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MR WALKER, THE LABOR CANDIDATE. Mr Andrew Walker, the candidate selected by the Dunedin Political Labor Representation Committee to contest the Dunedin North swat in the House of Representatives, gave hie first speech tit the Albany Street .School Hall last night in the presence of an audience that comfortably filled the building. The Hon. J. T. Paul, the chairman, said that he had known Mr Walker personally for many years, and he had no hesitation in saying that those of the electors who knew Mr Walker the best were tho most certain of his high personal integrity, and those who came closest to mm in hut daily work were those who trusted him most. were sure signs of personal worth. Mr Walker received im encouraging round of applause as he rose to speak. He thanked the chairman for his kind remarks and the electors present for their hearty reception .and lor attending in such numbers. He expiesstd tix> nope that the campaign would be conducted on real friendly lines and on political issues. All had the highest respect for Mr 0 M Thomson as a citiaen, hut he supported

tho Government, whom the Labor pany considered to be diametrically oppo.ed to ■ho'r interests. (Applause.) There must be no misconception as to which party he (Mr Walker; was serving under. He was the selected candidate of the party that was very strongly representative of tlio working classes, and hi pmsuaci-.c >■' the arrangement made betw-mn tho Liberal League and the Labor’si nl itnc: Committee in regard to too running of candidates fo~ tho four ' Ay teats ho wan in thia position—that while directly under the Labor banner, lucre was reason to suppose that tho Liberal party would give him a ntri'iig backing. Though tins was Hie first, tin;.- he had taken tho public platform in regard to political matters, t.hc subject was not new i-> him. Ho had bem associated with tho Labor movement in Dunedin pretty well during the course of his life. For many years he was a member of the Workers’ Political Committee, which was all-powerful Scseveral elections in returning men under tho Labor banner, .and everyone knew what '.rood work for the people was effected by Mr Seddon. with the assistance accorded him by those Labor mem bers. Ho had also been prominent in the Labor movement in other ways, and he had in previous years been asked to contest the Dunedin Central and (he Dunedin .•South seats.

Regarding the cost of living, he maintained that Mr Massey was absolutely weak on this question. At the outbreak of war wheat was 45.3d per bushel, and flour £ll 10s per ton. The (lour-millers were do sirous of having something done to fix the p.rices of these commodities. Immediate action was taken elsewhere, and Mr Massey knew of this. The millers were perfectly satisfied with the prices mentioned, and had not the slightest suspicion tliat thes~ prices would bo advanced. The retailors moat not be blamed if tho prioo of bread went up, because as workers thev believed m a. fair return for their labor. Workers objected to being exploited. So lax was Mr Massey that wheat had advanced one shilling per bushel and flour one pound per ton before action was taken. 'The Government set up a Commission, which Commission agreed and disagreed amongst themselves on the question of fixing a price. Mr Massey eventually fixed the price at b; 3d for wheat and £l3 per ton for flour. Someone had got the benefit of this increase, and it must have been tho grower or the speculator, or both.

Ho preferred to think that the grower must have been the larger gainer, ns a great proportion of tho wheal was either in the granaries or was unthreshed. He asked what were the Goyernmcnt doing in the matter of the coming year’s supply and the fixing of the price? He maintained it teas not going to cost the farmer any more to produce wheat during the prr.eent season than it did last year. With regard to meat supply, he had not ncHcod that Mr Massey had made any attempt to regulate the retail price of butcher meat. Thia was an important question, but still it was ignored by the Massey Government. There must be'ecmc reason for this. The reason was that Mr Massey and his followers largely owe their positions on the Treasury bcnchas to the*country people and tho commercial institutions of the country. That. then, was the reason why Mr Massey was not prepared to touch this question. 'The price of meat was high at prosoiu, but ho would not be surprised to see it reach

