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Press Association —By Telegraph—Copyright.

ALLIES THREATEN OSTEND. '' GERMAN'S FT/GOD COUNTRY. i THEIR GUN MOUNTINGS DESTROYED. LONDON. November 16. (Received November 17. .it 8.15 a.m.) The Germans have inundated the conntrv round Ostend to liivvent the Allies' . advance. Tln> Belgian engineers have blown ii[i German-owned viflas in a. commanding position at Coxyde, between Nietiport and Dunkirk. They discovered concrete foundations suit-able for mounting guns. They I also blew up a- Mrongly-iortifiod German f chemical factory at. Schconerfry. : ENEMY STILL ATTACKING. I ONLY TO LOSE HEAVILY. PARIS, November 16. (Revived November 17, at 11.20 a.m.) A communique states : .Simple ( '.'l cannonading has proceeded along the line fivm N'ieuport to Dixmude. The inuudatinii of the country now extends to within three miles of Bixschoote. The Gvrman attempt- to cross the canal between Dixmude. and ISixschoote was hurled back. A German regimen* was cn- > tirely destroyed south of liixschoole. ; Gonnan attacks to the south-east, of , Ypres were- repulsed. W'e have assumed ■ the offensive, and recaptured several posii tions. ; A GRIM GRAVE-DICGER. ' (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sim' Services.} '. LONDON, November 16. '. A correspondent says that round Rams- , chapelle. where the Germans broke . through the Belgians, then* are hundreds ! of rough graves, mostly piles of turf over , shell h"le». Many 'bodies are buried ; sintdy in the holes made by tiie .■•lulls which killed them. ; MORE EXCESSES. |{ A SAMPLE OF DISCIPLINE. ! PARIS. November 16. I'Reeeived November 17, at B. AS a.m.] , It- is semi-officially stated that the Wur- . tembersers occupying Guebwillc.r (Rel■t gium) set fire to the houses. Their commander collected some, relics in a. church, and superintended their ignition. The ehmvh was largely consumed. -Some Roman Catholic, soldiers who refused to throw petroleum on the relics were shr-t. A FRENCH TRAP. GERMANS ENTER AND DIE. LONDON". November 16. iKeceived November 17, at 8.15 A 'Daily Telegraph' correspondent mentions an occurrence, at a village, in the North of Ymire, winch Jay between ' the. French and German'artillery tire. The Frctuh general ordered a,, and the Germans, noticing the movement, hurriedly poured battalion after battalion into the village. There followed an explosion which shook the whole countryside, the French having previously mined . the. village. Several battalions of the enemy died in the- ruins. GERMANY'S PLANS | FRUSTRATED BY ENGLAND. ! THE TRUTH DAWNING j ON GERMAN BUSINESS MEN. I (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) | LONDON, November 16. A Copenhagen message says that a distinguished neutral business man reports that the commercial classes in Germany now realise that Germany has Wen checkmated in all diioctions. "They blame England fo>" the. collapse of the grand plan of campaign. This realisation lias aroused ferocious fury and the most intense hatred of England. Far teeing commercial men. realise, that Germany's prosperity, which reached its zenith in July, is being sapped, and that the prolongation of the -war will spell its eventual ruin. THE RUSSIAN ADVANCE. THE SILESIAN FORTRESSES. CAN GERMANY AFFORD TO DEPLETE FIELD ARMIES? LONDON. November 16. (Received November 17, at 8.15 a.m.) I The. 'Daily Mail's' Petrograd correapon- | dent has strongly foreshadowed the. possiI bility of the Germans sparing more troops ! for the western front alter retiring to the ! formidable; Sines of defence traversing I Cracow, Oppeln, and lireslau ; hence the ! v'tal necessity for Britain adding continually to her army at the. front in Franco and Belgium. AWAY FROM CRACOW! A CIVILIAN EXODUS. COPENHAGEN, November 16. (Received November 17, at 8.16 a.m.) Berlin 7>eports stato that the flight from Cracow is becoming general. The Ger- ■ man oolonv have- fled to Berlin or Brcslan. : It is rumored that the Austrians will I not defend the city, as they do not desire I it to be bombarded. CIRCUMSTANCES ALTER CASES. WHEN PRUSSIA IS INVADED, GUERILLA WARFARE! ORDERED. LONDON, November 16. (Received November 17, at 8.45 a.m.) Despite the severity of the German i punishment of armed civilians in Belgium, a German proclamation to the inhabitants of East Prussia declares that all methods of defenoa are permissible when an enemy crossee the frontier The proclamation summons all inhabitant* to take up arms, preferably wearing . civilian dress, ia order to surprise the enemy b«tt«r. J

