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THE ENEMY DESPERATE.

HALF A MILLION TROOPS HELD UP ON THE YSER, MEN FRUITLESSLY SACRIFICED. GERMAN DEFEAT NEAR KALISZ. RIOTS IN CONSTANTINOPLE. MR ASQUITH WANTS ANOTHER MILLION MEN. BRITISH CASUALTIES FOR THREE MONTHS 57,000. Press Association—3y Telegraph—Copyright.

FIGHTING ON THE YSER. OK PM ANS FAIL TO CROSS. A LI’I.I. FURTHER NORTH. SOME PROGRESS IN FRANCK PARIS, Now mho r 13. (Received November 14. at 10.55 a.m.) A communique stales : Iho action from tho river Lva to the sea- is loss severe. The German efforts to cross the Yser qanal failed, and German attacks to tho north-cast and south-east of \ pros were repulsed. We have gradually advanced in the lastfew days on rht- lino fiom Auneuticrcu to the Oise, and are now within between 500 metres and 50 metres oi tiro German wire entanglements. Me captured I racy le Vnl and progressed slightly at other points north of the Ai-sne. We repulsed German cmmtor-al tacks at Chavoime and Sonoir, also at Reny ;mBac. and made some progress elsewh-ie. GERMAN LOSSES. ARP A LI. ING SLA Uf! 1 IT KR. THEIR STRENGTH IN FLANDERS ABOUT HALF A MILLION. LONDON, November 13. (Received November 14, at 10.40 n.m.) Tim fighting in Belgium and Northern Franco is really f n r vantage points--sione detail of ground, such a.' a word or a quarxv. which enables a bait levy or two to become unassailable, and make*-, it possible to organise attacks ludiand it. [lie Geiman losses southward or Dixmude aro appalling One body ot troops was thrice, flung hack. They wore allowed to approach within 20 yards, when the French fire cut down every man. Three thousand Ormans were thus kil.cd in 10 minutes. Captured German oflieirs stale that half a million G-armans are lighting in the Yeer district. They estimate iln-u 10-ses at PC.OOO. One’ regiment, originally 1.800 stiong. now lUMtibcvp tO. The enemy s Josses include five generals. BAVARIAN REINFORCEMENTS. DESPERATE BELGIAN CHARGES. AMSTERDAM. November 13. (Received November 14, at 5.50 a.in.) 11i ; 1 Daily Telegraph’ correspondent states that th-> Bavarian.- have reinforced tho Germans near A pres. ■ Ihe garrisons in Central Belgium have iu’-'n decreased in order to lolnfoico the enemy s front-. Many hod ages are being held in Belgian towns. One Belgian reginmnt made seven bayonet attacks in one night In-lueen Nienport and Dixmude. Out <>i 249 Belgians cany 50 survived.

