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THE WAR

THE ENEMY IN FLANDERS. DOGGEDNESS OF DESPAIR. A VIVID SKETCH OF WHAT THEY ENDURE.

Press Association—By Telegraph— Copyright.

LONDON. November 16.

The Calais correspondent of the 'TJaily Mail,' in describing a bayonet fight in a wood near Ypres, states that every man who hold his ground was killed, and the ground was strewn with forms in every attitude, twisted into horrible grofesqueness by the waning light. It was almost inconceivable that men rould endure what the Oermpns endured in those havonet charges. Their losses were over 50 to one. ami tbev fought with tittle hope and without enthusiasm. The battle of Ypres for us has been the battle of the war. The Allies gained a Tew miles, sustaining meat losses, hut for the enemy it has ' been death beyond reckoning. Tn fop, rain, and snow the Germans have been fighting hopelessly in Flanders, those who were not touched by bullet or bayonet dving from hunger «n<\ exposure. The southern march from the coast to Vpres continues in a. severe snowstorm. DEPLETION" OF THEIR "RANKS. CRACK C'OIUS KUFFrTv. FARTS. November 16. One hundred and twenty-one Germans vho were captured on Saturday are the residue of a battalion that, assaulted the ■allied trenches that morning. Several companies—notably of the Prussian Ouards and the Bavarian Second Corps—which were at the full war strength in the hoginning of November are now depleted by half. THEIR WOUNDED OVERWHELM TIIFMEDICAL CORPS. LONDON. November 16. Rotterdam newspapeis announce that manv trainloads of wounded are passing towards Germany from the western trout. It is reported that the German Medical Corps has broken down under the strain, and an appeal has been made to _ the Dutch doctors to attend 700 patients in a irontier town where there is only one doctor and a student. VON KLUCK'S PREDICAMENT. HOW HE AVOIDED SURRENDER, REINFORCED WHEN PARLEYiNC •PARIS. November 16. The Storv is told in Pari-* that when 31. Point-are (the French President) recently went to the front, be did so in the hope of securing General Von Muck's surrender. The Cern-.au general was hard pressed, and asked for the terms on which he might surrender. Pretending to accept practically unconditional terms, he managed to spend the whole day parleying, and finally said he must have Berlin's authority to conclude terms. He was given another day to secure authority. mi The two days, however, were utilised in Tushing up reinforcements and resting his exhausted troops. The negotiations were then suddenly broken olf. The story adds: "The next time General A'on Kluck seeks terms he will be given an hour to come in." FARSIGHTEDNESS OR NERVES! (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) LONDON", November 16. As a precaution against spying the Germans have forbidden any of the churches in Flanders to ring a peal of bells, as they might convey secret signals or prevent the hearing of the approach of hostile 'aircraft. ENEMY'S FLEET PREPARING. ARE THEY COMING OUT? (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sen' Services) LONDON". November 15. 'The TimesV military correspondent, commenting on unusual activity in the Kiel Canal, says that it has Iwen shown that Germany will most surely strike when the fleet puts out to sea. and carry out if the can soma desperate enterprise, probably with the co-operation ot the army. KAISER'S CIUMFIU. BTG IDEAS AND BIG GUN'S. LONDON". November 15. Officers declare that the Kaiser is determined to install eight 24in guns at Calais, as a preliminary to the. invasion of England. SOOTHING REPORTS FOR HOME CONSUMPTION. LONDON, November 16. An official report from Berlin says that the insignificant progress of the right wing is duo to untavor.ible weather. The fighting on the East. Prussian fomtier and in Russian Poland is indecisive. THE ENEMY'S STRENGTH. JLondon 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) BERLIN. November 15. Official: Four and a-hali million men are now mobilised, including 5.000 volunteers over 45. THE RUSSIAN CAMPAICN. ENEMY'S STUBBORN RESISTANCE. LITTLE PROGRESS IX NORTH. BETTER RESULTS s.>CTHW.\RI>S. PETROGRAD. Nov. 15 (morning; Official: Along the Ailoud-Stallupoucn-Augerberg 'front (in the east of East Prussia), and also at. .lohannisburg, the Russians are successfully fighting against the German advance. The Russians are advancing m tin Soldau-Neidenberg district (in the soutli of East and West Prussia), notwithstanding stubborn resistance. Fighting is developing along the PloekWarta front (west of Warsawh and the enemy are retreating into the Kalis/, and Wielun districts. The enemy are unsuccessfully attempt- ' ing the offensive southward of Czestu chowo (in south-west Poland). The Russian advance upon Cracow (Galicia) continues. A report from Finland states that the Russian withdrawal of ali trooos from East and West Finland to join the main army ia accepted as an indication that the • fear of a possible Swedish invasion has vanished. It has created a grjat impression in Sweden. GERMANY'S RECRUITS. LADS IN FIR'S? LINE CORPS. PETROC*RAD,~jv. 16 (morning). jin officer who has returned from East Prussia states that the Germans are sending whole companies of infantry, composed exclusively of youths, none being mora than 15 or 16 years, to thg first battle line. It is sad to see them move forward shoulder to shoulder like automatons, only to ho cut down like grain by the Russian machine guns. ON THE RETREAT. BEHAVIOUR LN POLAND. LONDON, November 16. It is stated that the Germans when retreating from Poland propped the bodi is of prominent citizens at the corners of streets as a warning against betrayal to , those remaining. They also cut pictures ' of the Virgin from ikon f rained, sub•titutiug photographs of the Kaiujr.

