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This is tho time for private and public thrift, but it is owential for the welfare of tho community that all people should remember that real thrift only necessitates a rigid avoidance of waste and silly extravagance. Tho practice of thrift dors not demand a dangerous curtailment of expenditure and enterprise. It is tho lirst business of individual.", commercial and industrial organisations, and administrative associations during a war involving a terrific strain upon national and Imperial financial resources to go on spending; but it is also the business of all to spend wisely, and mostly in tho direction of resisting'distress. If the prewnt standard of general prosperity (compared with national condition.! in many lands just now New Zealand's prosperity is a condition calling for an expression of deep gratitude) is to be carried on ne the great conflict throughout the world lengthens, there must be practised with considered wisdom a rigid economy. New Zealand's "splendid isolation" affords her people many notable and appreciable advantages during an Imperial war. but it also carries many disconcerting disadvantages. TTio Dominion is not independent of financial support, and if the war last long—we are certainly fighting a tough enemy, who will have to be broken before ha can accept the conditions upon which satisfying peace, can possibly be made —there may be difficulty in obtaining an adequate supply of borrowed money to maintain public works and activities. The faith of optimistic politicians is almost sufficient to remove mountains, but it is scarcely great and powerful enough to overcome the insistent, voracious financial necessities of war. Tho Chancellor of the Exchequer (Mr Lloyd George), who has the knack of revealing in vivid clearness the, real "inwardness" of affairs, put tho financial aspect of the war very clearly to an influential deputation from tho Association of Municipal Corporations who, on .September 8, at tho Treasury, submitted to him and to ths President of the Local Government Board (Mr Samuel) a request that the Imperial Government might, in raising their war loan, raise such an amount as would enable them to make advances, to corporations at cost price for new works to provide employment during the war. Tho Chancellor's reply was significant and. as ever, directly to the point. He r;aid in effect that it was obvious that it was to the interests of the municipalities and of the State that they should not bo competing iu the same market in what must bo difficult borrowing times. It was desirable that the Government should accede to the deputation's request in order to make provision for distress in different districts. He added (and this is the significant and guiding point of his reply) : We think it is absolutely necessary that the money should be spent for the relief of distress. I do not ihink this is the time to embark in great municipal enterprises which have no reference to distress. After all, wo want every penny we can rai<se to light the common enemy, and our first consideration ought to be to win. Unless wo do that there will be no country for municipalities or Governments to administer. The first thing is that we should come out triumphant in this struggle, and as finance is going to play a very grea.t part. v.c must husband our resources. We must relieve distress. Wo must see that our people suffer as little, ar. possible under these terrible conditions, but. we do not want, a penny ;-»pent which is not absolutely essential to relievo distress. . . . Tho Inst fe.iv hundred millions may win this war. This is my opinion : The first hundred millions our enemies can stand just as well as we can. but the Inst they cannot, thank God; and therefore, I'think, cash is loing to count much more than we possibly imagine at the present moment. We are only at tho beginning now. Of course, if we have jreat victories, and slashing victories, that is all right: but, then, they may not come. yet. We may have fluctuations, and 'things may last long.

Need for Wiss Economy.

Therefore, «"« must ask the municipalities to assist us. We have won with silver bullets before. . . . We must work as partners, and work together—nil parties, all sections of the people, the Government, and municipalities—until we carry the Old Country through to a triumphant conclusion.

There you have the true position as t.o the nocd for riirid economy, for profitable co-operation, and for wiso management in homes, municipalities, and governments.

Now, what is true and necessary in Great Britain is a!=o true and necessary, although possibly to a less acute, extent, in British Oversea Dominions. Men. cash, and a good cause form a nihrhty force in war. There is undoubtedly need of judicious management of private, civic and State affairs in New Zealand, a.nd it is to be hoped that politicians and political candidates will not forget, in their desire to win a place in Parliament, to remind bhe people that if Imperial intorcsta demand support, many attractive local schemes, involving huge expenditure, will require to stand over until those interests have been completely served. Municipal administrators would do well to determine the full power of their financial resources and to classify in the most economical order of precedence the necessary works sot down for immediate and early fulfilment. The great thing is t« x-esist distress and unemployment. Individuals surely require, no advice as to the need for an avoidance of extravagance and waste. Commercial and industrial organisations will be kept from a foolish cassation or curtailment of enterprise by their business instincts. The shrewd Glasgow merchant who accepted as hia war motto "Business as usual" hit the need of tho occasion. Perhaps those people who erroneously believe that war justifies an extended practice of the credit system will not mind being told that there is no virtue in the .economy that flourishes on long-standing credit. True economy (as well as genuine patriotism) demands prompt payment; and, when unable to pay, stop buying luxuries, which is rigid economy.