ONE GERMAN SUBMARINE 11 AT [.ED OVERLAND. ZEEBRUGGE ITS BASK. AMSTERDAM. November 1.3. I Retched November 14. at 8.50 a.ni.) One submarine has been put together at Zeckrnggc (on the Belgian coast, between (Mend and Antwcip). DISTRESS IX BE 1.01 CM. 810 SUMS NEEDED. LONDON, November 13. (Received November 14, at 10.55 a.m.) The various Belgian relief committees uid -our- distinguished Belgians have guaranteed £GO),OCO. which will bo given to the commission for administering relief in Belgium ; but tho distress there is still enormous. ON THE AISNE. SOME GALLANT DOINGS, HEROIC FRENCH ARTILLERYMAN. ENGLISH LANCERS’ GREAT CHARGE. (London ‘Times’ and Sydney ‘Sun’ Services.) LONDON, November 12. •The TimcfiV ’ correspondent cays; “The battle on tho Aisne is like the smde of a t'lhoshiie cat —continually lading a«,u and reappearing. At present the cat wears its ' r - ; n'io enemy’s supply of heavy artillery aaul airmen is greater than it was during September. This may not pommel a recrudescence of violence, hut both sides aro engaged in a form of sparring “ Ao fighting in this district immensely influences operations on the left wmg, and th- Allies’ prospects of turning the trermau ‘position above Solssons have materially improved. . “ Tim ground lost at Vaillv was quickly recovered. The Germans dislodged the Allies bv unexpectedly dragging up heavy artiilcrv and assembling a superior force of infantry. Being outnumbered and outraimed. the French were compelled to retire? Their guns were immovable, hut helcl out to the last. Finally only one remained in action. The gunners vowed to stick to their post till they had fired the ■whole of their ammunition. They poured shell after shell at tho steadily-advancing er.emv ; but. though they swept awav hue after'line, they failed to wholly check.the advance. They still had 12 shells when the Germans were 500 yds away, and fired their last shell when the Gennana were 100 yds away. Then tho gunners coolly removed the gun-bveech and escaped, having killed 600 of tho enemy. “ One momentary retreat was marked by a gallant charge.' The English Lancers wero fully exposed to the enemy’s lire, and had to chboso between retreating and remaining under fire without the chance of reply. Neither- alternative suited their kidney. They charged the German batteries a mile away, and 2,000 strong. In less than ten minutes all the German arJiUexmw Sftre sabred,”

AROUNO YPRES. HEAVY ARTILLERY DUEL. THE ALLIES SCORE. PARTS, November 13. (Received November 14, .at 11.35 a.m.) Tho Germains are pouring an avalanche of shells into Ypivs ; but the Allies’ artillery is even more formidable, inflicting terrible carnage. It Inis demolished the underground galleries in which the Hermans were taking refuge, and numbers of the enemy are entombed. ' HURLED FROM POLAND. SEVERE GERMAN DEFEAT. RUSSIAN SUCCESS NEAR KALISZ. PARIS. November 13. (Received November 14, at 8.50 a.m.) A telegram from Petrograd states that the Hermans were badly beaten north of Kalisz. They lost many dead and 12 big guns. jThe cables advised on Wednesday that tho Russia’!? had advanced from Plem-hen to Miesehow, to the north of Kalisz. Tho latter frontier town marks about the middle.of the extreme western line of the Polish salient.]

AUSTRIAN DISASTER. IN SOUTH-EAST GALICIA. TWO DIVISIONS WIPED OUT. BUCHAREST. November 13. (Received, November 14. at 8.50 a.m.) While ;r small Russian force made a frontal attack on two Austrian divisions on the River Pruth the main Russian force concentrated at Stnrozynetz (south of Czernowitz), cutting off the Austrian retreat. Both Austrian divisions were annihilated. [The Pruth rises in the Carpathians, and, after leaving Galicia, forms the boundary between Russia and • Rumania till it enters the Danube.] TURKUV AND THE WAR. RIOTS IN CONSTANTINOPLE. COPENHAGEN. November 15. (Received November 14, at 9.10 a.m.) There is serious rioting in Constantinople. and widespread with the Government’s war policy. The Germans have taken over the command of the city. HEROIC RUSSIAN SAILORS. A BLACK SEA INCIDENT. SINKING OF THE PRUTH. PETROGRAD, November 15. (Received November 14, at 9 a.m.) The following is the official version of the incident cabled on October 31 (when a Constantinople message stated that the Turkish squauron in the Black Sea sank the Russian mine-layer Pruth. villi. 7CO men aboard, besides sinking a destroyer ami doing other damage) ; The Russians blew up the transport Pruth rather Ilian surrender to the Hoeben. The Pruth had no guns, but when called on to surrender she hoisted the military flag and made fur the coast. The captain opened the Kingston valves, and blew a hole in the bottom of his vessel. Lieutenant Kogowsky perished heroically in attempting to fire a second charge of explosives. Part of the crew escaped in boats; others flung themselves into the water, wearing lifebelts. Tho Turkish torpedo boats picked up some of them. The chaplain and a handful of men remained aboard the Pruth. -Vs she sank the chaplain ga.ve his blessing to the men, who went down (homing and singing the Russian National Anthem.