TURKEY REINFORCED IN TRANSCAUCASIA. A RUSSIaIsT RETREAT. PETROGRAD, November 15. Official: The Russian advance towards the vicinity of Koprikoi withdraw to positions previously assigned to the troops, owing to the strong Turkish reinforcements from Erzerum and Trebizend. THE RUSSIAN COMMANDER. ROME, November 15. The ' Nieu Freie Presse ' of Vienna states that General Dimitrieff is in command of the Russian army against the Turks. TURKEY'S REASON. FOR DECLARING WAR. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) LONDON, November 15 Turkev's declaration of war against the Allies alleges that the Russian fleet attempted to mine the Bosphor-is, and Russia did not, reply to Turkey's demand for an inquiry, but rocalled her Ambassador. Great Britain and France acted similarly. THE RED SEA GATE. FIGHTING "NEAR ADEN. BRITISH SUCCESSES CONFIRMED. WELLINGTON, November 16. The High Commissioner repoHn ss follows, under date London, November 15. The Admiralty announces successful operations against the Turks at Sheik iSeyd, in of Bab-el-Mande|i, at the southern entrance to the Red Sea. Three battalions of Indian troops land >d under cover of the fire from the cms of the Duke of Edinburgh, which disabled Turba fort. The infantry attacked the enemy's position on the hills conii'inndinj* Manheli. The opposition weakened. Two hundred of the enemy escaped. We occupied the forts. A large amount of ammunition ind six field gnus were captured. Our casualties were four men killed and one officer and 15 men wounded. ANOTHER GERMAN FALSEHOOD. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) LONDON, November 1"). The ' Frankfurter Zeitung ' alleges that the treatment of German war prisoner* in England is so bad that 45 out of 700 diod from pneumonia or typhoid in a week. The truth is that five deaths occurred—one from heart disease, one from dropsy, fine from fractured skull, the result of an accident, and two from aneurism of the aorta (heart trouble). TRADE OPENING SEIZED. LONDON. N«veml>er 15. The Vickers Company are erecting a factory to capture the German sewing ma- j chine trade. I FOR THE CHILDREN. WASHINGTON. November 15. The steamer Pason. laden with Christmas gifts for the children in all belliCerent countries, has been despatched to Europe. American children subscribed the entire cost. A SUSPECT. LONDON, November 15. Hoist Von der Ootte, alias Bridgmann Taylor, claiming to be an officer in the Mexican ainiy. has been arrested for failing to register. Counsel for the prosecution stated that the Foreign Office, and th« Admiralty had the gravest suspicion that the accused was a German spy. IN SOUTH AFRICA. REBELS' 'SLIM" DEALINGS. CAPE TOWN. November 15. Major Rrecdt, with 46 Rritetown loyalists, had a sharp engagement with Stadler and 260 rebels at Schuitzrift. The rebels raised a white flag and asked for an armistice to enable Colonel Maritz to be brought to discuss th« question of surrender. Major Breedt agieed. but after the loyalists wore recalled Stadler appeared with a white flag and demanded Major Bieedt's surrender, iic-ausc ho was surrounded by superior numivis. Major Breedt ordered the men to icoccupy their positions,, and this was accomplished, despite an attempt to cut them off. Meanwhile. 50 rebels, flying a white flag at the rear, were disarmed. By a ruse Major Breedt*s force then Fucces.sful'y retired, carrying off their trans-ior!. after inflicting severe, losses on the rel>el&. Small parties of rebels have been captured on the Cape and Transvaal borders. EXPORT OF RAW MATERIALS. LONDON. November 16. The Board of Trade have issued regulations governing applications for the export of raw material and worstodsa to British territory and allied countries to bo considered when the material is deemed suitable For army purposes. "Dip export ot khaki cloth is absolutely prohibited except for the military puipows of Dominions. THE COTTON MARKETS. LONDON. November 16. With a. view to enabling the Liverpool cotton markets to open, the. Government Liverpool Cotton Association and Livei-r.ool banks have jointly gua ranted bank advances made to merchants to meet market differences within certain limits, the Government taking 50 per <ent. of the risk arid the .other guaiantors 25 >er cent. each. BELLICOSE GERMAN'S. SYDNEY, November 16. A steamer from Ocean Island states that just before she left troops were landed at the request of British resident 6 to keep the Germans in check. It is alleged that 40 Deniiuiis, armed with :ifle<<, mareluwl through the island and threatened to thoot, anyone who interfered with their plans. FLOUR-MILLS CLOSE. ; SYDNEY. November 16. The secretary of the Mill F'mplovees' Union states that two big flour-mills have closed, and others have shortened hands or are closing, while many won have been thrown out uf employment, a.s the outi onto of ihe price of Hour being fixed at £9 17s 6d. at which ligur.i the millers a::- tin willing to tell. PATRIOTIC AND WELFARE ASSOCIATION. His Worship the Mayor (Mr J. B. Shackloeki presided over a meeting of the executive of the Otago Patriotic and General Welfare Association yesterday. The Chairman of the Finance Committee (Mr John Roberts, C.M.G.) reported that accounts amounting to £225 6s 7d had been passed for payment. The Finance Committee also reported as follows :—We recommend that it would be inadvisable to lock up the funds of the association in Invercargill Corporation debentures; that no further action be token re endeavoring to obtain a refund of amounts paid to the Government ; that suggestion from the Christchurch Association requesting the Government to subsidise amounts raised locally be not agreed to: that the offer of tho Dunedin Choral Society to produce ' Th« Messiah' on 15th December in aid of the funds be accepted with thanks.—Mr Roberts explained that it was now found that a further sum of about £3,000 had accumulated for th* Belgian relief fund, and it was resolved to forward £2,000 of this amount immediately.—Adopted. Mr moved the adoption of tho report of the Employment and Relief Committee (already published). In reply to Air Roberts, Mr Cummirug said that no encouragement would ho given to applications for men from tho country ; as a matter of fact. m«r. from the country will not he legisterod on th=i committee's books, and only married men will bo employed.— Mi Roberts suggested that tihe Teport abuuld bo wfmed to tha Finance Com-..

