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THE ELECTIONS

MEETINGS THIS EVENING. Mr 0. R, . C; mith (Bruce), at Hillend School. Mr J. M, Dickson (Chalmers), at North Taieri Schoolhouso Hon. Jas. Allen (Bnioe), nt Milton. CHALMERS. NEW LIBERAL CANDIDATE SELECTED. At a largely-attended meeting of delegates representing the Chalmers electorate, field last night In the room of tho Liberal League at Dunedin, Sir Joseph W«ad presiding, it was stated that, iu deference to medical advice. Mr McJkr had definitely decided to relinquish the contest; Regret was expressed at the enforced retirement of Mr MoJler, and a vote of sympathy was expressed with him. Sir Joseph Ward, it is stated, gave no lead to the delegates, leaving the ©election of the Liberal candidate in their hands. Four names were placed before the meeting-—viz., Messrs J. London. W. D. Mason (farmer, Middlemarch), J. M'Donald, and T. Scollay (Mayor of Port Chalmers). After the claims of the quartet had been discussed, Mr Mason was unanimously selected to contest tho seat, and all present pledged themselves to work hard for his return. DUNEDIN WEST. Mr W. Duwnio Stewart will open tho Dine din West campaign on Wednesday next, when he will speak in Bums Hall. MINISTER. OF RAILWAYS AT TE AR-OHA. The Holt. W. H, Herrien addressed the Te Aroha portion of his constituency last evening. In the course of his remarks the Minister candidly admitted that tho Government had not carried out thenpromise to reform the fiscal system of the Dominion. It had been decided to do this last session, bat the outbreak of war had prevented the plans from being carried into effect. Although the Customs items had not been reduced, the Government had met the increased cast of living by inot easing tho wages of a largo body of men. in the Railways Department wages had been increased by £120,000 per annum, teachers' by £160,000, police bv £IB,OOO. public servants’ by £48,000,' and Post -and Telegraph by £42,000. A -promiso had been given to reform the economic system of tho Dominion by promoting industrial peace and restoring public confidence. He maintained that the Governments stiff backbone with regard to strikes bad promoted industrial petoe and restored the. oonfldeiifyi of the people. The Government had maintained that law and order should lie upheld, and that the commerce of the. Dominion should not be held up, and he would not fear to go before the country on the single question of his parly c action with regard to tiie strike. He fell chat ihi. lioverniiient. by th-GiL’ linn action, could rightly claim to have done more to promote industrial peace and restore public confidence than any previous Administration. Referring to proposed railway expenditure. Mr* llerrics d tho Government intended to borrow £3,200,000 for the equipment of the present lines. 'The sum was a largo one, but the expenditure was to extend over live years, and was absolutely essential. He wanted to combat the id«a that the. Government were going to spend the loan iu the towns for tho erection of palatial stations, for the stations were really the smallest part of the expenditure. The loan was mainlyrequired for shunting yards, engine yards, goods sheds, engine sheds, easing tho grades, and providing proper accommodation for the produce of the country. 'The Government’s first duty- must bo to ft-e that the lines were kept- in such a state that they' could cope with tho business provided by the feeder lines, but, nevertheless, he and his colleagues would continue their progressive policy in the opening up of the- Dominion by the laying down of feeders. Before leaving tho railways question he mentioned that although £l‘ooo,Co9 was to be spent on the Auckland railways, only £45,000 was to be appropriated for Auckland’s station. In reierxing Jo the future, tho Minister dealt with tho main Tea tines of the manifesto issued by tho Reform party. The present, ho sn,id,' was not tho timo to cnten- into details concerning the Navy Policy, but he could say that, there would probably be a conference in London when the war had been settled, and then would be tho timo for the different Dominions to agree with the Old Country upon a proper Naval Police, providing adequately for the defence of the Empire. It did not reflect credit upon the Dominion that it hud to Telv upon tho Australian squadron in the matter of taking tho troops to Samoa. Tho Government intended to co on min Ihe 2*ollol- that had already* p laced the finances of New Zealand on a much mom

