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POSITION MAPPED. SHOULD CAPTAIN MULLER BE IDOLISED? PROTESTS BEGIN. HEAVIER GUNS AT YPRES. [By A. Spf.n'ce.] To-day’s map tvi 11 enable readers to see at a (.'lance where the armies are in France and Belgium. The lines of both rim from Nienport in a southerly direction to Compiegne, then oast to the great French entrenched rami) at Verdun, then more southerly along the Moselle to the fortress of Belfort, which is not far from the. Swiss border. The feature which would at once catch the eye of the military man is the, sharp bend in the German lino near Compiegne. There surely never was so pronounced a salient in battle, but the Germans apparently feel bold enough to take the risk. This risk is, however, partly explained by the nature of the. country between Arras and Compiegne. It is said to abound with Artillery positions, and it is the presence of these positions which enables the Germans to maintain so dangerous a front.

Our British troops are fighting in the region between Ypros and. La Bassee. The British First Army—and no doubt, much of the Second Army—is now severely engaged at Ypros. The Indian troops were last, heard of at La Bassee. Between the British and the sea are the, Belgian soldiery, who are assisted by inundations. The position for both sides in t.ho north pivots partly on Ypres, but. more on the fortress of Lille. South of Lille comes the long line, of the French armies, fighting hard all the lime, although wo hear nothing much about them. The sth, 6th, and Bih French Armies are probably nearest to the British.

It was at one time easily possible to specify where all the German commands j were. Thoir situation is dimmer now. The] Duke of Wnrtcmberg is commanding in Belgium, sav from Nienport to Lille. Then comes Von Kluck, once the subject of a cable capture, once dead, and more lately in disgrace. His command possibly runs as far south as Compiegne, In the region of .Soissons there is a command which cannot be specified. It was formerly that of Von Bulow. Prolonging the German line towards Verdun whs the Crown Prince’s army, but as he has gone to Poland the situation is changing. What- German commands and roimnandera are fronting the line of French fortresses—Verdun, Toni, Epinal, and Belfort—-we have never been told. CAPTAIN MULLER. A. L. Fogo writes: “Can yon give, me any information re tho following:—According to reports the captain of the r,mden is to bo treated as a first class prisoner of war. etc.? Feeing that, as reported,' be caused the destruction of a Russian cruiser through using the Japanese, flag, which, I am led to believe, is against the rules of war, is he not entitled to he treated as a pirate and banged, if his opponents so desire, it ? Could not Russia demand his person from England ? Of course, we arc quite aware tho British are ‘ too soft,’ but that does not alter the case.’’ This interesting question was referred to an authority on these matters, and the reply was as follows •. If tho Emden flew the Japanese flag she undoubtedly committer! an offence, against the rules of war sanctioned hy tho majority of the Great Powers. If Russia chose to take tho extreme step, she could demand the person of the captain of the Emden from England. He would then be dealt with according to Russian law. The penalty, however, would be doubtful. The elevation of Captain Muller on feme silly pedestal seems to bo attracting the attention of thoughtful mem at Homo. Mr | Oliver Armstrong Fry has