LATEST FROM EUROPE.
The battle in the north-west corner of Belgium continues with great violence and intensity. The enemy's fierco attacks are repulsed, but fresh troops aro poured in. Ccrman newspapers announce that bombs have been dropped on London and Dover, that Yarmouth was bombarded, and that England is shivering with fear. What is termed "a shattering revolutionary outbreak" Is pre* dieted in Germany. The Hungarian cavalry who went to Belgium aro reported to have been wiped out. Mr Lloyd Ceorgs asks for a British Army of 2,000,000 men. It would, ho says, facilitate the final settlement. The Germans In Brussels are seeking to stop the American food supplies reaching the needy citizens. A conspiracy against the Young Turk party is reported from Constantinople. German non-commis-sioned officers were attacked. The South African rebels continue to suffer heavy losses. The Pope proposes to participate In the peace conference at the conclusion of the war. The Imperial Parliament has opened for a winter session. The Speech from the Throne was confined to the war, which will be prosecuted until the triumph of tho cause far which it is being waged Is assured. IN THE PACIFIC. AFTER THE SCHARNHORST AND CO. JAPANESE SQUADRON SEARCHING. PRECAUTIONS IN CANADA. Press Association—By Telegraph—Copyright. OTTAWA, November 11. (Received November 12, at 1.55 p.m.) The Canadian Government announce- that certain channels on tho British Columbian coast have been closed to navigation. It is understood that this precaution has been taken in the event of the German fleet coming north. Japanpse battleships have been reported ofl Honolulu, proceeding towards tho Chilian coast. THE CALL FOR MEN. ANOTHER 10.000 PROBABLY WANTICD.
[Per United Press Association.!
WELLINGTON, November 12. Tho Hon. V. M. B. Fisher, Minister of Marine, interviewed re mon for tho front, eaid to a, reporter: " H is inevitable that th» Oversea. Dominions will have to very larjrely increa.se their quota.. I have no doubt the time is not for distant when the Imperial Government, will ask Now Zeah'nrt. to mnlic up its quota to at least 20.000 men. Australia, and Canada, will no doubt consent to a. like proportion." CARRYING CORRESPONDENCE CLANDESTINELY. AUCKLAND CITY COUNCILLOR DETAINED. JTer United Press Association.l WELLINGTON. November 12. It was reported yesterday that norm th"? arrival of the Navua at Auckland from Samoa on Monday F. K. N. Gandhi, a member of the Auckland City Council, who was a passenger, was taken into custody by tho military authorities, and had since been detained. The defence authorities stated to-day that the charge upon which Gaud in had been arrested was that ho was carry win correspondence from German subjects in Samoa to other Germans in New Zealand and elsewhere, thereby avoiding the censorship which exists in Samoa, on all correspondence. He is being held a prisoner by the military authorities until further particulars are heaTd from Samoa. CONGRATULATIONS. WELLINGTON, November 12. Yesterday the Governor sent the following cable to the Governor-General of Australia:—''New Zealand desires heartily to congratulate Australia and her navy on the splendid defeat of the Emden." Tho Governor-General replied as follows: '• Australia gratefully acknowledges NewZealand's congratulations on the successful exploit of the Royal Australian Navy. I hope the time is not far distant when the sister Dominion will more closely share with Australia the glories of His Majesty's Pacific sea forces." WA3TACE IN WAR. BRITISH ARMY ESTIMATES. The proposal to increase the percentage of reinforcements of the. New Zealand Main Expeditionary Force, as intimated in last night's 'Star.' has given rise to a good deal of speculation as to the wastage that has to he provided in tho case of active service. The existing field service regulations provide that in the first, year of war the tollowing percentages of troops in the Held nre required in order to keep up to war establishment:— 80 per cent, for infantry, 70 per cent, for cavalry and mounted infantry, 60 per cent for artillery, 40 per tent." for engineers, oO per cent, for headquarters, administrative services, and departments on the lines of communication. The, reinforcements; so*far despatched from New Zealand are based on the above percentages, but it seems clear that with fighting proceeding on such a scale as during the past few weeks the wastage percentages will have io be revi.-od. It is understood that this revision is almost coinDieted, and an announcement will shortly be made as fco the increases required. RAVENSBOU HNE WO-\I.EN. Owing to the generous response made by the residents, the ladies of Ravensbottrne have been enabled to sor.d several cases of clothing for needy Belgians. The- school childieu responded so Jiheivilly that a large, case was filled with clothing as tho result of their efforts. Tho ladies expect to complete their work on Friday night, when all goods will be packed. PATRIOTIC: CONCERT. A patriotic concert of exceptional interest will be given by the well-known Cavcrsham School Choir in the Burns Hall to-morrow. This choir is a well-or-panised body, meeting- every week after school for the .study of pari singing and English singing technique. This enables theT choir to attempt music of a. much hicher class than is usually done by .school children—e.g., part.-singing in minor keys. The. splendid programme of classical 'music will be given solely by the children, the items including solos, duets, highly-amusing special numbers, and two-part and three-part songs. Special interest attaches to the choir boys—who, by the way, are in the majority in this choir—a rare feature in school concerts. Tho humorous element (for which the Caver6h;im choir is noted) will be well maintained throughout, particularly in tho concerted number 'Knights of tho Road.' The proceeds are in aid of the patriotic fund, and this fact alone should secure a full house.
