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OCEAN SWEEPING.

THE GOOD NEW PLAN. END OF THE RAIDERS SURE. CONSCRIPTION IDEA. DEEPER STRUGGLE BEGINS. TOUCHING MESSAGES. THE KING & SIR JOHN FRENCH. [By A. Spbnce.] We see a new thing in ocean-sweeping. What the Admiralty terms the " lar-ga combined operation'' has come. British, French, Russian, and Japanese vessels working in harmony.

This is the celebrated concentric " drive" of the Boer War revived. In a space of time approximating 60 clays it has accounted for the. Emden and Konigsberg. The concentric fleets in the Indian Ocean are now free for a bigger drive, and Count Von Spee is doubtless the fish round which the meshes of the net will close next. The successful Chatham and the now worldfamous .Sydney should soon he part of a greater convergent swoop in the general direction of Cape Horn, or wherever Von Spee may go The days of the Scharnhorst, Bremen, Karlsruhe, and ethers are apparently numbered. It is a movement which cannot fail, given sufficient ships. The educated military or naval mind works quite differently from the mind of the man in the street. The popular impulse is always to send a ship, or a cannon, or a land force to the point last heard of as attacked—a ship here, a battery there, a battalion somewhere else, strung out along all points of the compass. The real measure is to sweep wide of the point, of damage first, and close on it by united move afterwards. Beading of the successes just achieved at sea, one recalls quite readily some words written long ago by the American General Sherman in an article in the ' Century Heview ' on ' The Grand Strategy of the' War of the Rebellion.' William Tecumseh Sheridan then stated that strategy, whether on sea or land, was governed by three or four simple rules which (as he put it) were as tr.ie as the multiplication table or the law of virtual velocities. He stressed one of these rules particularly. Divergent operations, he said, never did and never will cio any pood in war. True enough. We see the triumph of the convergent operation to-day. GETTING THE KONIGSBERG. The action of the Emden in .sinking the Russian light cruiser Jcrntchug may "have furnished some clue to her whereabouts 'though the cable implies the contrary), but some sort of trap was laid at t.'ocos Island by temporarily sending the guardship to sea. 'l"r.c ocean sweep then r!o.-?d in on that place, and, as it happened, the Sydney tame first. In similar way the ruin of the Konigs berg was devise'.!. Her locality was indicated by her attack on the Pegasus on September 19, and the sweep then steereo wide, to close Willi good result. It closed in 41 days, the Chatham being tirs.t ship up. The captain of the Konigsberg must have foreseen Jong ago wha.t was coniitig, for the Chatham only draws 15ft of water, but could not follow the Konigsberg up the .Ruliji River. The Konigsberg draws 17-ift on normal load line, so he had evidently bevn enciged for some time in lightening his ship and struggling up tieliver to some resting place among the p.'.hns. The German would have been an easy prey either way. Site only has lu | 4.lin guns, while the Chatham has eight 6tn pieces. This British ship was quite recently on the Mediterranean station, so her pre-em ■<: to. far south indicates the conceiitratimi < :' ships which have been ra.lhsl from other places, to join in the great Indian Ocean hunt. The captain is Sidney R. Dnny I Lowe, a relation of the < ei-cbraied Drnrv ; Lowe who led the Household Cavalry in ] the charge at K.-'ssassin in V' 32. On tba' i occasion—it was a diilicull enough occasion —Drmv Lowe, placing himself at the h«ad of the brigade, only die once; yon might as well tak r your chance now/' it is (me to notice thai the son has now won a groat di*f iir'tion. ■1.200.000 GERMANS'. I Can virig suhVient artiilerv to " 1 la-: n-nay a mountain." 4.200/00 Hermans hav-(onri-'ntr.ifid h"lwcen Vines and Anas. That is the str.vy There is aW, few: Lb re:Yi;tifvTiti.in :•; li-us-Hf, \vh<ec (he <J;r mans are using some steam appliance and eiioimoiis mianiiiies. of cement.. Oertuai'- | wi'v.ld prohah'v to-t permit anyone to ir ! spt-e* whatever fortifi ?t ion- t:vy at- | ca'rying out a 1 Bni'Sel.s, so the latter nil? i sage is just a guess—hut possibly a gi;es- | on n certainty. The German coiu rntrailer i hit Moon Vpres and Arms might be suitnhix | divided bv tvo, bit (he stroke which it ' cf ining will he real. My original supposition was that Ypt v > '• v.auiid be trie mighiv noint for whei !,iftr.!;:s woiii.l hl-ed. .iiid 'that (here wr.uM [be n crrc.it. rocoent ra'ion of n i t.i'l* rv there jand southward to Lille. The i.at'i- ~| j Vpres is now about 51 davs oid. hi;!. '.'••.- I pf magic has yet. to come. Much of it wili | fall on the. devoted Brixish. Betwocr. i Vpres and La Bnsseo they hoicl a hot coj. I ner indeed. An enterprise, n.s novel .is it v- doad'v steins to have been Vr.-gtvi by the lirdi.o. ti<;op,s. They f,tr>al on this German liner nightly with the knife. It must he. a night inaie for thv German senirics. Tin stealthy o-r-ni \iith the wlrte t il".nt wr.ipoi is. not good for the nerves of the ottip-o-.t man, depending ch'cliy on hi.-, henring, ar.,picrbig en, hour after hour, into ' hgloom. The imagitiaiioii magnifies so mm;, things at nighr. What was only a hemhe stump by day i; apt to b--:.-omc a, howit;:;:: aft.vr (he ruin goes dr,',v:i. III?: MATMSTV'S MESSAGE. In view of the storm w.hich seems 'o br coming, it is impossible to read, without some dc.rree of emotion, the Mcs.s.vg( which His Majesty the King has sent U the troojis in Belgium. It. is couched ir the plain, convincing words (hat might he expected from one trained in rout! in (he Navy. The King commends th« pluck, spirit, and endurance in .such ; desperate struggle, and is confident of th' firnl result "under your able command." In this supreme situation .Sir .Join French does his best by way of answer. Sir John—possibly the world's first tnc iician—■might not have made a fortune ir hndinc the ready phrase ;,,s a journalist. The thing which differentiates him from ei her men now is simple but solid. On< word from him moans more now than s million columns from another. And hr says : *' Your messige was received by thv army with deepest gratitude and pride." We may all leave it cheerfully—l think confidently—at that. There are situations which transcend words, and this' is one. MUST CONSCRIPTION COME? Since we heard, on the authority o Lord Selhorno, that 6omo of the youn: men of Britain were not coming 6o fas to Scotland Yard as they might hav< come, everyone has been talking at th< I breakfast table on the chance of a genera | conscription. It seems now that evert I voter on the British pari amentary roll. 'has been eircula: ised requesting j.nforma tion as to the age and militaiy efficiency o members of the ho-sehoid. One of th< leading London da'l'es wui! to resent thi ( "moderate militarism." The measun ■ taken by the military authorities at Hom« I is merely the oidinary m.liUry meaeun i of precaution, and does not tKccssarilx I mean a general conscription. The sami I thing war; done in New Zealand seven o; i win 3,m Tr> <ii/» event of strcc:

