END OF EMDEN.
HER AIM AT COCOS ISLAND.
ENTER H.M.S. SYDNEY. ONE TON OF SHOT A MINUTE. [By A. Spexce.] Captain John Glossop, of His Majesty's cruiser Sydney, must be a very proud man for the moment, having finished off tho Emden near Oocos Island, an important wireless station lying off the coast of Sumatra The modern Alabama -would, of course, be no match for the Sydney, for her 4.lin guns could not engage eight 6in guns with a ghost of a chance of success. Tho dramatic side of tho fight is told in full detail to-day. Tho Emden has reigned at sea for about two months, her first appearance in the Bay of Bengal being dated as September 10. In tho succeeding five days she captured the King laid, 3,650 tons, of the King Line j P.ibera, 3,500 tons, of the Bolton Line; Foylo, 4,1-17 tons, of the Mercantilo Line; Tymeric, 3,314 tons; and Buresli, of 4,350 tons. On September 21 there was a report that the cruiser's depredations up till that time had caused a loss to British owners and underwriters of £750.000. There was afterwards a report that she had caused loss amounting lo £1,000,0-00. Whether both -sets of destnjotiun should bs added together is yet uncertain, but the liigher figure is likelior. This enterprising product ol the Danzig raids now ends. What .sh-o. t-ost herself is doubtful, for such particulars about the German navy arc hard to obtain. Perhaps iJ'.ro.OOO would be something lilo the iiL'i'K-.
The Kjinlci) did not, quiiu play the panic like the Al:ii.;uij.a ai the, finish. The Confederate i.'uriii!i;iu(!i r riiins out of Cherbourg like, a uiMilltMini! !n engage the Keartvige hi t tiv! (i;,,iiuo], and saw his .ship sink fighting. ]n this ea.-e the (iennan captain, seems to have leached his vessel alter fiifiurin.u heavy fire. It is a small tiling, anyhow - , whichever way it ended. The chief rctlrri ion that everyone must have is Hint tile honor fell to a. unit nf the Australian navy. 'J'ho principle of a feral navy is .so wrong in Mr.itejy that the v.) iter, at h\ast, has always - tV.rtnfl it difficult 1o feel enthn iastic over llie Australian licet, There are occasions, however, when one may change his feeling. Mul (his is one of them. .Japanese am! Knglish, we road, were searching for tin? lomdeii. The hoimr eanie to Australia. It is a happy anbury.
DRAMA !'!( .sCKXK. If, inns; have h"i::i a dramatic fcene in the hay .'.»!■ T' the creat wiroioss plant is. 'J'ii" .spark" fr'in that, liiz'n-!m.\v.--iti'l iir-'-'lhitirin at I'ium? b.is been hr.-r,-'] r--ar \vw Zealand. The Kutdeo r:;te :n;o the h.iv a! !% n'riiir!; in the i.e'i niter, tie- iutei-r i.; ; e; <.iivi<>iis. >h" i-aii v.'itit 1t ;• :.:i arined lau i '!: towing .■':;].:■■ ju.i.-. lie, !■:,,! smashed the in.•ti;i.n-■'.: -. ;. :■: t.ee n 'erprise seemed mm pli'-'. Tile il- : v amen; s wrie r«'turnii:g ■■■a ii'-iiil. At t'nat jif-al itlonuel tii- ■ '1- '.'■ :.V' .il; '■','- r ..,■.-!!. '! lie Ki.nh'li eild--.<;.,< .1 :>, urn i.. s a i t ■:■■!• ■:■: .■,-:, d <\v- .■.-.,' t.:T. ''The' (WlllJ:; 'lire '•' fell <'.ff'iii :|.a. ; '! hecn'ise :!.<■ superior file of th" .-Vi.-i'eV :.:.■* I'm k her j;u|i station* with i: ■ hex--,. :■ .if Thor. At the very lear-i ;'•■•■■ -v.iv ',• would liiiiiw a. ton of fheil pe- niini.i--. Two of IN" Kmde.T.s tunnels v.,-r< <1.,v.-m. and she took lire. The >vdney v. a- .-e.nee.ly t-uched. Ti.e rietui'! oj' !!,-- >yrluey Jia.s .- , trurT. a. i.j.- w which will res.mnd through, the -■--■ .?■'•.'. rdtlw,UL.-!i |lj" aitn.-il eiiLMgemruit v. - - no' ii'i;;: per m>, lie has planted his fe, > -ruivly <e.i 'he j-iiid.-v <.f (!n'>; rank. \ .!■ ;:■■;:.';-.- t ii. iv -.v.is <of hii.-iasni in Lou- (!'■:: \eii. n tii" news eaine. being iv; : eiiiarlv p'omincnt. KUNinsIIKHC (,'OXH, TOO. 11l (.Jlljlilletl'oil v. ii hj tli's i>]e;isi!nt. 111trTiueiie-. I'enios the news that the cruiser KetMirsher.: Ins )><vn jiul, cul of ,t lion in M-me inlet of the f.-a at, Mafia Island. ]t