j AMSTERDAM, November 16. I A ptv.olani.itioii issved in East Prussia urges the whole population to take up arms a;ul to maintoin a guerilla warfare against- 'he Russians: a reach canard. Russian counts dhxial. ("London "Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) LOXDOX, Xovember 16. Count Sergius, De Witte (former member of the Council) (ionics the Petrograd rumors that h-: is endeavoring to promote mediation in Petrograd. He ;-avf that Russian public opinion regards any peace proposal-, as .sacrilegious disrespect to tlie men who have died for their country. The Prussian militarists mu-t first be cruslied. TURKEY'S EXCUSES FOi: SMUTTING BLACK SKA DOOR. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Serviow.) LONDON. November 16. Turkey -tate- that, -lie closed the Darj dandles because England announced that 'unless all Herman ollicers were removed i from Turki-h warships lliey would be rei garded as hostile and liable to attack. i I TSfNOTAO HARRISON. j 5.000 I'RISOXERS. (London 'Time?' and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) LONDON. November, 16. Over 5.030 combatants wen' captured after the fail of Tsing-tao. The officers were allowed to retain thoii- swords. .\ .Japanese military .•idmiui-t rat ion has been established, and the lirM. batch of prisoners lias bi-.-n sent to .tupnsi. TOKIO. November 16. Tbo force- which constituted the Tm'h?tfio garri-on have been interned at Tokio. ' Ofoera! Kanio i- administering Tsingtao. another spy. arrested in japan. • TOKIO. November 16. ; Received November 17. at 9.25 a.m.) It ha- been ascertained that the Herman cruiser k'mdeu \va> enabled t n sink the Tioilus through a wireiis- message -ent by a Herm.iu nicfchant at Kobe ■: .J a parr. He ha- been arrested. TRADK WITH CHINA. HERMAN BUSINESS HONK. (Loudon ' Times' and Sydney " Sun ' Services.) LONDON, Xovember 16. The Cht;:ese are heg;'i/rin;g t<< /ca!i-e that c nimnoi ciril -i;mily->i,' lia- nvei taken Herlnan firms, while iirms are carvvin-,' on business ,„, norm.,! line; j OFF TO BRAZIL. 1 THK CAILLAUX MKXAHI-:. PARIS, November 16. Received Xovember 17. at H. 15 a.m. M. Cailiau.v. accompanied by his wife, has cone to Hi-azil on a nii-sion to encourage trade with Fiance, in-lead of with Uermany. JM. Caillaux is the French ex-.Mini-t'<r of Finance who-c wife was acijuitted of the murder of M. Calmette, editor ~i' 'Figaro.' He was last reported as paining prornnt, on from the ranks in the French army.] j DASTARDLY ACT TO CURTAIL REEF SUPPLIES. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) LOXDOX, November 16. 'lhe Canadian Government havo been informed that, the outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in the United States is the. work, of Herman sympathisers, in order to block tlufoo/| supply of Britain. The Candian Government ;.ie exercising the utmost, vigilance to prevent the po*-u-' biiity of an outbreak in Canada. ARMED MEFvCHAXTMAX OVERDUE. (London ' Times ' and Sydney ' Sun' Servio«».) LOXDOX. Xovember 16. The Houhlev liner La Correntina, which left Buenos Ay res for Liverpool on October 5. is overdue. She was armed, and it is suggested that possibly she engaged the Kronprinz AVilhehn, and that both were sunk. MIXES IX THE BALTIC. AMSTERDAM, Xovember 16. (Received Xovember 17, at 9.5 a.m.) Eighty mines have been washed, up on the const of Zealand (Denmark). DE WET AND HERTZOG. GOOD OFFICES WASTED. CAPE TOWX. Xovember 16. (Received Xovember 17, at 9.25 a.m.) It is rumored that Do Wet has made General Rertzog a prisoner for ndvisin^ the rebels to surrender. [General Hertzog, formerly a political and personal friend l of De Wet, went to him to endeavor to persuade him to deaist from his rebellious movement.] THE CENSORSHIP. LORD ROBERTS'S OPINTOX. TOO RIGOROUS SUPPRESSION. LONDON, November 16. (Received November 17, at 10.10 a.m.) Among Lord R-oberts's Lost remarks in England was an expression of his regret at the too great secrecy of our military cerw-orsliip concerning the bravery and deeds of our troops. The 'Daily Chronicle' strongly attacks the Government cer.fiorship of * thrilling deeds on! tho battlefield, and contrasts it unfavorably with German methods.