LORD ROSEBERY ON CERMAN "CULTURE."
Addressing a recent recruiting meeting at Edinburgh, Lord Rosebery said in the course of his speech:—"What was the benefit which, if victory crowned their arms, they proposed to "rant to the English nation ? it was German culture. We have hoard all
our lives of German culture and the 1 something to which poor Scotsmen and Englishmen could not aspire. It was on a higher level than our'lives. They have, 1 think, more than 40 universities in Germany. A good poultry yard for laying the eggs of German culture. Now, what was that German culture? What was its object and its practice? Its first object seemed to be inspired, he supposed, by the 40 universities to destroy all other universities, and thoy had begun by destroying tho university of Lourain, which by solemn treaty thev had sworn to preserve. The second object was to drown Belgium, which they had guaranteed by a solemn Act, in blood and in fire; and the third was to destroy all historical monuments within reacli and to do what the present barbarians in history would never even have contemplated. Louvain, Marines. Seulis, all attested the benefits of German culture, and that day wo had the final report of one of the most glorious monuments of Christian architecture in the world, one of the most historical antetypes of our Westminster Abbey, the Cathedral of Rhcims, wantonly bombarded and destroyed by the apostles of Gesmau culture. Can you conceive (said bis lordship) a more deliberate and public repudiation of Christianity from that State which is constantly arrogating to itself the special protection of tho _ Almighty tnan such a wicked destruction of this great Christian temple, destroying at the same time somo wounded, some German wounded, even somo Sisters of Charity who had taken refuge under that sacred roof. Well, that is German culture; that is what is to be spread at tho point of the bayonet by the Prussian armies all over the world, and that German culture is one of the things that wo are determined to resist. He did not like to make even a passing jest on such a subject, but it did occur to him that the destruction of historical monuments afforded some ground for our friends in the United States to intervene, because they annually sent an enormous population of sightseers who came only to soo the glorious antiquities of Europe. The United States had a ground for grievance that if Prussian •conquest much extended there would be no historical monuments for tho American tourists to see." BRITAIN'S NEVf ARMY. TWENTY-FOUR DIVISIONS. It is stated that 24 new divisions have been created in Great Britain, and were undergoing training on 24th September. They have been numbered as follows: "9th to 14th Divisions, Ist New Army. 15th to 20th Divisions, 2nd New Army. 21st to 26th Divisions, 3rd New Army. 27th to 32nd Divisions, 4th New Army. This takes the first 500,000 recruits.
A Wellington message states that Lieu-tenant-colonel J. E Hume, R.N.Z.A., inspector of artillery and engineers, hae been appointed temporary officer in command of tlv? Auckland military district.
The employees of the Railway Depart rnent in Southland have voted £IOO to General Booth, to be distributed by the Salvation Army authorities at Home in the relief of distress occasioned by the war.
Sir James Cricbton Browne, the famous English physician, has made an interesting contribution to current appreciations of the Emperor William. In a speech at Dumfries ho said : " The causes of the war are to be seen in a crazy egomaniac of a Ivaiser, in an arrogant and brutal military ca*;to, and in a generation of Germans who had grown up since the Franco-German War of 1870 with an overweening conceit of (heir own prowess and importance. The Kaiser was crazy, and wicked, too. The. Kaiser was crippled and diseased, and he (Sir J.C'.B.) spoke with high German medical authority when he said so. He was so diseased that no army medical officer would pass him for service as a. common soldier in the rank?, and yet he was allowed to direct huge armies in the field and to control the destinies of millions of men and women."
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LATEST FROM EUROPE., Evening Star, Issue 15648, 12 November 1914