'. ;i;.in il- that .-In- \v;iri Iclth d up by -ink- ■■ in;. '"elii'TS in the channel. We h-'ard last ■■.■■■'■; !']:•: .-!'.■> had h.vn imi out of action. It. h.ok.-i ii!:e ;in omorprifin-.: act !■■'.' >■■>;!!•' lii-uteiiHiit commander, or m;yb,- .•••me brainy 11- ->;,! Navy T!e-S'-rw linn. The Kon ;::.'• bo tv v >;'-- . the ,~m;]i which di*:in!rd ti:<' lY;_asu.-; ;;t /.an/.ibar about September 20. hut, she is ; ';o wonder .I.=- .i h::h;:n.; erafi. ><>irw of ]':,■ .-.liij.H lately on (':•' New Zealand *.-i!J,.:i would find lior nil easy prey. i'.-.v it came that she, v.:i.s sealed iiji in t!'s f/.-hinn will lip i'.!K'r(?.--l:ii;4 re-idin;.: v. ; mi] ! 'k> details reach us. Til 1 .-: BLACK SKA BLOW. There Itr-s boon much dubious roir? about ;'<•• ho.-;: iii i-S in Ibe Black Sea, •which wore v*.-heated r.M _f tct.-1.-r 29- ih- lar-dmo at Trrhizond, fur inslance. The Russian Ad uhaity has n. >\v issued a Ff.-ifeuiciit which .•;■ ,:i;> loudly if the ri„dit infermoo is rri'l !■ •■•', it.. Tho commander of the fleet (-it S l-''i;(-;T'.'-Ii v-oivcd •> from (Mr fta nc'ii'vin'.' th.it two Turkish tnrpodn Ivnt-fiyi-i.q th" R."s.?fm fine; had onWod that It- have ■fn('".rd in*,, t l . ;:,\i.J ~? th- Kiis.-irv; -\-Trhai n.i-i-haivl that ihts wait at! act oi -,vtir t and l'v- lew is why he did u, f p;ii to fen v. ;ih hi? I-attH'shit't; at. oucc. One w.-.ndTs if hi.-; s>Mip;i(liic- were anything I'To bis ii.i.iiip. v. hi, it is do'-idedly <>•) ma;;. '!!:•'■ IJ i n<"k Sea f.ifna: ion -ui!! ho ;ntores'in.u' i:i flip w.-y. The i.',,eben is a. Tlr-ad-r.Might intiscr, and the Russian battleships are pre-Dread nought 'ype. 'Hie- question has hitiiT b-en debtit'd 'v jicilvr o»/> ••: the !>fi:adii.,ii:-ht type can C'fr.it ih rt:t cf prn--1)|, liy ],,aint.iii,ii!L' li-T disi.v.ice .'.ml dvwn hi.-: .fipcii"'!U- >,hi|> :>l'c-.r\ .ship, 'i'ho th-'ury lias be,;n all in f,,vor a! \ tii,- iJi-s-arlihiUcrJit typ-". 'fhc :<.'.->'i;y, p,;; i M iho tost of biiU'.o. v.',;l p.ruUihiv ijf. ;<vl-< ; in the Ji!a,l- :-,-:;.. ' | S!\ J'IiASU-S Of' 'I'll!-: W'Alt. S;)ake<p'.arc v.-roto his 'So veil Ag''* of .Mai;.' and a. hi„;h Fn.'.-i.-ii miiiu,j-y authority has now hem h ; s "Six I'h.-u-ts c! t.h.-> War.' I;h Jirst t,->vo are c,!<l. '!';)•■ tliird it; tii,' ;atti-> for (;.i!ais, whi'-b i> jjoing on : ilic fourth vii! (lin thinks) '•'.' i in," p,;!u.'r;ii < !«.>i':ii.;n ft'trpAt with a bail!.-' (in th,> Mmi.-;c: tlie ii!'ii< a further r,-t ■•:<■;;'., wiih i-.u-t; !■? on tho, lUtino; the .-ixtb tit", niinvli t-o ]V->rliii. '11:" .-uitbority stippnsffj i.jiat tlio (.'a!<iis pha*o. uill ]«} over by the uf nc.vi. luoutli ; the E*-ve-v:l ianii; <::; the .Mouse iiy April, IJIS ; 'ho l«:r<-iiipr of passages ovor th>t l'.hiiie by roi.ruaiy. 1915; and the victonuii.-> march on Ihiriii: during 1917. If this military prophor, did not fjivo I such <i v'?t;v of a ]<>»£, drcxry war, tho I rcM. b;i intcrosiirr;. The wonder. | how.-rvcr, is v.-hit l!u.-sia will bo doing .all j iiint time. ]t is tnio that ?ho is not vory I far forward in Poland yet—much low* for- | w:trj thcui the cables appear to imply— |
End the great chain cf Prussian fortresses j :s still before her. But she has ir.cn snfti- I fifir.t to furnish the sieges for ail the forti ■ tied points from southward, | and sieges of nil fortified points are not. j needed. Once a qa.-p been created in, i the. curtain by rfrrcicnt investment of two \ fortresses, the field aralios can bo safely j and surely passed through that pap. The winter vrill not see the Rn?sians in ' pa?t Poland, however. Tho problem of tin- salient is as sjreal as it was, and when the salient happens to be mud under foot and snow and sleet overhea-d, with tlie droadful railway sauces thrown in, the i:e::e;al pictnrc ' is ' not entrancing. The mr.rc)i of two Russian armies on Cracow was a.iTi'sT>.-<.l !>v tin- battle of tho Vistula. •'.:td if it hid bren rosinm-d we would haw •'■• a"!. \i! [\::u we \:nvi: learnt, is that ."'a:..;•;;::;).• ..-.•: ;.;,d .laioMav i'ave been Twm- ».•■.!■•■! !.v - ? > - l;ii-.-:;iii-. 'l'll.- ivii-age re-: ii*ruiiii: Ji»rosia.v v\i:uo lost vn»»k, ;utd tho [
cable about Sandomierz yesterday. SondtK mierz was in Russian hands 52 days ago, On September 20 v/e were told by Kom( message that the 14th Austrian Corps, under General Daakyl, wero making i " desperate effort" to reach, Cracow. The message -went on to statei "Russians are advancing from Sandomierz to out off his retreat."
