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A ONE-SIDED FIGHT, Issue 15643, 6 November 1914
A ONE-SIDED FIGHT
ON THE COAST OF CHILE.
TURKS' MARCH FROM SYRIA
OUR FORCES CN THE SPOT. REVIEW OF THE LAND WAR.
[By A. ?PENCE.]
Gneisenau. Sehr.rnhorsf, and Nurnberg are in the light to-day. The morning <• cables were vague, but the general story of tho engagement with the Good Hope, Monmouth, and Glasgow smacks of the real thing. Ono message is by the Valparaiso correspondent of the London 'Times,' and ' The Times' does not pay its numerous correspondents to stroll about, the world collecting canards. The story has now been confirmed by an American source. Tho last message received to-day states that the Good Hope survives. I*, was a very unequal engagement, anfi if ell three British ships had boon sunk it, would have been ?io discredit. It is true that the Good Hope has a brace -."if 9.2ir guns, which are more formidable than any gun mounted on the hostile trio of Pacific roaiiK-i-s. but the total battery for lonc:-M»re tire is what decider. In a beam H'lbn—and all actions at son. eventually resolve themselves into battles on the beam—-the Seharnhorst and Gineucnau could train no fever than 12 B.Sin guns. There wore plenty of guns of ir-.-s calibre on both sides. The Monmouth, for instance, has 14 6in guns and the (lend Hope 16. but would not count- in the opening pha.se of the tight, ooul the opening phase is the deciding phase at sr;i.
The British t-hins would have the advantage in speed. Tho Monmouth, if
; "whacked up*' to 147 involution? per minute, inicrht- do 25 knots, -.\liuv the Schanthorst, working af 120 revolutions, could only manage 20 ki.ots. On (lie.-o supreme oocasions each side endeavors to tti-e its speed to cross the head of the- ruber's hue. Hut what would it all com; to'.' Two :.oins. would count <:ni our <ode and }'?., >-:\ th" other, If they began a! ]O.COoyds or 8.000 yd? the superior Inn; rant:'- broadside I would toll all llv time Til.? Scharnhorst and Gneifenau have -ii!"t:cie:i: armor !<• keep out th- 1 Tim] Jl.-;po\- nil.K'k at Mich ran.:;-. Above all. it in;!.-! not be h-ieo: ii'ti thai the S, hai nhor.-t i nji'ivs tin i -nri.-it in'.t of he in:* a'>oat the sinai ; ■ ■;■'< I'ini:" ay hip. in Ml" world. A year ,',i Iv.c, a'."i she hoi-ved all record- on the <" hin.- station, and siikt (he days v. hrii Sir IVi<-v Scott bo-.an to spnin!- !.-.• in naval shooii:,_' in ljiai pan <,f the ■.ncld some "real '-.old- hav- hj -m put ''ITo Uom"-irh. n, „i:- -.old. was --.ink. ti; •• Good Hi-p.' ar.d Cla- ...or damajr-d. ii th''- w.'V tin I-"did i ca 'h <"• mv Von spec's ships inn..t h;.\ A "Miiiti-d a :;'■■ a ! fl-i it. and n i i I'.' n-. m lh.-< -.-. ill >.o on'. mo-: lik.Tc '.:■ ai o'lco A:,;, i:■ : n soe.i<e. soar. •:. <:: <<■■ : ■>>■■ soim- w.e; hj rt'ill depots. hj th- l,;\r': ;...iii-. i- o:' M-- Sani, >'••.-. Islands ■ ],! ti;.-. ;,-• iliiv o! ,!..- t\,..,\ M ,;.-.. Mo,' I'.r.oti' 1 .!. an.! ' i'r-•..'!■-\ in ■iv -',;; -.lron .». e a-.v .-on:.' p.v; •;' ;'■.- .irs: ■« n of ihc "feventv rh:i-" •' i :. ii ■■<:■■ < -nil' avian.; to I U;uk oh.wn Co O '-man ships. ' -\t ; ill.- .h-.:i'ii.-;,'(:;/: of rh.- uvi ■ Ibe Ohis-.-oasi u| f'hiv.lh Ann-rioa. a:.d was the . hi. ?' I ship there. M-f in::, it .-cenit:. h'-on !"- 1 ,-entlv joined bv :h ■ ..,"!-■ l 'w—<:... I]h a - i ami wh-'i i.- ii : " ■! j tlv Administrative Dividon "f the T "h'l i Fh?i. .At the hi ;:ii!iii;i.' of tlv. war i. api.ain ]!. J. !>. Yeh.Titoi!'-, (..oiiliii.aii.l ::!i;' | ('load Hop'-} wa- anaoir-'i to Po; land (lit' .Monni ni'.ii i>> t. 'i he I latiPi- v. as not own in fnll <--!i!i!i'is>ioii. rhia wat-mim:sa <ai:tail!. and was unlr; the ■ rhai;.'*' of C'onniiandfr Spfnr-ff V-. ('"'.'idio-. Il would mot ho Mirprisnii to ii dnit;maialy liiat tide -hip w...- m.nv--.: i\v a .-i lal: It i ]V'W. ( AIM-: l!nl:y 1 iIAiJK. V,, ;,,-....) to -r-n. ■''!■:■ U-,: a.al lha wont .--::' hv- told a f .. <.n..'.-. 'I i>c s :;n' t.aal ■.:' tin- .av.i.hd a.Hon ~,■,,!•.- to 1,- inn' -.1..- >ioPmonth sank. i'lahr Im n:h- Ii- ■ '. i" "iir.s v.-i'v.' f.-.ivr.i tiil ..li,' took ;i-- last hj. .-]- m-f-r. 'i Iv (liasoov iha: ah- ha- 1 to ran to,- (',„■■ :i hj on th--~.-.::--t or rhil- It; th" his' in.'- iln> fJ---.