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TRADE CHANCES. MERCHANTMEN’S TOY GUNS. LIFT THEM OUT. ‘THE TIMES’ & WAR NEWS. [By A. Fpenct..] Two correspondents rusk w by (he British sfdp.t commanded bv Admiral Craddock were s> unwise a.s to encage Count Von (spec's squadron if (lie battle was so onesided, broadside for broadside. We may be .sure that over; British officer. and many of the men, knew that, the chance of success was flight, but they went in to maintain the great tradition of the Navy. If they had declined the action it, would have been said : "Oil, they ran away! What, poltroons they air!” It ierm'nds one very much of Hie occasion when the water, lot in by the ram of the Camperdown, was running fast into the chain lockers of the Victoria, the big chip listing and lifting more. Tho crew 101 lin i or, deck. All understood what was coming. but tin-re was no move- to break (ho ranks until the void was given. These men offered up their all—their lives —on the altar of a glorious tradition. Admiral Craddock and his men did the same. That is all the 10 is to it, perhaps, but, bow

gr car it is . And it is m*l ceitaiii yet. that. (.Vain: lon fjpeo ck(-aped ccathless. It is hard io oclieve that British gunners shot, on for an hour without doing damage. True. the\ were the. target, boldly seen against, the soawaid horizon ; whth-. the gicy (unmans coasted inshore, hall-lost to vision m tn-e heavy cca, against the grey oi t;i« Chinan mountains. Them :s a '.void in the cables which gleams', oven if it only c iiiick from an American source. I here is (it, is German silence, about the T>eipzig and theBremen, and American naval authmi ics •Ji ink That, the lo«res cm the German -hie -vere heavier ” than was indicated.

We have had tm German Imfc- ‘‘indicated’’ here., .so :hn cable, if it aouinbratoe nothing else, .‘hows Unit there is a Jot of news flying ovei the I lilted Stales. Canada, and 'Europe which we do not receive The Bremen, for instance, as a

novelty. We had the Si harnlim.'t. Gr-risc-nau. Nurr.hcig. Dresden, and Leipzig oofor-e, Now we have l,h-r- Bremen, a vc.-T oi tec ** Town ” (Tas-s. ]t lias omv Leon discovered lately Hint Hi-* was ranging about tho Atlantic,' It j.- stated to-day that cmtook part in Hie battle. If so. we have much to learn tegaidnvg Ini sct.i CATE HORN TRADE. Count Von Spec's squadim may 1m- now r-ea 1 (.'ape Iloin. and our - 11 • ■ 111 • ’ passes that wav. The Seh.iwmo.rt_ ano Gneifnau would piobably he sivif of snot after the, battle, but. this w :.-l o- nibt.e.-s i <• quieklv made good by supply at sea. ihe Canopus, old battleship, and the sub-vcalione-u merchantman Otranto oiig!i; t, lie near, bul this duo cannot light ire .m-rmv forces stand at rues nr.. IVm ably'the Admiralty i.s now him;, mg mho ships to tins quarier. There is a gicatei p-di>:. S,.t ' merchantmen about la proved Home liom > e\v Zealand c.rnv a sot- <>i ! >' can

We have seen (he armed Zcahin-it:■ at I'm. . din. fog insiarce is : t wn- t - m aim time ’.it,tic grits on steps v. Inch can neither thy nor fight'.' If an arnm.l nuiehanimiu is md at sea she will i-c sunk, it opens up great- rema _'-'r therght,, Woiilel not these ships lie net ter without rov OiimiHii J iniiDi.—.* <lu<n r»rop:>silH»n '■’! <i*' yll l I\v 1 >*’ M'r* rcmler. In view of the tradition of the Navy, we wain no snrrertde- =. M tne, ,-a-ne time, w<• nm '. no Utkin ' and cirov. on ships which shnnid r propc-r'y bo culled ■'armed.'' Mby n.-t- land Hnse little eannon ■an Hiincdi.i Icifi aft have dune \vit!t it'.'

A SOLEMN PROTEST'. The news ami tint Censor ha\e g.\cn mu many a not-. The Loudon ' Times ' has now pm in its solemn protest—a protest which moans much to every citizen in Dunedin.

1 The Times.’ in a hailing article, ,’u-i-ts that, the. falling-off in recruiting is ai:riinilaolc to t!. I ,** cart, cold. ~ffii i.d news, and continues : “The Allies must take I Loti" choice. 1 hey can give i;news and gel men. or suppress news and do without men.

