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(By Minobca.] Contributions and questions for answering should he addressed to ‘'Minorca," I'onltry Ilditor, ‘ Star ’ Office, and received not late.r than Tuesday of each week. “ Minorca ” will only answer communications through this, column. I Culling.—The time Jor culling lias now arrived. and. food being so high in price. seven* culling should bo practised. Cockerels should ho pone through very carefully. Only those showing extra pood headpieces should he kept. Any bird showinir signs of a broken face should be disposed of at once. Birdc- giving any indication of leg weakness should also bo killed off, also any bird with twisted locs or any deformity. So much for cockerels. Xow for pr.lfcts. Breed ?is, as a rule, do not care to kill them, but, all the same, selection should be made, whether you arc breeding for show o- utility. Breeders of ehoubiids v 111, of course, cull out heavily, keeping only birds which are well up to standard form Utility breeders should cull our all undersized birds and any birds with a deformity Breeders who do well with th.' sale of sittings and chick* should (select the host-looking specimen, as well ns birds which look like layers. This year I have had more inquiries about the cause of sickness in chickens than I

This year I have, hud more inquiries about the cause of sickness in chickens than I have experienced any other season. Iu every case the trouble ha© been, with AVhito Leghorns. This is no doubt due chiefly to tho number of White Leghorns hied," but no doubt it is also caused hy continually breeding from the best layers. This is bound iu time to cause trouble, unless brooders are careful in selecting their breeding pens. The first consideration in selecting tho breeding pen should be stamina. Any bird which shows signs oi weakness, never mind what her egg tally is, should never bo bred from, or trouble is sure to follow Cockerels for tho breeding pen shntld bo bred from well-matured sleek, and be bred early in tho season,, when both parents are in tho best of health and in full rigor.

Air Hill, who is so well known a« a canary breeder and judge, hat gone in for Whit** Leghorn* and ducks. At present he is breeding for utihty, but ho in likely to take tip the fancy, and then breeders will have tn ait up. A breeder who has a. good eye for a- canary will not take long before he thoroughly understands poultry. I wieh him the best of luck

All the. houses should be whitewashed this month, the roosts should be removed and be well soaked in kerosene. The nest boxes should be denned out "and whitewashed. The drinking vc-eteb should be well scrubbed out. and then washed with a weak solution, of permanganate of potash or Jeyes’ fluid. The chicken coops ©hoiiM he well cleaned before- a fresh hatch of chicks is put in them. Be very careful with the drinking vessels for chicks. Never Jot. healthy chicks drink from a vessel used bv eick chickens until it hus been thoroughly disinefeted. Right on the top of the Anderson Bay Hill at Tainui Mr Swan ha© ins poultry runs. The breeze, up there is very keen. The breed kept is AVh.ite Leghorn, but I fancy the Silver Wyandotte© or the Black (irpiiigtons would be more, editable for bleeders in Mn -a exposed positions. The Dunedin Fanciers’ Club Show next rear should be a big success as regards canaries. I understand mast of the member© of the Otago Fanciers’ Society will bo ©bowing. It is very satisfactory to find that the clubs will onco more work in harmony for the benefit of the fancy. The Bantam" Club this year ha© rccured a lot iff new members, and there* should b© a good show of these interesting pets. Feeding Ducklings.-—A mixture of one part bran, one part maize meal, and two parts of pollard, mixed with milk, warm water, or liver soup, and fed, every three hours, gives excellent results. The ducklings should not be fed until they are 24 hours old After that feed four times a day until they are a month old. After j reduce to three times a day. Green food ie absolutely necossarv for ducks. I Chopped lettuce ie about the best, but grave or other suitable green food will do. For fattening, keep tho birds in a small run. feed four times a day, just ns much ;ifi thov will cat up clean, and only enough water" io quench their thirst. Ducklings do not fatten well if given an unlimited amount of water. Reduce tho quantity of bran, and add oatmeal. Give ae much milk as vou can spare. Ft ie best to keep the ducks and drakes separate. Comtnenco topping up when the wing feathers are well grown, and in two or three weeks thev should be wady for killing. Cramp is the chief causa of death with ducklings, caused, as a rule, hy exposure and wot sleeping quarters. EGG-LAYING COMPETITION. The New Zealand Utility Poultry Club’s tenth egg-laving competition—April 8, 1914, to’ March’ 51, 1915: mx. to a pen—completed its thirtieth wook on Novenvbor 3 as follows : —Light Broods. — 1. A. W. Adams (Sheffield), AV.L. ... 850 J). Y. Gibson (Herbert), AV.L. ... 84« 3 Heretaunga P.C. (Silveretream), W.L , 846 4 Caldor Bros {, W.L. ... 836 5. P. A Lazarus (Hutt), W.L. ... 832 6. J. W. Green (St Alba no), W.L. ... 821 —Heavy Breeds.— L Miss Bita Nixon, 8.0 863 2. it. Munger (Hutt), 8.0 ... 783 5. AY. E. Green (St. Albany), S.AV. ... 739 —lndian Burm-Ci' Ducks.— 1. Glencoe Ranch. Karori 801 ?. HcreUiunga P.C., Silversiraam ... 759 Tho 42 pare in the light breed* (252 birds) have laid in the 30 weeks a total of 31,138 eggs ; the 18 pens cf heavy birds (103 birds) have laid 11,709 eggs; and th<J Indian Runners (six pen?, 36 birds) have laid 4.265 eggs-

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POULTRY NOTES, Issue 15650, 14 November 1914

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POULTRY NOTES Issue 15650, 14 November 1914

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