Perhaps, indeed certainly, tlieso correspondents are guessing a lot. What els* could one expect under *uch a stubborn censorship! As for tho prophecy by tho French military expert, we may leave it where it is. I have only Been two military prophecies in print which cams right in -war. One was by Colonel Alsaagor Pollock on the German advance on Lule. The other was an article by a modest man who signed himself " Sniper," in the ' United Service Magazine, many year* ago. He accurately forecasted what would happen to Port Arthur in 1904. The general rule about military prophecies i» a simple one. Disbelieve them. THE GUILDHALL SPEECHES. The Guildhall speeches, reported to-day, look cheery. I am always inclined to pay a great deal of attention to anything which Mr Winston Churchill eays, and he state* now that everyone naturally desires to see a direct blow etTuck, but we must be patient. It is the right word to a nation which, in spite of all its amazing war literature, hardly knows anything about war. Mr Churchill adds that the conditions arc "curious," as indeed they are, and, for the moment, we happen (with our vast transport of troops at bob.) to be tho "big target." Mr Churchill promised us, in the middle of September, that tho German fleet would be dug out eventually, and if he. said so reasonable conviction if that there is no need to doubt, though w« must not expect everything to happen in a minute. Mr Churchill also stresses th<» economic _ pressure on Germany. This is Jess certain. The wheat returns from Mon - tival show that Germany had laid in vasl stores a year before the. war began. Tin United States and South America, are feedin<! her now through Italy and Holland. Mr Churchill closes by pointing out that our accentuated building has already more than restored all losses at, sen. In this respect, wo owe much to Prince Ijoiu's of Batten berg—ihe great man who has quitted duty branded as a " I'm-lnnnaii." Mr As'|iiith statofi that Turkey is done with, as a nation, both in Europe, and Asia. He would ho a v*-ry wise man who could give a dolhiile 'minimi mi that. M \SSJ-TJ GUNS AT YPRES. ''■n,.-> Iho battle in Belgium began the view has boon steadily put forward ir. I !,<;-(■> 7ioi'--s that Ypres was the point on whiYh tho siiuggle would string. Mor** vr.inth- if was stated that the decision atVjies world depend on the concentration of artillery. To-day we h.ear that the Germans bavp got Uin and loin guns up. The II in gi.n if their chief stock-in-trade for heavy artillery in the fir-Id. Ypres is' largely built, of wood, and each wood.?n hoi.se is now dniibiless n redoubt for some cm,<pany of Britidi infantry. The effect of incendiary rfiell is mentioned. A Paris eommiisiirjiie gives the extent t. c tho major lighting for the lime being—the .-■'-. i(o ArtnentioreF. It should alwiys be iTiiv.'inb-M-rrl that, fhere are two other p.tii> of thi; Z ahout which we hear nothing or any i >r..-"n'-oii'.e. A DKSEB.VED PEI-BAGE. Thoi-o i- line iri and message. A peerage ha? Iven bestowed on Mr Walter Cunliff'r. I'Jmvrn.'ii o! file Bank of England, for «i:rrial eorvic-' ivndrrod 1o tlie nation in a time of fiu.-iufinl crisis. The- ramification?of a business are great, even in ' V>w /oil old, hut l-he Bank of England f<\-ittiros iho lina,nro of the world. In doing ,-n it affects every citizens breakfast no<i dinner tal.-!?. <-ven so far away as hero. 7f tho groat iniluor-o of the Bank of Eng- ;,,•:-! ha- ,-ivorud anything like a financial a M-rvioo h;«=* been done which all tdioiild 10.- deeply thankful for.
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END OF EMDEN., Evening Star, Issue 15647, 11 November 1914