I pected to furnish something like an «*ti» mate of potential fighting strength. The. quickest way is to make up data from th« rolls. That is all that the action of th* British military authorities amount* to at present. A tatter over the signature* of Mr Bonar Law, ilr Asquith, and Mr Henderson, M.P., ha 6 been published, suggesting u. household census. The Leader of tl»* Government, the Leader of the Opposition, and a T/e.uW of Labor have written together. The blend of signatories it splendid. Politics have been bunk. Nonejs for a party now. bnt all are for the State. The general inference to be drawn from this joint letter, however, is too serious and obvious Id need more comment than a sentence or two. If the jouii'jer men do not come forward, give the older men a chance. The older man starts tio panic. He is a likely one to look very resolutely into the eyes of Death. THE TURKS' OBJECTIVE. It was October 19 when Turkey and Rrssia came formallv into a state of war. What, has happened sine? leaves a good deal to intelligent nmticipation. Some wild guesses came to hand yesterday and to-day. Of the famous landing at Trebizorde we have heard no more. There is said to he rvt advnnev throuph the snows? of the Caucasus district to the town of Van. Direct stroke :it Constantinople—the very best stroke—is also hinted at not? and then. The bombardment of the Hellespont, had a brie! reign on paper, too, ami thou pet"i-od out. The news agencies ar«