satisfactory basis than was the case when they took office. Their laud policy would I K . "pursued. ami special attention would he paid to immigration, while the policy of promoting the welfare of rnininc: by oirect and indirect <xc*ist*i.iicc would in* elude iron and oil, which had,, with coal, a. national importance. The party intended to still further extend the usefulness of pensions by removing the penalty at present, imposed upon thrift, and_ as soon iis the necessary funds were available to provide pensions for the physically infirm. The necessity for the erection of workers’ homes in the country, as well as tho towns, was realised bv tho ’Reform party. Finally, by the foresight of tho Minister of Finance, it' was hoped that there would ho no need for the levying of a war tax. In concluding Mr Worries said the Ciowmmoiu were not’ divided mi political questions, and had gone through the whole Parliament without being once defeated on a Government, measure or motion. (A V oioe : 1 \\ hut about Fisher?") “Tho I?est Minister wo have. He's industrious, and will beat Fletcher hands down" (Applause.) The other side, he contended, were a heterogeneous collection, who, if they got into power, would be wagged by their tailthe Social Democrat?. He had read the Opposition’s policy, but all he had got out of it was that Sir Joseph Ward wanted to give £5 to even - infant, and then borrow it bark. (Laughter.) In answering questions, the. Minister said that ho had always been a- threefifths majority man on the Prohibition Question, and would remain in that same position throughout tho nest Parliament, lie was in favor of the referendum on the Bible-in-scbools question. A vote of thanks for the address and confidence .in the Minister was carried unanimously amidst chee.ia. MR SMITH AT MILTON. GOVKRN'MFNTS SIX'S OF OMISSION'. Mr C P. Smith, who opposes the Hon. James Allen for the Bruce seat and in the Liberal interest, spoko to a large audience in iho Coronation Hall, Milton, last night, fend gained by a very large majority the following vote (proposed by Mr G. Stewart)That we thank Mr Smith for his able and instructive address; we recognise. him as a fitting candidate for the representation of Bruce m the Lower House; and reaffirm our faith" in the Liberal party as the_ one j-arty In N'ew Zealand which will give a square deal to the mass of the people of Now Zealand." Mr Smith was introduced by the Mayor of Milton (Mr C. King), who said that the candidate was known in and out of tho electorate as both a teacher and a fanner. —lmperial Navy r.ud War Tax.— Mr Smith dallied rot a moment at the outworks of his enterprise, but plunged into tho question of tho Imperial Navy and the war tax He stood for an Imperial Navy. There was no chance of the country being able to support even a. small number of chips of a calibre that could deal with the largest ships an enemy might send here. If ope leg German vessel were to come here, and wo had vessels of the Bristol class here, the latter would l ; ,o useless. The small population of New Zealand did hot permit the project of a haw sufficient for the needs of the country.' New Zealand had been contributing 2a per head towards the Navy, while thr people of Great Britain xveu. giving £1 ner head. It wat : a. fair tiling that "t

should give up to lOe per head, and if returned ho would advocate a rise in the rate to a maximum of 10s per head. As for a war tax, the Prime Minister had decided that the £2,000,000 loan, and even more, be added on to the National Debt, to be paid off, as Sir Joseph* Ward had provided, by sinking fund, in 75 years. The effect of this would be that the consolidated revenue would have to bear the interest, and as a Liberal h© must submit that this woe protecting property in the war ns against the individual. It was not the property-owning population that was defending the country, and it was not fair for the consolidated revenue (the Customs, in fact) to bear the cost. Personally, he would advocate a graduated war tax on ail men earning from £175 upwards. (Hear, hear.) •—Tho Defence Act.— The country was spending £505,0C0 a year under tho Defence Act. They had spent no more than one-fifth of that on the volunteer force; if they had it would never have dwindled down to nothing. However, tho compulsory system at present in force must be maintained during this war, but afterwards it should be put on a footing less unjust. It was at present specially unjust to tho country. Ho would bo in favor- of reducing tho term from 25 to 21 years of age. If boys started from the age of 14 (as junior cadets) and continued in training till 21, they would be sufficiently trained for the defence of their countrv. JHear, hear.) All over 21. years would be drafted into the Reserve, joining volunteer corps, and there should also bo some modification of tho compulsory clause in regard to those under 21. At present it struck very hard at some workers in the country, and there

