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iikcoud ru-XTUTiixi;

! \. ■'.'!; 'ir.„; is .-ti.'l going "ti vic^ivai.-i

.'•.:.o;,; ; .',;-u .•:i!-'j>'d V'r-ierday. i'he number s '•;..; dto 1 um-;i;uu- a " ivi'id." A ii-.r-'i-' numiir.- o; "reject" wafJ hiclitdfd. on ;., i-o ;p.t c-i' tho largo pi 1 - J ,-•■;,: a..> of eiiv - <-.r phyiiqu-.', and very many beh'.g uuaecut--iniiifd ii> itifvmoMfi l.ilj- »i-, and thvrciorn to wiihftami iiio hardship- of Miual war lint the police aio getting I.;!fy up the country, and i-. the rt'Miit 11 ili<! iacilitict; which they arc .impv.verod 1o extend ."■ hn'gc- number of more, eligible iviiniil?. may lie expected to offer them-i-iiv'!;. 'JVie l.> 1:0 flackoning in tho < fforis io inrr.■■«;• the Red Ciofs and .-.trior ]■■atrinlic- vr'ir 'tti.d.-;. Auytra.'.ia is interested i:t this v.-ar ■■;.- ke-.-iiiy as Britain herself, nnd th" f,id which flic- is rendering i& of IllF, FIRST "CITY" MAN. Ayrri;".? of the, distinction between th* ■'l wrny " and th* "bufihy," tome Joey t<i in..t;■ are V..;::;g en id U> 11s by Mr Dan (jr.vfoivi rh-J author of 'Thinking Black." I-;a. where an nr.irori.hy racial anttp'u'.iy ha,s been jio sedulously eniwvnted, he doesn't feel at home. ' : I like r.'.ii wrll enough, and I like youi glorious country ; bill I don't like your v.-nyf. I Htnll ha very glad to Kivc you, and pet hv-k to the 't-.avagess' of Afrfa..*' His thrust?. hoire-er, are all plainly goodhumored, and are tak'.n, therefore, in good part. "Too inony of you spHidid tellows i\tc locked up iii iht» nti<v. On'-" you sir-:in ihii- ' itv b««ino:-t- you .''"'.t flop. Th.-' lir.-i. nr,!i'derer---\vJiore, like npii>-. be:'.m vriih T'-v-is tho w.i vrno V.Miit. the fiv.-t. citv. If yoi. look at the old \\i\Aa voij v.-i.'l find ihat IVin wrr.t out from the. prcs-nr* of the T.ord, and huildrd a ' ,-ity.'' ' is on? of his chararkT>tic ;,:::;'■"!.-<.-. '!;:'n lie z<~'<-£ on to fsy that, iiin-rv an.! }iaste, v-hHi are th* riiost r ,„min-nt. fearu'-es of city life. ai*i hoftiktr. true oxtelh-neft of charaHo:'. " Ha,sl« ' and "hat*''" ."o:-.." from the Mini-' root. It ir-'cufticictit n braiv! one. kind of man to f:;v that h,' ;? a "fast" man. and a.noth»r '.hit he i" a "ha=iv" man. "lie, l„.iieve*h shall not. make k.a-U'"' is to he found in ls«ii.-:!i. "Yon never ."■•? (iorl in a liv.rrv." savs. Mr (,'ra.wtor't. " IOTI' T'tic?" ai'e Tii'irderei-s. Here i come to dmi"'.' ■!'.<, delight ftil Australia, and find ra-e -haif'i.f i'|"i choking in eit'>«, and the c',< ivr" half dyii'ir a chance to choke in t'-'-in ii>i." ''J'l'.e langna?'' ferns extrsva-u'-t but- thcr.i i? a solid bedrock tmlh at ti-'./'boit.-ni of it. Cold, matter-of-fact «/i«-n'-e has di.covered that city dwdirrs become Fterile. in tliei third generation, which Fcevns a conducive proof that they nii' living in violation of natural ordT a? well a* of high«r considerations. HOW NOT TO DO IT. Ministers aro ptill exercised about "findine c.mploym*nt" for the paopls, and all "kinds of costly schemes aro being mooted for that purpose. The uniform railway ■fWige- t^e mending; of the road*, " naitiorwlisation" of the iron industry, and similar ventivrea are spoken of in this connection. Th» obvious and simple truth, that iihe people, if left to themselves, would very promptly employ ono another, without imposing any charge on the Public, Treasury or any burden on the taxpayer, is altogether overlooked. Once more it is demonstrated that "Ho ivho only sees what he p!e?.ses cannot 77hat in plain." The explanation g«n«raJly offered is tliat there is no kudos for that 1 politician who only fees what can he seen by everylxxly. * He must invent .<>ome (latent schema or panada of own. ,>iH else he will be out of the miming. The*! giwit Jiiiidrano". t.. i»M|d<.y;n '■:: -■! p>; .

sent- urti liwr ;»rt)itrari]y Uk-m r~ie« of

which have been placed on employers — restrictions which are very v«xa*iously and oppressively enforced. If these wera removed the people would very soon adjust themselves to the altered state of affairs, as the inhabitant* of other countries, who are in far worse case than we are, are adjusting themselves. With the limited means at their disposal, any employment that the Governments may "be able to give will bo but as a drop in the bucket m comparison with the employment which the people in their private capacities can give one another.