written to the, ■ Dailv Mail’ protesting. The point, which ho makes regarding bringing the Kmdcn’s raptures! to a pvt// 1 court is tho weakest, because Captain Muller had noplace at. which a, priro court could be assembled. But lo intelligent people the remarks of Mr Fry will generally commend theme-elves. This man Muller hit. us as hard as be. could. Are we going to throw our arms round bis meek? Whether ho is a. sport nr not. a sport docs not matter. What matters ,’s jusi one thing; tho sickly gush over the captain of the Emden does not befit the nation. It would not befit any nation professing to be virile. THE FOUR-FUNNEL RUSK. Sonio time ago an indication was given in these notes how ships are identified at sea, and some, silhouettes, including one of tho Emden, were printed. But what are we to think of a cruiser which j s threefunnelled one day and four-funnelled the next ? The Emden had only three chimneys. but it seems that when she came, into tho bay at Cocos Island she had no less than four. One was a painted canvas funnel, 'there seems to have been no limit, to the, ingenuity of Captain .Muller. THE SYDNEY'? GUNNERY. it was stated yesterday that- the Sydney probably inflicted the maximum damage done in any two-ship engagement in the wavs of tho world. From more detailed accounts appearing now, (bis wonderful gunnery was developed under great, difficulty. The captain of the Emden, as soon as he, identified his target as the Sydney, would know that lie had no chance. Bo ho did the. best thing in the circumstances. His more rapid 4.1-inch pieces shot hard for (ho crow's-nest, where the gunnery lieutenant sits. Only two shots got home, but one landed <>n tho range-finder. It would have been awkward on tho Sydney then, but Captain G’.ossop’s men seem to have been equal to the position. Tho cable merely states that "the, British gunners soon overcame the difficulty." Then two of the Emden's funnels went down. Tho range at which the engagement began is given as 3,700 yd». This probably accounts for the devastating manner in which the .Sydney blew out the Emden's gun stations. It is a very short range, and no doubt grew shorter as the battle progressed. The resource in this historic engagement was not all on one side. It seems that the officers of the Eastern Extension Cable Company lost, no time in sending off the 5.0.8. call when they saw (he Emden coming, and this brought the Sydney up.' These alert servants of the company were not deceived bv the four funnels, or, at least, they took no risks. One message to-day gives tho statement that the Sydney was steaming at 26 knots and tho Emdoa at 24 knots. These figures look high. Tho Emden only managed 24.5 knots m her steam trials off Danzic, and that with difficulty. ENTER. THE 9.2 ix GUN. Since Trafalgar Day tho boom of British naval camnon has died on the coast of Belgium. The menace of the submarine has probably sent the battleship Venerable and others further awav front these low shores. Wise enough. The bombardment doubtless aimed at interrupting the German march en masse. Inundation, came after, and the position is still the old deadlock. Meantime 9.25n guns have been landed. The new boy in tho land struggle is doubtless Mark XI., of fifty calibres, firing a sßolb projectile at a rate of nearly three a minute. The pun is no match for the trench mortar, which, lying in a pit, fire* its impudent blast at as small a range as sCoyds. But the newcomer will at least keep down tho German direct fire covering tho mortar**

