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APPROACHING THORN. STRENGTH OF THE FORTRESS. PKTROGRAD. November 14. ; Official: Progress in East Prussia con- I tillin'-?. . I Fighring cmlimio? at the Stalupoun end j of the eastern chain for the possession of tlie Masurian lakes. We captured five howitzers at. Sohlati. A liernian offensive movement has commenced at Thorn. On both hanks of the Vistula, towards Wlozlawek (between Pluck and Thorn), the Germans are. movine towards the frontier. For several weeks past 6,000 workmen have been enlaced day ami night per- i feeling the defence, of Thorn. The arma- , ment. includes 1.000 guns, 60 per cent, of which are of long range. SOCTHERN OPERATIONS. PROGRESS IN GALICIA. PKTROGUAD, November 14. Official : The Russians have occupied Taruow least of Cracow|. The Russians assaulted the fortified positions at Turni. near the Urzok Pass, on the night of the 11th inst., and the Austrians reti'onted. SERVIANS REAPPEAR AFTER RECUPERATION PERIOD. iXondon ‘Times’ and Sydney ‘Sun’ Services.) LONDON, November 13. The Austrians crossed the Danube and. entered Servia near Semendna (Sorvia). where the Servians attacked and defeated the invaders, many of whom were drowned while endeavoring to swim the Danube. The Servians captured 2,000 Austrians. ADVANCE ON ERZERUM. TURKS FARING BADLY. PETROGRAD, November 14. The Russians are advancing on Erzerum on three sides. The road was practically open to within .a few miles of the town, where they were confronted by the formidable Deveboynn heights, which wore the scene of severe fighting in 1877. The Turks had reinforced Erserum from Trebizond. Tho Russians inflicted great loesea on the Turks at Alogrikes. When attempting a flank attack on tho Russian left, the Turks were caught by a punishing cro?»-fire from mountain artillery and broken up by infantry charges. The Caucasians are now pursuing the Turks in the mountains. EGYPT. LOYAL MOSLEM PROFESSIONS. CAIRO, November 15. The leading Moslem religious authorities have issued a proclamation urging tho Egyptians to maintain a peaceful attitude and shun intrigues. Tho chief religions sheiks in the Sudan have spontaneously expressed their loyal tv to the Government, pay a. tribute to beneficent British rule, and dissociate themselves from Turkeys actions, which have alienated the sympathies of the Mohammedan world. GERMAN ATROCITIES in west’africa. PARIS. November 14. An officer of the expedition to Edea, in the Cameroons. which was occupied by the Allies at the close of October, states that the Germans forcibly enlisted carriers land pitilessly massacred refugees. Eleven natives from a village called Japowa—men, women, and children—were disembowelled. During the fighting the Germans also incinerated a number of natives who were imprisoned in a hut. AUSTRIA’S ATT ITT’I) E. AN AMERICAN RUMOR. PEACE OVERTURES. NFAV YORK, November 13. In financial circle? it is believed that Austria has asked the United States to approach the Allies unofficially asking what terms would be allowed to Austria if she abandoned Germany and sued for peace independently. GERMAN CRUISERS’ BASK IN THE PACIFIC. TO AMERICA. WASHINGTON, November 14. An Anglo French Note has been presented to the United States Government protesting against wireless installations m Ecuador and Colombia assisting the Germans. Tl states that the Galapagos Islands are serving ns a naval base for the German cruisers in the Pacific. The Note has been presented to Washington instead of to Ecuador and Columbia, her ause the Allies are desirous of scrupulously respecting the spirit of the Monroe Doctrine. THE PACIFIC PROBLEM. CANADA AND NAVAL DEFENCE. HER LAND CONTINGENTS TO BE KEPT AT 150,000. OTTAWA, November 13. The Department of Marine states that no action has yet been taken with regard to the naval question in Canada, despite contrary statements appearing in tho London i*ress. It is understood that Cabinet is considering tho matter, and there is a likelihood that the Government will formulate a scheme to submit during the next parliamentary session. It is not known whether the New Zealand Prime Minister's suggestion that Canada, Australia, and Now Zealand should form a Pacific unit would be favored, but it is understood that Cabinet has already considered the idea. Since the Emden. affair practically tho entire Press of Canada is demanding that Canada should adopt some naval defence policy, the Liberal papers admitting the necessity. the announcement that Britain js raising another million men led the Militia Department to state that it hojjed> if the

war was still rontimiing by next November, .Canada would be maintaining 150,000 men in the field, Canada arrui.ging nut merely to send the contingents, but to keep up a fixed supply of reinforcements. so as to keep the contingent entire for the duration of the war.

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THE RUSSIAN ADVANCE., Issue 15651, 16 November 1914

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THE RUSSIAN ADVANCE. Issue 15651, 16 November 1914

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