A USEFUL PRESENT. LONDON, November 16. (Received November 17. at 9.25 a.m.) Ma- J. J. Carvan, of Sydney, has presented an armored motor car to Louvat's Scouts. CERMAN AND BRITISH NAVAL LOSSES ACCORDING TO GERMAN SOURCES. LONDON. November 16. Acording to a German official list, the respective naval lossee arc : —Amioie<l Cruisers. — British ... • ... 5 Germans 1 —Light Cruisers. — British 5 Germans 9 —Gunboats. — British 2 Germans S —Armed Liners.— Britwh 1 Germans 3 —Submarines. — British 2 Got mans 5 In addition the Germans havo lost tiro mine-layers, eight destroyers, and one torpedo boat. THE CHILE NAVAL BATTLE. LONDON, November 16. (Received November 17, at 8.15 a.m.) The latest German accounts stato that the .Scharnhorfit, tho Gnoisenau, the Leipzig, and the Dresder- all participated in the Chile battle. FOOD FOR SMITTEN BELGIUM. LONDON, November 16. (Received November 17, at 3.5 a.m.) During the past, three weeks 10,000 tons of foodstuffs; have been delivered in Belgium for th« foodies.*. Other 6,400 tons are now being delivered, 42.0C0 tons are loading in various parts of the world, and 50.000 tons more are collecting for shipment. HI.LP FROM OVERSEAS. LONDON. November 16. (Received November 17, at. 9.25 a.m.) The Agent-General for New South Wales (Sir T. has handed Count De la Liing. tho Belgian Minister, a. further £'for the Belgium relief fund. The sum includes contributions from New South Wales. Queensland. Christ-church, and Auckland. The Minister asked thnt his most Grateful thanks he conveyed to all the kind contributors for their magnificent rjift. A COLLIER SEIZED. SYDNEY. November 17. (Received Novemhe: 17. at 10 a.m.) The Sonoma brines the rjews the Lowther Ratine, coal-laden from Newcastle to Mexico, was seized by a British cruiser otf Guavmas on October 11 and taken to Esquimalt. Th-> passengers stat<» that there is much friction in San Francisco owing to (iorman sympathis-us shipping coal to Mexico, thence transferrins it into the scows that arc coidiug the Geima-n cruii-ers. ARMY MEDICAL CORPS. MELBOURNE. N" .vernier 17. Twelve motor ears have been prcfenU'd to the Army Medical Corps for use as ni">t«ir .".mbulaiKcis during the war. WAR BRICKS. MELBOURNE. November 17. 'I he Government have decided to advance, the pi ires of wheat from 4.= 9d to 5s 6d. Hour from 210s to 2.77s 6d, bran from 116* t<. 150?. and p-llard fiom 110s to 150s, TlfK BETTER WAY. ! MELBOURNE. November 17. I iR.-cdved Novcmh'T 17, at- 0.5 a.m.) j '/i'e Minister of llrfenr-e (Senator Pea reel ! lias ollieially deeiar-xl that it- will be bct-t-er j for the count iv to allow enemy subject*--. i to continue th-ir ordinary iiceupathmp. ENTERTAINING THE ENTERTAIN ERS. Yeslordav evenitii.; in the Druids' lla.ll at I'oit ( iiaimer.s a fleliirlit f nl children's party was held. The Mayor and P-sidrnts. v.ere enlertaininc: the ehildren who j;ave tile siio-.-s-.lul i -.< ■- 111 _;; i: entertainment !.'.<: wee!.; ; v . aid of i he war waifs in Euro;-.-. 'i li" juveniles were trained by Mrs .). and their performance o'f the operetta M'issie in Toyland ' wa.s a credit- to the children thnnsdves and a tribute ;-» the careful tuition <if Mrs "M-ir-u-nn. Last, nirzht th.e Mayor expressed regret thai he had to leave early in order to preside at a political nieetnii,-. liui lie I acknowledged indebtedness to t-ho children I aiul tie-ir parents for iid]iir.i_' fo-rward tinrelief fund movement. ]n rcsj,<-.;t, fo M:v= ] Morgan's splendid work in connection ■ I wit-h the training of th-' children, he spoke t in terms of unouaiiiied praise, adding that the training which enabled the art is- | tie instincts of th.