AN ILLEGAL LEVY. In the Arbitration Court yesterday Judge Hcydon decided thaJfc the levy made by a union for the purpose of establish' ing a Labor daily newspaper was illegal and cannot be enforced. He also gav< costs against tho union, who were o:if> of the members for arrears of th< lew. It seems no. obvious that such a claim is a gross infringement of the political liberty of the unionist that it is almost incredible that it should have been brought- into court. But, as a matter of fact, it had been endorsed by tbe Chief Industrial Magistrate, and the decision now given was the result of an appeal from that functionary's dictum. His Honor pointed out that the establishment- of a newspaper was not one of the dbjeat* which unions are authorised by law to carry out. It has no bearing on regulating the relations "between eniplcyer.i and employees. The levy etood in precisely the same position as the marking of a levy tojiroride for the parliamentary representation of railway men, the point which was decided in the celebrated Osborne case, ft- even appears that, by including the establishment of a new\spar>er among its " objects," after it had obtained registration without it, tho union may be considered to have rendered void its registration. This, howover, is a point for future consideration. In any case, the. future of a newspaper which depends for its existence on forced levies cannot be considered pfcTtiotdarJy hopeful. OBITUARY. Two distinguished members of the legal profession have passed away during tho la.-t feu- day.s. The most notable was Judfie Gibson, one of the most promising of our District Court Judges. At the comparatively early age uf 57 he succumbed. at a private hospital, to blood-poisoning, which supei voned on wounds and bruises p-reived in a motor accident on circuit in tbe country. On more than one occasion Judge Gibson had filled temporary vacancies on the Supreme Court bench, and his <l.;i;li leaves a serious gap in tha roster. The other, a-'.nwt, equally well known, thmgJi in, a different circle, was Mr Nathan, an eminent solicitor. His practice was principally in the Industrial tVint, and usually 'on the side of the employers. .Mr Avthui Griffith, the Labor Miniftor j'or Works, savs of him:

"'/' hough loyal to bis principals, his objective itJway.- ivns to bridge the chasiu separating the divergent interests rather than to ycizc an unfair advantage. ! have known few men endowed with «a> many endearing qualities." Mr Nathan died of heart failure at the very moment of making a stroke on the golf links at Leura. lie was in the best of spirits, and nothing seemed to his friends «so unlikely as his sudden demise. THE FEUDAL YOKE.

With only too much reason, Mr Carmiehael ithe Miniver of Education) hat> been declaiming against the "infernal" methods pursued ly the Germans in e: n.-liii .; not merely opponents, but their soid"ei>.. In tin': course oi bis recent niji. h-a say,-, iie asked a German officer at I Ire-den vijeiher the wonderful organisation of the army did not destroy initia- ! :ve. "We don't want anv initiative in e-ur s~idi-r.-." was the reply. " Hie fire* thing «■-•■ do is to lianuner it out of them.*' So. wbe.i the officers are killed off, the iati'i; and file become like a flock of sheep whhh has lost tbe bell-wether. Observant jX'oj.'!«• are- beginning to wonder whether an utterance of this kind from such a quarter portends any relaxation of the discipline of the Caucus and it<s "irondad pledge."

A .MILITARY RAID. UiiViiMiiess as to the loyalty of German nr.d Austrian residents in tae State ha 3 iVrj io ;i fjrriioral examination of their premises under tin: au.«pices of the military a;in. Fortun.-iuly nothing was discovered of a con:promising nature. It may be lioimhl t'liit the "cock-and-bull" 6tories which haw been current concerning the* dirovcv <jf wireless installations and the summary execution of the proprietors—none of tiysi: yarns botm to be thought complete unices they conclude with a or a hanging—will now be received vitii more caution. In every in-i-sance the firms and persons concerned r'-im to have, piven every assistance to the authorities. L nder the circumstances of the ca«\ however, strict vigilance is obviously oiled for. Nothing can be better t.'Ucuiaifd to prevent treasonable action.

A FATAL ACCIDENT. "While n machine gun was being brought into position for being photographed at the M.-rottbra military encampment, ono of tho men clipped, and in failing seems ;o have Mn;ck the: gun with his hand. The fa.'ei-y <atch released, and the gun fin.! n-ls'tut a bullets before it cou!d he. >tn,r,;d. One man was shot in tho bf-hd and was killed outright, another in the eye. and another only slightly in tho font. '(!;■' general impression is tfiat there, viii;:-:, have ;>. en regrettable slackness, both i.i .'il'iv.vii!.; ;: loaded machine to be us-cd for miJi a purpose and in failing to eee that, it w.k. handled tinder efficient supervision. A searching inquiry is, of course, to b" held. I'hc damage, however, is past remedy. (ktehcr 27.

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OUR SYDNEY LETTER, Issue 15643, 6 November 1914

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OUR SYDNEY LETTER Issue 15643, 6 November 1914

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