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GERMANS IN EAST PRUSSIA ON DEFENSIVE. PETROGRAD, November 4. (Received November 5, at 9.40 a.m.) Official : The- Germans on the East Prussian front are on the defensive. The Russians advanced in some districts, ant! captured two guns and prisoners. We have also advanced south-east of Kiclce. capturing three Austrian cannonj five mitrailleuses, and 1,500 prisoners. The enemy are only retaining their positions on "the lower course of the Opatow. The Russians have further progressed on the left bank of the San. A desperate battle, favorable to the Russians, continues in the Nisko district. SERVIA DONE WITH TUEKEY. AMSTERDAM, November 4. (Received November 5, at 9.40 a.m.) Servia has broken off relations with Turkey.

GERMAN ROUT IN RUSSIA. MERELY STRATEGICAL MOVE. SO SAY THE GERMANS. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun'Set vices.) LONDON, November 4. The ' Frankfurter Zeitung' defines the German retreat in Russia as a strategical measure not caused by a military failure.


GERMANS THREATEN ISMAILIA. CAIRO, November 4. (Received November 5, at 9.40 a.m.) The British have proclaimed martial law in Egypt. A camel corns, numbering 1,000, under 10 German officers, is concentrating on the Turco-Egyptian frontier, and threatening Ismailia. Tho Germans are mining Alexandretta Harbor. BLACK SEA UNSAFE. (London ' Times ' and Sydney ' Sun' Services.) LONDON, November 4. Lloyd's agent at Odessa advises that all maritimo services be stopped.


SHE PREPARES AGAINST SURPRISE. (London 'Times* and Sydney 'Sun' Sen-iees.) LONDON, November 4. The London ' Timcs's' Rome correspondent says ho ia authorised to st-ato that Italy and England, besides being friends, are neighbors in the Red Sea and the Mediterranean, and that when neighbors are threatened they naturally stick together. Preparations are being made for Italy to protect h-er colomos, and precautions are being taken against ;v possible, surprise.


LONDON, November 4. (Received November 5, at 9.40 a.m.) Owing to the intensity of the brjnbardment at Cattaro tho Administration is transferred to l-'iume. Allien have landed marines al Rngusa.


(London ' Time;' and Sydney ' Sun' Sorrices.l LONDON, November 4A French official message says that- the French Ambassador has left Constantinople, but the British Foreign Oflice doc« not confirm this. The Turkish Ambassador in London has not received his passports. TURKS DO NOT UNDERSTAND WORD OF HONOR. WASHINGTON. November 4. (Recived November 5. ;a 9.50 a.m.) Despite the assurance given that the Turks will bo permitted to leave Britain, the Porte has announced that the special train organised by the American Ambassador for the. British and French who are leaving Turkey will be detained until the Turks in Britain, France, and Egypt are allowed to leave. THREE GERMAN FLVAWAYS PROVISION AT VALPARAISO. SANTIAGO, November 4. (Received November 5, at 9.30 a.m.) The Seharnhors.t. Gneisenau. and Number g arrived at Valparaiso, provisioned th.jie. and mailed asain. GIER MUST LEAVE HONOLULU. WASHINGTON, November 4. (Received November 5, at 9.30 a.m.) The State Department announces that the gunboat Gier muM. leave, Honolulu by a. date, not specified, or be interned. GERMAN SHIP CAPTURED. LONDON, November 4. jliceeived November 5, at 9.40 a.m.) A British cruiser lias captured the Gorman ship Melpomene, hound from Tocopiila. with a. cargo of nitrate. NEW ZE A LANDER KILLED. LONDON, November 4. (Received November 5. at 9.10 a.m.) Captain Oliver .Steel, formerly of one of i he- New Zealand contingents in South Africa-, is amon-st the killed. ADVANCES TO EXPORTERS. LONDON, November 4. iKc-ceived November 5, at 9.10 a.m.) 'flic Treasury have appointed a. committee, representing tho Treasury, the Bank of England, the joint i-tock banks, and the Commerce Association, to authorise advances to export-curs in respect of their outstanding ds-bts in foreign countries and tho colonics, including unpaid acceptances. Tho advances will not exceed 50 per cent, of the outstanding debt. Many merchants are, complaining of the Post Oflice abolition of ihc 10-lcUer word system for cablegram*--.