- \v>i!i:;c j<> hod exprcs- I siou w;us a. vajuahi'.' factor in developing i the fuller life of th.e n.-oole. 'J'nf. even- i int- was devoted to and solids and ; dances, the children eiij"yiim themselves j very fully, and the suoner ailjournment ! was not the least attractive fenfiire of a i xcry pleasant- evening. i j BOY.-' ÜBIII M'DOOL SPORTS. ! The Ota go jtoys' Tllls hj School sports.) held toward-; the end 'H l?:itr month, pro- j duced the surplus of £55 18s 2d for j patriotic objects. Tin* very pntisfnotoTy | reFult was due to uilh'nr; co-/>pcration within and witliout the school. The | priz'is. never larce. wore by decision of j the Sports (.'onunitt-ee cut down, and boys and their parents ha-ve in oilier way* as- J sisted to swell the funds. It- ha.i hpen I decided to devote, tlie .ourpliw specially to I 'the Belgian fund, and the rector h;i« for- j warded a chc/pic for £56 18s 2d nccord- j to the lion, treasurer of the Patri- \ otic Association. ,

ST. JOHN AMBULANCE BRIGADE OVERSEAS. The Caversham Nursing Division of the St. John Brigade have forwarded tho sum of £8 Os 6d to St. John Gate, London. £2 to be given to Christmas charity fund and the 'balance to the Belgian fund. Mies Maokersy, superintendent, is very pleased with the response by the division, as they have already forwarded a largo case of new goods tor the fund. MANUItIAL -SALTS AS DEFENCES. Describing the fighting at Mora, tho London ' Daily Express ' says : —'' One force of 250 British must ihave accounted for literally thousands of Germans. All along the line of retreat they had prepared defences made with bags full of potash found in a neighboring factory. Through these were placed maxims, and on top German helmets. The first time the Germans came mi to this seemingly friendly line there was the rattle of tho maxims, and no living German left. And so on, again and again, the defenders suffering but little loss." NATIONAL RESERVE. The projected field day of the National Reserve was held on Sunday. Nearly 100 officers and sergeants of the Reserve took part. Colonel Smith and Major Hickey also attended. The force left the Art Gallery at 10 a.m. in some 50 motor cars provided by tho Motor Reserve, and was taken straight through to Brighton. Tho motors were parked on the Brighton Domain, and the force fell in there, where it was divided into two platoons and proceeded to rarry out an outpost scheme. The idea was that an enemy had landed on the coa-st and was advancing from the direction of Taieri Mouth; that two battalions wero operating from Dunedin against him, one of which was to hold the enemy's advance at Brighton by occupying a line from the coast along the north bank of the Brighton Stream, while an attack on the enemv's left flank was made by tho other battalion operating from the direction of Scrogg's Hill. The battalion entrusted with the holding attack had arrived near Brighton in the mid-afternoon, and was to bivouac for the night protected by outposts. Under the direction of Caplain Hnssey, who was in charge of the day's work, an outpost position was occupied, pickets, supports sentry groups, and a machine gun section placed in position, and patrols sent out. The whole force was then motored back as far as the Kaikorai Stream bridge. The idea now given to work on was that the Reserve formed part of a force advancingon Dunedin from the South, and