N. Z. GOODS IN GERMAN SHIPS.
NEGOTIATIONS WITH AUSTRALIA.
SUGGESTIONS BY SECRETARY FOR COMMERCE.
[Per United Press Association.] WELLINGTON, November 2,
At a meeting of the Chamber of Commerce a letter advising consignees of New Zealand goods in German ships now detained in Australia how to act, was read from Mr Pope, secretary of the Department of Agriculture, Industries, and Commerce. as follows; “I have to inform you that certain New Zealand consignees of goods on board German vessels detained in Australia have approached the department in regard to the representation of their interests during the sittings of the Prize Court dealing with various vessels. A number of them have pointed out that they have no agents in Australia to act on their behalf. Inquiries were made from the New Zealand Trade Commissioner in Melbourne as In the posi lion, and the followiiut inf or am Lion is now
supplied in the interest? of any New ’Zealand consignees who have not yet made arrangements for their representatives in Australia:—lt 'is understood that vessels detained in one port will be sent, if necessary, under guard to complete discharging at other ports in Australia for which they have cargo. The New Zealand Trade Commissioner suggests that if original destination of any vessel was in New Zealand, application should be made to the Court by the consignees for an extension of this procedure, and for a permit for such vessels to sail under guard, at thenexpense, to the Dominion, and so a\oid the necessity for transhipment. He doubts whether such permit would be granted by the Court, but, in any case, I presume there would he few, if any, German %essels among those captured which had intended visiting New Zealand. If the hnal port of the detained vessels was in Australia, the Trade Commissioner would be prepared to act as agent for consignees. He should, be so appointed, with authority to accept delivery, and to tranship the goods at the expense of consignees. It would he necessary for him to engage counsel to appear before the Court., and consignees.Who appointed him their agent would have to telegraph him particulars of their cargo. There should follow by the first mail a document authorising payment of freight and charges unpaid, and of a proportion of the expense of unloading. Such consignees as desire to make use of tho services of the New Zealand Trade Commissioner in this connection should communicate with him direct. ’ Another letter received from Mr Pope stated that tho provisions of international law, by which Great Britain has intimated that she will abide, prevent giving effect to the suggestion of the Chamber that transhipment charges should be debited against tho German orders of detained vessels for recovery, prior to the handing back of the vessels. A letter from the China Traders’ Insurance Company threw further light on the position from the point of view of the underwriters. It stated that tho opinion of counsel had been taken, and in view of any deviation being justifiable (as in the case of the Boon) to avoid capture, the underwriters were not liable for the expenses of transhipment, nor under the socalled general average bond which tho N.D.L. Company called upon consignees to sign. This in formation also applied to the cargo on the Stolbcrg. now in refuge at Macassar.
Letters defiling with the same subjects were received from the Sydney and Melbourne Chambers of Commerce. The Sydney Chamber stated that German steamers at Cape Town would be allowed to come on to Australia and discharge, as originally intended. ( ierman-Australian steamer owners have refused to permit cargo to he transhipped from their boats in Java and Loanda. and it will have to remain there until the conclusion of the war. The letter from the Melbourne Chamber contained the additional information that the expense of the navigation and unloading of vessels would have to he borne by the consignees. The vessels in question* at Cape Town are the Hamm, the Apolln, and the Birkenfels.,-
HOW IS WAR NEWS CENSORED?
The names of Richard Harding Davis, Will Irwin, and Martin H. Donohue have cropped up now and then in the cable pages. The last named is an English war correspondent, who began his journalistic career in Australia representing the ‘ Daily Chronicle,,’ and the others arc well-known American newspaper writers. These are three leaders in a vast army of Press correspondents that marched on the Continent the moment that the warcloud assumed threatening aspects. Rut the messages that have come from these soldiers of the pen are but as drips from a, leaky tap. The big volume or war news is dammed back and screwed down tight by the inexorable military authorities. —Tire Old and the New War Correspondent. — The fact is. of course, that the whole aspect of war correspondence has changed. The newspaper man, instead of marching with headquarters staff, straggles along with the camp followers. Mon of the Archibald Forbes type had to taco danger. hardship , and death in a hundred forms. but their tinal goal was the telegraph office. Nowadays the risks arc greater in some respects and less in others, but the supreme effort is not to get. the news to the wire, but to get it sent over the wire. As the New York ‘ Evening Post’ puts it. suffering itself under tlie bafflement of its correspondents in Europe; "Never again will army commanders give a free run oi their headquarters to ' duels' taking notes. The change from the old times is now almost complete. Grim soldiers like Kitchener never had any love for newspaper correspondents, though he was forced to tolerate such a man' as G. U. Steovens both in the Soudan campaign and in the South African. The Japanese, in their war with Itu.-sia, kept the correspondents at a safe and inglorious distance; and by the time the last. Balkan Wav came, along the shutdown was complete. The military argument for it i'■ convincing. In informing the public, the newspaper informs the enemy : consequent ly nothing must be published until long afwr the event, and then only in a form agreeable to the army authorities. This may fccat hard on. the Press, and also on a news-eager public, but it is war."