famine prices, and it did not look as if tho Government intended to make any move to adjust matters. The fixing of uniform prices of commodities was one of the planks of the Labor party’s platform. “The earth is the Lord's and the fullness thereof,” and, that being so, they had a right to demand from the farmer their food supply. (Loud applause.) .As far as their products were concerned, the need of those resident in the Dominion was the first consideration. (Hear, hear, and applause.) After provision was made for these the farmer was quite, at liberty to barter his sheep and cattle. Ho did not wish, to malic political capital out of the Huntly disaster, but there was a political question involved. He was not going to make any charge against Mr Massey. But this was the position. The Mackenzie Government set up a Commission, the object of which was to safeguard, the lives of coal miners, and, a Bill was prepared embodying the suggestions of the report. The Massey Government did nothing to put that Bill through in the sessions of 1912 and 1915, and this matter of life or death was allowed to rest fill the Huntly disaster occurred. Tien a Bill—not tinfirst Bill, but another—was rushed through the Lower House. He mentioned the matter for the purpose of showing that so far as the masses were concerned Mr Ma,ssey had been inert. (Applause.) In the Bill that lay on the table so long there was provision to render accidents in mines less, liable to occur. Suppose those provisions had, been sufficient to cover the Huntly disaster! Something would be lying on the consciences of some people. A striking instance of Mr Massey’s concern for the interests of the workers was afforded by the fate of the Factories Act Amendment Bill. The mam provision of that Bill was to give the env ployees' in woollen mills a week of 4o hours, instead of 48. When that Bill was before the Lower House Mr Massey pave it every reasonable facility to pass. That looked good. The Bill wont (o the Upper House, where the Hon. Mr Bell, a member of the Massey Ministry, took up a. hostile attitude _ to it from the very beginning, and the Hon Mr Paul had one of the fiercest battles he ever fought in Parliament to try to get it through. How was it thrown out? Mr Massey had put 14 of bis nominees into the Upper House, and of those 14 no fewer than 12 opposed this Bill. Then it was seen why Mr Mersey pave the Bill a pood passage in ttm Lower House. He know very we!l that he had the men in the Upper House to throw it out, and take the oims <df him. Under the beneficent legislation of the late Mr ffeddon some splendid institutions were given to us, amongst which was the State Fire Insurance Department. This measure was a great boon to tlm people of this country, and the effect of it was a substantial reduction in premiums. It was understood that when Mr Massey end hiparty came into power nothing would 1 a done to disturb tins measure. W hen (he Liberal party placed the Advances to £. f tiers Bill on the Statute Book they fol-

lowed it up with a regulation compelling those taking advantage of the prov'-mus of this Act to in?ur? with the State, Thai, to l)is mind, was a very fair proposition. When Mr Mn«oy came into power one of his first ads was to rescind this regulation, and what do we find. That the business of the State Fire Insurance Department lias fallen. In 1910 the business amounted to £1,219.183. premiums £5.8,11: 1910-11, business £1.112.155, premiums £5,041 : 1911-12. £1,031.133. premiums £5,757, From July 1, 1912, to Juno 30, 1913. under Mr Massey’s control the Inr-iness had dropped to £684.392. and premiums to £3,181. This was a tremendous fallio:■ off. and was brought, about by (he removal of the regulation which compelled ho -rowers to insure their properties v. <ih the State. 'A Voire : That w.m a Mince don] ! —Laughter.) The first plank on the Labor party’s platform was tint, then was to be no further alienation of Crown lands. What the Massey Oovemmeo: had done in this respect was v.-ei! known to moat people. We had in tW «ommy established a leasehold policy with is :;i! ■; to our lands which was highly ,;.li>fae;oi v. and now we have Mr Mas-ey ronntry propounding a freehold • M" ha* - . aw ;l matt"!- of i.vt C ■ Crown leaseholders (ho opportunity of pnchasing (heir holding? at. 11 a- ■ oiighw! value of the land—that is, the vahm of the land when (hey tool: it up. The Labor partv were strong believers in ihe li ,oe hold system of tenure as a means of s< ttliug the roiuitrv. and they «-( finn ..u the principle that tlir-ie should he no alienation of Crown land. .Load nr.).’.-lire. Under the heading of State ecm i. 9. th ■ Labor party stood for a State li n k, .■■■ sole right of note issue. Thh- ion ’

•had boon on the party's platform {■■■•■ vears. At first it V'd b‘-:i ry' : - ■•I--' I i was it net better to have a Sn; • h- ■; i than ho -jut in the position n> i,<-i ■■ di." l : on at any line to boh-ter >p. an '■■■ : tion to the amount of £l .f"T' ■■ ' I , Rank of Xow Zealand moo- no. ;!.,: 11 , State bank now. and in the ' < r • calamity the flnvr-mn■■out ro ■' Ii- a' l ! j noon to ban!; it tin w't a i.. ■■ • A e | 'V iiy. nontinned «V. ~0:0. mM , j the countr. ha-e it-- ■eu’..'; j Everyone knew there were Innivn-- p, . ! fit s ( onnee'nd with <he 1 1 ;’•!”■ • o' ■ of tin- rountrv. AVbat have l 1 r..t ■■■ j a'! ralia ? asked ( he .'peak 1 ;. S e. e ! f.alia the Labor < lovernmejil. bed j I'-hed a State bank wit it the sole >•;•■ hi, j note issue. Load applaii'O. i W,t ■iV ;■■■ j anything wrong with it'' a»!;ed Mr W Sr, , , 1 ITari thev ana (ion’oi- about i< A V ■ ,•• No,I Of -mime th’re is a V : Aspeaker, wins then went on to (pole the opinions of prominent bank in ■; am hj nif'e in favor of State hank-. Tie. ?a o tvr. ; Australia had seen fit to Ai a Ste'.. j bank, and made a. <otcees« of it. v.;,p hj thought. Miftlrient rea'e.n for the e. ow | ing of the Rank of N'pw Zealand a I State bank with sole light of note Ame, I When on the question of feed Mipnly | forgot t<> mention something (hat w t.t j bia mind about, one fisheries. Professor j I’rinee bad found out. as the ivs'dt hi. : investigations, and they ail know it in a general way. that there was in thee, fisheries the possibility of n greet f I . supply. In oither a pemt-wsionfi! i-r nr>- ’ sessional address Mr <T >l. Tbontiio- :