AT TSINC-TAO. HAZARDOUS WORK. REMOVING GERMAN LAND MINES. TOKIO. November 13. (Received November 14, at- 8.50 a.m.) Official : Two officers and eight men wore killed and one officer and 55 men were injured at Tsing-ta.o while removing land mines. There are 336 wounded Germans in the hospital. DE WET SURPRISED RUT ELUDES”CAPTURE. ROTH A FINDS HIM SLIPPERY. TOO. PRETORIA, November 13. (Received November 14, at- 9.10 a.m.) Official : General .Botha, by a forced night march on Margnard, east of Winbufg (in the. Orange. River Colony), surprised Ue Wet, capturing two laagers and taking 260 prisoners. Commanders Lukin and Brets, with other commandos, failed to roach the allotted points in time, otherwise there would have been a good chance of .surrounding and capturing De Wet and his 2,000 followers. A REBEL LEADER CAPTURED. PRETORIA. November 13. (Received November 14, at 9.5 a.m.) General Mullen (whose rebel commando had a sharp fight with a police force under Colonel Mert on November 6, losing four killed and 58 raptured, ns well as transport, and ammunition) has been captured. He was wounded. BOTTLING UP THE KONIGSBERG. LONDON, November 13. (Received November 14, at 9.10 a.m.)

Tho Press Bureau slates that tw>o men were lulled and ono officer and one man wounded in the sinking of the colliers to block the German cruiser Konigsberg at Mafia Islanch (off German Eaet Africa).

GERMAN MARINE OFFICERS BREAK PAROLE AND ESCAPE. MADRID, November 13. (Received November 14, at 8.50 a.m.) A message from Las Palmas (CanaryIslands) states that 10 of the sunken Kaiser Wilhelm’s officers, who were on parole aboard a German steamer moored in tho harbor, escaped in a Dutch steamer disguised as firemen. ESPIONAGE IN ENGLAND. FRUIT FOR THE WOUNDED. LONDON, November 15. (Received November 14, at 9.5 a.m.) The London County Council have refused several licenses to kinema theatres in which Germans held substantial shares. Tho newspapers give remarkable stories of light-signalling along the Yorkshire coast. Many questions have been asked in Parliament relating thereto and to espionage. Tho Cape Colony farmers arc sending fruit for the wounded in the hospitals. COPPER SHIPMENTS. AMERICA’S GUARANTEE REQUIRED. LONDON, November 13. (Received November 14, at 9.10 a.m.) The ‘ Dally Telegraph]s ’ Washington correspondent says that Sir Edward Grey has informed Mr Bryan that Great Britain will permit copper shipment?, not exceeding the consumption neutral countries contiguous to enemies, if a guarantee is given that none will find its way •to tho enemy. ANOTHER MILLION MEN WANTED. A HALF CROWN INCOME TAN. A LAN SPY POLICY. LOSSES TO OCTOBER 51. LONDON, November 15. (Received November 14. at 8.50 a.m.) The Home Secretary (Mr M'Kenmi), replying to the newspapers regarding the laxity of his spy policy, said that throughout he had been guided by military advice. . . , Air Asquith announced Hud the Brdn-n casualties in France and Belgium up to October 31 were 57,000. The ‘Daily Telegraph’ understands that the Government on Monday will ask the Commons to .sanction the raising of an additional million troops. The same paper says that a hall crown Income Tax is likely. [The Income Tax at present is 9d, Is. and Is 2d in the £•] (Received November 14. at 9.5 a.m.) The Supplementary Estimates provide for an additional million troops.

