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CHALMERS. We icgret to hoar that Mr H. B. Mollor, tho Liberal candidate for Chalmers, is eeriotisly indisposed ami that, acting under medical advice-, he will abstain from holding any political meetings for a few days. It is ur.dorst-otod that Mr R. R. Douglas, the party's organiser, will conduct the campaign in Mr Moller'e interests in tho meantime. MATAURA. Mr W. G-. Mehnffoy, the Liberal candidate for tho Mat-aura seat, opened his campaign at Gore last night, and met with ;i.'i exceedingly favorable reception. It is estimated that fully 1,000 persons attended.

The Mayor (Mr D. M'Farlane), in introducing the candidate, eaid that tho latter was an old and esteemed friend. It was fonw 33 yearr> since they had become acquainted, w!:o:i he (the Mayor) was a pupil at a night school, at which tho candidate taught, and they had been intimalo friends ever since. Mr Mehafiey was a sterling good man Mr Mehaft'ey said that this was the first time he had appeared in tho role of a candidate for political suffrages, and that being so eonie explanation was due to his audience, some of whom might ask : " TTow in it that you, who live" outside tho electorate, have come to Mataura?" and some might, feel that to some extent ho was an intruder. Most oertainly he was not intruding. A week ago he had no intention of entering the field for any constituency, for he had just retired from active labor, and was preparing to enjoy a thorough rest. Some friends at lnvcrcargill, however, had r.fikcd him to attend a meeting at Gore- last Thursday night. It was a thoroughly representative meeting of tlio NJatauVa* ■electoral*, .ln.l it bad been fpe-cially convened for the purpose of selecting a candidate. lie had told tnem at that meeting that it would be much better to ee]?ct someone who resided in the district. At, the meeting in question there were present two young men vuk- had been mentioned as probable- <'andidatcs, and ho thought it would have been batter if one or other had been selected, but very magnanimoufly one pro pcw.ed and the other seconded his Humiliation. H<» was not, therefore, an intruder, but was the:*.? on the invitation of those who had a peifcct to ask him to become a. candidate. He believed that lie would co! the united Mipport of the Liberals in the Mataura electorate, for it wae only with that support that, he could win. If 1v gained the feat (and lie would strive his utmost, to do e.o) he would feci it to be his duty and privilege to take up his residence amongst them, so as to be aide to mutually confer on any matter affecting the welfare of the district, and be prepared to take hie part in promoting their social aid public life.

—AI ways a Libe rn i. He had always belonged to the Liberal party, arid during the'pa?t 30 years had observed that the" prosperity of this Boini- ! nion had boon ckrt'ly associated with that party. The future, to bo prosperous, would havo to be identified with the Lilwrnl policy. F-ame people dee.iitd party, but if there wore ills and evils inherent in the party system, there wore unquestionably compensating benefit-. The party system was truly democratic, and ho had heard of nothing that could supersede it. —Fducntion.— Mr Meha-ftVy demonstrated th" 3 elationship between Liberalism arc! Kduoation. What, he asked. «-a. s th- ideal «.f the. Lib- - j r:i'. party in respect to 3-dm at inn"' Thai ; ideal was that, every bey and ♦ ■veiy ciil in j the Dominion who was (rifled Ivy Nairn e with the requisite faculties should be enabled to pass free and untrammelled from the primary school to the univeivhv. II mentioned in detail ties great advancement along these line* already miid--' hy ih.1 Libeial party from the time £4 i yea.<s a.!'*—when edueation iva? at a voy j }•'«' ebb, and (he Fourth Stund.i: i certiihi ate was deemed sutu'eieni education I wherewith to equip the scholars to po oat ja nd face their battles in the- world, up t». It ho present day. and indicated thr.t th j 'fame proirrossivc policy would he continued I when the Liberals ■.very returned to power. I —Taxation.— | The aim of the Liberal party was to rejdueo taxation on what called the ! necessaries; of life, so that the worker \ woidd not contribute unduly. From time, j to limo the Liberal party h::d passed Acts thes<» lines, untii the DoI minion had almost, obtained a- free breaki fast table; an<l tb-iv would give further ' relief in 11i-r> direction when they , again took chare© of the Treasury JJem-lies. ! —lncome Tax.— i The Income Tax had all the* element/; that a fair tax should liavo. The present Odvornmeril had lightened tire Income Tax by an exemption of £25 per child up to , children. Why wa.s the exemption i limited to four children - ' If exemption was required in the ce.«e of the. man with lour children, it was doubly required in the ctuse of the man with, tight. If the Government wiehvd to ;dve relief, why did not they strut with the working classes, | j v. ho=e incomes \;:n'ed from £IOO to £l5O, I arid give relief by taking off thee duties on I j those a-itii'.hjs win. hj were wed daily bv j i the worker' I j —The Land Tax.— j j The Land. Tax more especially the! Graduated Tax, way used to prevent- a:p«- j ;:aiien of large estates; or, estates, been fljrpi'OL'at-ed, to uss;Ut in brcakinc i.V-m : up. In Souili America, and :-o;n- other j conn* lies, where the amount, of available : bud v. as almost unlimited, u e.v> ■ -i blessing ; but in New Zealand they wanted ilie, land" subdivided as widelv as p.--:.sibl c -, i for only in that way would the kn-d }■■?, j brought to its full productivity. T ; !r> ere i • o'lntry that was the most, .-(ri'tinrr example I of subdivision was Franc* 1 . Xr> roam ry in j the wo;Id had more rpcr.rioialiy.- jvovcr j than France. Fr-j ty > ocorc" airo l-oimativ ! impef.rd oii Franc* a, war inder.miiv ' wliieh it was; tiioupht ,~r the time wei'd 'mpjvovifh that couiitry for a C'-n-r.-uiLn, j lei* oven'on.K, know how Micedily Fram.o j had recovered. TT't ive-ji.err.t ivo n.r.vev i was owiii'i .mi' !'y to the .' I:i<;!| { Ataie of feitility •! ]i.--; t.-ir.!.'.- \.Ae I rubdivision. j —Pefenee.— ; The systeii) of eoinpul-MU'v train- j in,/ was introduced by the Lilwrai pr.rlv. and he waK :i-:A, any tpoeial praice ' to them on that account, beeaufc the othrr I party helped in workin;r out the <letails. Fut he was triad of it. b--'ea.ii:-e of the nmnle'r of yoiiur r.u-v v.'an were wlh'iiijr ' and ready to s-:-rv.-> their Kinu' and coin"- j try. Tiie «.hen:e had enabled New Zealand I to send Ir-r m-'ti to the front- r-o quickly in ! the present cri.-i---. Tlie country mtwt 'pro- ' vid" funds to keep our men propevlv j '.mined, and mu■■;■ not hecrudL'e the 'u#i, . fare must be taken !~st the scheme become ! too costly and tlm |vople iret tiivd of it | 111 ere must be i;<> lavish exponditure. a.nd ■ they must not allow ,a military ciicto to! (,'i'flw u]» in the land. A citiwm'amry. ofii- ! coi'ed by citizen oflicer-. an<l tie- cost not I l-i exceed from £200.000 to £500.C00. was ; what must bo aimed at. i —Naval Policy.— i