gvessing. Tho move from lhe Caucasus ran only mean a slow result. If is, in fact, tutceitnin whether much of the Caucasus armv is now at the depots in and round Tif is, for the Hi?;h Commissioner ha« long ago aseitred us that Kondralovitch and thp three C-iucrisus aimy cot ]> had gone to the front in Galicia and Poland. The direct blow at Constantinople may be summed up as remote. Bussia has not the troops to land on some suitable point in Rumelia or Asia Minor at present. She has not) even vet, achieved a waterway over the Black Sea. When she does eksav to achieve it a long-discussed problem will be put to an intrresiiivr solution. Can a Dreadnought cruiser, such as the Gceben, defeat a. number cf p re-Dread nought battleships, such a..s these constituting (he Russian Black Sea fleet? Until that is

settled no passape. of troops is po»fihk- over the Bbek Sea on a major seal ft. There are, of course, hints that Rumania and Bulgaria mar throw the door open through the Balkans. It is all very dim.

Meantime we mav be sure of something nn:rh nwe real. The Suez Canal irill undoubted >v he a great Turkish objective. And, ;is" ire know., the {rarrkon of Gairo marched awav about five days after that important, date—October 19. They did not, of course, march for nothing, hut. _ since tlu-v ma relied, we have heard nothing. The h>ht for the artillery positions near the ('.'.na! mav or may not have lie-un. Th» military will not tell us." and the new? agencies hav» etill. perhaps, to set corespondents to Port Said. When they arrive the tehprapli service will lie subject to military re.-lrietion, and the correspondent who srck« to ™iv<! the public a clint of the truth will have I" i'et his matter Home to Engl:.nd bv mail; It mav therefore be son'*" time before we hear much from this very in port ant place. " RUSSIA'S FIDELITY.

There is a disturbing httle message from a Rome source. It indicate* that Germany, aiarmed bv the Russian successes, has made pivliniinarv offers to Russia. It is Ft r. K-d that theW were rejecter!. That German intnr.ie is ever at work on Russia not. !«> doubted, and, be it remembered it is the same powerful mtngii© n'-iifh suc-ecded in running a 4ft Bi:n "aiu-e for 250 miles into Poland. The core. denial and aristocratic classes of Russia are no clcpmrf than they should bs. But Nicholas 11. is clean, and it is probable tha' he ; s Tsar now in reality. It 19 l:ki:ly that li<? v.ill have the bet word on nich' a matter as this SHOT AT THE TOWER. T'v oYath of Carl Body, a German spy, ■it the Tower of London 'revives memories of the "hi k-en in the savage days of the Tudor*. U i* a very extreme stop for a British Government to take, if it were a military execution, and not a chance shot bv a liviiliiiel. , , , ... , "•-pie* voidd crtainlv be shot without trial iii Gennanv. And" if the* daiweroiM prowlers choose to make their bed they \ m m of course, lio on it. But are there not it her dangerous, disreputable ones who oVmbl face the platoon-dangerous, d ; -re|>utable providers of the enemy with ,he. .Material of war'/ There are two ~-,M,.-. vi'n-'i rouse ono's blood. "' r J>r. S-dnev • Morning Herald's' Manila cnvspon.knt stat-s that 33,000 tons of ViMniii->r> and Jaoanese produce have ,', -Vcet'j ; 'io the liand.' of the enemy {hrouVr-mmcrrial cinnncl* at Manila nnee'ihe l>"::iiinin;: of the war. Iha ,-..,w> hj likelv to continue. \•',,] then there is a Melbourne mes- ;./,,' 'Ph.- Federal Attorney-General has ',"re.ivir! in \ehi<h sufficient prim-i I-,, ie .■vhb-uei' was disclosed to justify th« .r,:i' ;, < a-,■■•' authorities in their .marches con;.,,n','i'., ;\i-,. e-cr,ort of metal to Germany.

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https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/ESD19141112.2.40

Bibliographic details

OCEAN SWEEPING., Issue 15648, 12 November 1914

Word Count
2,146

OCEAN SWEEPING. Issue 15648, 12 November 1914

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