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NAVAL NOTES

tf Contributed by the Navy League, Otago Branch.]

Admirals all they said their say. The echoes are ringing still, Admirals all they -went their w-ay To the haven under the lull. But they*left us a kingdom none can take. The realm of the circling sea, To be ruled by the rightful sons of Blake, And the .Rodneys yet to be. I —Newbolt. ! Whether their fame centuries long should ring, They cared not overmuch. But cared greatly to serve God and the King, And keep the Nelson touch. THE DEADLY SUBMARINE. In view of the fresh light which the j war has shed upon the usefulness of the submarine, it is satisfactory to know, ac- ; cording to the ‘ Naval Annual ’ of the present year, that before the opening of | war wo possessed 76 submarines, with 20 ; building, while Germany had 27, and' 12 in hand. The Admiralty anticipated when the Estimates were prepared that all the I 20 British craft would be completed before tho close of the present year. If by put- , ting pressure on tho various firms conj cerncd, and gaining the enthusiastic supi port of ail the workmen engaged, the | Admiralty could complete these craft and . could announce this accession of strength, 1 they would do not a little to contribute to the confidence and sense of security of the people of tho United Kingdom. Whatever may have been the division of opinion in the past as to the role of the submarine in war, every incident which has occurred in tho North Sea .since hostilities opened has reminded the Navy arid the nation of tho wide field of usefulness which these vessels fill. Eliminating from the British list tho older vessels which have a limited radius of action, we may look forward with some confidence to the British flotillas attaining a- superiority over those of Germany equivalent to a ! proportion of nearly three to one. Not I only have we reason to believe that the ■ British boats are better designed than | those of Germany, but wo have the most I conclusive evidence that the officers and men in charge of these craft stand supreme in cool daring and in their competency to I get every ounce of fighting value out of tho submarine placed in their charge.— I ‘Naval and Military Record.’ THE C< IST OF BRITISH SEA BOWER. It is hardly .‘■•urprh.ing, in v:-. w of trios I times, that little is now heard of the hnr- | don of naval armaments. Gor.r;-si«entiv ! tho issue of the usual return "Of tho Total Naval Expenditure r.i the United Kin.I dom ” and tho outlay <d each of tho other 1 principal naval Powers has at* meted little i attention. It contains a perfect armory of ! figures which in other conditions at Horn,- | and abroad the Littio Navy section of our I politiitms would have used with effect. !In the first place, they would have re- ! minded us that were it not for the heavy I outlay on tho fleet the British working | man might be enjoying a “free bioakfast, jtable.’’ They would have told ns, us they i were telling us, in fact, on tho very eve i of the outbreak of hostilities, float it was only necessary to put pressure on the AdI miralty and reduce tie t osf oi Uie fleet | from £52,000.000 to £42,000.000, and tho I British working man and the wholepopulai tion would be relieved from the present ' taxation on sugar, tea, chicory, and cocoa, j not fo’-getting cocoa of all the commodii ties. Wo now know that if these foolish ! people had had their way tho British working man would have not “a free breakfast I table,’’ but a breakfast table without anything upon it, or at least, very little, these came, polittc.i.Uirt would "nave used : this return to [trove the aggressive naval policy which was being followed hv the ■ Admiralty ; they would have tried to convinco us that Germany needed a great fleet, and that we had no cause far nervousness. Grand Admiral von Tirpitz’a honeyed words in the interview which was published this spring in the ‘ Daily i Ghioniclo ’ and the spoches delivered by Grand Admiral von Kcester at Kiel on the eve of war would have been quoted. These fellow-countrymen of ours would have held up-the British people to the condemnation of the world for not permitting Germany to seize the trident loun >v hands. If they honestly believed all that they preached they would not now remain silent. Wo are forced to conclude that they have cither been converted by the march of events or have not the courage of their opinions.—‘Naval and Military Record.’ 'THE NAVY’S NEW WEAPON. Germany’s inferiority in regard to naval armament will be even more marked in a few weeks—v, hen the 15in gun makes its appearance on two new British superDreadnoughts—than it is at present. We already havo on duty in tho North Sra (says Mr Archibald Hurd, in the ‘ Daily Telegraph ’) thirteen ships mounting a gun —tho 13.5 m weapon—which is still without its equal in any of tho navies of the world. In October two ships—the Queen Elizabeth and tho Warspite—are due for delivviy. They mount an even more deadly weapon—the new 15in gun. Tho First Lord of the Admiralty recently pave the nation the Admiralty’s view of the triumphs of tho British naval ordnance aulhoritiec. Speaking of tho efficacy of the, new gun over the 15.5 in weapon, he said : “ V hen the first of these guns was tried, it yielded ballistic results which vindicated, with what is to tho Jay mind marvellous exactitude, the minutest calculations of tho designer. It is tho best, gun we have ever had ; it reproduces all tho virtues of the 13,5 in gun on a larger scam, and it is tho most accurate gun at all ranges that we have ever had. As it is never pressed to its full compass by explosive discharge it will be an exceptionally long-lived gun. Its power may he measured by tho fact that, whereas the 15.5 in gun hurls a 1.4001b projectile, a 15in gun discharges a projectile of nearly a ton in weight, and ran hurl this immense mass of metal 10 or 12 miles. That is to say, there lias been an increase of rather more than 30 per cent—l am purposely vague on this point—in the weight of tho projectile lor an addition of liin to the calibre. This increase in the capacity of the, shell produces results in far greater proportion to its explosive power, and the high explosive charge which tire 15in gun cn carry through and get inside the thickest armor afloat is very nearly half as large again m the 16in gun as was the charge in tho 13.6 in.” It is interesting to recall that even though tho war should last until next autumn, when two more British ships with 15in guns aro due for delivery, Germany ! will still possess no ships carrying a j heavier weapon than tho 12in gun, which | wo superseded in 1909. I • FATE OF THE GERMAN NAVY. 1 Speaking at a recruiting meeting at ! Liverpool on September 21, Mr Churchill said he had come to ask for a million rneit to reinforce the gallant - army of Sir John French. They had no need to bo anxious as to the result of the war. Ho could not have hoped that at this stage circum [ stances would have been so favorable to ; tho allied forces. There was no reserve of manhood or vital energy on the side of our enemies that could prevent our million rnecr from turning the scale in our favor. In his opinion it was only a question of time and of client Britain holding firm As regards tho Navy, it had accomplished all thai might have been expected in pre- , curving the freedom of tho seas. Amid cheers, he added that if the German navy did not tome out to fight they would be j dug out like rats. } THE ESPIONAGE MENACE. Referring to the loss of three cruisers in tho North Sea. The Timer.’ some weeks since said • “ The whole episode suggests that there may have to bo tome revision of tho present practice with regard to saving hie from sinking ships. Even in | the case of torpedoed British warships the I work of rescue must, so far ac possible, be left to destroyers and other small cruft. We must- i-xi>ect more occurrences of this character - . Meanwhile wo have to consider I what steps can be taken to lessen the risk I of a. recurrence of such serious casualties.

