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ON THE WATCH TOWER

{By Ariel.} l*rinve Rtrprecht of Bavaria conjera-tu-l»te» hia troops on beiitjj opposed to the English, who. by their envy, have isolated Germany and surrounded her with enemies, and who are the chief obstacle- to peace Was it England that caused the etrife between the Slav and the Teuton, which ia thousands <-f years old? Was it England who secured tie undying hate of France far her ruthless conqueror? W«« it England that shock the "mailed fist" in the neisrhborhood of Japan? Was it England that bade France dismiss her War Minister? Was it England that ordered Bussia to demobilise, and orated about "shining armor"? Was it England that stiffened Austria to declare war on Be-rvia' Was it England that violated Belgium? Was it England that tried to outbuild a peaceable neighbor's first line of defence? Is it England that for a generation has been saturating her peoP l * Wlt I '' a gospel of war and brute force as the sole ground of human rights? Winds of the world reply! Where are Germany s friends? Who loves her? Is she not face *» face with ' the ■" elivin most obstinate jnrvmen" she ever heard tell of? Not one, great or- small, except a handtul if asinine Boers, who for furely party purposes, but from no love of her, wish for independence, will lift a finger on her side. Happilv we can trust to other Boers to keep fools in their places. I had almost forgotten the Turks. I bog. their paydon. Wo have not- poisoned their minds. I hey are with the Germans. Sweets to sweets. I hopo the Prince of Bavaria will read the first article in 'The Bound Table' lor September. Even a German ought to be aWa to understand that, Tn one respect hi? •Royal Highness is right, however. W - are the chief obstacle to peace—that is. to the peace that Germany hoped to impose on Europe. He is finding that out to his cost. .. _ I strongly commend "The Round Table' for September to all who wish to lead a dispassionate and well-informed review of the wholo situation. That enlightened journal agrees perfectly with the briel notes that I have myself devoted to tho subject. Being enlightened, it could, of course, do no other. Here are a few liner out of 65 luminous panes: "Tho British Empire is a contented Power, demanding no more of the comitv of nations than the maintenance of the status quo; tho German Empire is a discontented Power, demanding drastic revision of the status quo as the fulGhncnt of its destiny. . . . Thi.s difference of view has developed into a deeply-felt popular antagonism. There is no reason for that but the new political creed, with its denial of inteniational ethics and its cult of material power. . . • The chosen weapon of German diplomacy has been terrorism and insult from tho days of tho Kmger telegram in 1895 to the 'shining armor' speech in 1909, a speech which no proud nation like Russia could ever forget or forgive. . . •" "Tho policy of making Dther people afraid of you," says one of the clear-sighted American critics of Germanv, " must have an end ; tho policy of making others respect and like you can have no end. There is no question which is the law of national development. . . ."' The answer to the Chancellor's plea that " Germany had to defend herself, and necessitv know 3 no law," is simply this: the necessity that knew no law was created by the policy that knew no law. ******* The wiles of tho enemy in stirring up striie ior u& in various quarters will a!l psrve our ends admirably. A Boer rebellion put down easily by the Boers themselves will redound to'our credit and to the confusion of tho disturber. Turkey is almost negligible, for her entry into the field will bo cancelled by that of tho Greeks, and not improbably by that of Italy and Rumania; for both have expectations from tho downfall of Austria. The strength of Turkey's position is that tho Powers cannot agree as to who shall have Constantinople. She- presumes on that, but may easily presume too far. Should Bulgaria bo so foolish as to throw in her lot with Turkey, that would only make tho intervention of Rumania a certainty. If the Ameer of Afghanistan should join the Holy War he will oidy rouse the spirit of India. He has the advantage of having a country that nobody want£, and probably has a lot of fanatics who are spoiling for a fight. They might be troublesome on the Indian borders, but would count for nothing in a serions invasion. The.forces of India could deal with 10 Armors if they only left- their hills and came out into the open. It would probably be a good thing for India to have a

local trouble of her own. It would make* her feci even mors distinctly thaii she <l<vs that she is part of the Empire The Gcr man efforts to stir up rebellions in tlie British Dominions remind me of the fable of the Viper and the- File. The more the viper bit the file tho more its mouth bled. *******