must bo appointed a consisting of the local captain, the Mayor of the town, or tho chairman of the school committee to receive apologies from absentees, and adjudge upon their merits, without treating involuntary absentees as defaulters. He also believed that no young man who had 8s or 9s a day. and had people dependent on him, should be asked to take 4s a day for military service. It should be raised to 6s or 7s a day. (Loud applause.) —-Liberal Achievements.— Mr Smith proceeded to recount briefly what tho Liberal party had done for the farmers and working men—the men without great means, or with little. In tho advances to settlers it had brought the rate for money down to 5 per cent-., and tho private lender had been compelled to come down to that, too. It had given cheap fire insurance, the rate having come down one-third as tho result of the Government's opposition to insurance companies. Tho Liberal party had done this m the face of Capitalism, and the present party in power dared not repeal it. Personally, he was not in favor of milking pensions universal, simply because, as a. small nation. New Zealand could not stand it. But the Liberal party at least would adopt the practice that no man should bo debarred from a pension because by stinting- Kirnseii and eaving he had managed to get a house. —Pick and Unemployment Insurance

“ Tho Prime Minister said three year;: ago.” continued the speaker, ” that he would provide, against, unemployment- and sickness. He lias done nothing at present. But wo are going to do it. . . . ’J in to mitsi, ho provided by tho nation ft national pension contributed to by the worker in his -lays of In-tilth and strength ami contributed to by the nation—winch pension a man can draw in sickness or unemployment.. If a man falls into sickness or cannot find work, what right lias tho State to put him to tho indignity of hiving to beg for food?” —Massey Promises and Performances.—

And now, from the performances of the old Liberal Government the speaker proceeded to enumerate tho promises of the Massey Government. Mr Mac soy and party had made charges against idle Liberal Administration of excessive borrowing, money squandering, corruption, and the like. And yet there hud never been one revelation of the kind ptomjsod by this Government —not- one scandal uuearthod. And as for borrowing, Mr Massey had "oun-Heroded Herod.” ’Die Liberal pan;,- from 1891 to 1095 had borrowed an average umount per year of £900,000 i from 18S6 to 1900, £1,300,000 ; from 1901 to 1905. £2,500.000 ; from ISO 6to 1911, £3,700.000. Mr Massey hi tiro year 1912-13 borrowed £0.706,850. and in tho year 1913-14 £4.695.064. Ami this year, deducting £5.752,000 for matters that should nor count (such as war), he had borrowed £8,695,000. He tapped tlie Liberal Government by many millions. ” Mind.” .siifl the spanker, ”1 do not say it is net needed, but this is the point: that tho charges again?!, tho late Government have not neon proved in the actions of the new Government. 'I he present party have done the .-amc. tiling in a greater degree.” .Mr Smith turned to the. Reform party’s fiscal system, which was te reduce tho cost of living, according to promhe made before election in 1911. 'The net result of 1912

was—nothing dona. In 1913 a Bill was i: traduced which was described by Mr Fisher as “a consolidation of existing law.” The effect of this consolidation was that duty was not non- charged on the 2i per cent, discount allowed for cash to the importer by the Home exporter. In other wordc, the. big importer who could pay cash did not pay on tho 2j poi- cent, dincount, while tho small importer had to poy out on the total amount. —Land .Settlement and “The Square Deal.**— Mr Massey had promised to dve the men of small capital all possible facilities to get on the land. “ Settlement, settlement, and yet more .settlement.” What had happened '! Tenants on land considered naturally that it was only fair that an outgoing tenant who had been on kind for years (when other people preferred to bo in the town) had a right to get, one of the sections on a property without competition. Take the ease of the Scargil run. It was agreed to cut it up into five. The old tenant was to yot one, and four were to bo thrown open to ballot. But some influence on mo to bear. The time of one of the members of the Land Board had’ expired ; another man took his seat, and the opinion of the board was changed. Tho board withdrew tho whole of the five runs, and redet Die whole to the late tenants at n new rate. Wao dM that? The Massey Government! I here was no "settlement, more settlement, ami still more settlement” there. Again, there were the Onwaim runs. The tenant had boon a kdv, living in The land was piopceed to be cut up. Until a tew weeks ago tho outgoing tenant could not got one of these r>j n s. Now the tenant could get a subdivision without competition at the rate fixed, arid without residence. There was the point—-tho outgoing tenant could take up a section without residence. No law should bo such that a person in London could buy outright while people in Now Zealand worn wanting land, and willing to settle in New Zealand. (Applause.) —Women Workers in Mills.— Air Smith indicted the Government further in respect of lack of legislation about women employees in woollen mills, of which Bruce had one. It had remained, ho said, for Air Wilforcl. a member of tho Opposition, to introduce a Bill giving women workers in woollen mills the right to work no more hours than the women in any ether industry in N'ew Zealand. In other trades women worked 45 Or 44 hour's a week. The employees in a mill did 48 hours. N'ow. the Lower House had passed Mr Wiifordk Bill for 45 hours, but in the Upper Houeo it was thrown out.—in that House of which 19 members had been appointed by Mr Massey—and women workers (the. mothers of future generations) had to work 48 hours. There was the “square deal" again. —Summing Up the Totals.—

