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[By Our Special Correspondent.] THE COST OF NAVIES. I have seen the White Paper just issued by the Admiralty, showing tho tremendous increase in the cost of keeping up the great navies of the nations. At the present time it is an interesting document to road. It shows that the expenditure for 1914 on the Navy of Great Britain is over 52 millions, against 37 millions in 1905. The German navy is costing over 25 millions, whereas in 1505 it only amounted to 11 millions odd. Japan has increased from 2 1-3 millions to 10 millions. Austria from less than 4 millions to 7] millions roughly. Russia is spending over 26 millions, whereas in 1905 her navy cost her less than 12] million; - . France, with an expenditure of about 12] millions nine years ago, has now more than doubled that amount, while Italy has done the same, and is paying now over 10 millions. The United States navy costs well over 30 millions against 24] millions in 1905. The total cost of tho navies of these nations is nearly 76 millions more than it. was nine years ago. and is now put down at the enormous sum of £105,158,000. **»-»* -if -JiNow that we have grown accustomed (o talking in millions it may be as well to mention that the present war even now is costing this country something like [;vc (nillions a week. * * * -x- •» xTho number of men engaged in tho British Navy is set down as 151.000, Germany coming next with 67,000, Franco 63.000, U.S.A. 67,600. Then come Russia with 59.427, Japan 50.600, Italy 40,000. and Austria 23,000. * -s- * * TREATMENT OF GERMAN PRISONERS IN ENGLAND. The Germans who were taken prisoners by the British troops seem at first to have taken it for granted that they were all going to be shot or tortured. But even the most optimistic among them could surely never have expected (hat they would be treated with that excess of consideration that the Britisher seems to consider necessary to the vanquished. At Aldershot, where, a number of them are confined within a barbed-wire enclosure, electrically charged, the British troops, after a hard day’s work, have even to cut up their firewood for them. Not content with having every Filing provided for their comfort without trouble or exertion to themselves, these guests of England—so (heir guards complain —make tho night hideous with their singing and their musical instruments. What seems to delight them most is to bawl our soldier’s pet song well known as ‘Tipperary.’ At Christ's Hospital, where a number of German spies wero incarcerated, they are reported to have done great havoc with the furniture and cedar wainscoting, carving their names la every conceivable place. ****■»#* EFFECT OF THE WAR ON TRADE.

While very many trades are suffering severely on account of the war, one must remember that its nn ill wind that blows nobody any good. The demand being made at tho present time on some of tho industrial trades is enormous. Northampton, for instance, is busy making half a million pairs of boots. A hundred thousand of these are for France. Tho Greek Government are also asking for a hundred thousand pairs. Leather is likely to "go up.” In Leicester something like 15,000 persons are hard at work turning oat socks and thick underwear for the troops. Many factories are working 24 hours a day. Sheffield is another town busy at work over the war, where, amongst other orders, one has been received from the War Office for 500 000 razors. Frozen meat in huge quantities is being taker, over from Australia, New Zealand, and South America; while Walsall lias received an order for £38,001 worth of harness and straps.


The 1 Daily Mail 1 has printed a letter hy A. H. Gilkes, ex-head master of Duhvich College, suggesting that now that we have had a good “go in” all round it would be better to cry off and settle down quietly again. Belgium, ho suggests, should be reimbursed for her losses by public subscription. Needless to say, A.H.G. is getting a pretty rough time over it. I have been, trying to discover wby I should pay Belgium, which has naturally my most profound sympathy, for tbo damage wantonly done her by a, people who have gained such a reputation for cruelty and barbarism. Why should jny friend Max of Hamburg keep his money in his pocket while I shell out for himP But Belgium, or France either for that matter, can never bo repaid In coin for all that she has lost and all that she has suffered. Probably we, who are so much nearer the seat of war, hear a good deal more of what is going on than you do, and it world do you no good to have it told you, but pray that you may never see in Australia what the German invader can do. Sentember 22.

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OUR LONDON LETTER, Issue 15646, 10 November 1914

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OUR LONDON LETTER Issue 15646, 10 November 1914

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