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THE RUSSIAN ARMIES.

CRAGOW THREATENED AT LAST. AUSTRIAN FIELD”FORCE BINNED. LONDON, November 11. The Russian Embassy announces that a Russian army is within sight of Cracow, and a siege is imminent. The Austrian army is surrounded, and is forced i to accept a decisive battle or capitulate, retreat across the Carpathians being impossible. Another Russian army is marching towards Silesia, and has already arrived at jVliechow (south-west Poland), enveloping Mie German right wing. THE SITUATION OUTLINED. TSAR’S FORCES LOCATED. ADVANCE Til BOLT’. II POLAND. ACHIEVING A PLANE FRONT. GERMANS PUSHED BACK. AUSTRO-GERMAX FE ELING. WELLINGTON. November 12. The Prime Minister has received the following cable message from the High Commissioner, date! London, November 11 : Official: A correspondent with the Russian Headquarters states : " I have just mode a journey over the "ninny between Warsaw and Cracow, where the Russian advance is proceeding. Events are vapidly converting the new advance we.-; of Warsaw from a counter-stroke into a general transference of the sphere of operations and a most valuable rectification of the whole Russian line. “ In East P ms-da the Geamar.s are being slowly driven berk by a double turning movement. The northern frontier of Poland is well seerr. ,j. Tie Russians have occupied and ’roll tit inly Block, Lodz, Petrikan, Kieh.e, Sandomic-rz, JaroGav, and all the passages over the river Fan. "On the repulse of the German attack at Warsaw the enemy were pressed hack in a south-westerly direction. For three weeks there was continuous lighting near Ivangorod {on the Visiula, south-east from Warsaw). The famous Cnnrasian Regiment forced the passage of the Vistula, underfire from the German artillery. The advance guard crossed the stream in skiffs and ferry boats, and h-fid good under a devastating cross-tiro tiil the construction of a pontoon bridge allowed the passage of reinforcements. Supports coming along the river bank at I\ angm-id Ind to advance through Hood, d -v amps almost breast-high. A tooting ha- i e-n made good at Kosctiiee, where then- • as desperate fighting. Later the Russians made a series of brilliant attacks through the forests, after which the (lermans were ' thrown back upon Radoin (south-west of Ivangorod), and a general advance drove back the enemy beyond Radom l!a. “At a small town named Szydlowier (south-west of Radom) the German commander threatened as the Russians approached to blow up a remarkable' Town . Hall in Florentine styh-, which is e->n- ■ spicuoua for 30 miles around, and a, beautiful Gothic eluavh 6CO years old. 'I he inhabitants ottered a ransom by a contribution of 5,0C0 crowns, which was accepted. Twenty miutes later the Town Hall was blown tip, and the destruction of the church followed in a quarter of an hour.

“In front of Kiel.-e the Austrians were abandoned by the Germans, who retired and made a stand near Livezimi. on a high sandy position. with a huge hr copse in tho centre extending over a wide from. An attack was delivered by a Russian corps, vncluding a division mainly composed c£ Poles. Tho defence fell chiefly on the Austrian-Polish Regiment from Cracow. The assailants kept up their lire all day, and finally rushed tho enemy’s rifle pits“Of the Austrians left at Kiouo some were captured by the Russians, who were close upon their heels, and pursued them for miles. They were brought tn action later the same day. and next day tho Russian artillery was cbo hoard southeast of Cracow. The Gormans retreated in the direction of Czenstochow (northwest of Cracow), where there was three weeks’ fighting characteristic of th.i Russian style. Bayonet attacks were kept up for two hours. Final 1 units eagerly attacked .larger hostile ones. In general the Russians outflanked the enemy, amt in one case broke through the centre. Often the Russian artillery caused them to decamp during the night. “The officers describe the enthusiasm of rank and file as growing. U in clearly visible in the rear of the army, as shown by the energy with wii-.h the transport ii bc'iiw nushed up. The enemy thoroughly

destroyed bridges, but these were quickly repaired. Meanwhile the ardor of the troops’ transport trains minimises the delay. The Russian riue fire is superior to the Germans'.

"The Austrian regiments arc officered by Germans. The Austrian-Slavonic regiments resist well for two or three days, and then break tip and surrender in large bodies. Sometimes they asked guides to take them to the Russian lines. Tho inhabitants speak well of the Austrians, but express indignation against tho Germans. Prisoners confirm tho report that bad relations exist between tho allied, armies. Austrians and Germans when raptured are kept apart. " There is ample evidence of the enthusiasm of the Poles for the Russian cause. They show tho greatest courtesy and kindness, especially in villages. All the evidence gathered from prisoners shows that the Russians are treating them as well as their own comrades. “ In the theatre of the present operations it is of crucial importance for Austria and Germany to join hands. Serious reverses uimpd them either to retreat on diverging linos or expose their capitals. In either event it would have political consequences of the highest military significance." GERMANY’S CROWN PRINCE GIVEN CHIEF COALMAND IN EASTERN THEATRE. i PARIS, November 11. I 'Le Matin's ’ Pctrograd correspondent I report- that tho Kaiser presided over a i council of war. which appointed the Crown j Prince Commander-m-l.hief of the Austrof German armies against the Ru-sian-. I General Von Himlcnhurg will command the j left wing and General Daukyl tiie right. 1 GERMAN CASUALTIES, i OVER HAIFa MILLION j UP TO A MONTH AGO. i ■, London ‘Tunes' and Sydney ‘Sun’ Services.) | LONDON, November 11. j A Copenhagen me-sage states that the i German chi,dal li.-t uivo- the total casual- ! tie. at SOfI.OGO, which were sustained j nciiiU in .■September, and ouiv a few in D. t I t A PLAIN M"NAB'S DEATH. HIS FIRST ENGAGEMENT. LONDON, November 11. Captain Angu- M'Nah. a Harley street medical specialist, was killed in his first engagement.

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https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/ESD19141113.2.17.2

Bibliographic details

THE RUSSIAN ARMIES., Evening Star, Issue 15649, 13 November 1914

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THE RUSSIAN ARMIES. Evening Star, Issue 15649, 13 November 1914

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