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Press Association— Py Telegraph—Copyright. . OFFICIAL HISTORY. j Tho following information has hern re- , reived by the Prime Miniver, dated Lou- i don. November 4 : I Official: The staieme:it. of the progress: of recent events in - as they affect the Briti.'h forces. he> been as tollows : October 30.—Violent attacks were made bv the enemv o:i the po.-hion occupied by the First Army Corps of Cavalry. Large reinforcements' had evidently joined the enemy's line nt this point. Very heavy losses were inflicted nn the enemy. Tile commander of the first corps "as confident of mainlairiing his ground, which he has since betn able to do. The cavalry. whether mounted or in '.<■■■ .urbe.--, fought to the admiration o{ the whole arm v. Indian troops have been brought into Urn ■ fighting line, which has been proportionately strengthened. ; On the night of the 3"tii a .-iron-; nttack on Messines was beaten off. At one point the enemv. by dim fi their i masses, penetrated tor a time into outline, but an excellent emr.iter-atiack drove them back with the bayonet. The attack on the left heing :■•> pro-iouneed, the British line was sub.-iantially reinforced by troops from Home. v : hie'n were moved up. The French aho brought into the line some reserves to support the threatened wing. The London Seottisb First Territorial Regiment was ordered to take a place iti the firing line, and made a brilliant charge. The officer commanding the regiment received the following telegram from ( French: '•Wish yon and your splendid regiment to accept my warmest congratulations and thanks i-.r tin- litt-i work you did on Saturday. Yo-.i have given a glorious lead and example to all Territorial corps lighting in Frame." On November 1 our troops were attacked all along the line, but the enemy „ were repulsed everywhere and suffered very heavy loss. Our howitzers demolished two of tho enemy's Bin guns. Every account shows that prodigious slaughter has been occasioned bv our artillery. The maintenance of an unbroken line, with repulses and repeated assaults, which have caused in some eases tho loss of whole columns, has greatly discouraged the German troops and naturally entailed loss on the defending force. The position of the Allies has been strengthened, and reinfoicements of every dca-rintion have been sent to meet the attack-: now threatened, j LOMBARDZYDE CAPTURED, j . ATTACK AT RITEIMS REPULSED, j Tho High Commissioner reports, under j date London, November 4 (0.30 p.m.).— Paris reports that on our left wing Jn j the north the position is ,n chaag-i. The , .enemv have fallen back on the right bank j of the Yser. We have raptured I.nmbardzyde. On tho left bank oi' the Yser the Germans are only holding the tete-de-pont between Dixmuch- and Niruport. Between Dixmude and Lys the action continues with alternate advances and retreats. In the region between Arras and the Oise we have "advanced t<> the heights of Parilliers. In the centre the German attack 13 not continued. Yesterday we regained part of the lo ; t ground, and a 'vigorous German attack was repulsed , around Rheims. SAME NEWS FROM PARIS. ' PARIS, November 4 (night.) Official: Tho enemy have fall-n back on the right bank of the Yser. They hold onlv the tete-de-pont on the ha bank, rr.idway between Dixmude and Nieuport. They have abandoned large quantities oi materia! and many guns, which were inundated. We have recaptured Limbardzyde, and appreciably progressed after advances and retreats between Dixmude and Lv-. We have also advan. ■•<! imh, of Le Quesnoy to the height of Parilliei.-, and regained part of tho 10-.vrr :-! -re., noC.;i of Vailly and C'havonnc. V> e repulsed a violent" attack on the heights of Thermit des Daers, at Rheims. There is nothing to report from the remainder of the trout. YPRES A SOLDIERS' STRUGGLE. (London 'Time.i' and Sydiey 'if un ' Services.) LONDON, November 4. 'The TimesV correspondent says that the greater part of the fighting task at Ypres during the l=m few .lays was a soldiers' battle. There were ii. tee bayon?t charges over the edge of trenches—a work in which the British ioilier excels, but. which entails AN EYE-WITNESS'S ACCOUNT OF THE BRITIsH D>'iNCS. The Prime Miniate-- :-.-..- reived tho following : LONDON, v.- . n:!»■>! >. An eye-witness with th _ >'!. :: ;..i Headquarters Stall' emitinu-.'s th n.nralive a* to the movements o: the I'-ett-h Furun On the 23rd all the aeri.-u south of the Lys, on otir right, was a ic-mimie-d artillery duel. Several h-tile I-.:t;ei:.-s were silenced. In the ermtre iheir ii-.tairtry again endeavored to f'-'ree its way mi-waid. and was repuNed only alter determined fighting, leaving n.any d,..-,|. North of Lys the attack at ditieieut points wa* repulse<l. On our Jc't it \>ar a badday for the Germans. \\"e dr»-ve iluin fiom tintrenches out, of whieli th.y lir. I tiiiucd us the previous evei.ia.. \\\- eapturfd 150 prisoners and ro!ea.°:d on- mer> whom they had taken. As the Germans i-.tieated our guns did great exieutl.iu amouvjst them. They afterwards made liv? despcrato a.seanJte on our tr.'i'ch".-. advaueing in amass siuging *D'ic Waeiit a;n jtli-.'in.' E:;ii> asHitult was *jasiiy 1.m.!:. i:iu-_tmops waiting until tho enemy t.imi within veiv ilose range Ixti'oru th< y cpjii.-l ti-.v uith rifles and maxims, tatiiirg terrihl; havoe Jn tho solid mask's. Dining tlx* fighting \n this quarter, oa the night of the 22ud Vftd on the 23rd, the, (knian iossw. were >gadn extremely lteavy. Wo made 600 frwoners during that time, arid up ,500 dead, who had been killed en tho latter day. Much of the slaughter was due to point-blar:k magazin? lire from our men, whilst our field guns and howitzers. working in perfect combination, did their share. When the enemy wen> repubrd. as they fell back they were, subjected to a .shower of shrapnel, and then they sought shelter in villages the buildings were shattered- Driven out by a high explosive. "stveHy they were then again -caught by shrapnel as they came into the open". The troops to surfer severely were mestly of the 23rd Corps, on their new formation. Tlie way in which their advance was conducted showed a lack of training. There were faults in leading which tha almost superhuman bravery or the soldiers could not counterbalance. It was wholesale slaughter. The spectacle of there devnrtd men, chanting national pongs as they_ marched on to certain, dsath. w.ii inspiring. One * *fl«Jd axtiltery '*x±*iid«:d 1,6C0 lounds of

