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'Shooting men axe reminded that the annual meeting of tho" Otago Rifle Association takes place on Thursday. Part of the business of the evening wul he to dead* on the date for the next prize shoot* ing. The names‘of non-commissioned officers who proposed sitting for the next examination for fresh appointments to commissions should be forwarded to District Headquarters before December 1. As prov;«nislv mentioned in this column, a number of vacancies have occurred in the Now , Zealand Staff Corps through the departure of officers and N.C.O.s with tho Expeditionary Force. Territorial officers and non-commissioned officers ore being cal.ed on to fill the vacancies, and a course of instruction is now being conducted at the Central Battery. At tho close of the course an examination will be held and the appointments announced. Sit.ce the beginning of tho war the members of tho Port Chalmers Garrison Ar-ts-lot v have been in camp at TaiaroaHead gua.ding the entrance to the harbor from by the enemy’s ships. All ingoing and "outgoing vessels are examined, ,l;m Harbor Board’s tug Plucky being in use for this purpose. Communication between the Plucky and the headland is maintained by the aid of flags and lamps, tin* .iguallcrs from the garrison artillery;.nd a detachment of the Divisional Signal I, otii pany carrying out this work. A certain amount of difficulty is experienced in getting men leave of absence from their .mplovment, but in most cases employers have been very good, and have done all in their power'to assist the department by grunting leave to their employees to carry out this work. During tho next three months all parades of the 4th (Otago) Regiment will I.:- of three hours’ duration, instead of half that time; as formerly. The idea timing tho summer months is a good one, as tho soldier will only require to attend 'drill once a fortnight. Since the beginning of the war parades have been more cr less interrupted, so that very lew have g<-t. in their required number up to date, and it will be necessary to carry out the parades of longer duration if men wish to li- returned efficient- at the end of the year. It is hoped that the musketry t nurse of this regiment will be completed l.y the end of December. 'Corporal G. C. Millar, of the Divisional Signal Corps, who volunteered with the lelnforcemcnts for the Expeditionary Force, has boon promoted to tho rank of sergeant. A machine gun has recently been invented and perfected by Mr T. F. Caldwell, of Australia, which is said to outclass the hitherto invincible maxim. The maxim has many faults; it is easily put out of order, often jams, and its speed of fire can only be regulated with difficulty. It is claimed for the Caldwell mm that all these defects have been remedied. It hue two barrels, each capable of firing 500 rounds per minute. These barrels can bo worked together or singly. The cartridge belt, that bane of the maxim gunner and the principal cause of the jams, is replaced by a disc which holds the cartridges in place. As the gun is not dependent upon- recoil, the trouble of defective ammunition is got over. “Barclay,” in the ‘Sydney Stock and Station Journal,’ sums up in’ten reasons the advantages cf the new gun. It lias two barrels, each cap able of firing 500 rounds a minute, and ot being worked together or singly. (2) It doeo not depend much on recoil, and can thus use any good, bad, or indifferent ammunition. (3) It .is fed with a disc, and it does not matter how badly the cartridges are inserted in the slots. The belt has been the cause of many a nightmare with the gunner. (4) The danger of jamming has been decreased a hundredfold. (5) The mechanism is delightfully simple, and can be quickly taken to pieces and reassembled without tools. (6) The rate of fire can bo regulated to suit the occasion. (7) As the breech parts are not delicately constructed, like,the maxim, the presence of grit or dirt would not interfere with its working. (8) The method of disc feeding allows the gun to bo fired from any angle of depression or elevation, impossible with (the maxim. (9) ti weights only 381b, as against the maxim. 601b. (10) it could be produced at about one-quarter the cost of a maxim. Miniature rifle shooting as a means of instructing men in the use of the rifle and as a recreation has been many times advocated in this column. A splendid rango in the Garrison Hall has been availame for some time, and I was very pleased to learn that. No. 1 City Company of the National Reserve were taking advantage of the opportunity to do some shooting on their own account. This company have purchased two B.S.A. miniature weapons, and each Saturday evening a large number are present to do some practice. At present they are practising at 25 yards on the liu black bull’s-eye, but as the men progress in their shooting it is intended to introduce figure targets, and perhaps later on disappearing and moving targets. A miniature rifle contest will take place between teams representing the National Reserve and the Divisional Signal Company on Saturday week, and it is hoped that this match will be the means of inducing others to go in for miniature rifle shooting. An outdoor range is available at Robin Hood quarry, and shooting enthusiasts can avail themselves of tffis place if they wish to do so. T have received a letter from a member nf the Expeditionary Force which left New Zealand some lime ago. Tile writer says that the troops on his boat were all well, and with the exception of a few cases of seasickness there had been no illness. Four horses had succumbed to the effect of their close confinement, and a few others looked as it they were going t6 follow suit. The destination of the force, if known, was not mentioned, but the writer raid that all hands wore anxiously looking forward to tho time when they would see a bit of fighting. The weekly parade of the Divisional Signal Company, held last night, was well attended, only two men being absent. After the sergeants had put their sections through the rifle exercises the company marched to the railway station, and were exercised in company drill fur the remainder of the evening. After parade the members indulged in /an hours practice with tho miniature rifle. Figure targets were used, and some very fair scores were registered. Next week it is intended to try the disappearing target by turning on the lights cm the targets for six seconds’ exposure. If Ibis can bo done, tho same practice as on an open range can be had, and the benefit to be derived should be quite as good. Port Chalmers has sent 54 men in all to join the Expeditionary Force. Officers and non-commissioned officers of the South Island Battalion of the Railway Corps go into camp for training at Hampden* from November 12 to 23. It is understood that over 100 officers and N.C.O.s will bo present under Captain Ennis, who will bo in command of the camp. If suitable arrangements can be made, the voluntary course of instruction for officers and linn-commissioned officers of tho Territorial Force and. Senior Cadets, arranged for November 14, will be carried out in conjunction with the camp of tho Railway Corps. The last District Order issued contains the following notices, which will be of ‘merest to shooting men, and which should bo acted upon at once:—“ The sum of £2OO has been allotted to this district for approved district and area rifle meetings, and is available for Territorials, Senior Cadets, and the General Training Section members of rifle clubs). Officers in charge of groups will submit programmes, together with dates and other details of their respective meetings, to District Headquarters by Ist November, IDI4, for approval.” _ With the view of sending the most efficient marksmen to the Dominion Rifle Association’s meeting, the general officer commanding desires that froup rifle meetings should be completed y Christmas and district rifle meetings "fired between Christmas and the date of tie Dominion Rifle Meeting, the last week in February, 1915. The sum of £6O has been allotted to this. district for shooting prizes for rifle clubmen. Presidents of . rifle associations will submit programmes of their, respective meetings, which must include service matched, to District Headquarters by, JHovemjb£r t 1914. for .aupank . ~ * *° .J, VHr * t f■„ ■" . -

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TERRITORIALS., Evening Star, Issue 15640, 3 November 1914

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TERRITORIALS. Evening Star, Issue 15640, 3 November 1914