Is- our columns vector-Jay v,e gnvo an extract fjom the Nov.York ' Independent' hi which the suggestion to< made by a. United States nav.il of.ircr, e;iid to be of the highest rank, th.it the Kai-er h.is suddenly become insane. Jt- is true that this officer modifies his suggestion as not being whoily justified oc satis-factory, and asserts instead, vfriiii.' a well-known euphemism, that the. Kaiser has "lost his head." The idea of if.'anity must not. however, be dismissed summarily, for it merits examination on accevnt of the Kaiser's hicrh and most influential petition before the world. Evct> charity demands that such examination should be mad*-. Besides, it is tho cherished conviction <~J multitudes of tenderhearted women, who fi-rd in the Kaisers vam'ty tho oniy s:ifiicient explanation of his willingness to shed rivers of human blood. Then there are others -who arrive at the eamo conclusion by an intellectual analysis of his exaggerated egotism. Another American, John Kendrick Baaigs. drew attention to this mental characteristic some fifteen years ago, making the Kaiser say I am tho Earth, the Moon, the Sun, All rolled in one. The objection to this pic-? of insanity as the truo cause of the Kaiser's undoubted peculiarity of speech and action is that in other directions ho shows himself to bo in possession of a, clear and vigorous mind. The fact, however, is really no disproof of his insanity. A paranoiac is not necessarily, is not perhaps usually, a con-plete mental wreck. There are so many kinds and degrees of insanity that numbers M'ho suiter from this disease, are yet .able to discharge their usual duties with a measure of success. The
Is the Kaiser Insane?
Kaiser's insanity, if ho bo insane, is a paranoia that issues iu megalomania, or in what the Germans themselves call grosrariwahn—that is to say, in.delusions of grandeur, in a mania for being thought great. Wo are not now making a necessarily offensive suggestion concerning the Kaiser, as will be readily recognised when we cay that authorities on mental diseases include among the victims of paranoia such as Mahomed, Joan of Arc, and Bcnvenuto Cellini. It is evident that if these were insane in certain directions they were cap- | able of strong thought and effective action in other directions. There is extant the autobiography of a paranoiac that is entitled by the writer 'The Piling of Tophet.' This is described by experts in mental diseases as a very valuable work. In it the author tolls the story of his life from childhood to manhood with much literary skill and analytic power. He confessedly writes becauso he knows that he has something to tell that it would be worth,the world's white to hear. Yet he knows that ho is " possessed with a monomania or crazy onesidedness." Now, this onesidedncss frequently takes the form of megalomania, a delusion of grandeur that causes some sufferers to believe that they are over. God himself. It is therefore no disproof of the Kaiser's insanity that in so many directions his mind is clear and strong. The eolc question is whether his egotism is or is mot abnormal. The deepening conviction of thoughtful people is that it is altogether abnormal, a conviction that is based on his strange speeches to his people and his army. Jn these speeches there is more than a suggestion that ho thinks himself to bo in some special relation to God —>" Myself and God." If now wo grant that ho is, unhappily foi himself and the world, a victim of paranoia, havin™ delusions of his own superlative grandeur, then the present war stands explained so far as lie is concerned. He is seeking at all cost to secure for himself an empire that will, in its extent and power, satisfy his diseased imagination concerning his owa exalted personality.
An important transaction in tho bookselling trade is reported to-day, Messrs Whitcombe and Tombs, Limited, having bought the business of Messrs Ferguson and Mitchell, in Princes street. The terms of purchase include the whole business as a going concern, including the shop and victory and the freeholds and leaseholds en which the buildings stand. It is the intention of Messrs Whitcombe and Tombs to pull down the front, of the present shop and build a commodious bookchop and stationery department on the lines of those erected by the firm in Christchurch and Wellington. Plans for the now work are being prepared, and operations are to ba commenced without delay. Mr G. H. Whitcombe, managing director nf Whitcombe and Tombs, is at present in Dunedin supervising matters. We understand that Mr F. W. Mitchell will remain with Messrs Whitcombe and Tombs as consulting manager. Authority has been given by the Gas Committee to have a connecting main laid down from the gasholder in Percy street to King Edward street, with the idea of making it a supply holder as well as a storage one. There is .a natural disposition to assign to Lord Kitchener the credit of the marvellous organisation and administration at the War Office, the more striking by contrast with the deplorable- stupidity that at tho opening of the Doer War nearly lost South Africa to the Era).ire (writes Sir 11. M. Lucy in the Sydney ' Morning H»vald'). That Lord Kitchener is the right man in the right place everybody acknowledges. But it is too f.oon to forget that when he went to tha War Office he found existing a state of things inaugurated by Lord Haldane during bis term of olficc carefully tended by his immediate successor, Colonel Seely. Tho earliest success which astonished tho world, and greatly cheered this country, was the secret- landing in Franca of an army something like 150,000 strong, fully equipped, an enterprise accomplished within 12 days of tho declaration of war. Lord Kitchener went to the War Office two days after the order to mobilise had been issued. Doubtless he directed the transport of the Expeditionary Force with his accustomed skill and resource. But he found re-ady at hand machinery carefully planned and completed by his predecessors. Another more broadly-planned, further-reaching scheme for which the country is directly indebted to Lord Haldane is the creation of the Territorial Force._ During tho earlier" stages of his establishment of the force he was assailed in the House of Commons, on the platform, and in the party Press with harsh criticism, ridicule, and misrepresentation. It was a hard fight. Rut Lord Haldane, after his constitutional manner, cheerily plodded on, and when he quitted the War Office for the Woolsack ho was able to liand over to his successor a. supplementary force to. the regular army of inestimable value. In this hour of peril the stone which the builders rejected has become tho chief corner stone in the structure of the reserve forces. The Territorials have not only volunteered by battalions to go to the front; they form a valuable recruiting ground for tha regular armv.