The presentation of tho city treasurer's half-yearly statement of the operations of the- trading depathnonts generally finds tho City Council as a whole not unwilling to postpone deliberation, and the ultimate fate of the documents is generally that of a corpse at tho, morgue—laid oii the table. Cr Hancock proposed this course last night, explaining that tho half-yearly statome?ib did hot in any caso furnish a real due to the position tho departments might attain in, a year's operations, the revenue being unequally distributed as between the two halves of the year. Crs Sinclair, Marlow, Monzke, and Black, howover, demanded with tho Mayor an autopsy, at which councillors could bo advised of the prospects and attainments of c?ch department. It wan ultimately resolved, on the motion of Cr Myers, that tho discussion of the statements bo the first business at next meeting of the council *?

Mr n. Y. Widdowson, S.M.. presided in the Police Court this morning, when John Maxwell, nil old ace pensioner, was convicted and discharged.

An unfortunate, error crept into our report of the St. Kilda Borough Council meeting, which was held on Tuesday evening, ft was stated that "Mr W. M'Ara wrote enclosing £l3 4s, being proceeds of a recent concert held to assist Mrs Wyatt." This was quite wrong. Mrs Wyatt. organised tho concept for the benefit of the local distress fund, and the whole of tho net. proceeds were handed over to that fund.

Tho Citv Council last night passed » resolution ' congratulating the Commonwealth on the successful work of tho cruiser Sydney in connection with tho loss of the Em den.

Mr G. M. Thomson, on learning that there 'were a number of unemployed in Dunedin. actively interested himself in tho matter, and 'made representations to the Government aa to the possibility of having certain ships fitted up at Port Chalmers. The reply received by Mr Thomson, however, was to the effect that the unemployment in Wellington was greater than at Dunedin and Port Chalmers, and that the work would consequently be done at the northern port.

At last night's meeting of the City Council the Mayor (Mr Shaddock) submitted a minute on tho question of the holidays of tho outdoor staff—a matter which has come under the attention of the council lately through the variety of awards under which tho men work. Tho Mayor's recommendations aimed at uniformity, and lie advised that only the holidays provided for in the awards should be granted. It was decided to supply councillors with copies of the minute, and with information as to the holidays prodded under tho award and those which the men are at present receiving. The matter will come up for consideration at the next meeting of the council.

Before the Moeraki left Sydney on Friday last the Customs officers, in conformity with an edict issued by the Federal Government, searched passengers by th-.i Moeraki from stem to stern, with a view to preventing Australian newspapers being carried away. Tin's was a rude shock to the New Zealand-bound passengers who had deferred perusing tho most recent war and other news, and hoped to whilo away the tediousness of the voyage to Wellington in this manner. Even the coverings of the parcels, when they happened to bo newspapers, had to be romoved by order of the Customs officers. According to our T.ipanni correspondent broken -weather is delaying tho sheaving. Fat stock is bringing record prices.

The name of Thomas Bracken may now be mentioned without shame. The neglect of 16 years is repaired. Our paragraph as to tho Dominion's forgetfulness ni respect to the national poet was copied into many leading newspapers, north and smith. Dunedin was freely Teproachod. Most of the. writers wero content to reproach and do nothing. A Dunedin man who has sinr-e shifted to Wellington did something. We refer to Mr H." E. M. Fildes, of the. Post Office Department. He personally verified our statement as to the- forlorn condition of the grave, and thereupon wrote to a Wellington journal, calling attention to tho facts, with the re-:u!t thnt committees were formed in Wellington and Dunedin to collect_ subscriptions, and the money came in so freely as to citable the late Mr Bracken's friends and admirers in these two cities to erect the monument which is now in position in the Northern Cemetery". Tho war stopped the canvass, but it is intended to resume it when the Kaiser is beaten. and the Government will then be asked to subsidise the fund, the idea being to found a literature scholarship to perpetuate Bracken's name. That part of the project is at present in the air. Meanwhile we have the memorial. It was described in our issue of tho 24th October. Subscribers who see it must bo pleased with the design that Mr Burnside drew, also with the workmanship. The appearance is effective and yet not in the least fanciful. .It is of solid concrete, with marble faces and a grey granite pillar. On one of the slabs, facing westward, is the inscription: "Sacred to the memory of Thomas Bracken, poet, journalist, legislator : born in Ireland in 1843, died at Dunedin 1893." Then follow two verses from his poem • Not Understood.' The situation is ono of the best in tho cemetery, near a junction of paths overlooking the harbor, and as tho memorial covers tho whole area, of the allotment there is no need for either a fence or provision for upkeep.