ammunition' Tfa« conflict was confined to artillery except at night, when the Germans prossod on, only to be repulsed. In tl» centre, near Armentieres, our troops withstood three, separate attempts of the enemy to puab. forward, our guns coming into play with pood effect. Against onr left tho Gorman 27th Corps made a violent effort with no success. On tho 25th it was our turn to take tho offensive. This was carried by a portion of the left wing, which advanced. It '.mined ground, took two guns and 80 J prisoners. Six machine gun» fell to tho French. In some places the troops engaged in hand-to-hand combats towards the .'veiling. Wo captured 200 prisoners tip to the night of the 20th. Not only have we maintained our position against a.

great effort, of the enemy to break through t> the w-'st .;a to force u* back, which r-taatvcl on tlv 2CI-h. ivp h.xve on our leftpassed to i!\e oifonsive. True, the efforts IT,. «ere mad.> to a c;reat r-.vtent by'ii.'.ly-traiiU'd troops, sonic of whom ap,ieai- to I*-* sutK'ruig trom lack of food. 'I hev are ttL.'hting with the utmost determination, in spite of the fact- that many • i tin m are heartily sick of the war. '1 hough we have undoubtedly inflicted imr."m.-:' !<vsvs upon the enemy, they have so lar been able to till up the gap. and we have sulmred heavily ourselves. GF-T.e'AXS DISPIRITED AND FATIGUED. (Loudon 'Times' aud Sydney ' Sun' Seryices.) LONDON. November 4. "The Timrs's' correspondent says: "The reports that the Germans are disniiited from fatigue are too numerous to be disregarded. It is also evident that there is a difficulty in replenishing the