MORE ABOUT THE EM DEN. LONDON’. November 13. (Received November 14. at 8.55 a.in.) Tim ‘Daily Chronicle's ’ Cnees Island correspondent adds that the landing party note landed on the shore of a. lagoon. They were determined to light to a finish. nut when iho Sydney reappeared 6 o'clock at night they *anbarfccd aboard an old r.ehncner, the Avcsha, Iwlonging to Mr Ross, the uncrowned king of the island. After commandeering a quantity of clothes and stores they sailed away, and have not been seen since. The Sydney returned on Tuesday morning. Slic stated that, having the advantage of speed, she was able to keep out of range of the Linden's gnn<-. and drove her ashore on the north of Keeling Island, and within 89inin she was a total wreck. Each cruiser attempted to torpedo the other, and Doth were unsuccessful, The Sydney's speed during the light was 26 knots and Ihr Linden's 24. The Sydney left at 11 o'clock on Tuesday morning, hoping to pick ini the survivors of the collier Burlsk, and later returned with the prk-nuers. She finally left Coens on Thursday. A DASH OF COMMON SENSE. A PIRATE WHO SANK SHIPS. LONDON. No Dm 13. Mr Oliver Armstrong Frv. ' in tlm 'Daily Mail.’ says that Lngh. I.men have a sueidting admiration for Captain Midler; but the fad that he did not ronnnit murder on tho high seas was no reason ivhv hj - should he placed on an unnecessarily high pedestal. .Midler was a pirate, and he sank shire. It Mas his duty to hav ■ brought his captures into port unhurt until thev'diad been condemned as lawful prizes bv a. prize, court. It would he interesting to know how much of the property ilia I was sent tn the bottom belonged to neutrals. THANKS TO THE NAVY. LONDON, November 13. (Received November 1-1. at 9.5 a.m.) The Baltic Exchange, oairicd. amid loud cheering, a resolution of thanks to the allied navy, particular. - to the Sydney, for destroying the Linden. The newspapers comment on the work of tho telegraphists .at Cocos, island and praise their alertness. THE .SYDNEY'S SILENT APPROACH. THE KOMKT'S REBIRTH. SYDNEY, November 14. (Received November 14, at 11.20 a.in.) It appears that the Sydney steamed silently and sw’ftly to engage the Linden. For many days prior to tin. engagement messages of an insi. nilica.nr. character were sent out to the Sydney to keep her in touch with Cocos Island, hut the transmitting officer had no means of asceru.iuing if they weie lecOved. Senator’ Pea-ce (Minister of Defence) has approved of the captured Herman ship Ivoniet being renamed Una, and recommissioned. THE PACIFIC RAIDERS. TWO CRUISERS AT VALPARAISO. LONDON, November 13. (Received November 14, at 11.35 a.m.) Renter's Valparaiso correspondent stales that the Herman cruisers Leipzig and Dresden arrived there, and are provision-

ing. TRADING WITH GER > I ANY. FEDERAL AUTHORITIES VIGILANT. MELBOURNE. November IT (Received November 14. at 11.20 a.m.) The Defence authorities raided several more hmdncw plares. including the oilice of the Nurddoutnchcr Lloyd Company. Mr Hughes (Attorney-General) Gale? that as a “result, of further investigations papers have recently been oh I .,lined and additional evidence of an important character has hoen made available. Tho High Court, acting under the. Trading With Enemies Act, have appointed Frederick Wilson receiver and manager of the Continental Rubber Company. The evidence, submitted was that tier enm-ren was an offshoot of a German company, in which 4,995 out of its 5.000 share? are hold by German resident,-, in Germany, the remaining five local shareholders holding one, shave each ANOTHER SPY SENTENCED. LONDON, November 13. (Received November 14. at 11.35 a-.m.) Ernst has been sentenced to seven veins' imprisonment. [Ernst cares up for trial a month ago on a charge of espionage. The evidence showed that his shop was the. centre of a German spy system, and communications relating to* the payments of money for espionage were found on his premises.] OVERSEAS CLUB. Tho organisation brought its active work to a close to-day as far as receiving donations of goods for distressed Bntish and Belgian war waifs is concorned. Yesterday was a particularly busy day, and a large part of tho committee’s time was taken tip with packing goods ’ for (consignments