Our correspondent informs us that the weather at Lawrence yesterday wa3 most inclement. Bain fell heavily m the early morning, and about midday there were one or two showers of sleet, followed by a heavy hailstorm «->nd then more rain. The. accompanying gusts of wind were cold and biting. Thero were one or two falls of snow on the hl.'ltops, and. the Blue Mountains carry a decent coating, giving a reminder that winter is not yet past. Electoral items are of interest at present. Under the Amendment Act, 1914, an .applicant for an absent voter's permit has, in addition to signing the application, also to sign the permit itself before it i» issued. Jn order to avoid delay applicants sanding for a permit through the post should state clearly where they wish the permit posted to, because they have to sign it boiore it is issued to them by the post master or registrar at the place where it is to be sent. Tins is a point that applicants through the po»t should remember, for ;f a per.'-on, say, at Mosgiel has removed to lialeltitha before the permit comes to hand tho permit will not be forwarded from Mo-giel to Balclutha, for the simple reason that the applicant's name must be signed on the permit before it is issued at Mosgicl. Another point of intere.-.t in connection with the forthcoming poll is that at small booths where previously thero were an electoral deputy and a licensing deputy one deputy will now do both sections. l'rom iiupuries made this morning of merchants, it appears that business : n ge.v c-ral groceries is being wonderfully well maintained, and that there has been little or no difficulty in regard to payments. A noticeable falling oil', however, has occurred in the consumption o! spirits, indicating that economy is being exercised in this direction, at any rate. Mr Paulin telephoned at 2 p.m. : Strong N.W. to S.W. winds: rain within 24 hours; barometer fall. Tho Maori Hill School Drum and Fife Band made their firefc public appearance yesterday, vUiting the Hospital, under tho leadership of Mr Fitzgej-ald (head master). They played to tho patients a programme of patriotic and other selections that was highly appreciated. T)r Falconer returned {.hanks for the patients, and the Rev. F. Q. Gumming for the Hospital Board. Two more sales are reported by Mr R. Noilson at the Otago Art Society's exhibition, purchasers having selected a pair of water colors by Miss Park from sketches of Seafield Bay, Owaka. Yesterday afternoon the ' Bunty Pulls the Strings' company attended the gallery and kindly provided the music, thereby affording much pleasure to a goodly muster of art-lovers. A Wellington message states that in the Supreme Court to-day Robert Henry Gibson, who styled himself " professor,*' was found guilty of charges of fortune-telling. He was remanded for sentence. Gibson used to make house-to-house visits.

Out on the deep, while some troopships wore steaming from somewhere to somewhore, tho men were provided with unexpected excitement, not unaccompanied by danger, for tho steering gear of one of tho vessels jammed, and she started to movo in a circle, with the result that she ran across tho bows of another ship, and it was by the narrowest shave that a collision was averted.

Tho following are the divorce cases set down for trial at Dunedin:—Harriet Elizabeth Sage v. George Albeit Sage, Mary Thwaites v. John Thwaites, Agnes Geddis v. James Geddis, Frederick Hitt v. Amelia Mary Hitt, Ohae. Timothy Trinder v. Johanua Trinder and Albert Avres.

6170 Eczema Cure is recommended for eczema and kindred troubles; 2s 6d bos. Wilkinson and Son, chemists.—[Advt.] " Hav<» ono with me." " Thanks, I will. I'll have Wateon's No. 10, please."—[Advt.] Speight's ale and stout are acknowledges by the Dominion public to be tho beet on tho market.—[Advt.] At the Early Settlers' Hall to-morrow evening, under the auspices of the Otago Early Settlers' Lndy Descendants' Club, a children's concert in aid of tho local orphanages will bo given. Watson's No. 10 is a little dearer than most whiskies, but is worth the money.— [Advt.] Ladies recommend Martin's Apiol and Steel Pills. Sold by all chemists and stores. See vou get the genuine.—[Advt/| Special addresses on tho Book of Revelation by Mr James M'Farlano at Choral ilall on Friday evenings, at 7.30 o'clock. All heartily invited.—[Advt.]

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Evening Star, Issue 15648, 12 November 1914

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Evening Star Issue 15648, 12 November 1914

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