---! llopo i:,-.d h-i- P.'Xi" '.".ins i' r a" ""V w., ; .. w-.rth. A i-ih- <■•: O.Si'i •.-:::■/!. 8.2. I'tK f;Hi' of til"- ii--,\\ Ho|-,.- i.S l!!).>.-r----ta'on. At all ovon's. shr tool, th'- hva off ill' < rlasgo-iv. Thf tTi' of tl;- in.."'at. '- oil ■•■■ ii trad a via' <".:■,-! i.v 1! rn. 'lh' !i"!a-!«-ra )■■•- pons that sho v-f-oivad rn" !-'i- an" alton-(ii-.n from two I I'-rm-'i. <-riv.v-""s. 11-:- Saharnhor?i and (irs-isc-v) r.i will naa be porrii'fcd *■' ■-'•''' ' '■■ :1-'- .-o-'st. of S-r.nht 'l"i:.- trada which paws that, v:rr is. v-a vaiv;.'••:•:■. a'.d w-f: may b'- i-i;it<- s-irc t.har th>~ .rint Adir.irainef, of tlrr- Afe m" r-:a! aon-o-thirif; .solid to these latitncias vory :-co:i. Tho win point i><r a i-rnh'.i oai-itam <-tir.'a'frl in ger-Til oa.-.i.n ra: i:;.-::. is to ]:<-<p on the it"svp and n-'. cna k:!0". 1 s that dor--is dyiiv- •-;-. tKa SViiam'n.oat * THOSE SHIPS I.Of.'ATr.n. It. se?rns that thasp Oprman ahip?. ■■■vr-rr. onrp within thrfft days' swam of New Zealand. Thar? is a very [. n cd messape on thai, point fro... *he Sydney 'Daily Telegraph'.' Tt ad/n that the:-.- da a,a'rons. Oe.rman «hii>s h.avr> ;ir :r;iii if- n !0.-,-,t,ad. 'J'h.eir loration will < han-.-e swiitly. lait. it. will give .sonic "hi" to their next fvMd_of a.dventniv. The i h-rnw:: rraisrr r.iptains aj-e playinrr Iho i.;.-.i::e for all it is worth, and th" ' Teloynipli ' sayr-. saceiy cnonclt. th.at the rapture of th" Kn den. i'or in-sta:n-c. would he worth more to n-- than all our reaetit island That is very triK-. but it is. a very dld'hii'i shin that we are out after. The fa-t thai 70 British. .Japanes". i-'reneh, arid llnssian ships are in ehase iiin.-trates wha: it all means. When thp history of t.■-,.:• -.var eoaies to ha written, there wiil k" reeriminations —the Antwerp story, for instasi'O. But. if these f-onn; r: .rni-a'-s h-.ve h..d an undue lease of life.. o;hi-r Admh-,!>.:<.'. titan onr own share the Kspniisihdky. THK YO]!( K Sl'OliV.
It the Yorrlc filnry ;-- tine we lvivo got some of our own hack. J; is fitat'vl that she struck a, mine off the .Liluie and panic. The story is given as orHcial. The Yorek is not the equal of the Scharnhonst or tho Good Hope, hut she is a much more imposing ship than our Monmouth. She i« armored, 9,050 tons, and mounts .is many afi four S.2in guns. This is a. good intermediate mounting. It. will bo "interesting to hear whether her misadventure wae part and parcel of the German sortie which got near to tho const of Suffolk. It is stated that hair of her crew was saved, though how that point k known bents the imagination. Her complement is 557. THE MARCH ON THE CANAL. As was anticipated, the Turkish march on the Suez Canal is likely to be rapid, and there will be a supreme rush by both sides to seize the artillery positions. One ■ of these poeitious is at El Gisr, not far from Ismailia. It is stated to-day that a camel corps directed by 10 German officers ie advancing on Ismailia. The numbers given in the cable will be a guess, but the movement will be sura enough. The commandeering of camels, which began in Syria 73 days ago, and Sir Ed waul Grey'.; statement that roads through Pales tine luuc been prepared cany their own comment. Th« JJritieh troops i% Egypt
marched from Cairo about Friday or Saturday last, go the fight for the artillery positions hae doubtless begun. Broad mention of our men on the spot is interesting now. The SirdaT in Egypt is General Sir F. R. Wingate, the man who finally routed and killed the Khalifa in the old Soudan days. Egypt, however, comes under tho wider Mediterranean command, and Sir lan Hamilton may or may not take over the charge of operations on tho Canal. The officer in direct command of.the British forces lately at Cairo is Majorgeneral Byng, and the infantry with him are Second Battalion Devons, First Battalion Worcesters, Second Battalion Northumberlands, and Second Battalion Gordon Highlanders. The Third Dragoon Guards march with them, but we seem to be weak in artillery for rnshing the points of vantage now eo urgent. We have only tome horse artillery and a mountain battery. No doubt the deficiency will be mad© good by the paramount artillery reinforcement—the entrance of Britieh cruisers into the Canal.