abroad. A large number of pairs of socks and cholera belts wore received for the Queen Mary fund, and two well-known lady donors forwarded a case of children’s complete outfits. At a meeting of the ladies’ committee held yesterday, it was decided to continue receiving donations, which will in future bo handed over to local charitable institutions for distribution among tho local needy. The committee will meet on Thursdays to arrange the donations, and Mrs Hill Jack (JRoslyn) has kindly arranged to store any donations given by people in her district. A vote of thanks was passed to the president (Mrs C. Statnam) and to Miss D. Lawrence (secretary of the Ladies’ Committee) for tho splendid way in which they had carried out their duties. Tho president thanked the ladies who nad worked so energetically in tho interests of the club. Votes of thanks to donors were also passed. In yesterday’s issue it was stated that the club had just completed their “ second ” case of goods to be sent to the relief of distressed Belgians. It should have been “ seventysecond.” RELIEF FOR FRIENDLY SOCIETIES. WELLINGTON, November 14. Cabinet has decided to vote approximately £I.BOO to enable the Government to share in the reinsured risks friendly societies have undertaken for their members who have gone with tho Expeditionary Force to serve tho Empire. ‘THE PATRIOT.’ (After Tennyson.) [By C. J. Kirk, in the ‘Scot*’ Pictorial’ for September, 1914.] If you wake, don’t call me early, not a murmur, Mother, dear For alt ho' the country's calling me, I’d sooner far be here, _ With my little flag for' flying- and my cheer for England’s King, Ami my little pah to help me. do a little mafficking. ’Course I know my country calls me, but there’s always hundreds more Who will fight Old England’s battles, as they’ve often done before; While me and such another will remain here by your side And read the. war editions as our bosoms swell with pride. You should hear us cheering, Mother, when tho moving pictures show Sir Edward Grey and Kitchener and French and Jellicoe; But when Kitchener's war message Lakes tho place of battle views, We unfold our evening papers and read out the latest news. But some folks are so silly. Ma. the letters that they write Complaining to the editor we won't go out and fight. Well, if we should (of course, we won’t!) confront Old England’s foes, Who's going to wnt-h tho football games and help to pry the pros? So if you wake, don’t call me early, not a- murmur, Mother, dear— This recruiting business simply shows the world’s gone out of gear. If you’re looking for subscriptions—well, * we're ready with our bobs I We'll help the soldiers’ widows, and their orphans, never i’c-ar— Later ou—as wo’vo survived them, we will sneak the fighters’ jobs! THE REINFORCEMENTS. The local defence authorities are still ignorant of any steps having been taken to equip another 10,(100 men for service abroad. It seems probable, however, that .a request will be made for this number. Local military authorities generally agree that the additional 10, COO will be forthcoming, but the drain on the country will he heavy as a consequence, as it. means that something like 45,C00 men will have been sent from the Dominion by the end of next year. .Men with military exi'erionoe state that the New Zealand soldier is superior to the Territorial recruit in Great Britain, and tho regulars being now almost exhausted, it naturally follows that, future reinforcements from Great Britain will he almost entirely drawn from the Terriloriais and from men who have not, had any previous training. It, wa? rumored that wrar large pmplovers of labor wore refusing to hoop open positions cl employees who volun-r.-'rred for .service, Innnirio.- made show that these rumors are without foundation, and employers, on the whole, appear to he acting generously in the matter. DUNEDIN WOMEN'S ASSOCIATION. Tho school children of Port Chalmers sent iu 16 pairs m socks for the Lady Liverpool fund. Thanks are dm-, in connection with this donation, to MiftVs Sinclair and G-cddes, to.-: chens. Tho Port Chainlets Committee of the, afsociation also rout in 12 pairs of socks. The little Mit-sv-t Allen (Carey Bay) have handed in 7s l)d. collected by them >■;; Guy Fawkes Ifivv, as a donation to t,ie babies’ milk fund. The snick-, r ■ on the staff of the ’Otago Dallv Times’ Company have contributed (per* Mr S. 0 Minn) £7> 7s 6d to the Tommies’ Gin istmac smoko fund. Cases of clothing for tin British and Belgian fund have been received from Out ram. 11 vd >. Lnvrcnm’. Seaelilf. Henley Gore, Patino: -ton. Waiwera, Houipapa. ,)tiectis 1 own, Mi<h 1 temat oh. | " lfio.es f,,r the re .■■option of Bli the- donaj lions from mm hers will be. left, in the toI it:ta-onh(s’ shoo.-- today. I The cuipl-yee -. ro the Bn.dyn Woollen i Mills sent in yesterday a. hancL’tuito deltaj tion of 312 pairs of socks for the- Queen | Mary fund. I Tho following monetary donations have lve;i rccoivfd British and Belgian I’tti.d : Waiwera, Ladies’ Patriotic C-omintcuv £2. Waiwera Bridies’ Patriotic. Committee (for cardigan pickets l 82. Mi.-.; I Irn-h fra!riotic fund) 7s 6d, Mrs A. Mitchell (cardigans) 15s. Unknown (cardigans) £l. Unknown iambt'.laie £l, Mrs IN . .h-hmton (Quo-ft ’Maty fund! £1 WORK AT MORNINC7ON.