mittee.—Mr Fenwick saw no reason why the report should not. be adopted.- • After discussion, the report as a whole was adopted without dissent. The lion, treasurer' 6 report dealt with the expenditure on wage 3, etc., during the week, donations received, and payments made against the several authorisations. The following statement regarding the fund for the relief of loca.l distress was presented:—The total sum available at the present time is £6,576 Is lOd. including £478 16s Id to be repaid by local authorities for work done under agreement. • Against this sum of £6,576 the executive are committed to £3.600 in Tespect to the Leith walling and £1.500 for the Ocean Drive. less £l5B 14s Id already paid on account of these two votes, ft appears, therefore, that the liability of the executive in respect to these two works now stands at £4.941 5s 7d. From the published report of the Employment and Relief Committee it is noted that the committee are pledged to works yet requiring £589 19s 9d to complete, these commitments having been made pursuant to the original grant of £125 per week for labor. If, therefore, ivp add this item to the £4.941 5s 7d. we get a total of £5,531 5* 4d as the liability against the sum of £6.576 Is lOd shown to lie the amount to the credit of the fund for local distress at the date of this report. In this connection ir should be noted that the contributions now being sent in especially earmarked fur the relief of local distress are not large, while, in addition to the provision for labor, something must be allowed for the relief of distress hy way uf money votes. -The report, was adopted.

