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REFORM POLICY OUTLINED. The Prim© Ministea: (saya a Wellington telegram) has issued the following raaniVsto, containing the Reform party's platform : The first plank of the Reform party is that New Zealand shall worthily sustain its share in the responsibility and obligations of the Empire. bocal a.ul Imperial Defence.— (a) A vigorous performance of the system of national training for defence, by w Inch New Zealand'* young manhood may become citizens tilted fur the safeguarding i i the people's hearths and homes, and tar helping the Empire in time, of need. (b) A naval policy by which New Zealand will train the personnel and gradually develop tins Dominions interest in an Imjterial Na.vy which wdl adequately protect the Empire as a. whole, maintain the supremacy of the British Flag in the Pacific, and render sole the trade mules so essential to the cuiliiniunre and prosperity of Empire. —Safe Finance. Pontiimatiou of the policy which has already placed the finances of New Zealand, especially as retards the tjjate Advance© Department and the public works, on a much more satisfactory binds than was the case when the present Govcrnmeut took office. —Land for l'w.- - Land for the. peeole anil people for the land.

tal Maintenance of tin- freehold prill- > iple, which encourages owncia to improve their propetty. increasing the yield while maintaining the land in "good heart." (1>) Development of a sturdy, self-reliant yeomanry by special attention to the bona tide settlement of small areas of good land. tc) Promoting the mihdivision of large • states which arc suitable for clo-e setl’eineii by an automatic increase of the graduated ta.x. This policy will be exercised with a just and ran# discrimination. ft is also necessary to have a. fair discrimination between land which is lit for agricultural and dairying pm poses ami c'tnparatirely poor pastoral land.-, which cannot bo profitably occupied in small areas. The basis of this policy is ~ taxation <>f uny large landholder's inertia or imliffermce to New Zealand's needs. (d) Facilitating settlement by an ciungetic. well-planned prngraumio of toads and railways. Suitable laud which may )«- improved he public works wilt be acquired in advance of settlement- when such procedure is practical!,-. tc) Continuance of the new system by ■which the revenue from the State's land transactions will ' lie used to promote turlher settlement. if) Establishment of agricultural and land banks to minimise the financial anxieties; of settlers, and to enable lb in to hasten tiie development of their land for the profit of themselves and the whole , immunity. (g) Encouragement and improvement of agricultural education for individual and national benefit. (hj! An extension of the system by which the aid of the Stale's cxpeit officers is available for various industries (it A proper use of native lands for the advantage of both races. (j) Provision of a. better mini of appeal in the case, o? disputes over valuations of and by officer? of the State. —-Checking the Drift to the Town?. — By giving better access to the hackI flocks and by other facilities the Reionn policy will assure a proper balance of population between urban and rural areas. Heading is to be vigorously prosecuted, -specialty in places where settlement- has gone* ahead of loading. —Necessary I ininigi at ion •- - Tho new policy initiated by the'present Government of bringing boys experienced in country work to New Zealand and apprenticing them to fanners under complete protection as to their wages and comfort, will bo prosecuted. The supply of domestic helpers has been considerably increased since the Government took office*, hot still falls much below the demand. Methods have been devised to provide larger numbers of immigrants of this class. —Better Trade and Industries.— ia) As a valuable aid to securing the best possible return from the exports the Government have decided to establish a Board of Trade and Commerce, which will keep in close touch with tho world’s markets and note the movements of trade. One important function of the board will bo to watch the shipping factor in regard to inward and outward freights. ( ib) One feature of the Reform Government's Imperial policy will be in granting additional preference where necessary to British manufacturers, and in making reciprocal arrangements with others members oi the Imperial family. —Strengthening Local Industries.— Those manufacturing industries for which the natural conditions are favorable in this country will be encouraged. —lron and Oil.— Tho policy of promoting the welfare of mining bv direct and indirect assistance is to include iron and oil, which have, with t-md, especial national importance. The Government have plans to extend the usefulness of the geological survey to all present and prospective mining enterprises. —Mco-lth from the Fisheries.— The Reform Government have given .-pedal attention to a development of the food fisheries for local and overseas markets. Tliis very valuable industry will be fostered in accordance with the recommendations of Professor Prince, Canada's well-known expert. The Government have under consideration a scheme by which advances may be made to deserving, reliable men for the purchase of boats, with a. system of insurance at reasonable rates. It is also proposed to remove the Customs duties on nets and other gear pertaining to the industry, and to endeavor to bring about tho removal by the Commonwealth <>f Australia of the import, duties upon New Zealand fish. The State will thus f*e enabled to assist the fishing industry iu the same beneficial manner as in the past it has assisted the settlers and workers. —From Desert to Pasture and Orchard.— New Zealand has some large areas of dry country, particularly in Central Otago merolyawaiting water To make them fertile. The Reform Government have already passed legislation providing for Stale advances to facilitate the irrigation pro cess, and this important transformation wiL be promoter! by all reasonable means. 'I he Reform Administration are also goinahead with their policy, emlmdied in a statute of last year, to bring into cultivation as pastures (sown in suitable grasses! <>r orchards extensive areas of gum lamb In the Auckland province additional encouragement is being given to the fruit industry by a bonus on exports. —Timber for the Future.The Reform policy includes afforestation to ensure adequate supplies of timber f,,r the future and tho prevention of the indi.--criminate destruction of forests. —Guarding the People's Health.— The Reform Government have been steadily improving and protecting the public health. The inspection of dairy herds is now more effective, and this activity will be continued. The main lines of the general policy are: (a) Checking tuberculosis trouble at the source; {!>) encouraging and helping local authorities iu the campaign against tuberculosis; (c) courajreous administration of the Pure Foods Act-, (d) medical inspection and physical training of school children ; (ol extension of the maternity homes system and special training of nurses in the treatment of infants. - Pensions Reform.— During tho past two years the Government have fully redeemed the pledges which they made in regard to increased benefits under the various pension schemes. Pensions to women at 60, instead of 65, pensions of £36 per annum to military veterans, pensions for every child under 14 years of age whose mother is a widow, pensions to women whose husbands arc inmates of mental hospitals, pensions to women who are widows, and who were orovionsly' disqualified by reason of the