The Germans are trying to invent soma new naval engines with which to encoun- <- ter the Mistress of the Seas. Periscopes on mines to tempt our tars to ram them is one- notion. A*huge submarine to carry troops, and also to serve,as a pontoon, is another. Why it should carry troops I cannot say, unless it is to serve 'the purpose of the famous wooden horse of Troy, packed in the interior of which the Greeks entered tho city. Where and how it is to be used' as a pontoon is even more

beyond me, unless they propose to use It as a landing stage when their ships :each tho English coast. We must not despise the devices of the enemy, however, for the command of tho sea has been won before now by the invention of

landsmen. Up to tho year 260 B.C. the Carthaginians were masters of the sea, ind they thwarted the efforts of Rome for Extension ontsido of Italy by their easy superiority on the water. The Eomans had only triremes, or small ships with three banks of oars. The Carthaginians had quinqueremes, or five banks of oars. These were the Dreadnoughts of that age, but- the Romans did not know how to build them. One of these Dreadnoughts was, however, wrecked on the southern coast of Italy, and tho Roman* brought it to Rome and used it as a model. In two months they built ICO copies of it, and a Roman added a landsman's notion to each. It took the form of a great gangway. 4ft wido, 18ft long, very strongly built. It stood on end, and was fastened by a powerful hinge to tho deck of the Roman ship. . On the other end there was a strong and sharp beak of iroii. When the Roman ship wa3 rowed up to the enemy tho stage wa3 let fall, and the beak stuck fast into the enemy's deck, enabling the Roman legionaries to board. The immortal Hannibal himself commanded the Carthaginians; but he lost SO ships, 3,000 killed, and 7,C00 prisoners, all through this queer notion, and the empire of the sea passed to Rome. * ***** * -» It appears not to be generally known that in 1870 Britain, under Mr Gladstone, took the same stand regarding tho neutrality of Belgium that she'took this year. Thatin itself is an all-sufficient answer to the attempts of the-German Chancellor to make her conduct appear inconsistent. A bound volume of the ' Illustrated London News' for 1870 is my authority. The issue for Aurruet 13 contains an article explaining the statements made to the Commons by Mr Gladstone and to the Peers by Lord Granville. British diplomacy had secured the promise, of both the parties to the war not to violate the neutrality oi Belgium unless the other party had first done so, and Mr Gladstone's Government had entered into an arrangement with both parties to tho following effect : ',' Great Britain enters into a' special contract with each of the belligerents that if the armies of either of them should in the course of the operations of -the war violate the neutrality of Betefum, guaranteed by the Treaty of 1839, she wifi co-operate with the other belligerent in the defence of that neutrality by arms. On the same day that this arrangement was explained to Parliament the King of the Belgians said to hsa assembled Legislative Chambers: " I sua pleased to mention, with a gratitude which I am suro all the country will share wfth mo> the solicitude of the Government of Her Majesty the Queen of Great Briton foe &e intoregta °* £el~

gian neutrality, and tho geueroua support with which these sentiments wero received ia Parliament, and also by public opinion in England. . '. . Lony live independent Belgium; and .may Clod watch over and proteot her rights." ■» *•»**** Dear "Ariel," —Your friend the Kaiser is devoted to the Bible. He carries one with him, and often reads a portion. Would you mind passing on to him the following emendations, which would faring that ancient Book up to date and into touch: — Blessed are the sure in tactics, for they shall be tho World Power.

Cursed are the weak, for they shall be crushed to tho earth.

Blessed aro they that do hunger and thirst after slaughter, for thev shall bo filled.

Blessed are tho merciless, for they shall need no mercy. Blessed are the big battalions, for God will " wonderfully support" them. Whatsoever yo would that men should not do to you, do yo even so to them, for this is tho way to profit. Seek first the biggest howitzers, and all other things shall bo added unto you. It was said by them of old time, Thou shalt love thy "neighbor and hate thine enemy; but 1 say unto you, Thou shalt make* thy neighbors thine enemies and slay them. It is more blessed to give hard knocks than to receive them. If thuu ha3t smitten a man on one cheek turn also to the other.