For infantry we can draw on the other points in the Mediterranean command. Malta can send ;the Second Battalion YVarwieks, Second Battalion West Yorks, First Battalion Welsh Fusiliers, Second Battalion Scottish Rifles, and a battalion of Middlesex Rifles. With this command goes General Sir Leslie Handle—hail fellow well met with Lord Kitchener, and memorable for his resolute work in the Boer War.
The Gibraltar and Cyprus commands will send other troops. The commander at Gibraltar is Lieutenant-general Miles, and he tins with him the Second Battalion of Scotch Fusiliers and Second Battalion of the Wiltshire Regiment. The striking point about these commands is their weakness in field artillery. The indication is plain. TUBKISH CONCENTRATION. The cables give the Turkish, concentration at all points—4oo,ooo to meet Russia at the gate of the Caucasus, and 300,000 awaiting transport from places in Syria and Palestine- to the Suez Canal. It is a steep rit» in tho news. The last wo heaid of tltb move through Syria was that 40.C0G were present for duty in Damascus. Gauging the war strength of a Turkish army i;.- ditlku.lt. There is, tor instance., no roll-call at tho ou<l of a. battle, and their major records in peace times leave much lu the imagination. I do not- feel inclined to do|iart- from my original estimate that about 80,OC0 troops have been asfombling at Damascus since August 25, and that tio.OOO will come north from Arabia. This makes 1C5.000 for the m ,ve on the Suez Canal and Egypt and the .M-.diterranean cannot meet, that, though worships in the canal will count for much .it. pi\.-cnt. Ihe garrisons of such points :'.s .Jerusalem haw. to he ivckonr-d in, as well as the \ague fighting value of Be--1 TKI-: LAND STRUGGLE. The land struggle hears features, pleasant and unpleasant. In the. nllicial account vest onlay we had a convincing story of the ta.Mual superiority of British regimental a,.d divisional direetion. The ai-c.mmt. was so in:'-resting that it is worthy o; mention far outside the compass of to-day's note.-. We have at length learned where the British ate. Belgians and French are nearest the sea. Then com-' ihe Briti-h diiving home near Ypro-. Ypres is ihe point, in thi* bailie, and our conntiyic.cn oei'iipy the post of llonoi, j;3~t ns lliev did :it '.Mens, tiie .\j.:i ne. :-.',i.-sons. and els-tli.ele. it i- de.i':ite!y sLitr-d tiiat the Gi-rmaus • :'' !>■ id i. o. . It Is dilli lilt to under--•irnid ie-w at', one ever though; that lite (.'TIII.OI- V'.:ll ; ,j 1.-t this fill to ss <;,->. F'-i* 1.,.;,;,,!. Maedonald. and all lb- olimr '••oil-.s iii the rii.'g which sin inirnds tit' iitv must in efii.-ienilv rcfonithd by now. We are told that t/ie G.rmans are bringing sniunai me- to Zeehiu-•„'!'. wh-'Te they intend to establish ;i :-e; ; leise. .Mines lie .-» ! i,_' "-el ;, tlo.'it and he.ivy gum; iiioiinted. Thn de'iiii deaiiiK,' establishment, v.oiild not iiave neon planted on the coast ;n.!'.••..- ihe Herman command, is- fe]t rea--o:iabiy suit! of iMi.iiiih;' their grip on I'-eigil'lll. El-ewbire we .-ce that the Germans, are f'oei.iee- :; \v:iv ii'iim Poland, Uoeoivo this wit'-' i.'-ti'.c. I'lir.-in't in Ei'ougris, sject. ami IvjiJ i- u'itli. nit. and new railways have to be laid. What is sincr U that tho (o'iin.'i:!-. ii.ivr- taken every i.mhel of torn "':! <■; ib-.'..., .'. ...'..i eveiy form of coin <'!;■!••' m y al.•<■'. The Cerman': i'a:i rimv sit i'ehi in iim m-.id if thay ehoo.-e. and the J-::.--!.in niar<ii o;i Cr.icow. v. hieh was ar- :■■.'■,:. d by the battle of the Vistula, has not hi-'n r -!'!ii;'-i so fur.
A ONE-SIDED FIGHT, Issue 15643, 6 November 1914
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