The Gas Committee yesterday decided to recommend the City Council to give a grant cf £23 _ to tho Expansion League. As stated previously, the Water Committee have declined to make a grant.
In the Magistrate's Court at Christchnvch yesterday Andrew Costclloe appeared to answer six charges of having misappropriated various sums of money, the property of the New Zealand Government. C'ostelloe pleaded guilty, and was committed to the Pnpreme Coiirt for sentence. For the prosecution it was stated that accused, who was in the employ of the Lands Department at Christ'church, had admitted takincr the moneys mentioned in the six charges, together with 122 other amounts, totalling £10.756 8s 3d. He had also admitted that the misappropriation had extended over a period of eicht years. Major Toomer, of the Salvation Army, who was one of the New Zealand delegates at the recent congress of the Salvation Army in London, gave an entertaining lecture last night on hi.<i experiences during his absence from this Dominion. JTe described the outstanding features of Colombo, Port Said, Naples, and Toulon. With the latter city ho was much impressed, but of Naples ..j.njor Toomer did not form a very opinion, and he stated, following the lead of Mark Twain, that while the .common saying was '' ?ee Naples and die," his onl'v version war. ' Smell Naples and die.*' " I would just as soon see Dunedin from the Lay at any time," he declared amidst applause, lie said that England was the best country of those he had visited. The major described the stirring scenes at the congress, when thousands of delegates from all quarters of the earth forgathered in vast halls, and fraternised, despite their differences of race and tongue. The procession through tho streets of London was a sight not easily to be forgotten, and a million spectators looked on as the Army paraded in its The fact that they belong? 1 to a nation that was at war was brought home to the major and his frionds on the way back. They suffered "ni'.nint delays in various spots, and once they escaped being captured by an itinerant German cruiser by the narrow margin of two hours.
Owing to numerous cases of cable messages containing code language composed of words from more than one authorised code, also messages containing words from codes other than the authorised codes, 'causing confusion and hampering traffic, the public are notified that the use in anv one cable message of words from more than one of the authorised code 3, or the use in any one cable message of words from any eodo other than tho ono authorised, will result in stoppage of messages.
Our Cromwell correspondent wires: "Heavy rain set in all over tho district early this morning, and gives indications of continuing."
Mr Paulin's forecast: —Strong N.E. to S.E. winds, with electrical rain showers and mist.
Both express trains to-day from Dunedin for Christchurch wre well patronised as regards passengers, the attraction being the C.J.C. Spring Meeting, the Metropolitan Trotting Club's Cup Meeting, and tlw Canterbury Show. Although both trains were heavy ones, it is questionable if they carried as many passengers as did the trains on the corresponding day of last vear.
A meeting of the committee of. the Cat-lins-Tahakopa Railway League was held yesterday afternoon, and was attended by Messrs sf. Cohen (presiding), C. W. Rattray, and J. B. Waters. It was stated that there was a credit balance at the bank of £53 16s 4d.
Mr Philip Snowden, Labor M.P. for Blackburn for 14 years, and Mrs Snowden will arrive in Dunedin to-morrow to conduct a series of meetings in the Garrison Hall. In addition to the meetings at 8 p.m. on Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, there will be a civic reception at the Town Hall on Monday at 12. Mr Snowden brings to every question he speaks upon clear intellectual perception and strong moral conviction, and his talks upon Prohibition should attract a full house each evening. Mrs Snowden wins the sympathy of any audience she may address. It is. to be hoped she will deliver her lecture ' On a Peep into Parliament' before she leaves Dunedin.