store- (if heavy ammunition. Uniforms are particularly scarce, and the dead arc being stripped'in order to clothe recruits. Ir is not uncommon for Germans to get shot in unherciic fashion. They are so tired when thev leave the trenches that tlmy hold up a hand with a view to getting a bullet wound, thus enabling them to go to the rear." Another correspondent says that tlm Germans are beginning to manifest restlessness, and grumbling is heard against oliu-er.- for the useless sacrifice of life at the Yser. This is especially noticeable among troops returning to the front, who, during intervals of rest, arrived at th? conclusion that the struggle is madness. The correspondent adds: '"I can state with absolute certainty that desertion is rife throughout the "whole region, and severe preventive measures are being adopted. Soldiers are forbidden to pass the night in private houses, so as to prevent their escaping in civilian dress. Suicides of officers are becoming a noticeable feature. Three shot themselves in the head, and a major drowned himself," TURKISH OUTPOSTS DRIVEN OFF. PETROGRAP. November 4. Orlieial -. The Russians repulsed the Turkish outposts, crossed tho frontier, and captured Sivin and several other villages. I The Turks retreated, leaving a number of dead. POII'I K'S TIiOOPS MASSING. (London • Times' and Sydney 'Sim' Services.) LONDON. November 4. It i; .-ant-d that 400.C00 Turks are massed near the Caucasus, and 300,00-) are waiting at Beirut and Jaffa, Syrian ports, tor transport, to the Sinai Peninsula. There ports are policed by the French and British fleets. BALKAN STATES MAY COOPERATE. (London 'Times' and Sydney Sun ' Set vices ) LONDON. November 4. Rcgardinc the Turkish position, in Rumanian circles it is expected that, all the Balkan countries will co-operate in defence of their mutual interests. Tt is hoped that Bulgaria will not miss this unique opportunity for strengthening Imposition. TURK LSI I MtNTSTEFIS RESIGN. AMSTERDAM. November 4. A telegram from Constantinople states that Djavid Bey (Minister of Finance). Ostnan Ni/.ami (Minister of Public Works). Mahmoud Pasha iMinister of Marine), and Sulieman El Bustany Effendi (Minister of Commerce) have resigned. EGYPTIANS LOYAL. HOME. November 4. The •Giornaie d'ltalia ' publishes an in- ' tcrview with Hussein Suchi Pasha (Prime I Minister ot Egyptl. in which he declares that the Egyptian and British authorities j ! arc working in perfect harmony. All i Egyptians have spontaneously expressed | ! loyalty, and many officers have volun- | j teeicd for service in the British army. GERMANS IN DESPAIR .IN* CHINA. TOKIO-, November 4. Official : It is understood that the Germans nt Tsing-tao have hlown up the floating dock and the Austrian cruiser Kaiserin Elizabeth. A NAVAL ENGAGEMENT IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC. A BRITISH CRUISER SUNK. i LONDON, November 5 (morning). The Admiralty has received rumors of a naval engagement off Valparaiso, but discredits the Gorman version claiming a victory over Admiral Craddock's fleet. 'The Times' correspondent at Valparaiso raports that the Gneisenau. and Schamhorst sank the cruisers Monmouth and Geod Hope, whils the cruiser Glaagow »oua:ht mug*German reports from Valparaiso ttate that tho Monmouth alone was sunk; the majority of her crew perished. The Good Hope and Glasgow were damaged. [The Schamhorst was completed iu 1907, is ot 11,420 tons displacement,

26,00 h.p., speed 22.5 knots, and carries eight B.2in, six 5.9 in. twenty 3.4 in, and eighteen smaller guns, all of which are quick-firers.} [The Gneisenau is of similar calibre and armament.] [The Nurnberg was completed in 1908. is of 3.350 tons displacement, 13,200 d.h.p., 23.5 knots, and carries ten 4.lin q.L and two machine guns.] [The Good Hope is an armored cruiser, completed in 1902, of 14,100 ton's displacement. 30,000 d.h.p., 23 knots speed, and carving two 9.2 in, sixteen 6in q.f., fourteen Sin q.f., two smaller q.f.s, and two machine guns.] [The Monmouth was completed in 1903. has a displacement of 9,800 tons, 22,000 d.h.p., 26 knots speed, and an arm.i-

| ment of fourteen Oin. ">in. live rmailer | q.f.s. and eighct machine guns.] [The Glas-ow is a light cruiser of 4.820 tons displacement. "2,000 d.h.p.. fitted i ivi'th turbines. 25 kno,,, .'.-peer/, and carries two 6iu. ten 4in 0.f.. aud four machine j guns.] ' j THE BUSY M-iII'ZIG. j LONDON". Xovemher 5. The Leipzig sank the iteamer Vine Braneh on tiie west coa.-t of Soutii AmeI rica. I [I iie me Branch was a steamer ot 3,442 i tons, built- in 1895. and oeened by the j Nautilus Steam Shipping Company, Sun- ; derland. She visited New Zealand seme i years aco.] J TIIK KAULSKUHF-: CA PTL'l'.lilS. j LONDON. November 4. j One thousand tour hundred and t-even-I teen men and crews of the vessels cap j Hired by the Karlsruhe- 'nave 1 ten landed