■The Efforts of the, Newspapers
Rut the newspapers have not given up the struggle to obtain news, in spite of the fart that one New York paper spent £50.000 in the Balkan War, anti pot praeticnlly nothing in return. The lea-fling English newspapers share, the expenses with American contemporaries, ami publish the same news from special war correspondents. For example. Martin H. Donohue is shared by the London Chronicle’ ami the Now York ‘Times.' and so mi. Tn addition to these “special*." there are the regular news services, chief of which are, the Associated Press an! the United Press. The, moment trouble began to brew in Austria a military censorship was established it'. Vienna, and Donohue scored a marked success by getting away the lirst and only telegram outside official reports of the bombardment of Belgrade. His triumph was short-lived, however, for two days later he was expelled from .Semlin with all the other correspondents. Some of the best-known war correspondents are connected with these great news agencies, and not, with individual newspapers. For example. Orton W. Tewson. of the International Press, is one. of the, host-equipped conespnndents on the field, and his co-worker.; are C F. Bertilii iPnrisb Dr A. Lippe (Vienna), and Catherine Kolb (Petrogradi. Dr F. .1. Dillon, one of the best-known journalists among the Chancelleries of Fnrope. is stationed at Vienna.; Charles Hudson, who served as correspondent for the Central News both in the Balkan War and in the Tripoli War. now represents the Central News of the United States and the Central News (London) in -Servia. Mr Hudson fought throughout the Boer War as a member of tlies Imperial Yeomanry, ami received favorable mention several times for his gallantry on the field. But it is an expensive business, and any newspaper that attempts to cover the field “ regardless of cost” simply courts bankruptcy. As one American newspaper proprietor remarked : “ I have a fine man in Berlin, hut the only cables I have had from him are not wav news, but appeals for gold.”—‘Life.’
SAWYERS BAY SCHOOL GARDEN PARTY.
The residents of Sawyers Bay have given liberally, and have also forwarded several boxes of suitable clothing for the foor and homeless Orphans in England, 'ranee, and Belgium. The senior scholars of the school caught the happy idea of arranging a garden party in aid cf this deserving object. They formed themselves I into a committee of enthusiastic workers, 1 ably encouraged by the school teachers, ana in the space of a few days ample provisions were collected, invitations were sent out, a programme consisting of recitations, drills, etc., was arranged, and'i a verv large and sympathetic gathering assembled in the school grounds on Satur- • day afternoon, and greatly enjoyed the I various items provided. It was a most 1 patriotic demonstration. The senior girls J
deserve special credit for the way they managed the whole affair, not forgetting the afternoon tea provided for all. Thanks arc also due to the parents and friends who gave all the provisions, required. Tho teaching staff, under the direction of the head master, also the members of tho school committee, were present, and assisted in carrying the programme to a successful finish.* The sum of fid and 3d was charged for admission at the gates, but several larger amounts were voluntarily given, and during tho afternoon other donations were given by way of a free-will collection as the programme proceeded. The result of this effort was that the sum of £7 7« 8d was collected. This amount will bo forwarded to the treasurer in aid of the British and Belgium relief fund. A little lad, evidently being impressed and anxious to help, came to the school master long after the gathering had dispersed and said : “Am I too late? Is the money sent away yet Hero is twopence I have just earned ; please take it in aid of the poor children." Mr \Y. IT. Horn (chairman of the school committee) presided, and briefly addressed those present. Mr M.arxell (secretary) also gave a few encouraging remarks, and Mr Findlay (head master) returned thanks to all who had assisted.
NEW ZEALANDER- KILLED IN A ( TT OX.
Advice was received by cable at Auckland yesterday of the death in action of Captain Oliver Steele, of the. Royal Berkshire Regiment, e!d< s-t sen of Sir T. .1. Meele, of Arney road, Rcmnera. Iho intimation from the War Office includes a message from Earl Kitchener expressing his deepest sympathy with the relatives of Captain Sieelo. Captain Movie (irst saw active service) as a member of the Fifth Now Zealand Contingent, in .South Africa. Ho served throughout, the war. being promoted to the rank of corporal. A hen peace wan restored lie joined the, Royal Berkshire Regiment, having secured one of the 10 subalterns’ commissions which were offered to colonials after the war. With his regiment Lieutenant, Steels went to India, and was stationed there for eight years. In 1903 he received a year’s furlough, during which he visited New Zealand. Shortly after returning to India ho received a commission as captain, fkune time ago Captain Steele went to England to continue his military studies, and was engaged in a professional examination when tho var broke out. He was immediately ordered to IN.fismouth to undertake special duties. A few weeks ago he was ordered to the front. Two other sons of Mr Mode are on active service as members of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force.
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N. Z. GOODS IN GERMAN SHIPS., Evening Star, Issue 15640, 3 November 1914
N. Z. GOODS IN GERMAN SHIPS. Evening Star, Issue 15640, 3 November 1914
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