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LONG AND SHORT CAMPAIGNS. How long will the war last It’s n fool question, of course (says tho ‘ Now York World’), because there is no certain answer. But when there is an unanswerable question it is the custom to lock up precedents. Her.? are a few precedents;— The two most recent •'Central European” wars were settled in an amazingly short lime. 1 11 IS(i(> Prussia and Austria were at each other's throats over the jniey SchleswigHolstein hone—to whieli mother of them, by the wav, had any right. That war lasted only seven week*, and it ended in Prussia giving .Austria a terrible mid humiliating heating. Franco and Sardinia also gave Austria a crushing defeat in 185!) in a war in which the general lighting lasted less than a month. Tlii- list does not include Italy’s earlier and feebler struggle for liberty, against Austria, as in 18-18-1)8, etc. In July, 1870. France and Prussia wont to war. The general lighting in that war lasted barely a month. Of course, the siege of Paris ami other maiueuvros dragged on much longer.

But the actual clash in the field began early in August and ended early in September. Tho Russo-Turki-sli war, six years afterward, was longer by a year or more, but the Tuico-Creek war in the nineties was a matter of one swift campaign. The Russo-Jap war was also eomparativelv brief. In our own history here is—-miighlv —the duration in ihe important wars; years; the war of 1811’, two years and eight mouth.-; Mexican war, two years and eleven months: Civil war, four years; Spanish war, seven mouths and a half (with ilm hulk of the lighting done ill two and a half). All hut one ol lha loreg.oiiig were duels between two nation.-, 'ihe last gem ral European war w.i.s the Crimea, when England. Fiance. Turkey, .and Sardinia combined against Russia, from 185-1 io 1 Soft. ’I hat war continued for aooiu two van's, and resulted in a sound thrashing tor Russia. Before lha: tlv Napoleonic wars intermit teni ly hronghr ecery nation in Europe lo ihe haltleliold. These wars eont in tied, with breaks of long cr shel l duration, far more than fill years, and ended at Waterloo, when the English, ilit; Prussians, the Dutch, ami other aHi.'- overthrew Napoleon. Kiivi;; ard England, by the wn, were Germany's anm best friends then. Neat !.- two ccnl nvi.-s hcioiv that a Gent.: 1 n qua;; e! spread eiuil il involved aim .1 every nation on earth, ami i- known in hi-torc the "Thirty Years’ AVar,” So, with a very few exceptions, we see that the more modern the war the shorter it is apt to he. especially when only Central Europe is involved. For example (in aertial light iog) : Au-tio-Prussian war of Patti, seven weeks: Franco-Pi ai-sian wav of 1870, a molt;a : the present war——*

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DURATION OF WAR, Issue 15646, 10 November 1914

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DURATION OF WAR Issue 15646, 10 November 1914

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