The annual meeting of the Boslyn Dorcas Society was held yesterday afternoon. The Rev. J. T. Pinfold occupied the chair. The treasurer (Mrs A. Begg), in reading the annua! report, said that £SO had been dispensed among needy cases in the- district. The election of officers resulted in Mrs R. A. Sutherland being voted president and Mrs Pinfold vice-president, while all the members of the old committee were re-elected.
A highly diverting little story is in circulation* among the residents in the northern portion of the Wellington Suburbs constituency (says the Wellington 'Times'). It concerns an experience which fell to the lot of the " R-efcm " candidate for tho seat, Mr R. A. Writdit, ivkn making his way to Pahautarmi to ad-dress a meeting the other evening. Mr Wrghi s-->t out to wpJk to the metting-plaee from Parcmata, and after covering a part of the journey sat down by the roadside to rest. Scon there came along a man driv-
ing a cart, and as he also was malrinj: for Pahauianui the seeker after votes ask,-d for and was given a Kit. And so it ha ripened that the electors assembled at the hamlet beheld the astonishing spectacle of a staunch Prohibition advocate riding up to tho place of meeting seated on a boer cask!
Two bovs were- charged in the duveniie Court this morning with stealing _ss in pennies, the property of Richard Cocch. the Chief Detective "said that the money was stolen from a box in the Presbyterian Church at St. Leonards. The box was not. locked, being merely tied with string. One. boy stole the money and shared ii with the other. The father of one of t'a: lac's showed the interest he took in bison by telling the Magistrate that he did not know what standard the boy was in. His Worship admonished the bids and ordered one of them to be. placed under tho supervision of Mr Axelsen. The Supplementary Estimates passed by Parliament on Wednesday night included a grant of £SOO to cover the travelling expenses of the Right Tlon. Sir Joshua Williams in proceeding to England. One Otago paper, at least, published tho item as a grant to Sir .Joseph Ward. A resident of Wellington has received an interesting letter fiorii a Xew Zealand soldier in Samoa dealing with the. frieuon that existed between the New /'ealar.d ;md German doctor and nurse.:. The medical staff of the Expeditionary Force teok pes-fC-f'siou of the hospital, and for_ some time matters progressed satisfactorily. »S.or-n. however, it began to be noticed thai the bedding and ewn the. instruments were gradually disappearing. Suspicion f.-I! upon tho late German medical f.taft", and ;i watch was kept. All cart? and other vehicles leaving the hospital grounds vc:* searched, and as a result of tko.-e measures thj disappearance of the in-edicol appliances ceased The incident was not very important, but it shows Races of fpirit that animates the German soldier m Fnrope, and that has resulted in the r.tro. cities that have startled the civilised world.
An English mail will reach here by tne second express from the north to-nv/nt, and will be delivered to-morrow morning. A peculiar pesitiou has arisen _ m Smyrna. According to advices dated September 11, there is great scarcity of gold in that city, and growers (of sultanas particularly) will uot send their fruit totlvi market: as payment for it is problematical, paper money 'bebg unrecognised. lor this reason fullv one-third of the crop has been lo=t. and business in said to be at a i-tand-«till. The situation was to acute that one firm handling a very largo portion ot Jhe r.u'tana butdness actually sent two of tneir confidential clerks to London to secure and carry back to Smyrna as much gold ;vs thev* could smuggle through. T\ lien it :s remembered that the journey has now to be made by Eea —tho 56 hours' journey bv the Orient express V>eing impossible—the urgency of the ease must have h«m great. Now that Turkey has come into the whirlpool of war no more wiltanas will bo exported, and if the trouble spreads to Greece it vill affect currant* ak-o.
"Havo one with me.'' "Thanks. T wi'l. I'll have Watson's No. 10, p ; ca.;.e."—[Advr.] Liquid Paraffin. -'Three Star" brand, ?..-•« purest for internal u=e. Wilkinson and Son, chemists; 5s iar.g-j battJc-s. —[Advt.] A glass of Speight's beer v.t lunch and supper is better than all the tea in China.— [Advt.] Watson's No. 10 is a little dearer tinn nio*t whickics, but is worth the money.— [Advt.] The foundations stones of the new ;\leihodist Church in Main South read, Caversham, will be laid to-morrow, the ceremony commencing at 3 p.m.
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Evening Star, Evening Star, Issue 15643, 6 November 1914