positions were occupied on tho ridgo running up from the Kaikorai Stream bridge towards Saddle Hill. After occupying the second position the Reserve went through attack practice on an imaginary enemy in trenches, and was then astern - bled and marched in column of route across country to the neighborhood of the Coach and Horses, where tho motor rar.were in readiness. Town was reached at 5.30 p.m. after a very enjoyable and useful day. Captain Hussey was assisted by the Territorial officer;, who are connected with the training of the Re-erves. Colonel Smith and Lieutenant-colonel Stoneham contributed their advice and criticism, arid after the attack practice Major Mickey delivered to the assembled men a very useful roadside leeturette. illustrating his points by the. giouud over which the attack had been made. On Thursday night .•■.ll platoons will par ado on the Oval ;it, 7."0 for company drill, and the Kriffineers and Mo lor Reserve v;ili parade with them. Should it i;e wet, the parade will he held in Wright. Stephensou's saleyards. Maclaggan street. i LOCAL MILITARY MATTERS. It. is understood that the New Zealand military mentations are shortly to | lie- altered to permit of the format ion j of a motor launch reserve of officers, similar to that of tho motor reserve of 1 officers. _ In the meant hue lhe 1). fence l authorities are asking tor the names <>f I officers willing to accept < onimissjoiis j n this, force. It is anticipated that the so,- :)n ,| ,-,-_ iiiforeoment of the Main Expeditionary Eorr-o will shortly he mobilised. ; >i.',] ilia; the e,.ntre will be Treniliam. Olago's ouot.i, ha-ed on oxi-tinn. I .'-illations, is !M turn. To complete iisis number seven in< n are rer>uired for the infantry section, three for the field troop and tv.o for the artilA (amp of officers and senior noncommissioned officers of the New Zealand Hail way Territorial Corps has been established at Hampden. It is understood il'.nt sonic 1-jO officers and men connected with tho Kailv.av Service, have assembled there, under I.ieu-tenant-coloiicl 11. .Mucandn-w, from Dunedin. Major S. A. Grant. A.t.i.M.G. of the Otajzo District, is one of the instructors, and it, is understood thm llrU cainp of instruction, v.hieb is the first held in the Dominion, will extend over 10 days. The officers and men ;n-.. drawn from the traffic, engineers, ami maintenance, brandies of the Sen ice. rind from various parts, of the; South Maud. | DOMINION STOCKINC LEACUE. The Hanover Street Hail at present is j n hive of industry, re. the m--mber(= of th.? j Stocking l.c.i-ue are busy (iisishin- off i dot him: for th Belgian rofu.-ses. ' '[fie j are. to be dispatched next week, aiuj I with the combined ,-lfoi tf, of branches the loa.:r.e in other l<nms throughout., the. | Dominion n large col lei t-ion of warm doth- j ing for women and childicn will he sent. ] The I lore branch is working cnthns-iasl i I caily under the. leadership of Mrs Uarp-r. j and. a la rue consignment, is expc, ted fioni i there. The children are not t.. he for j gotten, a. box of toy,; being included in j the collection. Saturday n-ext wilj Ik? children's, day. All \ouiu; people are or dialiy iuvit-d to help. Uifls of toys will he ree.-ived at the 1,.-,)! f rfllll jo a.m. till 5 p.m. A nice, surprise is als - '- in store for i th*' little one.3, a<s ;i penny is to h■• st itched j in the poch.M, of each dress and <oat. j Donations of non-'y or warm new clothiiiET will he gladiv r-eioived l>v <h« league till YWdu-sdav of next week.'