The Expeditionary Force Committee reported tint it had been ascertained that 13 men had been enrolled from Otago in the Maori contingent : also that 17 cups of clothing had been shipped bv the Pakeha and 10 cases by the Zenkindie, on behalf of the Women's Committee. Adopted. The Country Organisation Committee reported :- Since the last meeting the following further subscriptions have been received from country sources and handed over to the treasurer :-—Kaitangata £l=o. Broad Bay £65 15s 6d, Crooks ton £29, Ouooustown £2O 10s. Ranfurlv £7 os 6d.-~ In moving the adoption of the reports Mr .Johnston said that if there was anv class in the community who should lovallv and generously support the fund it' was the farmers. The price., of cattle, cereals, and produce generally h;id gone up to a considerable extent, and farmers could well afford to hclp.-o.fr (.'. R. Ritchie suggested that it might be made clearer in the Press to which funds the various contributions were being applied. Many people in the country declined to subscribe if there was any possibility of the money going to the unemployed fund, which was the moans of inducing men who were needed in the country to come to town.

- - Tho Hon. Treasurer explained that it was intended to ad.-rt the method of distingtii-hing the contributions as suggested.—Mr M/Allen pointed out that local bodies in Otago had notified tho committee that no labor was :eqiiii\d there just now. and in icply to Mr F. Mitchell he said that he kn-w of ;io man who had refused work ol>ei\d him in the country. The e.vciTfe allegedly put /orvrard hy the country people for not. contributing wa.s « poor one.—The report was udtiyud. On the motion of the Rev. Mr dimming it was decided that tho exoautive meet tot '.nightly in future. Mr .lohn Roberts brought up the question of recruiting in Otago at the meeting of the Otago Patriotic and General Welfare Association, held yesterday morning. He said he thought the association .should assist the authorities in this direction. He had been told that there was a very small response indeed from their own district, and he did not think it would be out of place if the executive took the matter up. He did not think anyone would consider it outside their deliberations. The Mayor stated that Mr Roberts's suggestion would be considered at the next meeting. FANNING ISLAND. THK CABLE REPAIRED. DETAILS OF RECENT RAID. [Pkr U.vitkd Piiess Association.] AUCKLAND. November 16. The damage done to the cable.-, and equipment at the" Pacific (able Beard's station on Fanning Island on the morning of September 8 has been repaired, and cuiuiiiuuiciiiou inow being maintained ;o; usual between Australia and Canada. The. repairs were completed nearly a fortnight ago." and traffic was rc-bumed as usual on the. morning ot November 6. but. in order to protect, the repair steamer Iris the .'Secretary of the I'ost Office made a request that no announcement should be published until sufficient, time had elapsed to enable the movements of the Iris to be kept secret. When the. cables were cut, 10 weeks ago, warning messages that were received by Suva and fiamfield Creek stations explained that tho interruption was due lo , ( r,u\l by the German cruiser Nurnbeig. No information could then be gained regarding the exlent of the damage, and arrangements were therefore made on the presumption that ihe whole equipment of the station would hive to be replaced. The preparations for the restoration of the cable were made in Auckland hy Mr John Milward. manager in tho Pacific for the Cable Board, and at 7 a.m. on October 7 the Irr- loft Au-ki.oid wiih all necessary instrument:-, and nl«o material for ■the construction of temporary building:-. In the meantime the siaif at Tanning Island had effected temporary repairs to the Suva (.•able, and on September furnished a report of the raid and of the damage that had been done. Communication between .Suv» and Fanning Island has been maintained since that time, but as the cable to Canada had been cut in deep water attempts to restore ir had to be abiudoned. Leaving Suva at 5 p.m. mi October 18. the Iris arrived ni Fa'nnnig Island at daybreak on October 26. but the weather was very rough, and repairs were ii"t, commenced till four days later, when the sea moderated. The broken ends of the ciblo were recovered, and permanent repairs were completed. The damaged insrrimion! s were then replaced by spar« ones taken from Auckland and Suva, and work was resumed nt, 7.15 a.m. on November 6. On her return voyage the Iris reached Suva nt 11 a.m. on Saturday, the trip both ways having heen uneventful. accounts of tha German oruiHor's visit to Fanning Island have been published, and additional particulars have been obtained since the cable wjs repaired. Accord. in SC to the; account given hy the staff, the raid was made bv two boar crews, the. men being fully armed, while machine guns were r. nicer! in the bows of ihe boats. Some members of ihe staff' met. ihe boats as they touched the beach, and as the Nurnberg aui her companion collier had both down the French Hag they wore, greatly surprised when they were covered with revolvers and informed that they were prisoners of the German*. The German oftieers hurried to the oflice and ordered the operators to era si' tending messages, threatening to shoot anyone who disobeyed. They then proceeded to destroy the instruments, and seized nil the code books, private documents, and the paper? belonging to the High Commissioner's Office. Meantime, the men who had remained with the boats destroyed the cables with changes of dynamite, wliiio others dynamited the refrigera-ting and electric lighting plant, and cut down the flagstaff, apparently thinking that they were used as wireless and telegmph apparatus. No restraint was placed on the staff when it was apparent that no resiitanoe. would bo offered, and theGermans even expre«sed regret, that it should have been their dnr.y to disturb the i«land and do so much damage. They stated that it bad been intended to destroy tho cable offices, but owing to the proximtiy of private dwellings and the certainty of damaging them if explosives were used they decfded not, to interfere with the buildings. After shaking hands with the members of the staff, the Germans withdrew, but evidently having learned from documents that one of the precaution* to be taken on tho island should war break out wm to buvy all spare instruments and other valuables, tho paxty returned. A demand was made that all buried property should be surrendered, and the staff was compelled to hand over all spur© instruments, 25 rifles, 20,000 rounds ot ammunition, £750 in gold, and £35 worth of stamps. The Germans then made their final departure, having- given a promise that they would not return.