U’e cannot help thinking lhat the Intelligence Department of the German navy is being uncommonly well served. We wish, therefore, that the civil authorities would pay greater heed to the warnings that are constantly pressed upon them by Lord Leith of Fvvie and others, and wist.‘tu to a far more vigorus search for auspicious persons dwelling within 50 miles of the cast coast. We are by no means satisfied that sufficient precautions have been taken in this respect.” THE BATTLE OF X.WARIX. From Mrs E Mchigan, of Dcmaghadu, Co. Down, comes a copy of a ballad, headed ‘The Battle of Xavarin, 20th Octoiler, 1827.’ The ballad was punted, Mrs Mchigan writes, immediately after the battle of Xavarin, and ibis copy belonged to her uncle, John King, who served on board the Asia. From lhat time up to the present, she adds, come relative of her* has taken pa it in every naval engagement, and her son is no.v in a battleship, believed to be “ somewhere about the Xorth Sea." The ballad consists of 27 verses, including the following: Here’s a health unto groat George our King, And may it long lie seen That he has lads with hearts of oak, Such as fought at Xa.varui. Here’s a health to Admiral Codiington, The Commander of our Heel, And long may he live to subdue hi* foes All on the briny deep. Here’s a health to Captain Fcllowc,-. That bold, undaunted man, Who brought us into action On the true British plan. Here’s success to our bravo officers, And to all our gallant fleet, Who beat the Egyptians and the Turks, And destroyed their haughty fleet. All in the height of glory Were mauv brave heroes slain ; But their names shah be recorded In the history of lame. It was to please our jovial crew 1 did invent this song; I hope I've not offended you. Although my ditty’s long. If anyone should ask you Who did compose this song, It was a saucy foremast Jack. To the Dartmouth docs be lone. ” AFTER THE WA IE” II is early yet to talk of what will happen ‘‘after tho war. Some people -eem to think that it will he over when the German forces have. been, cleared out of France and Belgium, but it is just then that we shall be, entering upon the most serious and probablv the most costly pnrt of the affair, and if* Germany can do with Metz and Straseburg and other important fortified towns anything like what Belgium did with Liege it will take many months to drive them out. The duration of the purely naval side of the war depends mainlv upon Germany, the one thing certain being that she can only prolong it by keeping her ships in harbor. But this policy must tell with deadly effect against cur enemies. The oversea trade of Germany has been brought to a standstill. Raw’ materials cannot be impoited; manufactured articles cannot Ik* exported. ITie wages nil! of the Ge.inan Empire is rapidly dwindling, and so are the available looii

supplies. Hamburg, the greatest port on tlie Continent, is reported to be almost in extremis, fresh meat being unproeuxab’e. i and milk very nearly so, while a month i ago eggs were quoted at 10s a dozen. 1 When we read lh : s wc can realise some- , thing of tlie value of sea power. Germany | may. and no doubt will, hold out a long : time yet ; but she is in the position of a | man with both arms pinioned and the | fingers of an enemy relentlessly tightening | round his throat.—“ Fore and -iff, in ‘X. and M. Ttecord.’ !

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Bibliographic details

NAVAL NOTES, Issue 15651, 16 November 1914

Word Count
2,049

NAVAL NOTES Issue 15651, 16 November 1914

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