-c 1.".-lv. the -py. was ehot, and the ! f!;■,*■• H.-h> l-.'iv- !;-j-n playiiipr on the EngI i-;r-;i en;,st. -.'iir! so on. a word on the Gert nia.!i fiiv sv;-t( m is topical. It is manage;! j li\- a. concern known as the Nachrichten Duv. an. and has no connection with the lecc-rd-keejwvs of the German General Staff jin T.erlin except by indirect report. Every | va - seme frvinnn military attach** used i in code to England to see our manoeuvres, 1 ...-,.1 --onr- of o-.r- went to Germany to pee j tli-jis. Ihase attaches do not spy. For that, clars of work England has her own. cei-ict reivire- an ill paid sendee of which j iff ben! ",itt\> ")- nothing. England does j imt f.-nrv he; se.- r .-; servic? to anvgreat, h-iigtli. ' \; ;!ie limvof the Boer War it wi.s'-tr-te<l on --'"vl authority that England paid lei-- fur r'". intelligence all over lb" r.-er!cl than such a journal as the Loure.n -Time?' paid for its news from Russia alone. Genv.anv carries out her ferret service I on a lai tree .-<ale by mentis of tile Noeh- | r;c!-.!»n )'..!!•••• ii. Seme able men have been I at the ho.-.l of thk affair at, times—notably | C..'...';0l Dame „-.rl Count Wa.e.nke—and serj \ice under l he >"achr;< liter. Bureau demand« j iJi.i be:l from ev<ay snv. ]i. is an op'-n fjnestion whether the p>''- ' iV.-sion of - .-;> vl> 'lis-.-ppHt.a.bln. If n»oi - ' In'-hie« and n'atio.i.e. cvnploy these men, : the-.-' inns: i ■ -..1-nt.-ihle to" some extern. | Thev ;---M-iii'iv e.vl a life. In ' I'.iVii!:'! '' v'ca-iti.'t no v.- V.e . nuaced inueh 1 in spviti/ < i r in.-!-' .-•■'t'n'-es en the North I Sf-.-; sidr. :"■ .r ti!".-"'■ ■■•'i-r<- known lonj aso tl.ii >'ajoi-' ( ls:.-r!av and other aitiches. '.Hio i f rf .h •,'- ;., -hii'. a< -'-a. ih.-> snd I private k, i|. ,!, ~:' ]P .!:,.•>I in-" another matter. ! Tiil-; VON" KLUf'K STORY. •| :..-. :„•..'• -.;..•■•■ about A>"U Kluc.k is i that M I'. the I-'rench President, i ..e : ,. ).-, lie ;';•..n: 'to receive, the surrender ! i.f the Cerm oi r:.^ 1 !! wing commander. It is , el-i ti:;i< tl..t<: astute Prussian fooled lan-ay a d;r. . --r t-vn days, in discussing jtein'is <■'■ surrender, usitip the interval t>> ru-h np reinfon* nients. The. adds : j •■ The r,r;,i lime tleuf-rai Von Kluck eeoks t'-nn-i i"- ■■■ ;il he fivi-ti .-in hour to come | 1; : .« a j.---.!- r-tiinmentary <m the prei s-iejire i.f 0.-n-ral .loflre, and iSir John \ French, ami M. Poinrare. Perhaps the | sit nai :<.ii niipht ii"w be suitably met by tliai imaginative war correspondent |24 hours to pet" bark to England. They ido not deal in the way stated when tli« | militarv situation comes to a question of I .surrender. | S!"X KE X SHI PS AT TSI2CG-TAO. N'o::e < f the ships reported as sunk at are of any consequence. The, iirc-st if the Atiftrian Kaiserin Elizabeth, of 4,06(J tuns, and 14 years old. Bhe had two 6i:i .T'tns. Of German, cunboats the Ja-nai- .OCX) tons) was completed in 1098. Luchs and Tifiir (900 tons)" in 1899. a. tons) in 1832. Tho Cormoran was one of the old types which )iad yiriin and .sails. MORE ("'KILE STORIES. Ail Gaul, said C.*csar. i? divided into thro... jjute-. .Mo-bii '■—r tiiere are only two. The first is to fight; the second to qiin Munchausen tales al.^uti bv c.ihle that the punj- X'urnbnrg "o:-a:. irco-i H■'|»'' and Monmouth singleduiii-c-u in less tiian an hour at. a rarafe. of 10.CX> metres. A metro is a yard and thie« T<-<!ay tha German accounts a-i----lnit t.iiat the Scharnhorst and her eist. r t'-ek part. It would have been avery wonderful fioi-1 of knock-out if the had done it itlone. After the figla one feared for tho safety of the battleship Canopus. She. could not nm from the two German armored cruisers, and sh-j was not a iratch for them in delivery of shell per minute. Mr Churchill .nates to-day that there is every reasoß to believe that the Canopus is saie.

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LAST WORD BY "BOBS.", Issue 15652, 17 November 1914

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LAST WORD BY "BOBS." Issue 15652, 17 November 1914

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