THE DUTCHMAN'S IDEA OF NEUTRALITY.

OFFER TO LOCAL FIRMS

We have .boen shown a circular letter received by a local firm from a firm of " merchants, etc.. of Rotterdam. Established since 1872," and purporting to have had "long experience in colonial and foreign trading and shipping business." After reminding tho addressees that though " war is prevailing nearly throughout Europe, up till now Holland has been able to remain neutral, and we sincerely hope that wo may be able to keep to our neutrality throughout the war," the circular sets forth plainly tho following among other suggestive paragraphs. " Our splendid situation enables us to be regularly in direct touch with Germany, and at present we are able to communicate with all parts of this country, then, owing to our neutrality, correspondence, is allowed to go through without interference. "We expect that you, too, have beeo in regular touch with European exporters, importers, and manufacturers, and that the war prevents you now from communicating with the sources from which you have heen buying—. " Letters not reaching Germany, Belgium, etc.. will reach us. "We are on the spot ! We can do the buying for you now ! "Correspondence to your European buying friends may bo considerably delayed. 'This will cause you a lot of trouble, and may cause you considerable losses in money. " Prevent this in confiding in our firm! . . . "We ship all kinds of British. Dutch, German, Belgian manufactures, hardware, soft goods, eatables." MISCELLANEOUS. Reference was made by the Hon. .1. Allen at Milton on Saturday night to the manner in which New- Zealand had been ,-i'nle !<> do better in regard to sending «n Expeditionary Force on active Imperial service than what was requested by the Imperial authorities. As Minister of Defence he had realised the necessity for an increased amount of artillery. and had asked his colleagues in the. Cabinet to send more artillery than we had promised. We had promised" two four-gun batteries, and we were sending two six-gun batteries, or a complete brigade of artillery. The i-flicer commanding it was an imperial officer, who had heen in New Zealand for a number of years. He had trained Imperial troops, and he knew their personnel, and he had assured him that this brigade oi artillery was thoroughly well erpapped. and that (he personnel "of it lonipaivd more than favorably with the personnel of any brigade of artillery he had ever seen.

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Bibliographic details

THE WAR, Evening Star, Issue 15652, 17 November 1914

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3,775

THE WAR Evening Star, Issue 15652, 17 November 1914

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