fact that, their late husbands were aliens—all these reforms have already been effected. As soon as circumstances permit it is proposed to remove the penalty on thrift which i' at present inflicted upon the applicant win* is disqualified by reason of his possessing a. home beyond a value. Another important feature is that of providing pensions tor llu* physically infirm. This will inquire to be done as soon as tlie- necessary funds are available.

Education for Sound Fiti/ensdiip.— ia) This year© Education Act brought the greatest reforms since the national system was instituted, and file good work will be continued till the smooth combination of the primary,, and university departments is lomolete. Ihe whole system is free- of fee now tor any pupil of fair ability and perseverance. (b) Tho Reform Governments encouragement of university work for hotter national efficiency includes provision for research in matters helpful to local industries. (e) The system of technical education will hi* developed and made more effective in its relation to the primary and secondary industries. —Advantages lor Workers.— (1) The Right to Work.— The. Reform policy for land mid secondary industries ensures work for all willing hands and willing minds. Tim provision for encouraging various industries—agrii uitnra! and pastoral, fruit farming, mining, fisheries, and others—will increase the national wages fund, mid therefore directly benefit all workers. (2) The cost of living is to be reduced by : (a) The erection of workers’ dwellings by the Government : (hi .Stata advances to workers for building purposes; (c) advances to counties ami boroughs, etc., to enable, them to jmrehasa the necessary kind and erect workers’ homes: (d) reduction of Customs duties on certain articles in common use; (e) by extending the scope of the Commercial Trust© Ad to facilitate proceedings against monopolies which attempt mi improper exploitation of the public. (3) The Right to Insurance. —Preparations are bei(!g mode with a sound plan to insure workers against sickness and unemployment. This policy will he on lines which will not clash with the good work of the friendlv societies.

(4) Subvention [or Friendly So, icties. — As soon as Dm finances permit, it is the intention of the- Government to again submit for the consideration of trien.lly societies a scheme of national subvention, thus according Die societies a measure of recognition by the State of Die magnificent national work which they are carrying on. (5) A Remedy lor Waste of Labor.— One of the safeguards against involuntary idleness will he in an amende*! system of labor exchanges to enable employers and workers throughout the , 01111try to reach, each other more easily for mutual advantage. Better Local Government.- -

'l’lic- Legislative programme includes it system to improve the relations between tfie. general Government. which aits for the whole public of New Zealand, and the local bodies, which a.ct for particular sections of the public. Allied with the reform will be the abolition of tin* present system of parliamentary grants. A liilt for this purpose was introduced during the past session, but the pressure of other business necessitated a postponement of this measure. llailways and Hoad-.--la) It is proposed thoroughly to overhaul the existing fares and rales, with a view to reducing the cost of travelling, especially to children of tender age, and to readjust tin; various admitted anomalies in goods freights, among which may be mentioned freights on hardwood and imported timbers, etc. Long-distance trains will be still further speeded up without causing undue inconvenience to wayside passengers. (b| While progressing with the national policy of railway i mistructiou the Government will encourage a spirit of selfhelp in districts which are willing to carry the liability fur development lines. (ej This policy will he supplemented by active attention to roads fur feeding the railways. (d) The general railways equipment is to be improved in accordance with the General Manager’s recommendation. This progressive policy will mean a saving of time, money, and temper for the public, and will also enable the Government to continue to recognise fairly the services of the whole staff. (e) Improvement of suburban railway services to case the congestion of cities and as an aid to extensive cultivation of small areas. —Town Planning.— The provisions for town planning embodied in the Reform Government’s amendments of the Land Act will be systematically used, and, if necessary, it will be extended. —Opportunities for Energy.— The Reform policy will leave no just cause for a cry of social injustice or denial of opportunity. At no time in the history of New Zealand was the field for a career more open for workers’ sous in the public service, in the private pro-

tassiogs. m commer c. in trade, or n; industry (urban or rm ai i. These avenues are to he further broadened. —No Stagnation tar the Native Ra,-*-. Ike Reform I Inveruiren! pidh y m in treat the Native a< far a* possible as a nakcha. ami the 1, ini; i;d ellect.s ol tin 1 now regime are aiiwidy visible. I n ( ’ Maori is being i m oiiragd to sti align;; n himself by intelligent '•nt'-rprisy-. rims improving hi- nsenim,-■* as a New Zealander. --Reform Plan • 'lystaitaed. The Reform plan is eonur.on-sen.-f government l.y tile •.aidimi’. i••'-i of public health. public ui-iliii, and national safety, ensuring good tones, good w ages, and cqii-.d opportunities.

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MINISTERIAL MANIFESTO, Issue 15644, 7 November 1914

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MINISTERIAL MANIFESTO Issue 15644, 7 November 1914

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