at Liverpool, penniless. They assert that j the Karlsruhe is kept well informed by I steamer scouts at every paint of the com- I pass. .\s f.oou a.? the enemy's vetiseis. arc? observed the news is flashed to the Karlsruhe, i GERMAN CRUISER SINKS. ! LONDON. November 5 'morniu.g). | Official: The German cmiser Ycrck I struck a mine and sank in Jahde Pay. | south of Heligoland Bay. Hal; ;he crew | were taved. • [The Yorck was built in 1.903. Her dis- ; placement was 9.SCO tons, and speed 2L ! knot 6. She carried four B.2in guns and | ten 6in guns.] j MISCELLANEOCS. ] It is unofliciaily reported that a bomb dropped amongst the German Headquarters Staff killed General Von Kluek. Lieutenant William Malcolm Chisholm. j of the East l-atieashire Regiment, ww | killed in action. The Lowestoft steam-drifter Will and Maggie was blown up by a min--. and six out of a crew ot 10 were drowned. ] The 'Morning Post' reports that Ru-i mania has detained 114 trucks of munitions of war sent by Germany to Turkey.' Eight members of German princely families have died on the battlefields, tho youngest being under 17. Sydney reports that, the. lines are working slowly, and war news is .-; arc-e. OTAGO PATRIOTIC AND GENERAL WELFARE ASSOCIATION. The hj. ii. treasurers of the Ota.go Pairi[c.tic and General Welfare Association acknowledge the ri"ci, : of the loUo\vii:,g d-iiation"- to the fund : I Previously acknowledged ... £14,123 0 7 Mrs A. G. Maliiias ... 5 0 0 Fiank Mar bias o 0 0 dames Chapman 22 O James Hoie 2?. 0 .James Forbes 22 0 Proceeds of sal- of .-hcep.-hia 7 0 6 Employees Christie l'.r-v-.' col'ierics i'srd contribution. n 1 0 Dunedin Orphans' Club -ba! unco patriotic < on,-en . October li o3 1 0 £l-1.225 1 1 NATIONAL RESERVE. Despite the wet weather last night the. various platoons of the Nati-'-nal Reserve were able to do good work. The Ova! being too wet to use f,,r Hi ill purposes, the parade ordered for theie was held instead iu Wright. Stephenson's Saleyard.-, and afterwards the live platoons, under the command of Captain Hussey, were marched to Cumberland street, adjoining the Art Gallery, and put through various combined movements. Though it was the first time these platoons had worked together iu company work, the various movements were gone, through in a mo=t efficient, manner, reflecting great credit on the method of Captain Hussey's instruction. Deployments, wheeling in mass, opening and clo-intg to column and quarter-column, etc.. were gone through without a hitch. The remaining platoons paraded in their respective localities, and the musters all round were consistently good. The Mounted Rifles, as a mark of condolence to their O.C. in his bereavement, did not parade, but they will do so on Sunday morning at the Sandhills to practise outpost work. Since their formation about two months ago the Henley Mounted Troop have been drilling twice a week, and they have been attending well. Under lieutenant M'Kegg tho troop have become very efficient in mounted work, all members taking a keen interest, tho averago attendance being just on 20. The troop held their first i church parade a fortnight ago at Berwick, most of the members attending. The members comprise men from Henlev. Otokia. and Berwick, some of them riding over five miles to and from parade, and there is no doubt that this section of the Reserve are as keen as their mounted comrades of the City. ODDMENTS. Mr Charles Lotißhnan, the well-known head of the Palmere-ton North legal firm of Louglinan and Jacobs, was in England when war broke out. enjoying a motor tonr in a new car. His cur was commandeered by the military aut-horitise. and he volunteered, and was taken as an ambulance car driver, and waa accepted for tho front.

His aged 20, late of Wangamu Colleg G'adets/who was with him, also volunteered for tho combatant forces, and was given a commission ae a lieutenant. Both aro at the front.

" Guy Fawkes," Leith etreet, jehds its 10s for the Belgian relief fund. Captain Est court, of the Scots Greys, who was to Lord Islington in New Zealand, and was afterwards military secretary to General Godley, is amongst the prisoners captured by tho Germans in France.

Amongst notable cricketers who are now under arms in the service of the King are Messrs P. V. Warner, W. P. Robertson, and N. Haig (Middlesex), A. H. Hornby (Lancashire), A. \V. Carr (Notts). Sir Archibald White (Yorkshire), H. P. Chaplin (Sussex), and Captain A. C. Johnston and the Hon. L. H. Tennyson (Hants).

An eminent German authority. Herr Rudolf Martin, last year published some figures which mado the Kaiser easily the richest man in Germany, with an annual income of over a million sterling derived from possessions valued approximately at £20.000.000. His pen, the Crown Prince." has a separate income of £50.000, drawn from property valued at nearly £1.010,000. while Prinee. Henry enjoys some £30.000 a year on account of an "state, worth half a million. Altogether tho principal members of the Hohenzollern family own property valued at approximately £25.000,000. ' Two boys, Alfred Colbert and Herman Ptodman, * yesterday (Guy Fawkes Day) collected 5s for the Belgium relief fund.

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THE WAR, Issue 15643, 6 November 1914

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THE WAR Issue 15643, 6 November 1914

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