"Work, work, work." is ihe motto of the ladies at tho Early Scttlej.s' Hall, and it is wonderful the amount, of woik that is steadilv and quietly got through. Bundles of goods still come pouring in for all the various funds, and the altering, mending, and packing goes on. On Fridav of next week a "smokers day" will be held That is to say, the ladies ask all men in Dunedin to hand over to a fund being, Taised in response to Princess Mary's appeal the cost of their week's consumption of tobacco. 'This is a happilv-conceived idea, for the money is to be used to provide the soldiers now at the front with Christmas boxes of tobacco and cigarettes. Funds for the purchase of cardigan jackets are still needed. It may be mentioned the ladies sew the buttons on these jackets in order that they may hold securely. Hand-knitted socks are- also asked for. Yesterday the afternoon tea, provided br the ladies of the, association, i_n_ connection with tho Art Society's exhibition, was extensively pationised. The, tea will bo provided again by on Saturday. Monetary donations :—Patriotic fund : D.M.K. 10s, "Englishwoman" ss. Port Chalmers Patriotic Association £lO (for cardigans), Mrs Mathieson 5s (cardigan jackets) ; British and Belgian fund: "Friend"' 14s, Mrs Rings ss, ladies of Rnlfour Patriotic League (per MissLeiiler) £5, TMu-ian fund: Mrs J. C. Sinclair £5 ss, T.F.T. 5s


A good deal has been written lately on the subject of providing for incapacitated soldiers and their dependents, ha vim,' special reference, of course, to members of the Expeditionary Force. It is apparently not generally known that the existing Defence Act makes provision for incapacitated officers and men and their dependent.'!. Part IX of the Act provides as follows:—The widow of :i colonel or lieu-tenant-colonel £l5O per annum, major £l2O, captain or eurqeon-captain £BO, lieutenant £6O, second lieutenant £46, non-commissioned officers and privates £36. In addition to" the a"bove the widow receives an allowance for each child. In the case oi a widow of a colonel or lieu-tei'ant-colonel £lB to £25 per annum is granted in respect to each child, major's children £l6 to £2O. captain's £l2 to £l6, lieutenant's £8 to £l4, n.c.o.'s £6 to £lO. The fact oi a widow receiving a military pension does not debar her from taking advantage of tho widow's pension. In the matter of partial disablement provision is also made : —Sergeants receive from 2s 6d to 4s per day. corporals Is lCd to 3s 4d, and privates froin Is 6d to 3s.

OVERSEAS CLUB. Tho ladies connected with the Overseas Club are still receiving goods in aid of distressed Britishers and Belgians at the depot, Xew Zealand Express Company's buildings. These will be received every day, and on Fridays and Saturdays the lady workers will be present. Additional shipments of goods are going forward to their destination this week. The club have received a request for socks for the Queen Mary fund, and the club purpose forwarding a consignment of these necessaries. The committee make a special appeal to members of the Oversea* Club (whether attached to the local branch or not) and others to rally Tound the workers for this particular "object, and _ they have confidence that the response will be liberal. There are sonw 700 residents of Otago who wear the badge o" membership, and if each of these donates one pair the collective result will be satisfactory. The need of warm socks for the men on active service is pressing, and the committee feel justified in endorsing the appeal of Her Majesty. Friday, 13th inst., has been 6et apart as a special day for the receipt and display of these goods at the depot, but provision has been made for their being received at this base any day of the week. Goods require to be addressed " Overseas Club, N.Z. Express Co.'s Buildings." NATIONAL RESERVE. • Iru the event of rain, Wright, Stephenson, and Co.'s saleyard will be the parade ground to-night for the platoons that aro ordered to parade on the oval. The Mounted rifles are to do outpost work at the sandhills on Sunday morning. EXPEDITIONARY FORCE. The request to supply additional mouitcd men to complete the lir6t reinforcement of tho main Expeditionary Force, now in camp in Trenthcm, has been, complied with,' ten men beint; despatched by the 11.15 express train to-day. The names of the men arc : Gcorg* David Jury, Alexbrider Maitin, Joseph Traccy, aind Charles Smith Stewart, fiom Dunedin; Thomas Allan Steven., and John William Barclay, horn Invercargill ; George Henry Barker, Honry Mayne M', Alexander Maxwell, «md Alexander Pringle, from Milton. Mr S. J. Luke sends us £lO 10s to be divided between the British and Belgium relief funds.

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ON THE RUSSIAN FRONTIER., Issue 15642, 5 November 1914

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ON THE RUSSIAN FRONTIER. Issue 15642, 5 November 1914

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