The nnviil policy naturally followed land dvfi'liP"', but it w; !: ; ji question hi w;« not very competent, {r, disciws. Lrjoki;;:; ot it fin;:, (Jic fincneinl viewpoint alone th<= T,i!x?ral paTfy's Feheme secin.-d to him mu:h the jnost feasible. Australia ivss a xew nv-rh largor country tl/.'i.-i New Zealand, j and with a much greater population sir* ! conJtl possibly stand the cost of her tmvv i which ran into something like £25,000.000. ! But it was hardly possible for New Zealand j to follow her example. The pl«n advocated | hv tha Liberal party to pay to the Admir- i a!ty a fcufficj-ant sum to warrant the de- ' tachrrieni of a powerful cruiser or two to i <-onlinvjously visit our waters appeared to him to bo tho best. —Borrowing.— " He who goes a-burrowing £ n e.* a-sorrow- ! ing" raijrlifc be truo of the individual, but apparently not of the nation. No new country could b9 entirely relf-supporting, and could not develop its own r-esources without outside help. Borrowing, then, TO e. c «pntial, but the money must be care- j fully mid wisely expended. The Libera! i ji;:rty. when in pnwci-, not. only borrowed : i<><: l!'.' pivater yravi cspendtd ; Xiw» Consul vativea said shc Liberal j

borrowing was going to rain tie ooontsy | perhaps they honestly thought and believed that it would. But what did they find when tho Conservative attained to the Treasury benches? Did tliev create a self-sustaining policy? Ko. Tliey proceeded to borrow at" a still more rapid rate. He did not blame them, because thej could not help doing so; but it was ia consistent, after declaring for years agaiaa borrowing, to do the very opposite. —Unemployment.—

'This problem was the most serious civilisation has at the moment to face. The worker in many cases had always hanging over him the possibility of unemployment, and its consequent hardships. It was the duty ot statesmen to solve this problem. Mr J. \V. Smith asked if the candidate was ii: favor of imposing a heavy duty on all German importations, and was told, in reply: ' : There will be no necessity, because none will come'here now."

A Mr Costello put a. series of questions which appeared to afford the audience considerable amusement, and which the; candidate answered adroitly. In reference to one which the questioner appeared to think a- bit of a poser, because a member of tho House had accused the Ministry of stuffing the Upper House with "rejects."' the_candidate said, amidst applause, that so ;ar as the Southland nominee was concerned : "If you are- thinking of Mr Thomas MacOibbon, I say honestly that they could not have put a'better man into the Legislative Council; and if you call him a 'reject,' I don't." -Mr Murdoch inquired if the candidate favored i)>a imposition of a war tax, and was thus answered : " If I find that a war tax is necessary, I shall certainly advocate that it be levied on those, who can best a fiord to pay it." Mr M'Ara said it wast reported ifi tha district that the candidate was an Orangeman, and the best way to ascertain the lact was to ask the candidate straight out it it were a fact'(—Mr Mehafiey. I have a remote idea, that one of my ancestors may have been an Orangeman, but personally I have no idea what constitutes an Orangeman. I have a daughter who plavs and sings sometimes, and has assisted at several Orange "socials," and perhaps some people have assumed because cf thai that I may he an Orangeman; but I wv here distinctly that I am not an Orangeman.

Mr .James Holland moved and Mr Horley seconded a vote of confidence in tho candidate as the Liberal representative, and pledging the meeting to use their best endeavors to return to serve undor tho leadership of Sir J. O. Ward. Tin's was carried without dissent.

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THE ELECTIONS, Issue 15647, 11 November 1914

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THE ELECTIONS Issue 15647, 11 November 1914

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