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FIRST NEWS OF DEFEAT. Letters received in Copenhagen state that Berlin has undergone a startling chango in tho past low weeks. The singing, shouting, enthusiastic mob that thronged the streets a fortnight previously has divided into hundreds of little groups, that stand about discussing the news of the day in low, concerned voicrs. The stream of humanity that nightly coursed up and down Untcr den Linden h»s thinned. It has completely lost its boisterousness. The Landstrum call to tho colors has drawn heavily on the male population that still remain in Berlin. Women fill the beer gardens now, with a sprinkling of older men, a*d here and there a soldier in grey carrying his arm in a sling. Confidence was the spirit of all two weeks ago; to-day it is doubt. The change has come about gradually. It began with the news of the battle of L«mberg. Of course, only the Austrian bulletins were received here, and they claimed a brilliant success for the army of Franz Josef. But as the bulletin stated that "for strategic and humane reasons " the Austrian army had been withdrawn to a stronger position in the rear, nobody really doubted what had happened. Shortly after the battle of Lemborg the Austrian cavalry General Uexhol and General Paar, aido-do-camp to Emperor Fran/, Josef, passed through Berlin on their way to the German General Staff. Immediately there followed a change in the dispositions of tho German armies of the north. General Von Bulow and two corps entrained, and wore hurried across the Empire. Every other railroad train in Germany stood still whilo this movement was carried out. These troops were sent to stiffen the wavering lino of tho Austrian defence. Fed on reports of victories against tho Russians in East Prussia, with details of from 30,000 to 90,000 prisoners of war taken in each fight, tho people of Berlin recovered a bit of their verve. But when the great General S.taff issued the bulletin which acknowledged that General Kluck's wing had boon turned the baromoter of their spirits took another drop. At the time of Kluck's reverse the Berlin papers did their best to discount it by running long stories of tbc enormous total of prisoners of war in German hands; 220,000 was the number claimed. But this brought no cheers from tho crowds outside the newspaper offices. They had been treated to tho news that Kluck's cavalry patrols were under the walls of Paris." Why, then, did it not fall? Accustomed as the people were to the accounts of .success following success, tho news of a <-li*>t:k was doubly disquieting.

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Bibliographic details

BERLIN IN DOUBT, Evening Star, Issue 15642, 5 November 1914

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BERLIN IN DOUBT Evening Star, Issue 15642, 5 November 1914