Ye aro tho light of the world. Let your culture jippear unto all men. Bo not overcome of freedom, but overcome freedom with blood and iron. Revisor. A dear lady in the backblocks writes to me: A hawker has just brought word "They have taken Antwerp." I have no words left to lit tho thrice accursed deed. [She's somewhere about tho fit, though.] What will they do with England!' [But they haven't got it yet, my dear.] I have read all the optimistic forecasts, and yet I tremble for our dear, dear country. Oh, our women have nursed dogs and even pigs instead of children, and have dono many other foolish and wicked things, instead cf being of some uso and trying to make the- world better. Can God forgive it? Do we deserve to win? Will our honest and straightforward statesmanship deliver us? I feel a gcccl deal of sympathy with this, and also for the hearts that ache in the wilderucs for news, and can only get the belated weekly paper. But let" mo as.ntro my friend tliat there are plenty of dog-nursing women in Germany, if that can be allowed to balance matters. No doubt if we were pent to our account with all our imperfections on our head* we might question how our audit stands. But yet our sins are sins that flesh is heir to, and come not of damnable policy and resolutions aforethought. But it is not these, our foibles, that look black threatenings at us now. It is our blunders which are worses than our crimes to the nation. With " dummheit" stupidity even the gods contend in vain. It is not tho musing of a dog, but the nursing of a lie, that endangers us at this moment. For ten years at least it has been as clear as neon day that Germany aimed at destroying our "liberties and our Empire, and wo refused to see it. Prophets cried in -the wilderness, and we were ready to stone them. We wou'd have the smallest possible army. Some would have had a small navy too. We suffered our street fanatics to denounce our own little defence in New Zealand. We had leagues to hinder it and to encourage youths to defy tho law. These aro the sins that sit hea'vy on our souls in the day of battle. ******* I suppose that tho defence of the Empire can be carried on without tho assistance of Prince Louis of Battenbcrg, who is a thorough loyalist, but has been sacrificed to popular feeling fomented and fanned by anti-German publicists and journalists. It will be remembered by some of the old folk that Prince Albert, the husband of Queen Victoria, was pursued by tho samo kind of suspicion at the time of the Crimean War. It was widely believed and loudly proclaimed in some newspapers that the policy of the country was being shaped for dynastic ends. It was called tho Coburg policy. When Palmerston left office it was said that he had been driven out by tho Coburg clique, as he was too straight and too English for them. Ministers had to make statements in Parliament to correct popular beliefs. When the war was going badly, and we were suffering horribly through incompetence at home, it was loudly asserted that Prince Albert had never intended the campaign to be a success, and had appointed an incompetent commander-in-chief to make sure of disaster. That a man should be a traitor to his high position, to his wife, and to his children simply because he had distant relatives in foreign courts is, of course, too absurd to be believed in cold blood. Etit in war time the blood is not cold. * * * * * * * The English have always been jealous of foreign favorites at court. Philip of Spain, as Queen Mary's husband, was hated. The Scots who came wicfi James I. were no popular favorites. Guy Fawkes said he meant to '• blow them back to Scotland." The witty king's ladies from Franco had opprobrious nicknames. William 111. naturally had his Schombergs and other Dutchmen- as warriors and counsellors, but the nation groaned. The weakness of tho first two Georges was their Gorman accent and manners, and their love of Hanover. Young George 111. gained much popularity by announcing himself as an Englishman. But tho German Royal marriages were never approved by the people. 'Tho Times' strongly condemned the union of the Princess Royal with Frederick of Prussia, tho lute* Emperor, and in our own day there has been considerable animadversion on " tho Teeks." Tho most popular Eoyal marriages have been those least approved by the Royalties—those of Lome and Fife. 'But it must not bo thought that this feeling is peculiar to the Eiicli.sh people. Tho Vor-eia-n alliances of Solomon mid Ahab are ombalmed in hato in the Bible. A foreign woman lies at the back »f the tragedies of Agamemnon and Antony. Napoleon altered the Italian spelling of his surname. During their retr-e.it to Moscow the Russians, by their -clamor, compelled the retirement of their best general, Barclay, because of his Scottish name and extraction. To Bismarck tho Princess Royal, the Kaiser's mother, was always " that Englishwoman." The Battenberg retirement i 3 therefore due to natural causes. A bee entering the wrong hive is sttmg to death. A str.inge put into the fowl run gets well pecked. Humans have the same custom:? when the plough of war lays bare the roots of their nature. As to poor Prince Albert, ho found all classes against him. Writing to Stoekmar, he pithilv says : " Peol cut down my income.' Wellington refused mo my rank, the Royal Family cried out against tho foreign interloper," th«» Whigs in office were only inclined to concede me just a3 imr:h upaco as I could stand upon."

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ON THE WATCH TOWER, Evening Star, Issue 15641, 4 November 1914

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2,664

ON THE WATCH TOWER Evening Star, Issue 15641, 4 November 1914

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