BERLIN IN DOUBT
letters received in Copenhagen stale that Berlin has undergone a startling* change in the past- few weeks. The singins:, shouting, enthusiastic mob that thronged the streets a fortnight previously has divided into hundreds of little groups, that stand about discussing the news of the day in low, concemea voices. The stream "of humanity that nightly coursed up and down Unter den Linden has thinned, it has completely lost its boisterousness. The Landsturm call to the colors lias drawn heavily on the male population that still remain in Berlin. Women fill the beer gardens now, with a sprinkling of older men, end here and there a soldier in grey carrying his arm in a sling. The change has come about gradually. It began with the news of the battle of Lemberg. Of course, only the Austrian bulletins were received here, and they claimed a- brilliant success for the army of Franz Josef. But as tb© bulletin slated that “ for strategic and humane reasons” the Austrian army had been withdrawn to a stronger position in the rear, nobody really doubted what had happened. Shortly after the battle of Lemberg the Austrian cavalry General Uexhel and General Paar, aide-de-camp to Emperor Franz Josef, passed through Berlin on their way to the German General Staff. Immediately there followed a change in the dispositions of the German armies of the north. General Von Bulow ami two corps entrained, and were hurried arrers the empire. Every other railroad train in Germany stood still while this movement was carried out. These troops were sent to stiffen the wavering line of the Austrian defence. Fed on. reports of victories against the Russians in East Prussia, with details of from 50,000 to 90,000 prisoners of war taken in each fight, the people of Berlin recovered n bit of their nerve. But when the great General Staff issued the bulletin which acknowledg'd that General Kluck's wing had been Turned, the barometer of their spirits took another drop. At the time of Kluck’s reverse, tie Berlin papers did their best to discount it liv running long stories of the enormous total of prisoneis of war in German hands; 220,000 was the number claimed. But this brought- no cheer* from the crowds outsideT the newspaper offices. They had been treated to the ne-.va that Kluck’s cavalry patrols were under tha walla of Paris'. Why, then, did it not fall? Accustomed a/the people were to the account of success following -success, the new-- of a check was doubly disquieting. -~r liS-'.”. 1 .
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BERLIN IN DOUBT, Evening Star, Issue 15650, 14 November 1914