Coming to a general conclusion without entering- into further detail, Mr .Smith said that there had hern no justification for tho charges made against the Liberal party, and ho was able m i-pv that r.e end not know Sir Joseph, Ward, and had been one of ihoso that had helped three years ago to put the Maccey Government in power. And if during two' and a-half years of office the present Government "had been unable to better the Liberal policy, dirtily it was belter to represent the Libera! policy of progress by men who

had sympathy -with the measures than by men who merely tolerated and dare not alter them ■ —Questions. — In answer to questions, Mr Smith said that he favored proportional representation, safeguarded in the country centres by a provision whereby fewer (a smaller quota) were required to elect a. member than in the town. As to the question of the referendum with the initiative, he believed in it. On the liquor question he was in favor of the 55 per cent, majority to carry National Prohibition. The vote' of thanks and confidence was carried very heartily

Mr J. W. Munro, the selected Labor candidate for Dunedin Central, spoke last night in the Volunteer Hall, Green Island. Tho Mayor (Mr E. J. Reove) presided, and there was an attendance of over 300. The candidate spoke mainly on the linos of his addi ess in the Early Settlers’ Hall. Speaking on tho Huntly disaster, he claimed that it was caused through tho neglect of tho Government in net passing into law the recommendations of the 1911 Mining Commission. At the conclusion of tb© address a hearty vote of thanks was unanimously accorded Mr Munro, the meeting expressing the fullest confidence in him as a fit and proper person to represent them in Parliament.

For bueinees reasons, Mr R-. S. Briggs, who has been contesting the Parnell seat as the seleolad Opposition candidate, has decided to retire. Mr J. J. Sullivan is announced as tho Opposition candidate. He was until recently in the Deeds Department, and loft ft to read for the law.

Mr E. Newman, tb© sitting member for Rangitikei, after reviewing the performances of the Government and contending that all tho pledges but two had been fulfilled, received a hearty voto of thanks with confidence in the Government-.

Tho Hon. Jas. Allen last evening spoke in three different parts of the Bruco electorate—viz., at Forsyth, at. Waitahuna Gully, and at Waitahuna. At each meeting tho Minister was accorded a hearty reception, and unanimous votes of thanks and confidence were passed. (Mr Allen visited Manuka Creek and Glonore to-day. Th© Hon. D. Buddo is seriously ill in Wellington as a result of the operation which he underwent there a couple of weeks ago. It is considered highly improbable that he will be ablo to again contest th© Kainpoi seat. Mr A. Walker, tho Labor candidate for Dunedin North, will address tho electors in the Coronation Hall, Maori Hill, on Monday evening. Mr j. W. Munro. Labor candidate for Dunedin Central, will address (he electors in tho Walker Street Mission Hall on Monday evening. Mr Goo. S. Thomson, Labor candidate for Chalmers, visited Deborah Bay yes - tc-day. In (ho afternoon he addressed a meeting of ladies, and in the evening a meeting of both eexes. Mr Thomson has (dated his willingness- to stand by the Dunedin Political 1,,-ibo;- Representation Con im it tee’ s platform. Mr /M . U-ckerm. U.eiorm cao-rticlat-e. for Chalmers, will speak at Wylie's Crossing Schoolhouse. at 5.30 p.m. on Monday, and at Fairfield .Schoolhouse at 8 p.m Mr E R. Lee v ill address Waikovaiti elictors on Monday, and Waitati electors on Tucfiday, at 8 o'clock each night.

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Bibliographic details

THE ELECTIONS, Evening Star, Issue 15650, 14 November 1914

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3,323

THE ELECTIONS Evening Star, Issue 15650, 14 November 1914

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