it, out that lie was a believer in the m ; tionalisintt of our fish supply. Hut M; Thomson was in this position—-that }.•- wa.s associated with a (bwerm/icnt that ! would do nothing to benefit the nnUe: i'.l ! lot of the masses. No matter how Mr ! Thomson might fee! on the. nubjeei. j n ., , association with the .Massey (Sotornmimt \ debarred him from exercising n s g.•<■.;] 1 business ability. (Applause.) Kvoiyonc i knew that n< the price of meat advance;! I so did the price of fish. What x\a« to I prevent the Government —it was the 1 easiest thing possible—getting a nuniV-i ! of trawlers -r., work? The pf-op>» were j fully prepared to eat more ri.-ii th.-v | could get it at a reasonable price, (float, 1 hoar.) I'.'dncation was an important plank—one of the most ininonai.l —and here itv. t-.-ii-ticn! flail or flenrcsciUr.tioii (.•onirniaoc stood firmly for the maintenance of the present free, secular, and coin; nisory system. ;.\pplauae.) That si sc,-.a ns i iten i.i existence for 37 years, .-red the great majority of the people were in id v • < r it., retention. The Parliamentary I'm:,;,bitc ■ !i;-d reported in that -lirootioii The ' sehouls were open for religions teachers if ; tlicv desired to enter oni'id- th* regulation school hours, and the -<tv .-i Mrliuneaii Wright an<l otbois who .he 1 lake;: up that work wore highly esteemed an.d j aduiuwiedi'atL " Wo do not want to in-;