Thursday wns rccmvitiL' day at tho iMorningion ('outuil (Tiambors, ami larco quantities of goods for young ami old camo to hand in splendid condition, and worn pocked ready i-o he sent to tho Early ‘.Settlers’ Hall for shipment. The Mayoress (Itltr Holt) requests those who have Art Society's art union tickets to return ■the. blocks and money on Monday at 2 o’clock, as half <-f the money received ■is tn he hamiod over to the Lady Liverpool fund. More money is urgently wanted for cardigan jackets, and donations or socles anil cholera belts are also required. A number of ladies have sent donations and e-cods. : linn ME NTs’. A fabric large number of members of tire half of tlm Union Steam Ship Company having volunteered for active servin', the directors of tb.c company had agreed to nivo half-pay for pis months In nrembors of Ixdh shore and sea staff? who had volunteered. In view of hirer developments. til-' directors have now decided to extend this, and to grant full pay to all members on active r-ervi, e foi the. full term of the war. and also to keep open them positions. Within tlm left, two davs no fewer than six memher.s of the head of)lce staff have volunteered, in addif ion to those already gone. The Minister of Defence (Hon. .1. Allen) has received the following reply from Senator Pearce, the Commonwealth Defence Minister Much appreciate your kind eoncrat illations of 11th* mst regarding His j Majesty' 6 Australian chip Sydney.” I The ' Ladies’ Patriotic Committee at 1 Lawrence have, sent on to headquarters at i Dunedin litres more cases of clothing for the Belgian relief fund, and one case of socks (50 dDEsn) for Queen Mary’s fund. The amount raised at Evans Flat (Tuapeka County) for the patriotic fund is £4O. The local committee have not vet decided how the. money is to bo distrij buted. The ladles have sent on to Dunjoclin three cases of clothing for the British and Belgian relief funds. I 'Che employees of the ißoslyn Woollen Mills vestorday afternoon forwarded 312 . pairs of socks for the Queen Mary fund.

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Bibliographic details

THE ENEMY DESPERATE., Evening Star, Issue 15650, 14 November 1914

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3,688

THE ENEMY DESPERATE. Evening Star, Issue 15650, 14 November 1914

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