The military junker in all countries is ever a hopeless personage. H<‘ dependsym {■ho Si at a tor his living, on t ho eiti/enship of his loiinl ry. The theory of the soldier is wo:! found in one verso in the New Testament : “Greater love hath n<» man than tins : l!iat no !ay down h:s hie ior a. friend." It- is at least permissible that the hoys in .Britain should know 'exactly wliat is t he situation inidrr which they may In- caller! to march, singing or silent. t., ’the tomb. The nnswakable au’orrat at tlv> War Oliice will mil toil them. Lite is wnr-r-t, so sweet that it wsll oidy b*surrendered by intelligent m—i to the in-f-vitahle or the trumpet r ail oi hilt y. lint give «s the worst news—the worst, news ’possible—and then are the brighte\od youth and the more sober noddle, aged tiitin stepping out. ipiite gaily. ' hranks of death. It seems that recruit in.: js falling off in Britain just now; and. as we saw in rabies this week, the standard had hern reduced to Sit oin. J tim is less than that of women. The average height for an English woman is oft 4Gn ; for a. man., sft . It- was all the same m Natal in jotin. Buller ami Warren were quarrelling fiercely. BnllerT health was failing, and W.irron was i\ soured uni 1 . 1 hoy jointly

conducted the battle of Spion Kop—Warren to direct: Boiler to retain the right to interfere. They “directed” and “interfered ” so much that, on the last fateful evening, “Tommy” lay dead in great numbers on the kop which vatr, sheer valor, had won. A photograph of the British dead was taken next morning. The British Government suppressed its circulation, and the photographer's plates were seized. If the true news about Spion Kop had come at the time, recruit# would have jumped to arms ’by hundreds of thousands. DUBIOUS CHARGE. In the absence of genuine nows we. will receive many guesses. In some lighting near Vailly British Lancers are supposed to have carried out & gallop of over 5,500yd5. along artillery country, at night. I'hey'arc said to have charged by squadrons across two miles ot ground. The horses must have been well blown before the German objective reached, hut. that does not seem to matter. Probably the charge never happened. Certainly it. could not have happened in the form now received. .Moreover, it is safe to assume. that the British are not now on the Aisne, They may have the Second Army over—perhaps 700.000 all told l —but it is almost certain that our chief forces have been given the old post of honor, lhat post is now neiwcen La Btseec and Ypres. LILLE Tint PIVOT. Ypres is the main battlefield, but, in the three lines of the Z, the fortress of Lille is vi 10 main supporting point. How passed into German hands we, were not told ; it wan one of those situations in winch all is hush. To-day we axe invited lo believe that some French general, with a name hard to verify in any record, will not now Wmbard it, as ho does not wish to impose further suffering on th» French inhabitants. The broad true lino through the cable is simple. The French will have to bombard Lille if they wish in made serious headway in Belgium. I REFORTIFIED BELGIU-Vx.

One cable looks truthful, though it puls nra'ccrs modestly. Batteries of hold guns have been posted "'inland,'’ indicating the enemy's intention to cling to some few miles of coastline between eebrugge and the Dutch frontier, perhaps because tha Brugcs-Heyst Canal is being used s.r the transport of mines and submarines in sections.

AVe will find a heavier mounting of German artillery iu Belgium than this message implies when we come to know the reality. Establishment of mines and new submarine bases leaves little room for doubt. It is the German intent in accordance with Plan No. 2. There is no need to stale what fot.

In this struggle for the seaboard it is at least satisfactory to see that, our tactical

svsrem is superior to all. *Le Temps’ says that the British line was so "thin" that hj recalled Waterloo. It requires great, company and regimental direction and great spirit by the men to make sueli a. stale of things possible. Ranks standing two dccp : even if piotected by some kind of field woik, have to he steady, very steady, and very good shots to meet divi-,-ion after division driven homo on them in columns. GOOD. IF TRUE. The tables say that British patrols an; now within three miles of Bruges. The.-n must be patrols advancing from the. coast, and. if there is truth in the message, some Hanking force must have been landed. I do not, credit it. The battle is now for Yprcs. as I always thought it would he. and the unseen concentration of artillery must l.»o progressing. One cable put* in ihe suggestion that “ more British men and guns are needed. lire Germans at a 'tiii bringing nj> reinforcements, allegedly from .Alsace. This is another guess. The last we heard of .Alsace was that it ha,,crn heavily reinforced. The siege of Belfast. was beginning. We have not heard of Belfast since.

In the meantime it must not be forgotten that a bloody though unreported battle is going on where A on Kluck commands along the shank o,f the Z. Arras, as we see. to-day, is again heavily attacked. It has been under the strain .if attack ever since .September 25. TSIXG-TAO GONE. Tsiim-iao, city of gardens and hotels, and foliage, has gone. The Japanese are u. control it till the time when the adjustment comes. 'The feature about the siege, of Tsin"-t-ao is that it was broken into bv breaching one salient only. The lilts salient was’selected for the stroke. The gun. for the moment, is mightier than tho mound. When tho Japanese gained their lodgment in the Port Arthur works iu .Septemlrer-Docmher, 1904, no less fhathree salients had to be attacked.

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SPEE & CAPE HORN., Issue 15646, 10 November 1914

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SPEE & CAPE HORN. Issue 15646, 10 November 1914

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