trodtn-o any sectarian dement into our school*. It. as some say, our schools are v'ldlec,. w.' might expet t to roe a very inferior '-Jars of people rai.-e-I from them, hut as a fact i.ur people compare favorably with those of o:.V- ■ ’oianre (Applau-V?.) W(‘ fiue'lii to hern religious differences out of the school.-. < hire in. there is no saying where they will end.” lie bad answered to mat <•!:'«*•■: the I circular of the ]iihle-n>. v 'i;i‘'.■■agne. and as a result the vole of that maguc ivonhi be agaimt him. It v. a - t* i l;ie electors of Dunedin Xouh '<> viy wbetlii ;• ho was to suiter as the result of tin;; •:ue; sion. Tin.- ]tosilLon Unit lb' w ..i,h dates who would nut support the 1 -apt.- - proposal for a refereiirium w-uc to inn.' the pleth-’i-d hostility ol the league. ;;i----speetive of all other ij-.teiihms of tin- day. ■Jt was hardly to be credited -hi' t he met: : who ef.iiipiin‘-1 the prove: unij body oi the I league would do Siti.-Ji <t I hint;. -Dr Joioi ; Moss, wlu seconded the m/.uJ loi pul line that test to candidates, was one «,t the owners of tire Kosh n Ao.ib’u Mills, and very Jihi ly one oi ue j me i wi -> a-L'd dir Massey to reject the Hi!! mu- le-biviiv iDe iiouis of labor in liio*o mins to per week. iA Voice: A tin- ind,". i):d they think that -Mr Koss, iiM.b"::,:u be seeondi d the, proposition refid to. would vote for Andrew Wa-iio.-r,. me La' > r candidate, v. on .supposing .An is v vV.n1,.,; subseriou.l to Ihe leagues I'lcO'.-a ; i Laughter.) Of cuinse not. Mr Waii-.r tii.-u wont • u to refer to other piiuiJts m trie Labor paiiy'c. piatloiit:. \\ i;i iegaod to taxation, tho paiiy ti (.•...( fe; iiier-.a 1 -.' in the (.v.iduatd i-iiid lux; a. gt.uiui.U d income tax in.-el >.;t sctenliiii. jn' pe-s. with a. supertax on id! iineariitd in. oines ; a. graduated absentee lax ; and in. total an ,H.l-i; ol i ucl.rus .iui,ie-s 0.. a,U neeessiilies of tue which can mu prod in. ■;•-,( ta tin; iJoiurnioii. hi tnv mail, r •: 1 h.i iaJ legislation, there was a sue. n.-al whio.i iv.|UiriM to bo done. Jin-, party favored u.a extend.-tt of faciii'.ios her the tu-awuent and erne of lho v.Mil increas'd e-ciivity by the State in ihe eiadiea’.ion ar.d prevention of disease ; the extension ot the j.- ms.mis sysiisii, partieltlai iy widows’ pensions and pensions t- i cover ail cases oi neod. He faded to ;.e,> nhy a tnan eimtiid have to wan until ho was 66 before ho was entitled to receive a. pension. Men engti-god in certain (ieeiij>t.tioi;fi were tally ciililied to a, pension at 60, and provided ho was prepared to go out of i oiupe: itton with other men u h.-.i )>; j'eaeJ; .j that, ago was lio r.a5, ,11 win. - i.e shout 1 no; a leiw a pension. Jim plat hinn a;-o poeedvd tor fie-.; legal a-lvne and live legal -Luiu-e who; e needed. 11m il.dustlittl seelimi of the J.almr party’s programme was important, hut a > lire hour "ms gulling lain Jn> would otuy have time to remr hi icily to lilt* subject, and! ve his aiiiplitied remarks for tome fnlurn'ui. J lie puny eianned lit*', rigli t to word ; they urged t-urh auuuidimmils of In-' A. biirali' u At t .m vm.nld ensure Itiiler jtti.iit •; iir.d secure m-1 list ria l peace; iio iav-.w.-l the A i i-it in t ion (.Murt iiaviug power to maki' awards in every industrial dispute brought bvfo.e; M. to deliver judgments thereon, and to grant Dominion awards wh-.ue pra.-tna.i.' • ; I. • ris-» favoiv-d the; dvii,;; m of 'die "|. euni.ay g Mi; " clause to . nanlo all earia l’s t . nave time . r.-d'tt'-aA rcvK-.t-: d hv the A riiiu-ation l.’mnt. ‘..i.e i.i ■■ • 1 1; r< ■ sy;n patMv with the pimp,.-ai t-> gram I'nd mcognition of unionism ms iho Las:, oi ar'u t rat ion in indtr-t rial lav., and tin- consequent mendi err hip ..f ah m- >, ,• ugag....! in induslr y. With ive-aid t-i iiek'!i”e, he favored tho jiresent systciti of land—i.o, ; th" ieil Mortal sv ep; ■-- i; ina-iherod far as naval d-dme-.:! v..,s < omv A, d. i.e was eppom i To Mim ■•’lev Ms.V.’ IC ~,0-i i pored iiv Mr Ad. - ah ayf a bn-f-.i cruiser at; ! t v.-> e r <f,i|m d; I m : ~|.p.; : |Pi iio si.•*■ i! e ■ ■'. Me ;|,. ,mm. it -mi., i, i d m-; 1:1 Id-- A. ■ ed ir it.: i'”..'- hi i ;mr!et Wild :n ’Am. • . . !’■ mime , lu-eii. , i!i!v I-' ; mr! m” ‘ ' I • m :• : a : iS. w /h’ld’.n.! Vav;,, or P-rimrs i Imh ! witll the ( om;e..;;;iVf alt.;!. IT p. l,.'ar.: 1 >,. ittr, ■■ 1 ’ lei.’ "a - t -• t ■.= •■■;! I v d m 1 i will) tied' fpe-ti-m a' l!.-- pf.’ .rmltne. j 1. • t'. I’■ o ( I tm V: I eel lid. ■ r mild in:: ■ : . smut s i.A ■ i's ’d.-m V pp - I ’Pee. and e md-m- -m.e'V ! memmiy 1- tvdvid. ; Til iup Itidim:, ill.* ';p i i-! v. • siai: ; ■■ \l e vee d|.g f. -r I d v 1 Av. r : t ’e■ hill ;:d 1 i tv, th ja 1 ‘ I.e: - ’v- Dm: j ... p’ iy a \erv h’g p.,V Pt m ’ m i ; ’ ( i ’ p, w,.p t. , d id.i ■ 1 ! I 1 - ■,. , ■ i.. ■ . ' ■' v.; tde 66 J.' r I el-.:. •’ - : ; d ■.-’.eg • ;re:,M Pppol 6 p I : g ,;T m . ” . m , I■i. ■. i i ;i ... a,’.. j, , ..m .. e ’ - pur hiu. I d. id.,l • nt..t ism ■ ;A. i,i' !;,)!!. ,r in • 1 ... h■ : g1 6 e.m :yV ■ e : !h; .e nut ,v i: 1 . -■-i A- t 1 V ’■ . ' : ‘-p-e ; ! vd'p a' i i 1 V •; v., | i ... e : ,m ’■ . ■■ ; ,-,u.| : ■ ■ , . ' ,r ’ • ’ I , ’ • n:. ‘

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DUNEDIN NORTH, Issue 15650, 14 November 1914

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DUNEDIN NORTH Issue 15650, 14 November 1914

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