TO HELP THE BELGIANS.
A CURIOUS CHALLENGE,
The men eniraged on the sewerage construction works at Westpovt recently issued a chalieui'.-" to the -Mayor (Mr A. Leaver, a sacklleri, —r C. Marker la cycle dealer), and Cr M'Dona'd (a lawyer) to work a shift of eight hours in the trench, and deposited £l° to go to the Belgian fund if they accented. The Mayor and Mr Marker have accepted the challenge, and agreed to work from 6 a.m. till 3 p.m. to-day. The hdier, nrr-ng.-d to tnkc up collections amongst the onlookers on behalf of the fund.
THE BIGGEST ARMIES
The figures showing the fighting strength of Germany and Austro-1 i ungary compiled at the instance of the Commonwealth Minister of Defence may easily mislead the casual reader. The sapient arithmetician who Ins worked out the sum gives a possible total of 24,000,000 men IV-twen 18 and 60 years of age, and if these were available we world nnrjear to be confronted by a terrible menace. But after all the allowances that have been set out in the return, further and very important deductions should be made. Even a i cuntry at war must maintain its industries to some extent, else it would collapse, and millions of men must he required for necessary work apart from fighting. Conceding, however, tr.nfc Gornianv and Ausi.ro-Hr.ngary. which have, a "population of 113.000,000, have. 24.000.000' males between the a ties of 18 and 60 years, what of Russia, France, and Great Britain' The gross total for these countries is about 255,000,000. On the same calculation ns is made by Senator Pearce's statistician these nations must have 51.000.000 men of the same ages, or more than do'iblc: the strength of Germany and Austro-Hun-gary combined. THE LONGEST PURSE. The longest purse is a great help in war. During the Napoleonic struggle Great Britain gave huge subsidies to her allies. Retween 1793 and 1816 the funded debt of Great Britain rose from £229.614.446 to £816.311,939, an increase of £536.697,493—a tremendous load for fewer than 20.000.000 people. The issues at stake then Were much what they are to-day—extinction as a nation or a victory for freedom regardless of cost. The British Government can borrow to-day on far better terms than in tb« -■' poleon, and their loans would be adapted to the prevailing monetary :<. In 1793-1816 the Government issued or.lv 3 per cent stock, when money was worth about double that price. The borrower consequently had to pay rates which worked out at an average of 173.3 of stock for every £IOO received, the maximum being 215.52 in 1797, and the minimum 139.17 in 1802. Itis estimated that Great Britain onlv -received £339,131,500 of the debt created daring the war. Recourse to such heroic methods of finance may be reprehensible from the economic standpoint, but it showed the determination of the British nation to fight to the last shilling, as it will to-day.
HARDEST HIT SINCE WATERLOO. The Brigade of Footguards has been harder hit than since Waterloo. During the battle on the Aisne the regiment lost Lieut, des Vopux, a son of a former governor of Fiji and Hongkong, while the Irish Guards lost Lord Guernsey (heir to Lord Aylesford) and Lord Arthur Hay (heirpiesumptive of his brother, Lord Tweeddale). Among the Coldstreams' losses was X.ietrb. Lookivood and heir of GotMark Lock-wood. M.PA.
The pathetic figure at Mr Lloyd George'? great meeting in London was Lord Plymouth, who presided, amd whose only son was killed in action the previous week. Lord Plymouth is n sensitive man, and it required a good deal of courage and nerve to come before a public meeting and address it- with regard to the war in view of the feelings which must have been moving him.- Very bravely did Lord Plymouth stand the ordeal.
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TO HELP THE BELGIANS., Evening Star, Issue 15648, 12 November 1914
TO HELP THE BELGIANS. Evening Star, Issue 15648, 12 November 1914
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