DURATION OF THE WAR. SIR JOSEPH WARD'S OPINION. The Liberal Leader does not share tha view of the War Office authorities as to the duration of the war. In tho course of his remarks at the reception given him on his arrival at Invercargill on Saturday Sir Joseph said that he did not agree with " those pessimists who said the European war would last for years, his opinion, the result of T&ading, thought, and knowledge gained throughout his long experience of things in general, being that it was only a matter of months when Germany would find tho economic pressure so great that an end would have to come te tho trouble. A PERSIAN'S PREDICTION. Tho numerous followers of Abdul Baha, who visited San Francisco in October, ' 1912, and was introduced to the etudent body at -Stanford University as "a prophet ' like unto the days of Jeremiah." are discussing the words of the Persian, who 1 said at that time: "We are on the eve of the battle of Armageddon, referred to in the sixtenth chapter of Revelations. The time is two years hence, when only a spark will set aflame the whole, of Europe. i The social unrest in all countries, the growing religious scepticism antecedent, to the Millennium, are already hero. Only a , spark will .»ct aflame the whole of Europe, as is prophesied in the verses of Daniel and in the book of John. Before 1917 kingdoms will he annihilated, cataclysms will rock the earth. Then all nations shall , bo a-s one faith, and all men as brothers, and these fruitless strifes and ruinous wars shall pa,«s away, and the Most Great Peace shall come, and man shall not glory in this, that he loves his country, but rather in this, that he loves his kind."' HOW THE SOLDIERS FEED AND SLEEP. Heplyinr; to his wife, who had questioned him regarding his food, a. private in the Scots Greys- says: "We kill our own bullocks and sheep as we 140 along, and put them in a pot. and have them with hard biscuits, so we don't do so badly. _\f- we drive, the Germans hack." hj" add.-, "they blow up or set fire to everything likely to provide us with food. The country villages and towns are all deserted, and it would be, a change to see a woman or a child here. . . . We are up at 2.00 every morning, and on the go till hit" at night, so that w are always glad to snatch five minutes' sleep when we gel the chance." THE MING FESI'L.. " From Bergen wo were supposed to go t-o Newcastle, and. indeed, when ] disked for tickets to Leitii 1 was fold no steamers were going thitiier. In view of the blowing up of the Pitino and the Pathfinder the. day before, it appeared to me strange that we should .-ail boldly for Newcastle. However, we had no .sooner stalled than we were told we were going to Lcilh after all, by express authoritative order, and even then we did not so to Leith direct, but to I'-.'tcriiead, whe;i-, c we hugged the roast down to the Hell line';, between Montrose and Leith. Luckily it was a line night, or we should have had a time tossing about in that c.xposH situation. We anchored there the .-n-cr.nd ui..-ht. and were horrified the next morning to hear thai there was actually n live niiii-li-ld c'-r/'O by: in fact, w" saw tin- p:.i;s of trawlers. : licphv-nLd by a .-i nisei', laboriously engaged in swe.r,i'! ? for and poking up the t'erman mine..."—l 'on-efpemdeut of the ' Westminster Gazette.' THE KINGS SYMPATHY. A resilient of this City who ha;- had a near relative killed ;>.: llie front ieeeivd from th' Wa; GTc- •; i.-ru ~,„. tainin- the tolloc.-in -. -.•■,;;,1s •.. •• Hie Kin/ command.- >.■•• ; . ,-s.---;ire yen of the (rue ..«. mp 1;! -, -.,;' I i j-. oiajesly iiud th-- ','"• <"ii in \o'.ir sorrow.— i K 1 ;■( ;ii-:m::-." ! JELUCOiTS TORCH OF L.'FE. j Tlcre'- an Admiral out ,-,,, : :! ,. ...-a- to : ni'.'ht ! Cbn!i-:-_ u • f.~s :'■ .-,• :et :-', u-.-.e.,. I Wa'cioe:: <);,- v,: v-s T- :v. ii, ,]..:■ :; of the For •:-.- ..-I-'aiii of a 1 ori i'.'-; --u- submarine ; And it's !:•.; 'or th- ,-k - • f a braol.d , Nor aspii-i'-.- h--;-s of a world-wide f.oi-e. Lilt, ill Hillv's name he sound,-; i lie no< ■: -Sii-l;.-:' Strike b..;.1: and strike ;cj i;i '" A. \Y. Dun'din. ODUMKN'T-. We have re.-ej\-.-d c. n iv-faif • * the IV-'-gum fund £2 2x from Mr \Y. I'-re,.,,. and i.'J, ISs from the <'in|iio\-e, s .-f W. l!r--en j and fo.

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TO OSTEND., Issue 15652, 17 November 1914

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TO OSTEND. Issue 15652, 17 November 1914

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