When the battle began in West Flanders I pointed out. strongly that the insignificant Tillages mentioned daily implied little, but Yprcn meant everything. Further, that this battle would begin its major phase with a supremo concentration of artillery. To-day we read : ‘‘l he centre of the struggle in the fighting in Belgium is at Ypvos, the defence of which will certainly he reckoned in history as one of the most striking in the annals of the British Army. For more than throe weeks the place has been held under a rain of shells.'' This artillery concentration must he growing fast. Britain would not land 9.2 in guns for nothing. This gun. however, is not the equivalent of the (Homan direct guns, r.o fhe deficiency can only be made up by the steadiness of the infantry. THE NATIONS' “AIRY” NAVIES.

The German-English rancor grows deep. It will take much blood to wash it out. There is a report by an American who is just back from Germany on the great Zeppelin effort which is sure lo come. A German ollicor informed him that they were not such fools as to waste Zeppelins in single raids on London. They eould wait till the spring comes, when an attack Would be made on England by the Ijeot and Zeppelins simultaneously. Conjoint, action by ships and Zeppelin? is extremely probable. it is more probable when regard is paid to the- fact that wo do not know that a Zeppelin has been in action yet. The capture of one by Cossacks has been reported, but who V,elicvos that?

No one, outside, the experts in the factories at Fricdricsh.;ton and Berlin, lias pencil a ted the se.Tet of the Zeppelin. The tourist in Germany ran be shown over a. Zeppelin for a. mrrk. but. at the end of an hour's inspection he know.- nothing. The factories can linn out live of these formidable enables of war a month, and, 1 ns wo know, another factory ha* Ixen established at Wilhelm.-bavcii. One of these dirigibles recently coverrd 2,o'jf) miles in 54 hours, and bad had left for 16 hours more. Another flew the whole distance across Geimanv at 65 miles an hour. At an elevation of S.OOOfi a military German dirigible, operating above the pioving grounds at. ITagmiau. fact bombs capable 1 of destroying everything inside a dm.rneter j of 1.600 ft. Invariably they hit t he mark j within a circle 15ft indiameter In rvom-i air shooting Zeppelin No. 5 has hit an t air target ,6,000 ft. away. It i? a phase of t the war which we have nor. ycl witnessed. Hear the heaven? fid with shouting. j And there rains a ghastly d-mv j From the nations' airy navies Giappling in the central blue. The grapple in the central blue will be <a concent ration of Zeppelins when it comes. Meantime, none are being led into stray combats. One might be shot down, tins parts opened and examined, and the, jealously-guard«d secret lost. DUBIOUS CHARGE TONED DOWN. The recently-reported chares of British Lancers in recovering ground at Vailly is toned down to more reasonable terms: todav. The charge was originally reported as a night affair. 5.500 yds at the gallop. Today the cable states more modestly tint the charge was over a mile, and in less than ten minutes 2,000 Germans were ‘‘sabred.'' The t-abring by lancevs may be correct, for the tvar rank might, carry sword*. But the length of the charge, the slaughter effected, and the nine in which it was done look less convincing. Has someone romanced again? THE CHESHIRE CATS SMILE. In conjunction uilh this charge the correspondent of the London ‘Times’ compares the operations along the Aisnc to the celebrated smile of the Cheshire cat. H» adds, however, very correctly, that :ts strategic effect is great. It influences the operations on flic left wing, and the Allies’ prospects of turning the German position I above Soissons have materially improved. All this hears reference to the, awkward angle in the German line shown in to-day's map. THE BIGHT BRITISH STAMP. Those who know a. little of tactics will find mnr.h lo interest them in the account by the eye-witness at headquarters published to-day. It relatoe to the struggle at Yores on Sunday. October 8. and two or three days following. One notes quite quickly that. the. British lines were, driven in more than once, hut always reformed and came on again. It may look easy on paper, but reforming a broken front, is no joke in bailie. 11 calls for first-class company and regimental leading, and great courage by the men in the shattered ranks. The Home papers state that there is a common British achievement which simply ■electrifies their French comrades. As soon as a Mveepii’c; blast of sh"! has gone through a. company or a battalion, there is always some British humorist ready to begin tlm war cry : “Are we downhearted?’ The rccj'ionse comes in oim vast shout. often to 1 tie accompaniment ol i laughter. I It must Iw great infantry, wonderfully j courageous, wonderfully flexible and j obedient, to the gesture of command. On Saturday, October 'l, the London Scot! ish had German? in front of them, on the flank, and in the second line of trenches behind. The reserve companies of the battalion, some dEtaiie- back, were firing ■heavily into the interlopers in the trench, and doubtless killing friend and fee. The cases under which troops, subjected to a cross fire from two quarters, have held their own are rare in war annals. In this instance the London Scottish endured the bli/zard from front. Hank, and rear. THE NTRRK HEME STORY. A correspondent, writes; “I always 1 read yntir notes with inimc-t. !iA being a sane version of what is nappi ning. and I was pleased lo read your version of the terrible Ifutno story. 1 wish more eould He unearthed. There, is another terrible one going tile rounds, read irom a. letter to a doctor in Dunedin by a. minister to Ids congregation mil looking very autlientin about eight, doctors having their rigid bands 'lit off by our enemy. 1 do hope vou will tic able to unearth that also,"

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CHART OF ARMIES., Issue 15650, 14 November 1914

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CHART OF ARMIES. Issue 15650, 14 November 1914

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